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Appendix B

Logistics Preparation of the Theater

The ASCC of a unified command will prepare supporting Army
plans, with CSS planners concentrating on the CSS plans. Once a
contingency country or geographic region is known, CSS planners
begin to build a CSS information data base. When completed, the
information in the data base can be used to develop a comprehensive
plan for LPT. The relative priority of this effort will depend on the
overall concept of operations, along with other command priorities.
Because it is a complex and time-consuming function, logisticians
cannot afford to wait until deployment begins to start the LPT.
Anticipation by logistics planners at the national and unified
command levels can preclude inserting soldiers into a completely
cold base.

Since LPT is a relatively new concept, an assets and water production and distribution
explanation of the logistics-essential elements units.
of information development process is provided.
Any actions that can reduce the cost of moving SUPPLY
supplies, equipment, and people into an Collect information on supply items that
objective or contingency area are candidates for are readily available in the AO and can be used
inclusion in the LPT plan. Planning must in support of US forces. Subsistence items, bulk
provide for the timely arrival of CSS assets, petroleum, and barrier materials are the most
which is balanced according to the mission. common. Include information on the supported
Strategic lift assets are extremely limited. countrys armed forces supply system. Is it
Commanders cannot afford to squander even compatible with ours? Are major equipment
one sortie on movement of unnecessary items compatible? Does the HN have repair
supplies, equipment, or personnel. A well- parts that support current US systems?
thought-out LPT plan, along with the time Answers to these types of questions will assist
required for proper execution, will allow better in determining if HN support negotiations are
use of scarce strategic lift capability. The focus feasible.
of the logistics-essential elements of
information development process is on supply FACILITIES
and field services aspects and applications;
however, a detailed LPT plan will cover all Collect information on availability of such
logistics areas. things as warehousing, cold-storage facilities,
production and manufacturing plants,
reservoirs, administrative facilities, sanitation
GEOGRAPHY capabilities, and hotels. Availability of such
Collect information on climate and terrain facilities could reduce the requirement for
in the area of operation to determine types of deployment. For instance, the Force Provider
equipment needed and when. Use water will house approximately 3,300 personnel.
information to determine the need for such However, if space is available in a complex of
things as early deployment of well-digging hotels with the requisite support in the

Appendix B

required locat on, deployment of the Force Does the country have adequate machine
Provider with its significant strategic lift works for possible fabrication of repair parts?
requirements could be deferred.
Collect information on the general
Collect information on such things as road population of the supported country. Is English
and rail nets, truck availability, bridges, ports, commonly spoken? Are interpreters available?
cargo handlers, petroleum pipelines, and MHE Will a general labor pool be available? What
as well as traffic flow, choke points, and control skills are available that you can use? For
problems. instance, will drivers, clerks, MHE operators,
MAINTENANCE food service personnel, guards, mechanics, and
longshoremen be available?
Collect information on maintenance
facilities that could support US or coalition
equipment. Examine the supported countrys OTHER
armed forces. Can they be used to supplement Include any other information that could
our capability? Does a commonality exist in prove useful, establishing other categories as
such things as equipment and repair parts? needed.

An abundance of information is routinely US ARMY CA OR CIVIL-MILITARY
collected on targeted theaters or likely OPERATIONS UNITS
contingency areas. Also, agencies can assist the Whether in country or targeted on a
logistician in building the information file. The specific country, these units can provide a
sources of information listed below are only a wealth of logistics intelligence information.
few; the list is not all-inclusive. They include functional specialists who focus
on particular areas, such as civilian supply,
THE STATE DEPARTMENT public health, public safety, and
With its worldwide embassies, the State transportation.
Departments embassy staffs routinely do
country studies. They also produce information CULTURGRAMS
on foreign countries, including unclassified
pamphlets titled Country Background Notes Culturgrams are a series of unclassified
and Post Reports. These pamphlets focus on pamphlets published by Brigham Young
political and economic issues, not military or University that provide general/social
logistics matters. information on specific countries. Though not
focused on governmental or military interests,
they provide a variety of useful information
IPB DATA that can be used by deploying forces.
The weather and terrain data bases in the
IPB, with its overlays, provide current
information that can be used in preselecting ARMY COUNTRY
LOC and sites for logistics facilities. The IPB PROFILES
event analysis matrix and template (see FM Produced by the Army Intelligence Threat
34- 130) can also be used to determine the need Analysis Center, ACPs are classified country
for route improvements and bridge profiles providing information on logistics,
reinforcements. military capabilities, intelligence and security,

FM 100-16

medical intelligence, and military geography. Other assets or tools the logistics planner
They include photos, maps, and charts. may want to consider as the LPT plan is
developed include-
COUNTRY CONTINGENCY The use of pre-positioned materiel
SUPPORT STUDIES configured to unit sets (POMCUS).
Produced by the Defense Intelligence Army reserve stocks.
Agency, these classified documents contain Use of containerization to limit handling.
extensive information on railways, highways, HNS agreements.
bridges, and tunnels within a given country. Interservice support agreements.
NOTE: If a command plans to use HNS or
FNS, a primary objective must be to ensure
that the internal support of the nation
providing the support is not disrupted.

The logistics planner must not THE TIME-PHASED FORCE
underestimate the time and resources required DEPLOYMENT LIST
to accomplish many of these actions. The LPT The LTP should be synchronized on a
is a living document that will be in a continual regular basis with the TPFDL to ensure that
state of review, refinement, and use. It should only the logistics capabilities that cannot be
be used as the basis for negotiations, and the met with assurance from another source are
ASCC should use it routinely with two major phased into the operational area. This
planning functions: preparing the time-phased synchronization should take place, as a
force deployment list (TPFDL) and the Total minimum, each time the LPT plan is updated
Army Analysis process. to assure that only the minimum amount of
strategic lift is committed to the support of
The LPT plan should be the basis for
negotiating HN support agreements; pro- THE TOTAL ARMY
positioning of supplies and equipment; civilian ANALYSIS
support contracts, both US and other country; The ASCC under each CINC participates
OCONUS training programs; and in the Total Army analysis process, which
humanitarian/civic assistance programs identifies the number of CS and CSS
designed to enhance the development and organizations required to support the national
cooperative solidarity of the host country and strategy. This becomes the basis for resourcing
to provide infrastructure compensation should decisions concerning the various force
deployment of forces to the target country be compositions Active Army, US Army
required. The use of US forces to support other Reserves, Army National Guard, and so forth
country projects is a sensitive issue. Such as well as stationing plans. The Total Army
projects must directly support US forces Analysis process occurs on a two-year cycle,
training needs that cannot be achieved with decisions announced for implementation
elsewhere at less cost. It is incumbent on the within six years. A current, well-developed
logistics planner to ensure such efforts are LPT plan will enable the ASCC to make sound
appropriately coordinated and approved in resourcing decisions for his AOR as well as for
advance. the Total Army.