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Publication 99-86

Standards
Handbook
Purpose of AMCA Standards

AMCA Standards are adopted in the public interest. They are intended to eliminate misunderstandings
between the manufacturer and the purchaser and to assist in selecting, specifying, and obtaining the
proper product for the particular need.

Existence of an AMCA Standard does not in any respect preclude any member or non-member from
manufacturing or selling products not conforming to the Standard.

Approval of Standards

Proposed Standards are reviewed by the appropriate Standards Committees and by the Board of Directors
before submittal to the membership for approval. An affirmative vote of two-thirds of the members
affected is required for adoption or revision.

Review of Standards

AMCA Standards are regularly reviewed, but may also be reviewed at any time at the request of the
members hip or by direction of the Board of Directors.
AMCA
STANDARDS HANDBOOK
CONTENTS

GENERAL
99-0066-83 Product Definitions
99-0098-76 Basic Series of Preferred Numbers
99-0100-76 Metric Units and Conversion Factors
99-0401-86 Classifications for Spark Resistant Construction

CENTRAL STATION UNITS


99-1401-66 Operating Limits for Central Station Units

CENTRIFUGAL FANS
99-2001-82 Metric Impeller Diameters & Outlet Areas for Centrifugal Fans
99-2002-82 Metric Dimensions for Industrial Centrifugal Fans
99-2003-82 Metric Impeller Diameters & Outlet Areas for Tubular Centrifugal Fans
99-2401-82 Impeller Diameters & Outlet Areas for Centrifugal Fans & Metric Equivalents
99-2402-82 Dimensions for Industrial Centrifugal Fans & Metric Equivalents
99-2404-78 Drive Arrangements for Centrifugal Fans
99-2405-83 Inlet Box Positions for Centrifugal Fans
99-2406-83 Designation for Rotation & Discharge of Centrifugal Fans
99-2407-66 Motor Positions for Belt or Chain Drive Centrifugal Fans
99-2408-69 Operating Limits for Centrifugal Fans
99-2410-82 Drive Arrangements for Tubular Centrifugal Fans
99-2411-82 Impeller Diameters & Outlet Areas for Tubular Centrifugal Fans
& Metric Equivalents

AXIAL FANS
99-3001-76 Metric Dimensions for Axial Fans
99-3002-76 Metric Dimensions for Axial Fan Transitions
99-3003-76 Metric Orifice Dimensions for Propeller Fans
99-3404-83 Drive Arrangement for Axial Fans With or Without Evase and Inlet Box
1986 by Air Movement and Control Association, Inc.
AIR MOVEMENT DIVISION

FAN
FAN A power-driven machine used to move a volume of gas.
IMPELLER (WHEEL, ROTOR, PROPELLER) The rotating portion of the fan designed to increase the
energy level of the gas stream.
HOUSING (CASING, VOLUTE) A stationary impeller enclosure designed to direct the flow of the gas
stream through the fan. The housing may also affect the energy transformations of the gas stream.

AXIAL FANS
AXIAL FAN A fan in which the airflow through the impeller is predominantly parallel to the axis of
rotation. The impeller is contained in a cylindrical housing.
TUBEAXIAL FAN An axial fan without guide vanes.
VANEAXIAL FAN An axial fan with either inlet or discharge guide vanes or both.
Fixed Pitchimpeller blades are permanently secured at a given angle on the impeller hub.
Adjustable Pitch Impeller blade angle can be mechanically altered when the impeller is
at a standstill.
Variable Pitch Impeller blade angle can be mechanically or hydraulically altered while the
impeller is rotating,
PROPELLER FAN An axial flow fan with a propeller-type wheel mounted within an orifice plate or ring.

CENTRIFUGAL FANS
CENTRIFUGAL FAN A fan in which the airflow through the impeller is primarily axial upon entering
the impeller and is changed by the impeller blades to an essentially radial flow at the impellers discharge.
The impeller is moat generally contained In a volute-type housing. Several types of centrifugal impellers
in common use are backward inclined, airfoil, radial, radial tip and forward curved impellers.
TUBULAR CENTRIFUGAL FAN A fan with a centrifugal impeller within a cylindrical housing dis-
charging the gas in an axial direction.
CLASS STANDARDS Defines the capability of a fan to operate safely at every point of rating on a
minimum performance limit for that class. See AMCA Standard 99-2408.

