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# A change in frequency by a factor of ________ is The smaller capacitive elements of the design will

A. 2 A. low

B. 10 B. mid

C. 5 C. high

## D. 20 What is the range of the capacitor Cds?

A. 0.01 to 0.1 pF
What is the ratio of the capacitive reactance XCS to the
input resistance RI of the input RC circuit of a single- B. 0.1 to 1 pF
stage BJT amplifier at the low-frequency cutoff?
A. 0.25 C. 0.1 to 1 nF

B. 0.50 D. 0.1 to 1 F

C. 0.75
An amplifier rated at 30-W output is connected to a 5-
D. 1.0
For which of the following frequency region(s) can the speaker. Calculate the input voltage for the
coupling and bypass capacitors no longer be replaced rated output if the amplifier voltage gain is 20 dB.
by the short-circuit approximation? A. 1.225 mV
A. Low-frequency
B. 12.25 mV
B. Mid-frequency

C. High-frequency
C. 122.5 mV

## D. All of the above D. 1.225 V

Determine the lower cutoff frequency of this network.
A 3-dB drop in hfe will occur at a frequency defined by
________.
A.

B.

C. 1

D. 2
An amplifier rated at 30-W output is connected to a 5-
speaker. Calculate the input power required for full
power output if the power gain is 20 dB.
A. 3 mW

B. 30 mW

C. 300 mW

A. 15.8 Hz D. 3 W
The larger capacitive elements of the design will
B. 46.13 Hz determine the ________ cutoff frequency.
C. 238.73 Hz A. low

D. 1575.8 Hz B. mid

C. high
Which of the following elements is (are) important in In the input RC circuit of a single-stage BJT, by how
determining the gain of the system in the high- much does the base voltage lead the input voltage at
frequency region? the cutoff frequency in the low-frequency region?
A. Interelectrode capacitances A. About 0

B. Wiring capacitances B. 45

## D. All of the above D. None of the above

The input power to a device is 10,000 W at 1000 V. What is the normalized gain expressed in dB for
The output power is 500 W, and the output the cutoff frequencies?
impedance is 100 . Find the voltage gain in A. 3 dB
decibels.
A. 30.01 dB B. +3 dB

B. 20.0 dB C. 6 dB

C. 13.01 dB D. 20 dB
Which of the low-frequency cutoffs determined by CS,
D. 3.01 dB CC, or CE will be the predominant factor in determining
By what factor does an audio level change if the the low-frequency response for the complete system?
power level changes from 4 W to 4096 W? A. lowest
A. 2
B. middle
B. 4
C. highest
C. 6
D. None of the above
D. 8 Determine the break frequency for this circuit.

## For audio systems, the reference level is generally

accepted as ________.
A. 1 mW

B. 1 W

C. 10 mW

D. 100 mW

A. 15.915 Hz
What is the range of the capacitors Cgs and Cgd?
A. 1 to 10 pF B. 159.15 Hz

B. 1 to 10 nF C. 31.85 Hz

C. 1 to 10 F D. 318.5 Hz
What is the ratio of the common logarithm of a
D. 1 to 10 F
number to its natural logarithm?
A. 0.435
For the low-frequency response of a BJT amplifier,
the maximum gain is where ________ . B. 2
A. RB = 0
C. 2.3
B. RC = 0
D. 3.2
C. RE = 0
Which of the following configurations does (do) not What is the ratio of the output voltage to the input
involve the Miller effect capacitance? voltage at the cutoff frequencies in a normalized
A. Common-emitter frequency response plot?
A. 0.25
B. Common-base
B. 0.50
C. Common-collector
C. 0.707
D. All of the above
D. 1
What magnitude voltage gain corresponds to a
decibel gain of 50? Which of the following statements is true for a
A. 31.6238 square-wave signal?
It is composed of both even and odd
B. 316.228 A.
harmonics.
C. 3162.38 B. It is composed only of odd harmonics.
D. 31623.8 C. It is composed only of even harmonics.

By what other name(s) are the cutoff frequencies in a The harmonics waveforms are also square
D.
frequency response plot called? waves.

A. Corner frequency
A change in frequency by a factor of ________ is
B. Break frequency equivalent to 1 decade.
A. 2
C. Half-power frequency
B. 10
D. All of the above
The ________-frequency response of a transformer- C. 5
coupled system is calculated primarily by the stray
D. 20
capacitance between the turns of the primary and
secondary windings. Which of the following capacitors is (are) included
A. low in Ci for the high-frequency region of a BJT or
FET amplifier?
B. mid
A. Input wiring capacitance
C. high
B. The transition capacitance ( )
logea = ________ log10a
A. 2.3 C. Miller capacitance

