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UFPPC ( Digging Deeper CXXXII: August 9, 2010, 7:00 p.m.

Stephen Kinzer, Reset: Iran, Turkey, and America's Future (New York:
Harmony, June 2010).

[Thesis. The U.S. should loosen Ch. 2: Away with Dreams and
relations with Saudi Arabia, impose a Shadows. Mustafa Kemal's headstrong,
peace settlement in the Arab-Israeli narcissistic self-confidence (31-34). His
conflict, build a partnership with Turkey, leadership in the Gallipoli campaign
and negotiate a regional settlement with (44,000 Allied dead, 87,000 Turkish
Iran.] dead) defending Istanbul made him
famous (34-37). Turkey's humiliation
Introduction. Howard Baskerville died (37-38). Kemal's rebellion (38-51).
in Iran on Apr. 20, 1909, fighting for Turkey's "Independence War" led to the
Iranian democracy (1-6). Mustafa Kemal end of the Ottoman Empire in 1922 with
was part of the Young Turk movement Turkish control of all of Anatolia (51-58).
that succeeded in forcing the sultan to
reopen parliament in 1908, then Ch. 3: We Have No Choice But to
overthrew him in 1909 (6-11). The Catch Up. Kemal made Turkey a
struggle for democracy by Turks and republic (59-61). Reza tried to do the
Iranians "makes them good soul mates same in Iran (61-64). Their frontal
for Americans" (11). The U.S. should assault on traditional authority (64-68).
reorient its Mideast policy to "build an Kemal took the name Atatürk (67).
ever-closer partnership with Turkey, and, Armenians and Kurds (68-70).
in the future, with a democratic Iran" Assassination attempts (70-71). Atatürk
(13). U.S. policy toward Israel and Saudi welcomed Jews to the Univ. of Istanbul
Arabia should change (13-15). (71-73). Reza's plan for Tehran (73).
Both Atatürk and Reza embraced
PART ONE: FOR THE PEOPLE, IN women's rights (73-74). Economic
SPITE OF THE PEOPLE development (74-76). Reza's visit to
Ankara in 1934 (76-78). Reza banned
Ch. 1: The Real Life and Soul of the the veil in Iran on Jan. 7, 1936 (78). Their
Show. Russia forced the dissolution of sunset years (79-81). Comparison of
the Iranian parliament in 1911 when it their legacies (81-84).
refused to dismiss Morgan Shuster, its
American Treasurer General, who was PART TWO: OUR NAME HAS NOT
intent on collecting taxes both in the BEEN AN HONORED ONE
Russian and in the British sphere of
influence under the Anglo-Russian Ch. 4: This Dizzy World. Washington
Convention of 1907 (19-24). After the forged alliances with Turkey and Iran as
1901 oil concession to William Knox part of Cold War containment of the
D'Arcy, the 1908 gusher at Masjid-i- USSR(87-90). Mossadegh nationalized
Suleiman strengthened Britain's resolve Iranian oil and was overthrown by the CIA
to "control Iran" and led to the Anglo- in 1953 (90-99). Turkish contributions to
Persian Agreement of 1918 (26; 24-27). the Korean War (99-100). The first of
When this imperial arrangement didn't many Turkish officers' coups came in
fly, British agents arranged for Reza, of 1960 (100-02). Left-right polarization in
the Persian Cossack Brigade, to seize Turkey (102-04). Reza Shah Pahlavi
power in Iran in February 1921 (27-30). overthrown in 1979 by Khomeini's Islamic
Revolution (104-14). Turkish military
coup in 1980 (114-15).
Ch. 5: Sowers of Corruption on Bibliography. 21 pp.
Earth. Blowback from the 1953 coup
(117-19). Khomeini (119-20). The Iran- Acknowledgments. Interlocutors (often
Iraq war (120-23). Mutual deafness of anonymous), readers, editors, sister Jane,
U.S. and Iran after the Islamic Revolution research assistant, "faithful literary
(123-27). Turgut Özal, a pro-American agent" Nancy Love, Keyman Family Fund
deregulating promoter of democracy administered by the Buffett Center for
(127-32). Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, born International and Comparative Studies at
1955, whose success signifies the death Northwestern University (261-62).
of Islamist politics in Turkey (132-38).
Both Turkey and Iran have "embraced Index. 12 pp.
democracy" (140; 138-41).
About the Author. Stephen Kinzer
PART THREE: VERY FAR AWAY has written or coauthored six other
books. He was bureau chief in Turkey,
Ch. 6: You Win, You Bald-Headed Germany, and Nicaragua for the New
Son of a Bitch. The U.S.-Saudi alliance York Times; he also worked for the
(145-51). The U.S.-Israeli relationship Boston Globe in Latin America. He has
(151-61). Israel did some of the U.S.'s taught at Boston University and
dirty work in Central America and South Northwestern University, writes a column
Africa (161-65). Saudis assisted the U.S. for the London Guardian, and contributes
(165-69). The Wahhabi Islamist reaction to the New York Review of Books. He
(169-73). Post-Cold War, the U.S. lives in Boston.
alliance with Saudi Arabia and Israel no
longer serves the U.S. strategically (173- [Additional information. Stephen
75). Kinzer has a website
( on which he
Ch. 7: So Deeply Entwined. The U.S. praises himself for "a certain cheeky
should "loosen ties" with Saudi Arabia fearlessness and exquisite timing" and
(181; 176-84). The U.S. should impose brags that with Reset "he's ahead of the
and guarantee a settlement of the Israeli- game again." As a journalist he has
Palestinian conflict (184-92). covered more than fifty countries. But
for someone so well-known, biographical
PART FOUR: THE DOOR IS WIDE details—even his age—are surprisingly
OPEN hard to come by.]

Ch. 8: Where They Come Together. [Critique. Stephen Kinzer's
Turkey is ambitiously reasserting its recommendations are sound. Many
geostrategic prominence (195-200). The American policymakers and international
U.S. can turn this to its advantage (200- relations scholars agree with his
04). The U.S. should negotiate with Iran; conclusions and have given his book
the violence in the aftermath of the 2009 glowing blurbs (Andrew Bacevich,
presidential elections in Iran does not Thomas Pickering, Gary Sick, Juan Cold,
affect this calculus (205-16). A parallel Robert Lacey). But Reset seems unlikely
exists in the way the U.S. reset relations to persuade the unconvinced because
with China in 1972 (216-17). Rumi: "Why Kinzer radically simplifies history,
do you stay in prison when the door is so molding it to simplistic and moralistic
wide open?" (218). narratives built around jaunty vignettes
composed of short sentences and
Notes. 20 pp.; sources only. imagined dialogue. These he presents
with great confidence, as though we might be a book to give to someone who
were there, as in the juvenile history knows nothing about the Middle East.
books of our youth used to say (this is But it is not a book for a sophisticated
part of Kinzer's "cheeky fearlessness," reader; while Kinzer presents an
perhaps). — Such an approach has impressive bibliography, he often relies
strengths and weaknesses. It is designed on tendentious sources (e.g.
to grasp the reader's imagination; Reset psychobiography).]