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TURBINE CONTROL SYSTEM – UNITS 1 AND 2

TRAINING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (HT-CS20-SD)
PACIFICORP
HUNTINGTON POWER PLANT

September 18, 2002

PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 - Turbine Control System
HT-CS20-SD

PREFACE

This System Description has been designed to assist you in meeting the requirements of Module
(HT-CS20-1&2) of the Plant Operator Training Program. It contains information about the
Huntington Plant Unit 1 and Unit 2 Turbine Control Systems. This includes each systems
purpose, flow path, and details about major system components and operation.

The Operator(s) is/are responsible for learning the information contained in this document. The
Operator(s) is/are also responsible for obtaining any required certifications and making proper
inspections, logging/recording, reporting, minimizing wastewater and excessive emissions.

A separate document, System Operating Procedure (HT-CS20-SOP), covers detailed operation of
the Turbine Control System.

Safety of personnel performing duties must be in accordance with the PacifiCorp Power Safety
and Operation Rules Handbook.

Employees need to be aware of environmental impacts involved with this system. Improper
operation of this system could cause contamination, excess wastewater and excessive emissions.
Any leak and/or spill that discharges to the floor drains or to State waters must be reported
immediately as outlined in the PacifiCorp Spill and Counter Measure Plan.

Revision 0 – September 18, 2002 Page 1

PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 - Turbine Control System
HT-CS20-SD

UNITS 1 AND 2 - TURBINE CONTROL SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0 Introduction.......................................................................................................................5
1.1 System Purpose.................................................................................................................5
1.2 Basic System Description.................................................................................................5
1.2.1 System Data......................................................................................................................7
1.3 System Flow Path.............................................................................................................7
2.0 Major System Components...............................................................................................9
2.1 Hydraulic Fluid Reservoir................................................................................................9
2.1.1 Hydraulic Fluid Reservoir Data......................................................................................13
2.1.2 Hydraulic Fluid Reservoir Controls................................................................................14
2.2 Hydraulic Fluid Pumps...................................................................................................15
2.2.1 Hydraulic Fluid Pumps Data..........................................................................................19
2.2.2 Hydraulic Fluid Pumps Controls....................................................................................19
2.3 Hydraulic Fluid Supply...................................................................................................20
2.3.1 Hydraulic Fluid Supply Controls....................................................................................21
2.4 Servo Valves...................................................................................................................22
2.4.1 Servo Valve Controls......................................................................................................24
2.5 Hydraulic Fluid Return, Transfer and Filtering..............................................................25
2.5.1 Hydraulic Fluid Transfer and Filtering Data..................................................................27
2.5.2 Hydraulic Fluid Transfer and Filtering Controls............................................................27
2.6 Ovation Turbine Control System....................................................................................28
2.6.2 Overspeed Protection Control.........................................................................................31
2.6.3 Turbine Control Modes...................................................................................................35
2.6.4 Feedback Controllers......................................................................................................37
2.6.5 Limiters...........................................................................................................................39
2.6.6 Starting And Shutting Down...........................................................................................41
2.6.7 Valve Testing...................................................................................................................45
3.0 System Operation............................................................................................................48

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......................................................51 Revision 0 – September 18...0 References......PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 .............................................................................48 3.....................................50 4..........3 System Shutdown.........................................1 System Startup............. 2002 Page 3 .............Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD UNITS 1 AND 2 ...........2 Normal Operation............................................................48 3........................................................................................................TURBINE CONTROL SYSTEM DESCRIPTION TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued) 3........................

Turbine Control Valves List of Drawings: Drawing 1 .Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD List of Figures: Figure 1 –Unit 1 Hydraulic Power Unit Figure 2 – Hydraulic Power Unit Heater and Fan Arrangement Figure 3 . 2002 Page 4 .PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 .Hydraulic Fluid Pump Figure 4 – Hydraulic Power Unit Skid Mounted Pressure Gauges Figure 5 .Turbine Control System Block Diagram Drawing 2 – Electro Hydraulic Control Fluid Supply Drawing 3 – Electro Hydraulic Control Fluid Return Drawing 4 – EHC Fluid Filtering System Drawing 5 – EHC Fluids Diagram Drawing 6 – Emergency Trip System Revision 0 – September 18.