## B. 2.718 D. All of the above

C. e
In the input RC circuit of a single-stage BJT, by how
D. 1.414 much does the base voltage lead the input voltage for
frequencies much larger than the cutoff frequency in
the low-frequency region?
In the hybrid or Giacoletto model, which one of the
following does rb include? A. About 0
A. Base spreading resistance B. 45
B. Base contact C. About 90
C. Base bulk D. None of the above
D. All of the above
In the ________-frequency region, the capacitive To fix the frequency boundaries of relatively high gain,
elements of importance are the interelectrode ________ was chosen to be the gain at the cutoff
(between terminals) capacitances internal to the levels.
active device and the wiring capacitance between the A. 0.5Av mid
A. low B. 0.707Av mid

B. mid C. Av low

## C. high D. 0.5Av high

What is the ratio of the output power to the input
power at the cutoff frequencies in a normalized Voltage gains of ________ dB or higher should
frequency response plot? immediately be recognized as being quite high.
A. 0.25 A. 3

B. 0.50 B. 6

C. 0.707 C. 20

D. 1 D. 50
The magnitude of the third harmonic is ________ of The decibel gain of a cascaded system is the
the magnitude of the fundamental. ________ of the decibel gains of each stage.
A. 1 A. sum

B. 0.5 B. difference

C. 0.33 C. product

D. 0.25 D. quotient
The ________ region produces the maximum voltage The bandwidth ________ in a multistage amplifier
gain in a single-stage BJT or FET amplifier. compared to an identical single-stage amplifier.
A. low-frequency A. increases

B. mid-frequency B. decreases

## D. None of the above D. None of the above

The resistance associated with the 1-mW power level
is ________ , chosen because it is the characteristic is ________ than in a common-base
impedance of audio transmission lines. configuration.
A. 100 A. significantly smaller
B. 250 B. smaller
C. 400 C. significantly greater
D. 600 D. None of the above
With a BJT amplifier in the high-frequency region, the
The Miller effect is meaningful in the ________ capacitance Cbe is the ________ of the parasitic
amplifier. capacitances while Cce is the ________.
A. inverting A. smallest, largest
B. noninverting B. largest, smallest
C. inverting/noninverting C. smallest, medium
D. None of the above D. None of the above
In the low-frequency region, the ________ low- The ________ in the Fourier series has the same
frequency cutoff determined by CS, CC, or CE will have frequency as the square wave itself.
the greatest impact on the network. A. fundamental
A. highest
B. third harmonic
B. average
C. fifth harmonic
C. lowest
D. seventh harmonic
D. None of the above
In the input RC circuit of a single-stage BJT or
. For two identical stages in cascade, the drop-off FET amplifier, as the frequency ________, the
rate in the high- and low-frequency regions has capacitive reactance ________ and ________ of
increased to ________ per decade. the input voltage appears across the output
A. 3 dB terminals.
A. increases, decreases, more
B. 6 dB
B. increases, decreases, less
C. 20 dB
C. increases, increases, more
D. 40 dB
D. decreases, decreases, less
A change in frequency by a factor of 2 results in a
________ change in the ratio of the normalized gain. The ________ configuration displays improved high-
A. 3-dB frequency characteristics over the ________
configuration.
B. 6-dB A. common-collector, common-emitter
C. 10-dB B. common-emitter, common-base
D. 20-dB C. common-emitter, common-collector
If the parasitic capacitors were the only elements to
D. common-base, common-emitter
determine the high cutoff frequency, the ________
frequency would be the determining factor.
A. lowest At very high frequencies, the effect of Ci is to
________ the total impedance of the parallel
B. highest combination of R1, R2, R3, and Ci.
A. increase
C. lowest or highest
B. maintain
D. None of the above
C. decrease
For the RC-coupled amplifier, the drop in gain at low
D. None of the above
frequencies is due to the increasing reactance of
________. The decibel (dB) is defined such that ________
A. CC decibel(s) = ________ bel(s).
A. 1, 10
B. Cs
B. 10, 1
C. CE
C. 1, 1
D. All of the above
D. 10, 10
The logarithm of a number ________ than 1 is always
________.
A. greater, negative

B. less, positive

C. less, negative

## D. None of the above

Logarithms taken to the base ________ are referred
to as common logarithms, while logarithms taken to
the base ________ are referred to as natural
logarithms.
A. 10, e

B. e, 10

C. 5, e

D. 10, 5
A change in frequency by a factor of 10 results in a
________ change in the ratio of the normalized gain.
A. 3-dB

B. 6-dB

C. 10-dB

D. 20-dB

## For any inverting amplifier, the impedance

capacitance will be ________ by a Miller effect
capacitance sensitive to the gain of the amplifier and
the interelectrode capacitance.
A. unaffected

B. increased

C. decreased

## The ________ of the upper cutoff frequencies defines

a ________ possible bandwidth for a system.
A. highest, maximum

B. lowest, maximum

C. lowest, minimum