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N2_2003

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Design Inputs
Design Life: 2 years Base construction: June, 2003 Climate Data 32.6, -85.3
Design Type: Flexible Pavement Pavement construction: July, 2003 Sources (Lat/Lon)
Traffic opening: October, 2003

Design Structure Traffic

Layer type Material Type Thickness (in.): Volumetric at Construction: Heavy Trucks
Age (year)
Flexible 1.1 Effective binder (cumulative)
13.1
content (%) 2003 (initial) 2,118
Flexible 2.0
Air voids (%) 7.1
Flexible 1.8 2004 (1 years) 773,600
NonStabilized Crushed stone 6.0 2005 (2 years) 1,547,200
Subgrade 19.0
Subgrade Semi-infinite

Design Outputs
Distress Prediction Summary

Distress @ Specified
Reliability (%) Criterion
Distress Type Reliability
Satisfied?
Target Predicted Target Achieved
Terminal IRI (in./mile) 172.00 399.51 90.00 1.19 Fail
Permanent deformation - total pavement (in.) 0.75 6.44 90.00 0.00 Fail
AC bottom-up fatigue cracking (percent) 25.00 100.00 90.00 0.00 Fail
AC thermal cracking (ft/mile) 0.00 27.17 90.00 48.05 Fail
AC top-down fatigue cracking (ft/mile) 2000.00 13803.88 90.00 0.03 Fail
Permanent deformation - AC only (in.) 0.25 6.00 90.00 0.00 Fail

Distress Charts

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Traffic Inputs
Graphical Representation of Traffic Inputs
Initial two-way AADTT: 2,118 Percent of trucks in design direction (%): 100.0
Number of lanes in design direction: 1 Percent of trucks in design lane (%): 100.0
Operational speed (mph) 45.0

Traffic Volume Monthly Adjustment Factors
Class 4 Class 5 Class 6 Class 7 Class 8 Class 9 Class 10 Class 11 Class 12 Class 13

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Tabular Representation of Traffic Inputs

Volume Monthly Adjustment Factors Level 3: Default MAF

Vehicle Class
Month
4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
January 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
February 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
March 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
April 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
May 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
June 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
July 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
August 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
September 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
October 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
November 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
December 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0

Distributions by Vehicle Class Truck Distribution by Hour does not apply

AADTT Growth Factor
Vehicle Class Distribution (%)
(Level 3) Rate (%) Function
Class 4 0% 0% None
Class 5 0% 0% None
Class 6 0% 0% None
Class 7 0% 0% None
Class 8 0% 0% None
Class 9 9% 0% None
Class 10 0% 0% None
Class 11 0% 0% None
Class 12 45.5% 0% None
Class 13 45.5% 0% None

Axle Configuration Number of Axles per Truck

Traffic Wander Axle Configuration Vehicle Single Tandem Tridem Quad
Mean wheel location (in.) 18 Average axle width (ft) 8.5 Class Axle Axle Axle Axle
Traffic wander standard deviation (in.) 10 Dual tire spacing (in.) 13.5 Class 4 1.62 0.39 0 0
Design lane width (ft) 12 Tire pressure (psi) 100 Class 5 2 0 0 0
Class 6 1.02 0.99 0 0
Average Axle Spacing Wheelbase does not apply Class 7 1 0.26 0.83 0
Tandem axle Class 8 2.38 0.67 0 0
51.6
spacing (in.) Class 9 1 2 0 0
Tridem axle Class 10 1.19 1.09 0.89 0
49.2
spacing (in.) Class 11 4.29 0.26 0.06 0
Quad axle spacing Class 12
49.2 1 0 0 0
(in.)
Class 13 5 1 0 0

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AADTT (Average Annual Daily Truck Traffic) Growth
* Traffic cap is not enforced

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Climate Inputs
Climate Data Sources:
Climate Station Cities: Location (lat lon elevation(ft))
OPELIKA_Kendra, AL 32.60000 -85.30000 600

Annual Statistics:

Mean annual air temperature (ºF) 58.70
Mean annual precipitation (in.) 49.63
Freezing index (ºF - days) 138.93
Water table depth 60.00
Average annual number of freeze/thaw cycles: 66.45
(ft)
Monthly Climate Summary:

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Hourly Air Temperature Distribution by Month:

< -13º F -13º F to -4º F -4º F to 5º F 5º F to 14º F 14º F to 23º F 23º F to 32º F 32º F to 41º F 41º F to 50º F