MIXED FLOW FANS


MIXED FLOW FAN A fan in which the air flow is primarily parallel to the axis of rotation and is changed
by the blade shape to induce a radial flow component at the discharge which is generally small. The
impeller may be contained in either a cylindrical or volute casing.

Adopted
AMCA STANDARD 2-22-83
99-0066-83 PRODUCT DEFINITIONS Reviewed
PAGE 1 OF 3

Supersedes 1-66
FAN APPURTENANCES
FAN APPURTENANCESAccessories added to a fan for purposes of control, isolation, safety, static
pressure regain, wear, etc. Common fan appurtenances include inlet boxes, inlet box dampers, variable
inlet vanes, outlet dampers, vibration isolation bases, inlet screens, belt guards, evases or diffusers,
sound attenuators, wear protection, turning gears, etc.

SPECIFIC FAN UNITS


CENTRAL STATION AIR- HANDLING UNIT* A factory-made encased assembly consisting of a fan or
fans and other necessary equipment to perform one or more of the functions of circulating, cleaning,
heating, cooling, humidifying, dehumidifying, and mixing of air; but which does not include a source of
heating or cooling. This device is capable of use with ductwork of total static resistance of at least 1/4
inch water (62 Pa).
Draw-Through Central-Station Air-Handling Unit A unit containing heat exchanger(s) upstream of
the fan.
Blow-Through Central-Station Air-Handling Unit A unit containing heat exchanger(a) downstream
of the fan.
Ventilating Unit A unit which includes means for providing ventilating, and which may also
include means for cleaning, humidifying, and/or mixing air.
Heating Unit A unit which includes means for heating, and which may also include means for
cleaning, humidifying, mixing, and/or bypassing air and/or for providing ventilation.
Cooling Unit A unit which includes means for cooling, and which may also include means for
humidifying, dehumidifying, cleaning, mixing, and/or bypassing air, and/or for providing ventilation.
Cooling-Heating Unit A unit which Includes means for cooling and heating, and which may also
include means for dehumidifying, humidifying, cleaning, mixing, and/or bypassing air, and/or
providing ventilation.
STEAM OR HOT WATER UNIT HEATERSA factory-assembled unit designed to heat and circulate air.
Essential components are a heat transfer element using steam or hot water as the heating medium and
a housing with fan(a) and drive motor(s). Unit heaters may be provided with components for filtering,
ventilating and/or diffusing the discharge air.
POWER ROOF OR WALL VENTILATORSA fan consisting of a centrifugal or axial type impeller with
integral driver in a weather-resistant housing with base designed to fit, usually by means of a curb, over
a wall or roof opening. Specifically excluded are fans with integral air tempering means.
UTILITY SETA centrifugal fan designed as a packaged unit, ready to run, either belt-driven or directly
connected to an electric motor.
CENTRIFUGAL CEILING OR WALL EXHAUSTER A factory-assembled fan consisting of one or several
centrifugal wheels directly connected to a motor and enclosed in a housing. An inlet grille and backdraft
damper are usually included. Installation can be in a ceiling or wall.
AIR CURTAIN UNITA mechanical air moving device designed to produce an air curtain.
Air Curtain A controlled stream of air moving across the height and width of an opening with
sufficient velocity and volume to reduce the infiltration or transfer of air from one side of the
opening to the other and/or to inhibit insects, dust or debris from passing through.
MAKE-UP AIR UNITSFactory-assembled fan-heater units used to supply tempered fresh air to make
up for exhaust In factories, garages, auditoriums, etc. Centrifugal or axial fans are utilized with direct
gas-fired, steam, electric, or water heater sections.
*ref: ARI Standard 430-78

Adopted
AMCA STANDARD 2-22-83
99-0066-83 PRODUCT DEFINITIONS Reviewed
PAGE 2 OF 3
I
Supersedes 1-66
AIR CONTROL DIVISION

