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CHAPTER - 5 SOLUTIONS AND DISPERSIONS

(1) SOLUTIONS (2) DISPERSIONS


(3) SUSPENSION (4) EMULSION

1. SOLUTIONS

1. A solvent is a liquid, which will dissolve another material, liquid or solid.


2. A solute is the material dissolved by the solvent.
3. A solution is the resulting liquid.
4. Salt and water, sugar and water are solutions; a binder and solvent are also a solution.
SOLVENT SOLUTE
Water salt
Water sugar
Solvent binder

2. DISPERSIONS

1. SOLID DISPERSION :- When Solid particles are not dissolve in liquid and visible.
2. LIQUID DISPERSION:- When liquid is not dissolved in another liquid and visible.
For example oil not dissolves in water.

3. SUSPENSION

1. When pigment and extenders are not dissolve within a liquid, the vehicle,(paint
manufacturing process) and visible.

2. Pigment particles are so small; they cluster together and form aggregates.

3. In gloss paint, the aggregates size is very important and known as Degree of Dispersion of
Fineness of Grind.

4. EMULSION
1. An emulsion is a liquid do not dissolve in another liquid. For example oil not dissolve in water.
2. In acrylic or vinyl emulsion, resin droplets are not dissolve in water, and visible. In an
emulsion water is a carrier, (just carry) not a solvent (do not dissolve).
3. Water is called the continuous phase, and oil/resin is called the dispersed phase.(not
dissolve).

Painting Inspection Grade 3/2. Rev 1 JAN, 2009 WORLD CENTRE FOR
SOLUTIONS AND DISPERSIONS MATERIALS JOINING
TECHNOLOGY
Copyright 2009, TWI Ltd 1/1