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Frayer Vocabulary Model

Kathryn Angelo

Consecutive Integer Problems


Joyce Ann May Bautista

Work Problems
Maria Sydney Cobilla

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Table of Contents

Module 1- Consecutive integer problems 3


Learning Targets 3
Pre-assessment 3
Consecutive integers 4
Consecutive even integers
Consecutive odd integers
Steps in solving integer problems
References 12
Module 2- Work problems 13

Module 3 - Frayer Vocabulary Model 16

Whether you like it or not, whether you are going to be a mother, father, teacher,
computer programmer, scientist, researcher, business owner, coach, mathematician,
manager, doctor, lawyer, baker, etc., problem solving is everywhere. Some people think
that you either can do it or you cant. Contrary to that belief, it can be learned trade. Even
the best musician had some coaching along the way and lots of practice. Thats what it
also takes to be good at problem solving.

In this module, we will discuss the two example of word problem which are the
consecutive integer problems and work problems. As well as frayer vocabulary model
which is one example of strategies in understanding the problem.

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Module 1
Consecutive Integer Problems

In these lesson, students will learn how to solve:

Consecutive integer word problems


Consecutive even integer word problems
Consecutive odd integer word problems

Using frayer vocabulary model,

1. Choose form the words


consecutive integers
consecutive even integers
consecutive odd integers
2. Define the chosen word using your own words
3. List the characteristics of the chosen word
4. List or draw pictures of examples and non-examples of the chosen word.

Example! Chosen word

Definition Characteristics

An octagon is a Close figure


Definition Characteristics
Simple figure
polygon with eight sides. Always has eight sides

Examples Octagon Non-Examples

Examples Non-Examples

(Frayer, Frederick, & Klauseier, 1969)

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Lesson: Consecutive Integer Problems

What are Consecutive Integers?

Consecutive integers are integers that follow in sequence, each number being
1 more than the previous number, represented by n, n +1, n + 2, n + 3, ..., where n is
any integer.
For example: 1,2,3,4,5,

If we start with an even number and each number in the sequence is 2 more
than the previous number then we will get consecutive even integers.
For example: 2,4,6,8,10,

If we start with an odd number and each number in the sequence is 2 more than
the previous number then we will get consecutive odd integers.
For example: 3,5,7,9,11,

Consecutive Integer Problems

Consecutive integer problems are word problems that involve consecutive integers.

Steps in solving consecutive integer problems

Sample problem: The sum of three consecutive integers is 258. Find the integers.

Step 1: Understand the problem


Make sure that you read the question carefully several times

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We are looking for 3 consecutive integer we will let
X = 1st consecutive integer
X + 1 = 2nd consecutive integer
X = 2 = 3rd consecutive integer

Step 2: Devise a plan (translate)


The sum of 3 consecutive integers is 258.
X = (x + 1) + (x + 2) = 258

Step 3: Carry out the plan (solve)


X + x + 1 + x + 2 = 258
3x + 3 = 258
3x + 3 - 3 =258 - 3
3x = 255
3 255
=
3 3
x = 85

Step 4; Look back (check and interpret)


The sum of 85, 86, and 87 does check to be 258.
Final answer: the tree consecutive integers are 85, 86, and 87.

The following are common examples of consecutive integer problems.

Problem 1: Find two consecutive integers whose sum is equal 129.

Solution to Problem 1:

Let x and x + 1 (consecutive integers differ by 1) be the two numbers. Use the
fact that their sum is equal to 129 to write the equation

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x + (x + 1) = 129

2x = 129-1

2 128
=
2 2

Solve for x to obtain

x = 64

The two numbers are

x = 64 and x + 1 = 65

We can see that the sum of the two numbers is 129.

Problem 2: Find three consecutive integers whose sum is equal to 366.

Solution to Problem 2:

Let the three numbers be x, x + 1 and x + 2. their sum is equal to 366, hence

x + (x + 1) + (x + 2) = 366

Solve for x and find the three numbers

x = 121 , x + 1 = 122 and x + 2 = 123

Problem 3: The sum of three consecutive even integers is equal to 84. Find the
numbers.

Solution to Problem 3:

The difference between two even integers is equal to 2.