LOUVERA device comprising multiple blades which, when mounted in an opening, permits the flow
of air but inhibits the entrance of other elements.
Fixed LouverA louver in which the blades do not move.
Adjustable LouverA louver in which the blades may be operated either manually or by
mechanical means.
PENTHOUSEA roofed structure incorporating louvers or louver blades in all or part of the walls and
usually designed to be on the roof of a building.
VOLUME CONTROL DAMPER A device which, when mounted in a duct or opening, is used to vary the
volume of air flowing through the duct or opening. It may be operated manually or mechanically and
may have one or more blades.
Parallel Blade DamperA damper in which the blades rotate in the same direction.
Opposed Blade DamperA damper in which adjacent blades rotate in the opposite direction.
BACKDRAFT DAMPER (SHUTTER) A device which, when mounted in a duct or opening, permits the
flow of air in one direction only. It is normally opened by the energy of the air stream but may be opened
and/or closed by mechanical means. A counterbalanced backdraft damper has weights and/or springs
added to the blade or blades to facilitate or impede the opening or closing action.
GUILLOTINE DAMPERAn isolation damper having blade(s) which is (are) withdrawn from the duct area
when the damper is fully open.
GUILLOTINE DAMPER-DOUBLE BLADEA guillotine damper having two parallel blades which can be
pressurized by a seal air system to prevent leakage of upstream duct fluids when the blades are closed.
FIRE DAMPER A fire damper is a device arranged to interrupt airflow automatically through part of an
air system so as to restrict the passage of flame, and is installed in a fire-rated wall or floor to close
automatically in the event of a fire in order to maintain the integrity of the fire-rated separation.
CEILING DAMPERA ceiling damper is a device to protect air openings in fire-rated ceiling assemblies
which operates to interrupt airflow automatically in the event of a fire so as to restrict the passage of
flame and heat.

Adopted
AMCA STANDARD
2-22-83
99-0066-83 PRODUCT DEFINITIONS Reviewed
PAGE 3 OF 3
Theoretical values
Basic Series Percentage differences
Serial Mantissa between basic
number of Calculated series end calculated
R5 R 10 R 20 R 40 logarithms values values (%)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8)
1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0 000 1.0000 0
1.06 025 1.0593 + 0.07
1.12 1.12 2 050 1.1220 - 0.18
1.18 3 075 1.1685 - 0.71
1.25 1.25 1.25 4 100 1.2569 - 0.71
1.32 5 125 1.3335 - 1.01
1.40 1.40 6 150 1.4125 - 0.88
1.50 7 175 1.4962 + 0.25
1.60 1.60 1.60 1.60 8 200 1.5649 + 0.95
1.70 9 225 1.6788 + 1.26
1.60 1.80 10 250 1.7763 + 1.22
1.90 11 275 1.6636 + 0.87
2.00 2.00 2.00 12 300 1.9953 + 0.24
2.12 13 325 2.1135 + 0.31
2.24 2.24 14 350 2.2367 + 0.06
2.36 15 375 2.3714 - 0.48
2.50 2.50 2.50 2.50 16 400 2.5119 - 0.47
2.65 17 425 2.6607 - 0.40
2.80 2.80 18 450 2.6184 - 0.65
3.00 19 475 2.9654 + 0.49
3.15 3.15 3.15 20 500 3.1623 - 0.39
3.35 21 525 3.3497 + 0.01
3.55 3.55 550 3.5461 + 0.05
3.75 23 575 3.7584 - 0.22
4.00 4.00 4.00 4,00 24 600 3.9811 + 0.47
4.25 25 625 4.2170 + 0.78
4.50 4.50 26 650 4.4666 + 0.74
4.75 27 675 4.7315 + 0.39
5.00 5.00 5.00 28 700 5.0119 - 0.24
5.30 29 725 5.3088 - 0.17
5.60 5.60 30 750 5.6234 - 0.42
6.00 31 775 5.9586 + 0.73
6.30 6.30 6.30 6.30 32 800 6.3096 - 0.15
6.70 33 825 6.6834 + 0.25
7.10 7.10 34 850 7.0795 + 0.29
7.50 35 875 7.4989 + 0.01
8.00 8.00 8.00 36 900 7.9433 + 0.71
8.50 37 925 8.4140 + 1.02
9.00 9.00 38 950 8.9125 + 0.98
9.50 39 975 9.4405 + 0.63
10.00 10.00 10.00 10.00 40 000 10.0000 0

FROM ISO 497 1973

Adopted
4-28-76
AMCA STANDARD
BASIC SERIES OF PREFERRED NUMBERS
99-0098-76 Reviewed
1983

