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BLOK DIAGRAM

REAKTO
R
C2H4

MIXER
O2

CH3COOH VAPORIZER
GRAM

AB
REAKTO
R

SEPARATOR
SEPARATOR
HE
HE

MD
UPL

DECANTER

MD
NM Reaktor
Basis Etilen Masuk Reaktor

Komposisi Input Reaktor kmol Mr fraksi Kmol/jam kg/jam


C2H4 50% 28 0.5 1071.429 30000
CH3COOH 16.67% 60 0.167 357.8571 21471.43
H20 2% 18 0.02 42.85714 771.4286
CO2 25,5% 44 0.2530 542.1429 23854.29
C2H300CCH3 0,1% 86 0 0
O2 6% 32 0.06 128.5714 4114.286
1.0000 2142.857 80211.43
Komposisi kadar Umpan 1.00000000
C2H4 100.00% C2H4
CH3COOH 99.85% CH3COOH
0.15% H20
O2 100%

Reaksi 1
24+3+1/2 02 C2H3OOCCH3 + H20.........(1)

Reaksi 2
24+30222+220..(2)

Diketahui konversi VAM terhadap etilen = 10%


dengan 89% etilen bereaksi di reaksi I dan selebihnya bereaksi di reaksi II (Dimian

Etilen yang bereaksi


Reaksi 1 95.35714286 kmol 2670 kg
Reaksi 2 11.78571429 kmol 330 kg
Jumlah 107.1428571 3000 kg

Oksigen yang di konsumsi


Reaksi 1 47.67857143 kmol 1525.7142857143 kg
Reaksi 2 35.35714286 kmol 1131.4285714286 kg
Jumlah 83.03571429 2657.1428571429 kg

Asam asetat yang bereaksi


Etilen bereaksi=Asam Asetat 95.35714286 kmol 5721.4285714286 kg

Vinil acetat terbentuk


Reaksi 1 95.35714286 kmol 8200.7142857143 kg

H20 Terbentuk
Reaksi 1 95.35714286 kmol 1716.4285714286 kg
Reaksi 2 23.57142857 kmol 424.2857142857 kg
Jumlah 118.9285714 kmol 2140.7142857143 kg
CO2 terbentuk
reaksi 2 23.57142857 kmol 1037.1428571429 kg
30000 kg 1071.429 kmol

a bereaksi di reaksi II (Dimian, 2008)

Input Output
Komponen
(kg/jam) (kg/jam)
C2H4 30000 27000
CH3COOH 21471.43 15750
H20 771.4286 2912.143
CO2 23854.29 24891.43
C2H300CCH3 0 8200.714
O2 4114.286 1457.143
Jumlah 80211.43 80211.43
Non-Condensable Gas O2, C2H4, CO2
Condensable Gas CH3COOH, C2H300CCH3, H20

P Trial 7 atm

Input di Separator Komponen


Komponen Kg/jam Kmol/jam Xi (Mol) Non-condensable
C2H4 27000 964.2857143 0.46024035 Condensable
C02 24891.4286 565.7142857 0.27000767
O2 1457.14286 45.53571429 0.02173357
CH3COOH 15750.0000 262.5000 0.12528765
C2H300CCH3 8200.7143 95.3571 0.04551266
H20 2912.1429 161.7857 0.0772181
Jumlah 80211.4286 2095.178571 1

Input Condensable Gas di Separator


Komponen Kg/jam Kmol/jam Fraksi Mol
CH3COOH 15750.0000 262.5000 0.5052
C2H300CCH3 8200.7143 95.3571 0.1835
H20 2912.1429 161.7857 0.3113
Jumlah 26862.8571 519.6429 1.0000

Bubble Point

Tb 131.737361 C 404.737361 K
P 1.73612887 atm 177318 Pa

Komponen Xi Pi k Y
C2H300CCH3 0.18 92959.80 0.52 0.10
H20 0.31 282763.04 1.59 0.50
CH3COOH 0.51 151353.78 0.85 0.43
Jumlah 1.00 Y 1.02

Dew Point

Td 137.312585 C 410.312585 K
P 1.73612887 atm 177318 pa

Komponen Yi Pi k Xi
C2H300CCH3 0.184 105525.018 0.595 0.308
H20 0.311 332714.931 1.876 0.166
CH3COOH 0.505 176939.457 0.998 0.506
Jumlah 1.000 X 0.981

FLASH CALCULATION

T 132.706553 C 405.706553 K

L/V 4.666601

Komponen Xi Pi k x y
C2H300CCH3 0.18 95058.86907 0.53609261 0.20 0.11
H20 0.31 290979.4592 1.6410035 0.28 0.46
CH3COOH 0.51 155572.9821 0.87736711 0.52 0.45
Jumlah 1.00 x 1.00 y 1.02

FOR F Condensable 519.6429 kmol/jam


V= 91.7027453 kmol/jam V=/
L= 427.9401 kmol/jam
(/+1)
V output Condensable 91.7027453 kmol/jam
C2H300CCH3 9.8257296 kmol/jam 845.012746 kg/jam
H20 42.0906112 kmol/jam 757.631002 kg/jam
CH3COOH 41.5422434 kmol/jam 2492.5346 kg/jam

