Frayer Vocabulary Model
-Kathryn Angelo
Consecutive Integer Problems
-Joyce Ann May Bautista
Work Problems
-Maria Sydney Cobilla

© All Rights Reserved

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Math Investigations

Frayer Vocabulary Model
-Kathryn Angelo
Consecutive Integer Problems
-Joyce Ann May Bautista
Work Problems
-Maria Sydney Cobilla

© All Rights Reserved

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You are on page 1of 18

Kathryn Angelo

Joyce Ann May Bautista

Work Problems

Maria Sydney Cobilla

1

Table of Contents

Learning Targets 3

Pre-assessment 3

Consecutive integers 4

Consecutive even integers

Consecutive odd integers

Steps in solving integer problems

References 12

Module 2- Work problems 13

Whether you like it or not, whether you are going to be a mother, father, teacher,

computer programmer, scientist, researcher, business owner, coach, mathematician,

manager, doctor, lawyer, baker, etc., problem solving is everywhere. Some people think

that you either can do it or you cant. Contrary to that belief, it can be learned trade. Even

the best musician had some coaching along the way and lots of practice. Thats what it

also takes to be good at problem solving.

In this module, we will discuss the two example of word problem which are the

consecutive integer problems and work problems. As well as frayer vocabulary model

which is one example of strategies in understanding the problem.

2

Module 1

Consecutive Integer Problems

Consecutive even integer word problems

Consecutive odd integer word problems

consecutive integers

consecutive even integers

consecutive odd integers

2. Define the chosen word using your own words

3. List the characteristics of the chosen word

4. List or draw pictures of examples and non-examples of the chosen word.

Definition Characteristics

Definition Characteristics

Simple figure

polygon with eight sides. Always has eight sides

Examples Non-Examples

3

Lesson: Consecutive Integer Problems

Consecutive integers are integers that follow in sequence, each number being

1 more than the previous number, represented by n, n +1, n + 2, n + 3, ..., where n is

any integer.

For example: 1,2,3,4,5,

If we start with an even number and each number in the sequence is 2 more

than the previous number then we will get consecutive even integers.

For example: 2,4,6,8,10,

If we start with an odd number and each number in the sequence is 2 more than

the previous number then we will get consecutive odd integers.

For example: 3,5,7,9,11,

Consecutive integer problems are word problems that involve consecutive integers.

Sample problem: The sum of three consecutive integers is 258. Find the integers.

Make sure that you read the question carefully several times

4

We are looking for 3 consecutive integer we will let

X = 1st consecutive integer

X + 1 = 2nd consecutive integer

X = 2 = 3rd consecutive integer

The sum of 3 consecutive integers is 258.

X = (x + 1) + (x + 2) = 258

X + x + 1 + x + 2 = 258

3x + 3 = 258

3x + 3 - 3 =258 - 3

3x = 255

3 255

=

3 3

x = 85

The sum of 85, 86, and 87 does check to be 258.

Final answer: the tree consecutive integers are 85, 86, and 87.

Solution to Problem 1:

Let x and x + 1 (consecutive integers differ by 1) be the two numbers. Use the

fact that their sum is equal to 129 to write the equation

5

x + (x + 1) = 129

2x = 129-1

2 128

=

2 2

x = 64

x = 64 and x + 1 = 65

Solution to Problem 2:

Let the three numbers be x, x + 1 and x + 2. their sum is equal to 366, hence

x + (x + 1) + (x + 2) = 366

Problem 3: The sum of three consecutive even integers is equal to 84. Find the

numbers.

Solution to Problem 3:

x + (x + 2) + (x + 4) = 84

6

Solve for x and find the three numbers

x = 26 , x + 2 = 28 and x + 4 = 30

The three numbers are even. Check that their sum is equal to 84.

Problem 4: The product of two consecutive odd integers is equal to 675. Find the two

integers.

x (x + 2) = 675

x 2 + 2 x - 675 = 0

x = 25 or x = -27

if x = 25 then x + 2 = 27

Solve each of the problem below and remember to follow the steps.

1. The sum of two consecutive integers is 33. Find the two integers.

2. The sum of two consecutive integers is -43. Find the two integers.

7

3. The sum of three consecutive integers is -48. Find the three integers.

4. The sum of three consecutive integers is -87. Find the largest integer.

5. The sum of two even consecutive integers is 54. Find the two integers.

6. The sum of two odd consecutive integers is -44. Find the two integers.

7. The sum of three odd consecutive integers is -69. Find the smallest integer.

8. The sum of three even consecutive integers is 24. Find the three integers.

9. The sum of an integer and three more than five times itself is 33. Find the

integer.

10. The sum of an integer and three more than five times itself is 111. Find the

integer.

What TO TRANSFER?

Your goal in this section is to apply your learning to real life situation. You will

1. The ages of Edna, Elisa and Elsa are consecutive integers. The sum of

2. The price of mango and apple are two consecutive integers whose sum

is equal 129. Mango having the lower price and apple having the higher

3. The number of red, blue, and yellow blocks are three even consecutive

integers whose sum is 24. Red have the most number, blue is second,

8

This lesson was about consecutive integer problems and how they can be

solve using the steps in solving it. This steps are understand the problem, devise a

plan, carry out the plan, and look back. The lesson provided you with the

opportunities to solve consecutive integer problems, and consecutive even and odd

integer problems. Your understanding of this lesson and other previously learned

mathematics concepts, principles, and lesson may facilitate your learning of the next

lesson.

1 The sum of two consecutive integers is 33. Find the two integers. 16,17

Solution

Let x = first integer

Let x + 1 = second integer.