Supersedes AS-98-76
U.S. Customary AMCA Standard (1) Conversion (4)
Units Metric (SI) Unit Factor

VOLUME FLOW cfm cubic meter per second 0.00047195


ml/s
PRESSURE in. wg pascal 248.36
Pa or N/m2
POWER hp watt 745.70
W or J/s
TORQUE Ibf-in newton meter 0.11298
Nm
DENSITY Ibm/ft 3 kilogram per cubic meter 16.018
kg/m 3
SPEED (2) rpm revolution per second 0.016667
rps
VELOCITY fpm meter per second 0.0050800
m/s
DIMENSIONS in. millimeter 25.400
mm
MOMENT OF Ibm-ft 2 kilogram meters squared 0.042140
INERTIA k g m2
STRESS Ibf/in 2 pascal 6894.8
Pa or N/m2
TEMPERATURE (3) F kelvin (F + 459.67)/1.8

Notes:

(1) The choice of the appropriate multiple or sub multiple of an SI unit is governed by convenience. The multiple
chosen for a particular application should be the one which will lead to numerical values within a practical range
(i.e. kilopascal for Pressure, kilowatts for Power, megapascal for stress, and Iiters/second for volume flow.)

(2) The second is the SI base unit of time. Although outside SI, the minute has been recognized by CIPM as nec-
essary to retain for use because of its practical importance.

(3) The kelvin is the SI base unit of thermodynamic temperature and is preferred for most scientific and technological
purposes. The degree celsius (C) is acceptable for practical applications.

(4) Multiply Customary unit by this factor to obtain AMCA Standard, except for kelvin temperature.

Supersedes AMS-100-76
Fan applications may involve the handling of potentially explosive or flammable particles, fumes or
vapors. Such applications require careful consideration of all system components to insure the safe
handling of such gas streams. This AMCA Standard deals only with the fan unit installed in that
system. The Standard contains guidelines which are to be used by both the manufacturer and user as
a means of establishing general methods of construction. The exact method of construction and
choice of alloys is the responsibility of the manufacture however, the customer must accept both the
type and design with full recognition of the potential hazard and the degree of protection required.

TYPE CONSTRUCTION

A All parts of the fan in contact with the air or gas being handled shall be made of nonferrous material.
Steps must also be taken to assure that the impeller, bearings, and shaft are adequately
attached and for restrained to prevents lateral or axial shift in these components.

B The fan shall have a nonferrous impeller and nonferrous ring about the opening through which
the shaft passes. Ferrous hubs, shafts, and hardware are allowed provided construction is
such that a shift of impeller or shaft will not permit two ferrous parts of the fan to rub or strike.
Steps must also be taken to assure that the impeller, bearings, and shaft are adequately
attached and/or restrained to prevent a lateral or axial shift in these components.

C The fan shall be so constructed that a shift of the impeller or shaft will not permit two ferrous
parts of the fan to rub or strike.

Notes

1. No bearings, drive components or electrical devices shall be placed in the air or gas stream unless
they are constructed or enclosed in such a manner that failure of that component cannot ignite the
surrounding gas stream.

2. The user shall electrically ground all fan parts.

3. For this Standard, non ferrous material shall be any material with less than 5% iron or any other
material with demonstrated ability to be spark resistant.

4. The use of aluminum or aluminum alloys in the presence of steel which has been allowed to rust
requires special consideration. Research by the U. S. Bureau of Mines and others has shown that
aluminum impellers rubbing on rusty steel may cause high intensity sparking

The use of the above Standard in no way implies a guarantee of safety for any level of spark
resistance. Spark resistant construction also does not protect against ignition of explosive gases
caused by catastrophic failure or from any air stream material that maybe present in a system.

This Standard applies to:


Centrifugal Fans
Axial and Propeller Fans
Power Roof Ventilators

This Standard applies to ferrous and nonferrous metals. The potential questions which may be
associated with fans constructed of FRP, PVC, or any other plastic compound were not addressed.

Adopted
AMCA STANDARD 2-12-86
CLASSIFICATIONS FOR SPARK RESISTANT CONSTRUCTION
99-0401-86 Reviewed

Supersedes 99-0401-82
1. This standard includes the following total static pressure
classifications:

Class A Total static pressure of 0 inches to 3 inches


maximum of water gauge.