L output Condensable 427.9401 kmol/jam


C2H300CCH3 85.5314133 kmol/jam 7355.70154 kg/jam
H20 119.695103 kmol/jam 2154.51185 kg/jam
CH3COOH 220.957757 kmol/jam 13257.4654 kg/jam
Komponen xi Pi
Non-condensable 0.7519815904 5.263871
Condensable 0.2480184096 1.736129

Antoins Condition

Komponen A B C D E
Vinyl Acetate 55.682 -5702.8 -5.0307 1.10E-17 6
Water 73.6490 -7258.2 -7.3037 4.17E-06 2
Acetic Acid 53.2700 -6304.5 -4.2985 8.89E-18 6
CO2 140.54 -4735 -21.268 4.09E-02 1
O2 51.245 -1200.5 -6.4361 2.84E-02 1
Etilen 53.963 -2.443 -5.5643 1.91E-05 2
Etane 51.857 -2598.7 -5.1283 1.49E-05 2
P 8.5 atm 177318 Pa

=(/+1)/(/+).

=.=(/+1)/(/+)..

Input (kg/jam) Output kg/jam)


Komponen
Gas Liquid
C2H4 27,000.00 27,000.00
CH3COOH 15,750.00 2,492.53 13,257.47
H20 2,912.14 757.63 2,154.51
CO2 24,891.43 24,891.43
C2H300CCH3 8,200.71 845.01 7,355.70
O2 1,457.14 1,457.14
57,443.75 22,767.68
Jumlah 80,211.43
80,211.43
Komposisi Masuk Menara Destilasi

Komponen kg/jam kmol/jam xi (kmol)


CH3COOH 13,257.47 220.957757 0.518456
H20 2,154.51 119.695103 0.280853
C2H300CCH3 7,355.70 85.5314133 0.200691
Jumlah 22767.678793 426.184273 1

Suhu didih Umpan 126.57708615 C 399.5771 K


Tekanan 1.5 atm 151987.5 Pa

Komponen Xi Pi k Y ai(ki/Khk)
C2H300CCH3 0.20 82364.78 0.54 0.11 0.631561
H20 0.28 242122.92 1.59 0.45 1.856563
CH3COOH 0.52 130414.59 0.86 0.44 1
Jumlah 1.00 Y 1.00

Tinjauan komponen kunci LK:


H20 hasil atas maksimum 98%

Komponen kunci ringan yang terpungut sebagai hasil atas : 117.301201 kmol/jam

Komponen kunci ringan yang terpungut sebagai hasil bawah : 2.393902061 kmol/jam

ln(Di/Bi) 3.8918202981
ln(ai) 0.6187269631

Tinjauan Komponen Kunci HK:


CH3COOH hasil atas maksimum 100%
Komponen kunci berat yang terpungut sebagai hasil atas : 0.331436635 kmol/jam
Komponen kunci berat yang terpungut sebagai hasil bawah : 220.62632 kmol/jam 6
f(x) = 16.7967616786x - 6.
R = 1
4
ln(Di/Bi) -6.500789045
ln(ai) 0 2

Menara Destilasi Hubungan ln(Di/Bi) VS ln(ai) 0


0 2 4 6
Komponen ln(Di/Bi) ln(ai) x y -2
H20 3.8918202981 0.61872696 0.618726963 3.89182
CH3COOH -6.500789045 0 0 -6.50079 -4

-6

nilai a 17.453 -8
b -6.9068
Masuk Destilat Residu
Komponen
kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam
C2H300CCH3 85.531 7,355.70 85.531 7355.70154
H20 119.695 2,154.51 117.301 2111.422521 2.393852 43.08933
CH3COOH 220.958 13,257.47 0.221 13.25686649 220.7368 13244.21
Jumlah 426.184 22767.679 203.0536 9480.380928 223.1307 13287.3
CH3COOH
H20
C2H300CCH3

CH3COOH
H20
C2H300CCH3

H20
C2H300CCH3

Komponen A B C D E
Vinyl Acetate 55.682 -5702.8 -5.0307 1.10E-17 6
Water 73.6490 -7258.2 -7.3037 4.17E-06 2
Acetic Acid 53.2700 -6304.5 -4.2985 8.89E-18 6

Chart Title
6
f(x) = 16.7967616786x - 6.5007890447
R = 1
4

0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
-2

-4

-6

-8
MENARA ABSORBER
Komposisi Gas Masuk menara Absorber

Komponen kg/jam kmol/jam xi (kmol) P 810600


C2H4 27,000.000 964.286 0.470 T 400
CH3COOH 2,492.535 41.542 0.043
H20 757.631 42.091 0.013
CO2 24,891.429 289.435 0.433
C2H300CCH3 845.013 19.205 0.015
O2 1,457.143 45.536 0.025
Jumlah 57,443.750 1,402.094 1.000

