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Blessed is that gharee that is passed by remembering the Name of the Divine :
Guru Arjan Sahib, Guru Granth Sahib, 819
Notes : The period of 24 hours (a day and a night) comprises 8 pahar and 64 gharee, as indicated in
the following verse :
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(O Divine!) My soul continues to behold You everywhere, eight quarters of sixty four gharee (i.e. 24
hours) of the day. Bhagat Kabir, Guru Granth Sahib, 1377

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Let us sing the attributes of the Lord eight quarters of the day, and let Him not be forgotten for even
a breath. Guru Arjan Sahib, Guru Granth Sahib, 108

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The French Connection : Sikhs in WWI
Chance Discovery of a postcard leads to book Exploring Role of Sikhs in WWI
Harsheen Juneja

After penning the book, Les He plans to eventually get the a Sikh soldier on the streets of
Troupes Indiennes en France turban ban removed. Paris nearly a century ago. The
fragrance of the rose is still
1914-18, based on Sikh soldiers In his quest to chart the jour-
who fought for France in World ney of Sikh soldiers in the world fresh in our minds and will
War I, French historian Douglas continue to inspire us, he said.
wars, Douglas Gressieux started
Gres-siux, 72, struggles to at the end. Gressiux also highlighted the
understand misconceptions role of the French general,
During my trips to northern
around Sikhs in Europe. Allard in training the Fauj-e-
France, I discovered the graves
Khas army of Maharaja Ranjit
Releasing his book in of Indian soldiers. For two years,
Singh.
Ludhiana, Douglas said, In I travelled around France with a
Among the many countries
1995, I stumbled on a postcard list of graves of Indian soldiers,
of Sikh soldiers in France and he said. that participated alongside the
was intrigued. I researched the French in World War 1, there is
His book is a chronology of
one that is often ignored, India
subject and wrote a book on the every battle Sikh soldiers fought
contribution of Indian soldiers in and Punjab. Punjab, then under
in during the first and second
World War I. My research took British rule, made a huge
world wars.
me to London and across contribution in WW1 in the north
His book, which took four
France. of France, he said.
years of work, talks about Sikh
The author and historian
Douglas, who collected more soldiers, the food they had and
has been working with Sikhs de
than 3,000 postcards of Sikh their relationship with the French.
France, an organisation that
soldiers, is rankled by the He also came across cases represents French Sikhs to
discrimination faced by the Sikhs, of Sikh soldiers an French highlight the role of Sikh soldiers
particularly with regard to their women falling in love. who fought World War I for the
headgear. Many Sikh and Indian freedom of France.
I was pained when I came soldiers had relationships with He has also been organizing
to know about the ban on the French women and they used to events to popularize Sikh culture.
Sikh religious headgear on write letters to them in French Besides a photo exhibition on
identity cards. Through my book, with the help of local people, he Sikh soldiers and a book fair, in
I want to show the French said. which two Indian authors are
government and people the role Moments of love and mutual invited, we celebrate Baisakhi in
played by Sikhs in France and affection temper this book of a grand manner. Programmes
to forge a cordial relationship war We cherish the rose pinned include a Gatka demonstration
between communities, he said. by a French lady to the chest of he said.

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