Class B Total static pressure of 3 inches to 5.5 inches


maximum of water gauge.

Class C Total static pressure over 5.5 inches of water.

2. Total static pressure includes the internal static pressure


losses.

I I I Adopted
11-30-66
AMCA STANDARD
OPERATING LIMITS FOR CENTRAL STATION UNITS
99-1401-66 Reviewed
1983

Supersedes 1401-66
Notes:

1. SWSI = Single width, single inlet fan, DWDl = Double width, double inlet fan,

2. Precise outlet area, SWSl = .833 D2x10-6.


Precise outlet area, DWDl = 1.5 D 2 X 10-6.

3. A fan conforming to this Standard shall not exceed the impeller diameter
or maximum outlet area shown.

Supersedes AM S-2001 -76


Maximum
Inlet Diameter Maximum
Impeller At Point Of Connection Outlet Area
Diameter (Inside Diameter) (Inside Dimensions)
mm C AxB
mm m2

280 160 0.020


350 200 0.031
438 250 0.049
551 315 0.078
700 400 0.126
875 500 0.195
980 560 0.246
1103 630 0.312
1243 710 0.396
1400 800 0.503
1575 900 0.636
1750 1000 0.785
1960 1120 0.985
2188 1250 1.227
2450 1400 1.539
2800 1600 2.011
Notes:
1. Maximum impeller diameter = 1.75 x maximum inlet inside diameter.

2. Precise Outlet area =

3. A fan conforming to this standard shall not exceed the maximum inlet diameter or maximum outlet area shown.
Adopted
AMCA STANDARD 9-26-82
99-2002-82
METRIC DIMENSIONS FOR INDUSTRIAL CENTRIFUGAL FANS Reviewed

Supersedes AMS-2002.-6
Maximum
Impeller Outlet Area
Diameter (Inside Dimensions)
D r2
mm m2

315 0.149
400 0.240
500 0.375
630 0.595
800 0.960
900 1.215
1000 1.500
1120 1.662
1250 2.344
1400 2.940
1600 3.840
1600 4.660
2000 6.000
2240 7.526
2500 9.375
2800 11.760
3150 14.644
3550 18.904

Notes:

1. Precise outlet area = 1.5 x D 2 X 10-6.

2. A fan conforming to this Standard shall not exceed the impeller diameter
or maximum outlet area shown.

Adopted
AMCA STANDARD METRIC IMPELLER DIAMETERS & 9-26-82
99-2003-82 OUTLET AREAS FOR TUBULAR CENTRIFUGAL FANS Reviewed

Supersedes AMS-2003-76
Notes

1. SWSI = Single width, single inlet fan, DWDI = Double width, double inlet fan.
2. Precise outlet area, SWSI = 0.00574967 x D2.
Precise outlet area, DWDI = 0.01034941 x D2.
3. A fan conforming to this Standard shall not exceed the impeller diameter
or maximum outlet area shown.
Notes:
1. SWSI = Single width, single inlet fan. DWDI = Double width, double inlet fan.

2. Precise outlet area, SWSI = .828 x D2 x 10-6.


Precise outlet area, DWDI = 1.490 x D 2 x 10-6.

3. A fan conforming to this Standard shall not exceed the impeller diameter
or maximum outlet area shown.
Adopted
AMCA STANDARD IMPELLER DIAMETERS & OUTLET AREAS 9-26-82
99-2401-82
PAGE 2 OF 2
FOR CENTRIFUGAL FANS (METRIC EQUIVALENTS) Reviewed

Supersedes AS-2401-M-66
Notes:
1. Precise outlet area = 0.0018125 x D2.

2. A fan conforming to this standard shall not exceed the maximum inlet
diameter or maximum outlet area shown.

Adopted
AMCA STANDARD 9-26-82
99-2402-82 DIMENSIONS FOR INDUSTRIAL CENTRIFUGAL FANS Reviewed
PAGE 1 OF 2
I
Supersedes 2402-66
Maximum
Impeller Inlet Diameter Maximum
Diameter At Point Of Connection Outlet Area
D (Inside Diameter) (Inside Dimensions)
mm C A x B
mm m2
486 279 .062
575 330 .086
663 381 .115
752 432 .148
836 483 .183
927 533 .224
1016 584 .269
1146 660 .343
1283 737 .429
1461 838 .557
1635 940 .696
1809 1041 .854
1988 1143 1.031
2165 1245 1.224
2381 1372 1.480
2648 1524 1.830

Notes:
l. Precise outlet area = 0.261 X D2 X 10-6.

