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HSC Paper

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You are on page 1of 16

EXAMINATION

Mathematics Extension1

Reading time 5minutes

Section I Pages 25

Working time 2hours

Write using black pen 10 marks

Board-approved calculators may Attempt Questions 110

be used Allow about 15 minutes for this section

A table of standard integrals is

Section II Pages 613

provided at the back of this paper

In Questions1114, show 60 marks

relevant mathematical reasoning Attempt Questions 1114

and/or calculations Allow about 1 hour and 45 minutes for this section

2600

Section I

10 marks

Attempt Questions 110

Allow about 15 minutes for this section

(A) 9

(B) 9

(C) x22x

(D) x23x+3

dN

2 Given that N = 100 + 80ekt, which expression is equal to ?

dt

(A) k(100N)

(B) k(180N)

(C) k(N100)

(D) k(N180)

3 Two secants from the pointP intersect a circle as shown in the diagram.

x P

3 4

NOT TO

SCALE

(A) 2

(B) 5

(C) 7

(D) 8

2

4 A rowing team consists of 8rowers and a coxswain.

12

(A) C8 + 4C1

12

(B) P8 + 4P1

12

(C) C8 4C1

12

(D) P8 4P1

3x

5 What are the asymptotes of y = ?

( x + 1)( x + 2 )

(A) y = 0, x = 1, x = 2

(B) y = 0, x = 1, x=2

(C) y = 3, x = 1, x = 2

(D) y = 3, x = 1, x=2

(A) p x p

(B) 2 x 2

p p

(C) x

4 4

1 1

(D) x

2 2

3

k

1

7 What is the value ofk such that dx = ?

0 4x 2 3

(A) 1

(B) 3

(C) 2

(D) 2 3

sin ( x 3)

8 What is the value of lim ?

x3 ( x 3) ( x + 2 )

(A) 0

1

(B)

5

(C) 5

(D) Undefined

9 Two particles oscillate horizontally. The displacement of the first is given by x=3sin4t

and the displacement of the second is given by x=asinnt. In one oscillation, the second

particle covers twice the distance of the first particle, but in half the time.

(A) a = 1.5, n = 2

(B) a = 1.5, n = 8

(C) a = 6, n=2

(D) a = 6, n=8

4

10 The graph of the function y = cos 2t is shown below.

3

O P t

5

(A) , 0

12

2

(B) ,0

3

11

(C) ,0

12

7

(D) ,0

6

5

Section II

60 marks

Attempt Questions 1114

Allow about 1hour and 45 minutes for this section

Answer each question in a SEPARATE writing booklet. Extra writing booklets are available.

In Questions 1114, your responses should include relevant mathematical reasoning and/or

calculations.

(a) Find sin 2 x dx . 2

(b) Calculate the size of the acute angle between the lines y=2x+5 and y=43x. 2

4

(c) Solve the inequality 1. 3

x+3

p

(d) Express 5cosx12sinx in the form Acos(x+a), where 0a . 2

2

2

x

(e) Use the substitution u=2x1 to evaluate 2

dx . 3

1 (2x 1)

6

Question 12 (15 marks) Use a SEPARATE writing booklet.

(a) In the diagram, the points A, B, C and D are on the circumference of a circle,

whose centre O lies on BD. The chord AC intersects the diameter BD at Y. The

tangent at D passes through the point X.

NOT TO

SCALE

A

O

100 Y

X

30

C D

7

Question 12 (continued)

( ) ( )

(b) The points P 2ap,ap2 and Q 2aq,aq2 lie on the parabola x2=4ay.

prove this.)

(ii) If PQ is a focal chord and P has coordinates (8a,16a), what are the 2

coordinatesof Q in terms of a?

(c) A person walks 2000 metres due north along a road from point A to pointB.

The pointA is due east of a mountain OM, where M is the top of the mountain.

The pointO is directly below pointM and is on the same horizontal plane as the

road. The height of the mountain above point O is hmetres.

From pointA, the angle of elevation to the top of the mountain is15.

From pointB, the angle of elevation to the top of the mountain is13.

hm 13 B

NOT TO

O SCALE

m

00

15

20

N

A

8

Question 12 (continued)

(d) A kitchen bench is in the shape of a segment of a circle. The segment is bounded

by an arc of length 200cm and a chord of length 160cm. The radius of the

circle is rcm and the chord subtends an angleq at the centreO of the circle.

200 cm

NOT TO

160 cm

SCALE

r cm r cm

q

O

application of Newtons method to find a second approximation to the

value ofq. Give your answer correct to two decimal places.

End of Question 12

9

Question 13 (15 marks) Use a SEPARATE writing booklet.

(a) A particle is moving along the x-axis in simple harmonic motion. The

displacement of the particle is xmetres and its velocity is vms1. The parabola

below shows v 2 as a function of x.

v2

11

O 3 7 x

(

v 2 = n 2 a 2 ( x c )2 )

where a, c and n are positive constants.

10

Question 13 (continued)

18

2x + 1 = a x18 + a x16 + a x14 + !

3x 0 1 2

1 2 3 n 1

+ + +!+ =1 .

2! 3! 4! ( n + 1)! ( n + 1)!

End of Question 13

11

Question 14 (15 marks) Use a SEPARATE writing booklet.

(a) A projectile is fired from the originO with initial velocity Vms1 at an angleq

to the horizontal. The equations of motion are given by

1

x=Vtcosq, y=Vtsinq gt2. (Do NOT prove this.)

2

q

O x

V2sin2q

(i) Show that the horizontal range of the projectile is . 2

g

p

A particular projectile is fired so that q= .

3

(ii) Find the angle that this projectile makes with the horizontal when 2

2V

t= .

3g

2V

t= . Justify your answer.

3g

12

Question 14 (continued)

(b) A particle is moving horizontally. Initially the particle is at the originO moving

with velocity 1ms1.

at timet.

(c) Two players A and B play a series of games against each other to get a prize. In

any game, either of the players is equally likely to win.

To begin with, the first player who wins a total of 5 games gets the prize.

(i) Explain why the probability of player A getting the prize in exactly 1

7

6 1

7games is .

4 2

(ii) Write an expression for the probability of playerA getting the prize in 1

atmost 7games.

(iii) Suppose now that the prize is given to the first player to win a total 2

of (n+1)games, where n is a positive integer.

n n n + 1 n1 n + 2 n2 2n

n 2 + n 2 + n 2 + ! + = 22n .

n

End of paper

13

BLANK PAGE

14

BLANK PAGE

15

STANDARDINTEGRALS

n 1 n+1

x dx = x , n 1; x 0, if n < 0

n +1

1

x dx = ln x , x > 0

ax 1 ax

e dx = e , a0

a

1

cos ax dx = sin ax , a 0

a

1

sin ax dx = cos ax , a 0

a

2 1

sec ax dx = tan ax , a 0

a

1

sec ax tan ax dx = a sec ax , a 0

1 1 x

2 dx = tan 1 , a 0

a + x2 a a

1 x

dx = sin 1 , a > 0, a < x < a

a

a2 x 2

2

x a

1

2

dx ( )

= ln x + x 2 a 2 , x > a > 0

2

x +a

1

2

dx (

= ln x + x 2 + a 2 )

NOTE : ln x = loge x , x > 0

16

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