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DESIGNERS’ GUIDE TO EN 1992-2 mn From equation (D6.1-4): 4381.5 “ Tape x 1435 ~ 000788 From equation (D6 1-3) x 500 ee = 0.0622 5 ose eas * 0.002296 0.06: ‘Check against limit from equation (D6.1-8) to ensure reinforcement is yielding: 1 1 199 > meer okay Be ( 500 vt ) Fitton 115% 200 « 10" 00008: ‘Thus x =0,0622 x 1425=88.6mim < 250mm; therefore neutral axis Ties in the flange and the above equations are-still valid From equation (D6.1-5), == 1425 0416 x 88.6 equation (D6.1-1): 388.1mm, ard from 500 fe Mpg = 745 * $3813 «1388.1 x 10 (2) To find required increase in A, t0 resist Mf = 3000kNonjm: For 1400 mm wide section, M = 1.4 x 3000 = 4200 kNm. From equation (D6.1-1 _ 4200. 10" 1400 1425? = 16.056 From equation (D6.1-13); x_1-yl—ax0alex 0.0900 2S = 00958 2765 kNm for a 14m width ey — 0.0920 a 20: ‘This is fess than the limit {rom equation (D6.1-8); therefore the reinforcement will veld. Thus x = (0.0958 x 1425 = 136.6 mm < 250 mm: therefore neutral :txis remains in the flange and, from equation (D6.1-5), = = 1425 — 0416 » 126.6 — 1368 mm. Thuy from equation (D6. 1-14): 4200 56 10° 15 sox isos ~ "en ‘Thus, additional 7060 — 4581.5 _ 2479 7 14 i.e, add 206 at 150mm centres (addlitional 4 ‘centres in place of 250) bars (ziving (otal A $043 mm*/m) = 1770mmn?/m “m) or use 326 at 150mm 6.1.24, Doubly reinforced rectangular beams Where the tension zone is very heavily reinforced, for efficiency it can become necessary to add compression reinforcement to reduce the depth of the concrete compression zone and thereby allow the tensile reinforcement to yield, This situation arises where the neutral axis depth exceeds the limit in (D6.1-8). It may also be necessary to analyse sections with known compression reinforcement for their ultimate flexural resistance. OF note is the fact that EC2 uses the same stress-strain relationship for reinforvement in tension and compression, unlike the relationships in BS 5400 Part 4.