50º F to 59º F 59º F to 68º F 68º F to 77º F 77º F to 86º F 86º F to 95º F 95º F to 104º F 104º F to 113º > 113º F
F

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Design Properties
HMA Design Properties

Use Multilayer Rutting Model False Interface
Layer Name Layer Type
Friction
Using G* based model (not nationally
False Layer 1 Flexible Flexible (1) 1.00
calibrated)
Is NCHRP 1-37A HMA Rutting Model Layer 2 Flexible Flexible (1) 1.00
True
Coefficients Layer 3 Flexible Flexible (1) 1.00
Endurance Limit - Layer 4 Non-stabilized Base :
Non-stabilized Base (4) 1.00
Use Reflective Cracking True Crushed stone
Layer 5 Subgrade Subgrade (5) 1.00
Structure - ICM Properties
Layer 6 Subgrade Subgrade (5) -
AC surface shortwave absorptivity 0.85

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Thermal Cracking (Input Level: 3)

Creep Compliance (1/psi)
Indirect tensile strength at 14 ºF (psi) 460.50 Loading time (sec) -4 ºF -4 ºF 14 ºF
Thermal Contraction 1 1.07e-006 1.07e-006 1.33e-006
Is thermal contraction calculated? True 1 1.33e-006 1.73e-006 1.73e-006
Mix coefficient of thermal contraction (in./in./ºF) - 2 1.18e-006 1.18e-006 1.55e-006
Aggregate coefficient of thermal contraction 2 1.55e-006 2.23e-006 2.23e-006
5.0e-006
(in./in./ºF)
5 1.34e-006 1.34e-006 1.92e-006
Voids in Mineral Aggregate (%) 20.2
5 1.92e-006 3.13e-006 3.13e-006
10 1.48e-006 1.48e-006 2.25e-006

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HMA Layer 1: Layer 1 Flexible

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HMA Layer 2: Layer 2 Flexible

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HMA Layer 3: Layer 3 Flexible

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Analysis Output Charts

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Layer Information
Layer 1 Flexible

Asphalt General Info
Thickness (in.) 1.1
Name Value
Unit weight (pcf) 144.2
Reference temperature (ºF) 70
Poisson's ratio Is Calculated? False
Effective binder content (%) 13.11
Ratio 0.35
Air voids (%) 7.1
Parameter A -
Thermal conductivity (BTU/hr-ft-ºF) 0.67
Parameter B -
Heat capacity (BTU/lb-ºF) 0.23
Asphalt Dynamic Modulus (Input Level: 1)
Identifiers
T ( ºF) 0.1 Hz 0.5 Hz 1 Hz 5 Hz 10 Hz 25 Hz
14 2029222 2417379 2581816 2944301 3101703 3271941
Field Value
Display name/identifier
40 791507 1031399 1139742 1432827 1564304 1723628
70 288879 430798 508140 737843 859820 1031689
Description of object
100 87639 123391 146234 235505 295514 382066
130 31256 39958 45397 64941 77414 97647
Author
Date Created 1/1/2011 12:00:00 AM
Asphalt Binder Approver

Temperature (ºF) Binder Gstar (Pa) Phase angle (deg) Date approved 1/1/2011 12:00:00 AM

70 2156000 55.8 State

100 241800 61.59 District

130 26710 70.67 County
Highway
Direction of Travel
From station (miles)
To station (miles)
Province
User defined field 2
User defined field 3
Revision Number 0

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Layer 2 Flexible

Asphalt General Info
Thickness (in.) 2.0
Name Value
Unit weight (pcf) 151.8
Reference temperature (ºF) 70
Poisson's ratio Is Calculated? False
Effective binder content (%) 9.17
Ratio 0.35
Air voids (%) 6.1
Parameter A -
Thermal conductivity (BTU/hr-ft-ºF) 0.67
Parameter B -
Heat capacity (BTU/lb-ºF) 0.23
Asphalt Dynamic Modulus (Input Level: 1)
Identifiers
T ( ºF) 0.1 Hz 0.5 Hz 1 Hz 5 Hz 10 Hz 25 Hz
14 2298485 2724243 2897164 3289201 3421801 3617276
Field Value
Display name/identifier
40 1072481 1395625 1543418 1920335 2087564 2327093
70 378875 547046 643423 930961 1064722 1310597
Description of object
100 139490 197650 233293 359657 445592 574095
130 63055 79553 89815 135103 167845 215345
Author
Date Created 1/1/2011 12:00:00 AM
Asphalt Binder Approver