Let x, x + 2 and x + 4 be the three numbers.

Their sum is equal to 84, hence

x + (x + 2) + (x + 4) = 84

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Solve for x and find the three numbers

x = 26 , x + 2 = 28 and x + 4 = 30

The three numbers are even. Check that their sum is equal to 84.

Problem 4: The product of two consecutive odd integers is equal to 675. Find the two
integers.

Let x, x + 2 be the two integers. Their product is equal to 144

x (x + 2) = 675

Expand to obtain a quadratic equation.

x 2 + 2 x - 675 = 0

Solve for x to obtain two solutions

x = 25 or x = -27

if x = 25 then x + 2 = 27

if x = -27 then x + 2 = -25

We have two solutions. The two numbers are either

25 and 27 or -27 and -25

Check that in both cases the product is equal to 675.

Solve each of the problem below and remember to follow the steps.

1. The sum of two consecutive integers is 33. Find the two integers.

2. The sum of two consecutive integers is -43. Find the two integers.

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3. The sum of three consecutive integers is -48. Find the three integers.

4. The sum of three consecutive integers is -87. Find the largest integer.

5. The sum of two even consecutive integers is 54. Find the two integers.

6. The sum of two odd consecutive integers is -44. Find the two integers.

7. The sum of three odd consecutive integers is -69. Find the smallest integer.

8. The sum of three even consecutive integers is 24. Find the three integers.

9. The sum of an integer and three more than five times itself is 33. Find the

integer.

10. The sum of an integer and three more than five times itself is 111. Find the

integer.

What TO TRANSFER?
Your goal in this section is to apply your learning to real life situation. You will

be given a practical task which will demonstrate your understanding of solving

consecutive integer problems.

1. The ages of Edna, Elisa and Elsa are consecutive integers. The sum of

their ages is 117. What are their ages?

2. The price of mango and apple are two consecutive integers whose sum

is equal 129. Mango having the lower price and apple having the higher

price? What are the price of mango and apple?

3. The number of red, blue, and yellow blocks are three even consecutive

integers whose sum is 24. Red have the most number, blue is second,

and yellow has the least.

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This lesson was about consecutive integer problems and how they can be
solve using the steps in solving it. This steps are understand the problem, devise a
plan, carry out the plan, and look back. The lesson provided you with the
opportunities to solve consecutive integer problems, and consecutive even and odd
integer problems. Your understanding of this lesson and other previously learned
mathematics concepts, principles, and lesson may facilitate your learning of the next
lesson.

1 The sum of two consecutive integers is 33. Find the two integers. 16,17

Solution
Let x = first integer
Let x + 1 = second integer.

Equation setup:
x + (x + 1) = 33
x = 16

2 The sum of two consecutive integers is -43. Find the two integers. -22,-21

Solution
Let x = first integer
Let x + 1 = second integer.

Equation setup:
x + (x + 1) = -43
x = -22

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3 The sum of three consecutive integers is -48. Find the three integers. -17,-16,-15

Solution
Let x = first integer
Let x + 1 = second integer.
Let x + 2 = third integer.

Equation setup:
x + (x + 1) + (x + 2) = -48
x = -17

4 The sum of three consecutive integers is -87. Find the largest integer. -28

Solution
Let x = first integer
Let x + 1 = second integer.
Let x + 2 = third integer.

Equation setup:
x + (x + 1) + (x + 2) = -87
x = -30
The largest integer is x + 2 = -28

5 The sum of two even consecutive integers is 54. Find the two integers. 26,28

Solution
Let x = first integer
Let x + 2 = second even integer.

Equation setup:
x + (x + 2) = 54
x = 26

6 The sum of two odd consecutive integers is -44. Find the two integers. -23,-21

Solution
Let x = first integer
Let x + 2 = second odd integer.

Equation setup:
x + (x + 2) = -44
x = -23

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7 The sum of three odd consecutive integers is -69. Find the smallest integer. -25

Solution
Let x = first integer
Let x + 2 = second odd integer.
Let x + 4 = third odd integer.

Equation setup:
x + (x + 2) + (x + 4) = -69
x = -25
The smallest integer is x = -25

8 The sum of three even consecutive integers is 24. Find the three integers. 6,8,10

Solution
Let x = first integer
Let x + 2 = second even integer.
Let x + 4 = third even integer.

