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PROJECT PROPOSAL OF
DETAILED SURVEY,DESIGN AND ESTIMATE OF
HIGHWAY SEGMENT FROM JAISHREE KHOLA TO
CHISAPANI

UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF ER CHETAN KANDEL

SUBMITTED BY: - SUBMITTED TO :-

GROUP MEMBER (CIVIL) DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


ANUP DEVKOTA OXFORD COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
BHAVI LAL THAPA AND MANAGEMENT GAINDAKOT 2,
JANAK KARKI NAWALPARASI
SAROJ BHATTA
OXFORD COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND
MANAGEMENT
(Affiliated to Pokhara University)
Gaindakot-2,Nawalparasi

A PROJECT PROPOSAL ON

DETAILED SURVEY,DESIGN AND ESTIMATE


OF HIGHWAY SEGMENTOF JAISHREE
KHOLA TO CHISAPANI

Submitted by:
ANUP DEVKOTA Roll No:14520190
BHAVI LAL THAPA Roll No:
JANAK KARKI Roll No:14520206
SAROJ BHATTA Roll No:14520249
SUJAN BHANDARI Roll No:14520256
SUNIL GAUTAM Roll No:14520260

Submitted to:
Department of Civil Engineering
OCEM
August,2017
ABSTRACT

An abstract is the Summary of your proposal about Detailed Survey, Design and
Estimate of Jaishree khola to Chishapani, at Gaindakot Municipalities,
Nawalparasi District is planning for the project work. The team is planning to study
with various aspects, technical, social and economic sides and the technical standards
and guidelines.

Feasibility study, detail survey, geometric design, drawing and pavement


design for the good transportation facilities itself play the vital role for the overall
development of the nation by raising the economic stats of the people in development
of civilized society

The road connect zone of high agriculture production filled and tourism spots and
gives contribution to the socioeconomic development of the rural people of Dhodni
area.
Problem Statement

The construction of roads are done in different stages, they are: detailed survey,
design and estimation and so on. Some problem during above stage of construction in
the field which may be arise are as listed below:

Topographic and geographic condition of that location road is to be construct.


problem in acquision of land.
Proper handelling of instruments.
Instrumental errors
Problems on detailed design consisting plans, profile and cross section of
project road from the observed data.
Problems on implementation of data from survey in field.

Project Objective

The main objectives of our project are as given below.

To deal with different obstacles in the sport areas.


To provide economical system of road way.
To make easy access to the population in the vicinity by road way.
To construct the road based on NRS (Nepal Road Standard).
To managed the surface run of water in to the drain.
To connect the intermediate places.
Prepare working drawings
Prepare quantity & cost estimates with analysis of rates
Prepare survey and design reports
Significanance of the study

The main aim of this project is to survey, Design and Estimation of the link road for
better flow of traffic. The site is located on the rural area of Nawalparasi district and
follows hilly terrain. The propos alignment is around 1kM

This section describes the requirements with regard to the survey and design
procedures that need to be followed to develop the Design Drawings necessary for the
construction of roads. Road works, drainage, erosion control and associated site works
and earthworks the application of the various standards, codes and principles to road
design is intended as a guide in providing minimum standards for the geometric
elements of the road. Of importance to the total development, are factors such as the
coordination of vertical and horizontal alignments, fitting the road to the natural
contours of the land, preservation of natural features (including vegetation). Also,
consideration must be given to practicalities of public access and safety. Technical
Specification and Standard Drawings are to be used by the Contractor. Variations
from these may be necessary from time to time and these are to be discussed with the
NRS (Nepal Road Standard) Engineer and approved prior to detail design work

Methodology

The study tem member discuss the related matter of the project. At first the filed
survey worked at that location is required then desk study is needed during the desk
study the information and material required for the project such as topographic map
reference and survey equipment are gather. the literature review is briefly conduct and
the information are gather.

Equipment required for the surveying are

Total station
Level instrument
Compass by using mobile
Measuring tape
Hammer
GPS

The main three methods are as follows:


I. Desk Study
Review all available information, reports and documents pertaining to
proposed alignment.
Careful study of topography map and its interpretation.
Locating the contours and the alignment for the project.

II. Field work

The field work consist of detail engineering survey of road project. The liner traverse
method is adopt for the survey. All reading is taken using total station and leveling
instrument and data are record.

The RL of center point of the cross section are measured using total station instrument
reading. The observation of horizontal angle at each right and mean of two are done
with the both left and right face and mean of two use for calculation to eliminate
errors due to eccentricity and centering. Profile leveling is to be carried out by the
leveling instrument at interval of 50m and all points where sudden change of
topography are observed. During the filled work all the data need are record and
register. BM is established where deemed necessary and fixed.

III. Survey work

The instruments used during the survey are as,

Compass
Measuring tape
Total station

The cross section of 5m from the center line on both side of each chainage point and
curve points are taken the horizontal curve are design where deflection angle is to be
greater than 3 degree . Mythology which going to be adopted is shown in flow chart
below .
The methodology can be shown in flowchart also in the following way:

Road Survey

Walkover Survey

Feasibility study

Alignment Selection

Detail Survey

Lab Test & Design

Detailed Project Preparation

Presentation & Submission

Figure:-Flowchart showing methodology adopt


Literature Review

For the knowledge and process for the support of the project work, the
previous project detail reports of road design, Nepal Road Standard (NRS), Nepal
Rural Road Standards (NRRS), training manual for engineers are thoroughly study
and discuss among the project team. Different road related publications, document
study gave us knowledge about the real project scenario and guided us for the
proposal for the road project for the basis of 8th semester; Civil Engineering Program.

I. Highway Alignment and Engineering Survey

The highway alignment may be defined as the position or the layout to the ground
surface by the line of the highway. In other words, the alignment is the route of the
road, defined as arises of horizontal tangent and curves. Generally, there are two
types: Horizontal and Vertical.

Horizontal alignment includes the straight path curve or deviation in horizontal


direction it is difficult to change the alignment once the road is constructed, so care
has to be taken before finalizing the alignment. Else, the following disadvantages may
arise:

Increase in construction work


Increase in vehicle operating cost
Increase in maintenance cost
Increase in accident rate
Increase in damage and faults

When road is constructed, it will be uneconomical to redesign and re-align the


existing road and road should be align carefully as far as possible.

The basic requirements of an idal alignment between two terminal stations are that
it should be:

Short
Easy
Safe
Economical

1
II. Factors Controlling Highway Alignment

The following factors which controls the highway alignment, may be listed as:

Obligatory points
Traffic
Geometric design
Other considerations

Deliverables/Output

After completing this work all the technical and geometrical aspects and
standard of road are fulfil.
Safety and sound road.
Economical feasible roads.
Well manage traffic operation.
Easily accessible roads for all people.
sustainable roads.
Design, drawing and estimating of highway.
The project encourage us by the practical application of gain theoretical
knowledge about highway in the college and familiarization of real fieidwork
challenges.

Project Plan

Reference

Department of urban development and building construction


(DUDBC)

2
Department of Road. Nepal Road standard 2070

Department of road.(2001).statists of strategic road network:


Department of Road

CEG Justo,S K Khanna ,Highway Engineering, Hanna


Publications , New Delhi India