Temperature (ºF) Binder Gstar (Pa) Phase angle (deg) Date approved 1/1/2011 12:00:00 AM

70 2156000 55.8 State

100 241800 61.59 District

130 26710 70.67 County
Highway
Direction of Travel
From station (miles)
To station (miles)
Province
User defined field 2
User defined field 3
Revision Number 0

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Layer 3 Flexible

Asphalt General Info
Thickness (in.) 1.8
Name Value
Unit weight (pcf) 150.1
Reference temperature (ºF) 70
Poisson's ratio Is Calculated? False
Effective binder content (%) 9.22
Ratio 0.35
Air voids (%) 7
Parameter A -
Thermal conductivity (BTU/hr-ft-ºF) 0.67
Parameter B -
Heat capacity (BTU/lb-ºF) 0.23
Asphalt Dynamic Modulus (Input Level: 1)
Identifiers
T ( ºF) 0.1 Hz 0.5 Hz 1 Hz 5 Hz 10 Hz 25 Hz
14 2277563 2725367 2907715 3304176 3502587 3689759
Field Value
Display name/identifier
40 1153195 1474779 1623189 1988503 2148479 2404942
70 394829 565357 653141 913955 1061821 1243734
Description of object
100 151383 214801 254106 404945 507342 614706
130 65267 83832 95036 142898 174009 218137
Author
Date Created 1/1/2011 12:00:00 AM
Asphalt Binder Approver

Temperature (ºF) Binder Gstar (Pa) Phase angle (deg) Date approved 1/1/2011 12:00:00 AM

70 2156000 55.8 State

100 241800 61.59 District

130 26710 70.67 County
Highway
Direction of Travel
From station (miles)
To station (miles)
Province
User defined field 2
User defined field 3
Revision Number 0

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Layer 4 Non-stabilized Base : Crushed stone

Unbound Sieve
Layer thickness (in.) 6.0
Liquid Limit 6.0
Poisson's ratio 0.4
Plasticity Index 1.0
Coefficient of lateral earth pressure (k0) 0.357
Is layer compacted? False
Modulus (Input Level: 3) Is User
Value
Defined?
Modify input values by
Analysis Type:
temperature/moisture Maximum dry unit weight (pcf) False 126.6
Method: Resilient Modulus (psi) Saturated hydraulic conductivity
False 5.935e-03
(ft/hr)
Resilient Modulus (psi) Specific gravity of solids False 2.7
10061.0 Optimum gravimetric water
False 7.7
content (%)
Use Correction factor for NDT modulus? -
User-defined Soil Water Characteristic Curve
NDT Correction Factor: - (SWCC)
Is User Defined? False
Identifiers
af 5.7106
Field Value bf 1.5984
Display name/identifier Crushed stone cf 0.7850
hr 120.0000
Description of object Default material
Sieve Size % Passing
Author AASHTO 0.001mm
Date Created 1/1/2011 12:00:00 AM 0.002mm
Approver 0.020mm
Date approved 1/1/2011 12:00:00 AM #200 10.0
State #100 15.0
District #80
County #60
Highway #50 23.0
Direction of Travel #40
From station (miles) #30 32.0
To station (miles) #20
Province #16 40.0
User defined field 2 #10
User defined field 3 #8 49.0
Revision Number 0 #4 59.0
3/8-in. 76.0
1/2-in. 80.0
3/4-in. 90.0
1-in. 96.0
1 1/2-in. 100.0
2-in.
2 1/2-in.
3-in.
3 1/2-in.