Ovation Turbine Control System Revision 0 – September 18.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD 1. from memory. 4. 1. 1. 2002 Page 5 . load control and flow control by controlling the operation of the main steam stop valves. Hydraulic Fluid Pumps 3. combined reheat steam valves and main steam control valves. Hydraulic Fluid Supply 4. List the normal Turbine Control System operating parameters.1 System Purpose The purpose of the Turbine Control/Electro Hydraulic Control System is to provide turbine speed control. 2.0 Introduction Chapter Objectives: Describe the purpose of the Turbine Control System. Servo Valves 5. The Turbine Control System is made up of the following major components: 1. from memory. Hydraulic Fluid Return. the purpose of the Turbine Control System. State. Hydraulic Power Unit Fluid Reservoir 2. Draw a simplified Turbine Control System diagram. 1. the names and purpose of the major Turbine Control System components.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . Describe the flow path and how the Turbine Control System performs its functions. Transfer and Filtering 6. The control medium is high- pressure hydraulic fluid provided by the Electro Hydraulic Control System (EHC).2 Basic System Description A block diagram of the Turbine Control System is illustrated on Drawing 1. State. 3.

Hydraulic Fluid Pumps/EHC Pumps draw fluid from the reservoir and pressurizes this fluid. Revision 0 – September 18. and monitoring of the Turbine Generator during normal Unit operation. The Trip System. Servo Valves receive electrical input/position signals and port high-pressure hydraulic fluid as required to properly position the Main Steam Stop Valve.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . also fed from the fluid supply pressurizes the valve actuator disk dumps to allow fluid supply to pressurize the associated valve actuators. The GE Electro-Hydraulic Control System provides control. loading. and shut down of the Unit. The Hydraulic Power Unit provides pressurized EHC Fluid for use by the Electrohydraulic Control System. protection. unloading. Each unit’s Hydraulic Fluid Reservoir stores hydraulic fluid used in the Electro Hydraulic Control (EHC) System. It can monitor and control the Turbine Generator during startup. Control Valves and Combined Reheat/Intercept Valves.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Each unit is equipped with a Hydraulic Power unit. 2002 Page 6 . Fluid in the Reservoir may be filtered or transferred as would occur during filling of the reservoir as a part of the Transfer and Filter System. Hydraulic Fluid Return lines route fluid flowing from the actuators through the in service cooler prior to directing the fluid back to the reservoir for re-use. The pressurized Hydraulic Fluid Supply acts as the motive force for positioning hydraulic actuators and pressurizing the Emergency Trip System.

The Hydraulic Fluid is filtered before it passes into the high pressure Supply Manifold for distribution.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . Hydraulic fluid going to the Turbine Main Stop. Each servomotor uses a small electrical signal from the Turbine control system to position the servomotor to allow positioning of its valve using the high pressure Hydraulic Fluid. or to the recirculation loop. Hydraulic Fluid is dumped to permit rapid closing of the turbine valves. It permits cleaning. Revision 0 – September 18.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD 1. Hydraulic Fluid is pumped from each unit’s Hydraulic Power Unit Reservoir through magnetic strainers to one (1) of the two (2) pumping circuits. Each EHC Hydraulic Pump is a variable stroke pump that maintains a constant output pressure. draining. Accumulators maintain pressure requirements during system transient conditions. 2002 Page 7 . through the bypass line.1 System Data Normal Fluid Temperature 100 degrees Fahrenheit EHC Fluid Temperature Low Alarm 65 degrees Fahrenheit EHC Fluid Temperature High Alarm 150 degrees Fahrenheit EHC Fluid Supply Pressure: 1600 psig EHC Fluid Low Pressure Alarm 1300 psig ECH Fluid Low Pressure (Turbine Trip) 1100 psig 1. Hydraulic Fluid pressure also keeps the dump valve on each Turbine Valve positioned to allow the servomotor to control valve position.3 System Flow Path A simplified diagram of a GE Turbine Control System is illustrated on Drawing 2. In the event of a turbine trip condition. Hydraulic Fluid leaving the Turbine Valves is cooled before it is returned to the Reservoir. Fluid in the Reservoir may be filtered using the Fullers Earth Filters that are a part of the Transfer and Filter System. and adding fluid to the Reservoir. Control. fluid may flow to the turbine valves. From the manifold. and Combined Reheat Valves goes to the servomotors for the valves.2. the Trip System.