2. A fan conforming to this standard shall not exceed the maximum inlet diameter or maximum
outlet area shown.

Adopted
AMCA STANDARD DIMENSIONS FOR INDUSTRIAL 9-26-82
99-2402-82 Reviewed
PAGE 2 OF 2
CENTRIFUGAL FANS (METRIC EQUIVALENTS)

Supersedes AS-2402-M-66
SW - Single Width DW - Double Width
SI - Single Inlet DI - Double Inlet

Arrangements 1, 3, 7 and 8 are also available with bearings mounted


on pedestals or base set Independent of the fan housing
For designation of rotation and discharge, see 99-2406.
For motor position, belt or chain drive, see 99-2407.
For designation of position of inlet boxes, see 99-2405.
ARR. 1 SWSI For belt drive or di-
rect connection. Impeller overhung
Two bearings on base

ARR. 2 SWSI For belt drive or di- ARR. 3 SWSI For belt drive or di- ARR. 3 DWDI For belt drive or di-
rect connection. Impeller overhung. rect connection. One bearing on rect connection One bearing on
Bearings in bracket supported by each side and supported by fan each side and supported by fan
fan housing. housing. housing.

ARR. 4 SWSI For direct drive. im- ARR. 7 SWSI For belt drive or di- ARR. 7 DWDI For belt drive or di-
peller overhung on prime mover rect connection, Arrangement 3 rect connection Arrangement 3
shaft. No bearings on fan. Prime plus base for prime mover. plus base for prime mover.
mover base mounted or integrally
directly connected.

ARR. 8 SWSI For belt drive or di- ARR. 9 SWSI For belt drive. im- ARR. 10 SWSI For belt drive. im-
rect connection. Arrangement 1 peller overhung, two bearings, with peller overhung, two bearings, with
plus extended base for prime prime mover outside base. prime mover inside base.
mover.
SW - Single Width DW - Double Width
SI - Single Inlet DI - Double Inlet

For designation of rotation and discharge, see 99-2406.


For motor position, belt or chain drive, see 99-2407.
For designation of position of inlet boxes, see 99-2405.

ARR. 1 SWSI WITH INLET BOX For ARR. 3 SWSI WITH INDEPENDENT ARR. 3 SWSI WITH INLET BOX AND
belt drive or direct connection. lmpel- PEDESTAL For belt drive or direct INDEPENDENT PEDESTALS For
Ier overhung, two bearings on base. connection fan. Housing is self-sup- belt drive or direct connection fan.
Inlet box may be self-supporting. porting, One bearing on each side Housing is self-supporting. One
supported by independent pedestals, bearing on each side supported by in-
dependent pedestals with shaft ex-
tending through inlet box.

ARR. 3 DWDI WITH INDEPENDENT ARR. 3 DWDI WITH INLET BOX AND ARR. 8 SWSI WITH INLET BOX For
PEDESTAL For belt drive or direct INDEPENDENT PEDESTALS For belt drive or direct connection. lmpel-
connection fan. Housing is self-sup- belt drive or direct connection fan. Ier overhung, two bearings on base
porting. One bearing on each side Housing is self-supporting. One plus extended base for prime mover.
supported by independent pedestals. bearing on each side supported by in- Inlet box may be self-supporting.
dependent pedestals with shaft ex-
tending through inlet box.
Notes:

1. Reference line is the top vertical axis through center of fan shaft.

2. Position of inlet box and air entry to inlet box is determined from DRIVE SIDE OF FAN.

3. Position of inlet box is designated in degrees clockwise from top vertical axis as shown, and may be
any intermediate angle as required.
4. Positions 135 to 225 in some cases interfere with floor structure.
Notes:
1. Direction of rotation is determined from drive side of fan.