Equation setup:

x + (x + 1) = 33

x = 16

2 The sum of two consecutive integers is -43. Find the two integers. -22,-21

Solution

Let x = first integer

Let x + 1 = second integer.

Equation setup:

x + (x + 1) = -43

x = -22

9

3 The sum of three consecutive integers is -48. Find the three integers. -17,-16,-15

Solution

Let x = first integer

Let x + 1 = second integer.

Let x + 2 = third integer.

Equation setup:

x + (x + 1) + (x + 2) = -48

x = -17

4 The sum of three consecutive integers is -87. Find the largest integer. -28

Solution

Let x = first integer

Let x + 1 = second integer.

Let x + 2 = third integer.

Equation setup:

x + (x + 1) + (x + 2) = -87

x = -30

The largest integer is x + 2 = -28

5 The sum of two even consecutive integers is 54. Find the two integers. 26,28

Solution

Let x = first integer

Let x + 2 = second even integer.

Equation setup:

x + (x + 2) = 54

x = 26

6 The sum of two odd consecutive integers is -44. Find the two integers. -23,-21

Solution

Let x = first integer

Let x + 2 = second odd integer.

Equation setup:

x + (x + 2) = -44

x = -23

10

7 The sum of three odd consecutive integers is -69. Find the smallest integer. -25

Solution

Let x = first integer

Let x + 2 = second odd integer.

Let x + 4 = third odd integer.

Equation setup:

x + (x + 2) + (x + 4) = -69

x = -25

The smallest integer is x = -25

8 The sum of three even consecutive integers is 24. Find the three integers. 6,8,10

Solution

Let x = first integer

Let x + 2 = second even integer.

Let x + 4 = third even integer.

Equation setup:

x + (x + 2) + (x + 4) = 24

x=6

The sum of an integer and three more than five times itself is 33. Find the

9

integer. 5

Solution

Let x = integer

Equation setup:

x + (5x + 3) = 33

x=5

The sum of an integer and three more than five times itself is 111. Find the

10

integer. 18

Solution

Let x = integer

Equation setup:

x + (5x + 3) = 111

x = 18

11

What to transfer (answers)

1. Edna = N = 38

Ellie = N + 1 = 38 + 1 = 39

Elsa = N + 2 = 38 + 2 = 40

2. Mango = 64

Apple = 65

3. Red = 10

Blue =8

Yellow= 6

References:

http://www.onlinemathlearning.com/consecutive-integer-problems.html

http://www.mathscore.com/math/practice/Integer%20Word%20Problems/

http://www.analyzemath.com/math_problems/integer_problems.html

www.wtamu.edu/academic/nns/mps/mathe/mathlab/int_algebra/int_alg-tut8_probsol.htm

12

Work problem

It involves situations such as two people working together.

For example:

Peter can mow the lawn in 40 minutes and John can mow in 60 minutes. How long will it take

fro them to mow the lawn together?

Solution:

Step 1: Assign variables

Let x = time to mow lawn together

1 1 1

40 60 x

The LCM of 40 and 60 is 120. Multiply both sides with 120

1 1 1

40 60 x

x120 x120

120 120 120

40 60 x

120

3 2

x

120

5x

x

5 x 120

x 24

Answer: The time taken for both of them to mow the lawn together is 24 minutes.

Pre-test:

13

1. John can do a work in 15 days and Maff in 20 days. If they work on it together for 4 days,

then the fraction of the work that is left is:

1

A.

4

1

B.

10

7

C.

15

8

D.

15

2. Mae can do a piece of work in 6 days and Anthony alone in 8 days. Mae and Anthony

undertook to do it for Rs. 3200. With the help of Alliyah, they completed the work in 3 days, how

much is to be paid to C?

A. Rs. 375

B. Rs. 400

C. Rs. 600

D. Rs. 800

3. Aleezah is thrice as good as workman as Azhlee and therefore s able to finish a job in 60

days less than Azhlee. Working together, they can do it in

A.20 days

1

B.22 days

2

C .25days

D.30 days

4. A, B, and C can do a piece of work in 20, 30 and 60 days respectively. In how many days can

A do the work if he is assisted by B and C every third day?

A. 12 days

B. 15 days

C. 16 days

D. 18 days

5. Jasper can lay railway track between two given stations in 16 days and Mark can do the

14

same job in 12 days. With the help of Nelson, they did the job in 4 days only. Then, Nelson

alone can do the job in;

1

A.9

5

2

B.9

5

3

C .9

5

D.10

Answer key

1. D

2. B

3. B

4. B

5. C

15

Frayer Vocabulary Model

It is a concept map which enables students to make relational connections with vocabulary

words.

Objectives

1. Identify concept/vocabulary word.

2. Define the word in your own words.

3. List characteristics of the word

4. List or draw pictures of examples and non- examples of the word.

Example:

Definition Characteristics

Simple figure

Always has eight sides

Octagon

Exercise 1.

16

Definition Characteristics

An ______ is a mathematical statement always has exactly one equal sign

that shows that two expressions are

equal.

3x-2=4x+7 (linear equation) 2x+3y=(expression)

Ab= ba (an identity) 3 (number)

References:

http://oame.on.ca/main/files/thinklit/FrayerModel.pdf

Classroom Cognitive and Meta-Cognitive Strategies for teachers pdf

Answer in Exercise 1

17

Definition Characteristics

An equation is a mathematical statement always has exactly one equal sign

that shows that two expressions are

equal.

EQUATION

3x-2=4x+7 (linear equation) 2x+3y=(expression)

Ab= ba (an identity) 3 (number)

18

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