and monitoring of the Turbine Generator during normal Unit operation. It can monitor and control the Turbine Generator during startup. loading. and shut down of the Unit. protection. 2002 Page 8 . unloading.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . The system is designed to perform the following critical functions:  Speed and load control  Normal and emergency overspeed control  Unit protection  Turbine valve positioning  Turbine monitoring  Plant Control interface to the DCS system Revision 0 – September 18.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD The Electrohydraulic Control System provides control.

2. The Reservoir is located on the 1st floor below and somewhat adjacent to the turbine stop and control valves. Servo Valves 5.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . Hydraulic Fluid Reservoir 2.1 Hydraulic Fluid Reservoir Each unit (Unit 1 and Unit 2) is equipped with its associated Hydraulic Power Unit.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD 2.e. Exposure to Fyrquel can cause a variety of symptoms including stomach pain. Hydraulic Fluid Supply 4. Fyrquel is a fire resistant hydraulic fluid that is used in the EHC system. Each Hydraulic Power Unit Fluid Reservoir stores hydraulic fluid used in the Electro-Hydraulic Control (EHC) System. Symptoms may last for long Revision 0 – September 18. State. nausea. and nerve damage. i.0 Major System Components Chapter Objectives: Describe how the Turbine Control System components perform their functions and interface with other system components. Ovation Turbine Control System 2. Hydraulic Fluid Return. numbness and tingling in the hands and fingers. 3. handling or working around Fyrquel. Fyrquel can be absorbed through the skin and ayes as well as inhaled into the lungs. Transfer and Filtering 6. Proper procedures must be used when storing. Describe the construction of and flow paths through the major components. The Turbine Control System is made up of the following major components: 1. Prolonged and repeated exposure to Fyrquel can affect the central and peripheral nervous system as well as cholinesterase enzyme levels. the names and purpose of major Turbine Control System components. Draw from memory a diagram of the Turbine Control System showing major components. Hydraulic Fluid Pumps 3. from memory. 2002 Page 9 . 1. EHC fluid pumps are mounted on top of the reservoir.

The reservoir is separated into sections by baffles. Fluid flowing from the return lines to the pump suction strainers has to pass over the baffles. Prevent Fyrquel from coming into contact with strong acids. The Reservoir holds approximately 400 gallons of hydraulic fluid. Detraining the fluid makes the hydraulic action more efficient. Revision 0 – September 18. This could also result in employee exposure to the toxic compounds found in Fyrquel when the product vaporizes after leaking on to hot surfaces or from pressurized systems.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . If exposed to fire. 2002 Page 10 . Figure 1 is an illustration of the Unit 1 Hydraulic Power Unit/EHC System with the reservoir acting as the mount for the pumps. bases and oxidizers that could allow Fyrquel to give off toxic vapors. Fyrquel is stable at room temperature and pressure. Fyrquel can release toxic gases including a variety of phosphates and phenols.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD periods of time. For more information on the hazards of exposure to Fyrquel refer to the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) found on Plant Site. This path allows time for air and other gases to leave the fluid. Prevent prolonged storage above 150 degrees that could affect the integrity of the product.

PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 .Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Figure 1 – Unit 1 Hydraulic Power Unit Space heaters and fans raise the temperature of the hydraulic fluid in the associated unit’s reservoir during cold weather. There is a small red reset button located on the fan housing of the heater. Occasionally it trips and must be reset in order for the heater to work. (TS57) set at 85 degrees Fahrenheit controls automatic operation of the space heaters and fans. Figure 2 – Hydraulic Power Unit Heater and Fan Arrangement Revision 0 – September 18. Figure 2 is an illustration of a Heater and Fan arrangement. 2002 Page 11 . A thermostat.