Komponen A B C D E ln Pa
Vinyl Acetate 55.682 -5702.8 -5.0307 1.10E-17 6 11.32897
Water 73.6490 -7258.2 -7.3037 4.17E-06 2 12.41009
Acetic Acid 53.2700 -6304.5 -4.2985 8.89E-18 6 11.79084
CO2 140.54 -4735 -21.268 4.09E-02 1 17.63963
O2 51.245 -1200.5 -6.4361 2.84E-02 1 21.04409
Etilen 53.963 -2.443 -5.5643 1.91E-05 2 23.67123

Kelarutan Vinyl Acetate 0.1433

vinyl acetate yang terambil 1.00


845.01 kg/jam
9.83 kmol

Kebutuhan Asam Asetat 5,895.82 kg/jam


98.26 kmol/jam
H20 dalam aliran 0.10% 5.901721254 kg/jam
0.327873403 kmol/jam

Masuk (kg/jam) Keluar (kg/jam


Komponen
Gas Liquid Gas Liquid
C2H4 27,000.000 27,000.000
CH3COOH 2,492.535 5,895.82 2,492.535 5,895.82
H20 757.631 5.9017213 757.631 5.90172125
CO2 24,891.429 24,891.429
C2H300CCH3 845.013 0.000 845.01 C2H4
O2 1,457.143 1,457.143 CH3COOH
57,443.750 5,901.721 56,598.737 6,746.734 H20
Jumlah
63,345.471 63,345.471 CO2
C2H300CCH3
O2
Pa 8 atm
K 127 C

P (Pa)
83197.063762
245263.49154
132037.1694
45792551.832
1378256357.8
19067026532

0.958334
23854.3

27,000.00 25875.02 30,000 1071.429 C2H4 30000 0.50


2,492.53 2388.68 21471.428571429 357.8571 CH3COOH 21471.43 0.17
757.63 726.0635 792 44 H20 771.4286 0.02
24,891.43 23854.3 23854.3 542.1432 CO2 23854.29 0.25
0.00 0 0 0 C2H300CCH3 0 0.00
1,457.14 1396.429 4114.2857142857 128.5714 O2 4114.286 0.06
80,232 2,144 80211.43
19082.748147586
24,978.57 -5,895.82
36.479248368 13,125.44
5,957.31
8.9493855985

803
Komposisi Masuk Menara Destilasi

Komponen kg/jam kmol/jam xi (kmol)


CH3COOH 19,153.28 319.221416 0.597120275
H20 2,160.41 120.022976 0.2245092253
C2H300CCH3 8,200.71 95.3571429 0.1783704996
Jumlah 29514.41 534.601535 1 CH3COOH
H20
C2H300CCH3

Suhu didih Umpan 127.4922 C 400.4922077 K


Tekanan 1.5 atm 151987.5 Pa

Komponen Xi Pi k Y ai(ki/Khk)
C2H300CCH3 0.18 84173.69 0.55 0.10 0.628415 Komponen
H20 0.22 248960.29 1.64 0.37 1.85866 Vinyl Acetate
CH3COOH 0.60 133946.11 0.88 0.53 1 Water
Jumlah 1.00 Y 0.99 Acetic Acid

Tinjauan komponen kunci LK:


H20 hasil atas maksimum 98%

Komponen kunci ringan yang terpungut sebagai hasil atas : 117.6225 kmol/jam

Komponen kunci ringan yang terpungut sebagai hasil bawah : 2.40046 kmol/jam

ln(Di/Bi) 3.8918203
ln(ai) 0.61985581

Tinjauan Komponen Kunci HK:


CH3COOH hasil atas maksimum 100%
Ch
Komponen kunci berat yang terpungut sebagai hasil atas : 0.319221 kmol/jam
Komponen kunci berat yang terpungut sebagai hasil bawah : 318.9022 kmol/jam 6
f(x) = 16.7967616786x - 6.50078904
R = 1
4
ln(Di/Bi) -6.9067548
ln(ai) 0 2

Menara Destilasi Hubungan ln(Di/Bi) VS ln(ai) 0


0 2 4 6 8
Komponen ln(Di/Bi) ln(ai) x y -2
H20 3.89182 0.61985581 0.619856 3.89182
CH3COOH -6.90675 0 0 -6.90675 -4

-6

nilai a 17.453 -8
b -6.9068
Masuk Destilat Residu
Komponen
kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam
C2H300CCH3 95.357 8,200.71 95.357 8200.714
H20 120.023 2,160.41 117.668 2118.033 2.354498 42.38097
CH3COOH 319.221 19,153.28 0.319 19.15242 318.9022 19134.13
Jumlah 534.602 29514.413 213.34482799 10337.9 321.2567 19176.51
CH3COOH
H20
C2H300CCH3

H20
C2H300CCH3

A B C D E
55.682 -5702.8 -5.0307 1.10E-17 6
73.6490 -7258.2 -7.3037 4.17E-06 2
53.2700 -6304.5 -4.2985 8.89E-18 6

Chart Title
x) = 16.7967616786x - 6.5007890447
=1

2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20