2. On single inlet fans, drive side is always considered as the side opposite fan inlet.

3. On double inlet fans with drives on both sides, drive side is that with the higher powered drive unit.

4. Direction of discharge is determined in accordance with diagrams. Angle of discharge is referred to


the vertical axis of fan and designated in degrees from such standard reference axis. Angle of dis-
charge may be any intermediate angle as required,
5. For fan inverted for ceiling suspension, or side wall mounting, direction of rotation and discharge is
determined when fan is resting on floor.

Adopted
AMCA STANDARD DESIGNATIONS FOR ROTATION AND DISCHARGE 2-22-83
99-2406-83 OF CENTRIFUGAL FANS Reviewed

Supersedes 2406-66
Location of motor is determined by facing the drive side of fan and designating
the motor positions by letters W, X, Y, or Z as the case may be.
Adopted
AMCA STANDARD 10-20-69
OPERATING LIMITS FOR SINGLE WIDTH CENTRIFUGAL FANS
99-2408-69
PAGE 1 0F 5 Ventilating Airfoils & Backwardly Inclined. Reviewed
1983

Supersedes 2408-69
Adopted
AMCA STANDARD OPERATING LIMITS FOR DOUBLE WIDTH CENTRIFUGAL FANS 10-20-69
99-2408-69
PAGE 2 OF 5
Ventilating Airfoils & Backwardly Inclined. Reviewed
1963

Supersedes 2408-69
Adopted
AMCA STANDARD 10-20-69
99-2408-69 OPERATING LIMITS FOR CENTRIFUGAL FANS Tubular. Reviewed
PAGE 5 OF 5
1983

Supersedes 2406-69
the outlet of the fan and resting location 180 on the floor as shown for Arrangement 9.
Arrangements 4 and 9 can be furnished with supports for floor, wall or ceiling
mounting. The position of these supports determines which motor locations are
available for motor placement. Generally motor locations 135, 180, and 225 are not
available on floor, wall or inverted ceiling-mounted fans and motor locations 45,
90,270 and 315 may not be available for ceiling-hung fans.
Another method of mounting vertical fans is shown in the view on the right. Specify
fan to be furnished with ceiling-mounting brackets, floor-mounting brackets or both.
Adopted
AMCA STANDARD 9-26-82
99-2410-82 DRIVE ARRANGEMENTS FOR TUBULAR CENTRIFUGAL FANS Reviewed

Supersedes 2410-66
Notes:

1. Precise outlet area = 0.01034941 x D2.


2. A fan conforming to this Standard shall not exceed the impeller diameter
or maximum outlet area shown.

Adopted
AMCA STANDARD IMPELLER DIAMETERS & OUTLET AREAS 9-26-82
99-2411-82 Reviewed
PAGE 1 OF 2 FOR TUBULAR CENTRIFUGAL FANS

Supersedes 2411-69
Impeller Maximum Impeller Maximum
Diameter Outlet Area Diameter Outlet Area
D (Inside Dimensions) D [Inside Dimensions)
mm mm
m2 m2
311 .144 1130 1.904
343 .175 1245 2.308
381 .216 1376 2.629
419 .262 1524 3.461
464 .320 1676 4.187
508 .365 1654 5.1,23
565 .476 2051 6.268
622 .577 2261 7.614
686 .701 2496 9.280
762 .865 2762 11,369
838 1.047 3048 13.843
927 1.281 3366 16.877
1022 1.682

Notes:

1. Precise outlet area = 1.490 x D2 x 10-8.


2. A fan conforming to this Standard shall not exceed the impeller diameter
or maximum outlet area shown.

Adopted
AMCA STANDARD IMPELLER DIAMETERS & OUTLET AREAS 9-26-82
99-2411-82
PAGE 2 OF 2
FOR TUBULAR CENTRIFUGAL FANS (METRIC EQUIVALENTS) Reviewed

Supersedes AS-2411-M-69
This standard is not limited to the range of sizes listed. Smaller and larger fan
sizes conforming to the R20 series, with the 1000mm size as a base, may be
included.
I.D.1 is a fan size conforming to the R20 series of sizes and is equal to the casing I.D.
I.D. 2 is a transition inside diameter conforming to the R40 series of sizes with a
1000mm base. The included angle of divergence or convergence is recommended
to not exceed 15 degrees but is not limited by this standard.

Adopted
AMCA STANDARD METRIC DIMENSIONS 10-19-76
99-3002-76 FOR AXIAL FAN TRANSITIONS Reviewed
1983