The activated alumina may be viewed through a window on the dryer.1 Hydraulic Fluid Reservoir Data Quantity One (1) Manufacturer General Electric Normal Level Zero (0) inches as indicated on reservoir level gauge Low Level Alarm Four (4) inches below normal level Revision 0 – September 18. Should the temperature of the fluid reach 150 degrees Fahrenheit.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Air entering the Hydraulic Fluid Reservoir is dried to prevent contamination of the hydraulic fluid. The high level alarm occurs is level increases to four (4) inches above normal level. 2002 Page 12 . Air leaving the activated alumina passes through a filter before entering the reservoir. This filter element is disposable. Each unit’s Hydraulic Fluid Reservoir is equipped with a temperature switch (TS40) used to monitor temperature of the fluid in the reservoir. It changes from blue. As the activated alumina absorbs moisture from the air it changes color to indicate its ability to continue removing moisture. the low temperature alarm is actuated.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . Level within each unit’s reservoir is indicated via its associated gauge glass. The low level alarm occurs if level drops to four (4) inches below normal level. and then to pink as it absorbs more and more moisture. to purple.1. The air dryer is located on top of the reservoir. The level is also measured via a level switch and transmitter (LI38). It contains activated alumina. Should the temperature of the fluid decrease to 65 degrees Fahrenheit. The level switch and transmitter initiates alarms on high and low levels. It functions to remove particles greater than five (5) microns in size. 2. the high temperature alarm is actuated. The fluid level is normally at zero (0) inches as indicated on the associated unit’s reservoir level gauge. When the activated alumina reaches the pink color it must be replaced. through which the air must flow to enter the reservoir. This filter is made of pleated paper.

PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . 2002 Page 13 .Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD High Level Alarm Four (4) inches above normal level High High Level Switch Three (3) inches below top of reservoir Temperature Low Alarm 65 degrees Fahrenheit Temperature High Alarm 150 degrees Fahrenheit Normal Temperature 100 degrees Fahrenheit Revision 0 – September 18.

Lights indicate operation of the space heaters and fans. The low level alarm occurs if level drops to four (4)-inches below normal level. When temperature increases to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. In “OFF”. to control the temperature of the EHC fluid returning to the reservoir. Should the temperature of the fluid reach 150 degrees Fahrenheit. Temperature Controllers also mounted on the reservoir. The high level alarm occurs if level increases to four (4)-inches above normal level. both heaters will turn off.2 Hydraulic Fluid Reservoir Controls The reservoir space heaters and fans are controlled from their Control Switch. control the position of the Bearing Cooling Water outlet temperature valves (TV 58A or TV 58B) associated with the A and B EHC Oil Coolers. Should the temperature of the fluid decrease to 65 degrees Fahrenheit.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . and “FAN”. initiating alarms on high and low levels. If the switch is in “AUTO”. both space heaters and fans are off. If the switch is placed in “FAN”. the low temperature alarm is actuated. “OFF”. both fans start. The level in the reservoir is measured via a level switch and transmitter (LI38). 2002 Page 14 .Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Power Supply: Unit 1 EHC Fluid Heaters and Fans MCC 1-5 Breaker 52-4C Unit 1 Fluid Filter Pump MCC 1-5 Breaker 2D Unit 2 EHC Fluid Heaters and Fans MCC 2-5 Breaker 2205 Unit 2 Unit Fluid Heaters and Fans MCC 2-5 Breaker 52-4A 2. ’ An additional temperature switch (TS40) monitors temperature of the fluid in the reservoir. both fans turn off. After a time delay. EHC Oil outlet temperature is controlled to a value of 100 degrees Fahrenheit. “AUTO”. when temperature of the hydraulic fluid drops below 85 degrees Fahrenheit. the high temperature alarm is actuated. with green indicating “OFF” and red indicating “ON”.1. both space heaters and fans will turn on. The switch has three (3) positions. The fluid level is normally zero (0)-inches as indicated on the level gauge. Revision 0 – September 18.