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Layer 5 Subgrade

Unbound Sieve
Layer thickness (in.) 19.0
Liquid Limit 21.0
Poisson's ratio 0.4
Plasticity Index 5.0
Coefficient of lateral earth pressure (k0) 0.357
Is layer compacted? False
Modulus (Input Level: 3) Is User
Value
Defined?
Modify input values by
Analysis Type:
temperature/moisture Maximum dry unit weight (pcf) False 120
Method: Resilient Modulus (psi) Saturated hydraulic conductivity
False 6.5e-06
(ft/hr)
Resilient Modulus (psi) Specific gravity of solids False 2.7
10061.0 Optimum gravimetric water
False 11
content (%)
Use Correction factor for NDT modulus? -
User-defined Soil Water Characteristic Curve
NDT Correction Factor: - (SWCC)
Is User Defined? False
Identifiers
af 61.1840
Field Value bf 1.0752
Display name/identifier cf 0.5259
hr 500.0000
Description of object
Sieve Size % Passing
Author 0.001mm
Date Created 1/1/2011 12:00:00 AM 0.002mm
Approver 0.020mm
Date approved 1/1/2011 12:00:00 AM #200 48.0
State #100 56.0
District #80
County #60
Highway #50 61.0
Direction of Travel #40
From station (miles) #30 64.0
To station (miles) #20
Province #16 66.0
User defined field 2 #10
User defined field 3 #8 68.0
Revision Number 0 #4 71.0
3/8-in. 75.0
1/2-in. 78.0
3/4-in. 81.0
1-in. 83.0
1 1/2-in. 100.0
2-in.
2 1/2-in.
3-in.
3 1/2-in.

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Layer 6 Subgrade

Unbound Sieve
Layer thickness (in.) Semi-infinite
Liquid Limit 21.0
Poisson's ratio 0.45
Plasticity Index 5.0
Coefficient of lateral earth pressure (k0) 0.357
Is layer compacted? False
Modulus (Input Level: 2) Is User
Value
Defined?
Analysis Type: Annual representative values
Method: Resilient Modulus (psi) Maximum dry unit weight (pcf) False 120
Saturated hydraulic conductivity
False 6.5e-06
Resilient Modulus (psi) (ft/hr)
27482.0 Specific gravity of solids False 2.7
Optimum gravimetric water
False 11
Use Correction factor for NDT modulus? - content (%)
NDT Correction Factor: - User-defined Soil Water Characteristic Curve
(SWCC)
Identifiers Is User Defined? False
af 61.1840
Field Value bf 1.0752
Display name/identifier cf 0.5259
hr 500.0000
Description of object
Sieve Size % Passing
Author 0.001mm
Date Created 1/1/2011 12:00:00 AM 0.002mm
Approver 0.020mm
Date approved 1/1/2011 12:00:00 AM #200 48.0
State #100 56.0
District #80
County #60
Highway #50 61.0
Direction of Travel #40
From station (miles) #30 64.0
To station (miles) #20
Province #16 66.0
User defined field 2 #10
User defined field 3 #8 68.0
Revision Number 0 #4 71.0
3/8-in. 75.0
1/2-in. 78.0
3/4-in. 81.0
1-in. 83.0
1 1/2-in. 100.0
2-in.
2 1/2-in.
3-in.
3 1/2-in.

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Calibration Coefficients

AC Fatigue
k1: 0.007566
k2: 3.9492
k3: 1.281
Bf1: 1.5
Bf2: 1.3
Bf3: 2.5

AC Rutting

AC Rutting Standard Deviation 0.24*POW(RUT,0.8026)+0.001
AC Layer K1:-3.35412 K2:1.5606 K3:0.4791 Br1:1 Br2:8 Br3:8

Thermal Fracture

Level 1 K: 1.5 Level 1 Standard Deviation: 0.1468 * THERMAL + 65.027
Level 2 K: 0.5 Level 2 Standard Deviation: 0.2841 *THERMAL + 55.462
Level 3 K: 1.5 Level 3 Standard Deviation: 0.3972 * THERMAL + 20.422

CSM Fatigue

k1: 1 k2: 1 Bc1: 1 Bc2:1

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Subgrade Rutting

Granular Fine
k1: 2.03 Bs1: 1 k1: 1.35 Bs1: 1
Standard Deviation (BASERUT) Standard Deviation (BASERUT)
0.1477*POW(BASERUT,0.6711)+0.001 0.1235*POW(SUBRUT,0.5012)+0.001

AC Cracking
AC Top Down Cracking AC Bottom Up Cracking

c1: 7 c2: 3.5 c3: 0 c4: 1000 c1: 1 c2: 1 c3: 6000
AC Cracking Top Standard Deviation AC Cracking Bottom Standard Deviation
200 + 2300/(1+exp(1.072-2.1654*LOG10 1.13+13/(1+exp(7.57-15.5*LOG10
(TOP+0.0001))) (BOTTOM+0.0001)))

CSM Cracking IRI Flexible Pavements

C1: 1 C2: 1 C3: 0 C4: 1000 C1: 40 C2: 0.4 C3: 0.008 C4: 0.015
CSM Standard Deviation
CTB*1

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