Equation setup:
x + (x + 2) + (x + 4) = 24
x=6

The sum of an integer and three more than five times itself is 33. Find the
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integer. 5

Solution
Let x = integer

Equation setup:
x + (5x + 3) = 33
x=5
The sum of an integer and three more than five times itself is 111. Find the
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integer. 18

Solution
Let x = integer

Equation setup:
x + (5x + 3) = 111
x = 18

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What to transfer (answers)
1. Edna = N = 38
Ellie = N + 1 = 38 + 1 = 39
Elsa = N + 2 = 38 + 2 = 40

2. Mango = 64
Apple = 65

3. Red = 10
Blue =8
Yellow= 6

References:
http://www.onlinemathlearning.com/consecutive-integer-problems.html

http://www.mathscore.com/math/practice/Integer%20Word%20Problems/

http://www.analyzemath.com/math_problems/integer_problems.html

www.wtamu.edu/academic/nns/mps/mathe/mathlab/int_algebra/int_alg-tut8_probsol.htm

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Work problem
It involves situations such as two people working together.

For example:
Peter can mow the lawn in 40 minutes and John can mow in 60 minutes. How long will it take
fro them to mow the lawn together?

Solution:
Step 1: Assign variables
Let x = time to mow lawn together

Step2: Use the formula

1 1 1

40 60 x

Step 3: Solve the equation


The LCM of 40 and 60 is 120. Multiply both sides with 120

1 1 1

40 60 x
x120 x120
120 120 120

40 60 x
120
3 2
x
120
5x
x
5 x 120
x 24

Answer: The time taken for both of them to mow the lawn together is 24 minutes.
Pre-test:

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1. John can do a work in 15 days and Maff in 20 days. If they work on it together for 4 days,
then the fraction of the work that is left is:

1
A.
4
1
B.
10
7
C.
15
8
D.
15
2. Mae can do a piece of work in 6 days and Anthony alone in 8 days. Mae and Anthony
undertook to do it for Rs. 3200. With the help of Alliyah, they completed the work in 3 days, how
much is to be paid to C?
A. Rs. 375
B. Rs. 400
C. Rs. 600
D. Rs. 800

3. Aleezah is thrice as good as workman as Azhlee and therefore s able to finish a job in 60
days less than Azhlee. Working together, they can do it in

A.20 days
1
B.22 days
2
C .25days
D.30 days

4. A, B, and C can do a piece of work in 20, 30 and 60 days respectively. In how many days can
A do the work if he is assisted by B and C every third day?
A. 12 days
B. 15 days
C. 16 days
D. 18 days

5. Jasper can lay railway track between two given stations in 16 days and Mark can do the

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same job in 12 days. With the help of Nelson, they did the job in 4 days only. Then, Nelson
alone can do the job in;

1
A.9
5
2
B.9
5
3
C .9
5
D.10

Answer key
1. D
2. B
3. B
4. B
5. C

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Frayer Vocabulary Model
It is a concept map which enables students to make relational connections with vocabulary
words.

Objectives
1. Identify concept/vocabulary word.
2. Define the word in your own words.
3. List characteristics of the word
4. List or draw pictures of examples and non- examples of the word.

Example:
Definition Characteristics

An octagon is a polygon with eight sides Closed figure


Simple figure
Always has eight sides

Octagon

Example Non- Example

Exercise 1.

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Definition Characteristics
An ______ is a mathematical statement always has exactly one equal sign
that shows that two expressions are
equal.

Example Non- Example


3x-2=4x+7 (linear equation) 2x+3y=(expression)
Ab= ba (an identity) 3 (number)

References:
http://oame.on.ca/main/files/thinklit/FrayerModel.pdf
Classroom Cognitive and Meta-Cognitive Strategies for teachers pdf

Answer in Exercise 1

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Definition Characteristics
An equation is a mathematical statement always has exactly one equal sign
that shows that two expressions are
equal.

EQUATION

Example Non- Example


3x-2=4x+7 (linear equation) 2x+3y=(expression)
Ab= ba (an identity) 3 (number)

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