Each Unit’s EHC Hydraulic Fluid Pumps are mounted on top of their associated Reservoir.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . The suction strainer is a magnetic metal basket that removes any metals or debris that might be entrained in the hydraulic fluid before it Revision 0 – September 18. Magnetic Suction Strainer 2. A Hydraulic Fluid Pump is illustrated on Figure 3. either of which may be used to supply all hydraulic fluids for its associated unit’s Electro Hydraulic Control System.2 Hydraulic Fluid Pumps Each Unit’s (Unit 1 or Unit 2) is equipped with two (2) independent EHC pumping systems. 2002 Page 15 .Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD 2. Each 100 percent capacity pump is driven at constant speed by a 460 VAC electric motor. Hydraulic Fluid Pump (1-1 or 1-2/Unit 1) and (2-1 or 2-2/Unit 2) 3. Discharge Filter [one (1) per pump] 4.Hydraulic Fluid Pump Each pumping system consists of the: 1. only one (1) pumping system is in operation. Figure 3 . Test Switch Normally.

PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 - Turbine Control System
HT-CS20-SD

goes to the pump. This debris could damage the pump or the loads supplied by EHC. As the
strainer starts to collect debris, differential pressure increases. An indicator on the suction
strainer indicates if it is clean, needs cleaning, or is bypassed.

Each Hydraulic Fluid/ EHC Pump, 1-1 and 1-2 or 2-1 and 2-2, is a variable stroke positive
displacement pump, delivering the amount of hydraulic fluid needed to maintain pressure in the
Hydraulic Fluid Supply header.

Each EHC Pump rotor contains cylinders that are a part of the rotor. Each cylinder contains a
piston that is attached to a movable plate. While the plate turns with the rotor, its angle can be
changed relative to the rotor. When the plate is perpendicular to the axis of the rotor, the pistons
will not move in the cylinders as the rotor turns. When the plate is positioned at any other angle
relative to the rotor, the pistons will move in the cylinders as the rotor turns. Each piston makes
a complete stroke in the cylinder as the rotor makes one (1) complete turn. The amount of fluid
pumped depends upon the angle of the plate relative to the rotor. With the plate vertical, no fluid
is being pumped. At the maximum angle of the plate, the maximum amount of fluid is being
pumped.

A pressure compensator controls the angle of the plate in each Hydraulic Fluid Pump. The
pressure compensator tries to maintain a constant output pressure of 1600 psig, regardless of
hydraulic fluid demand. When the pump stops, the plate is repositioned to the zero (0) stroke
position for the next start sequence.

A relief valve is mounted on the discharge side of each EHC Fluid Pump. Each relief valve is set
to lift at 2000 psig. When relief pressure occurs, fluid is routed through the valve and to the
reservoir.

An EHC Pump discharge filter is located at the outlet of each EHC Fluid Pump. The pump
discharge filter is a paper filter that removes any debris that could be left in the hydraulic fluid

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PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 - Turbine Control System
HT-CS20-SD

before it gets to the Servo Valves and trip valves. A differential pressure switch (PDS 36A or
PDS 36B) causes an alarm if the differential pressure across the associated Hydraulic Fluid
Pump discharge filter is 100 psid. This is an indication that the filter element should be replaced.
An alarm condition is indicated by a red light near the filter. A green light indicates differential
pressure is less than 100 psid. After the filter element is replaced, the local pushbutton must be
used to reset the alarm circuit.

An air bleed valve is connected to the inlet side of each differential pressure element. Air must
be removed to permit the pump to start and establish full pressure immediately. The air is
relieved to the Hydraulic Fluid Reservoir. Each air bleed valve is a spring-loaded check valve,
with the spring set for about 140 psig. The spring holds the air bleed valve open when the pump
is off. When the pump starts, air bleeds from the discharge line until pressure reaches 140 psig.
At this pressure, the spring is overcome and the air bleed valve closes. It will remain closed until
pressure drops below 140 psig again.

A bypass line on the discharge side of the (1-2/2-2) EHC Pump connects the Hydraulic Fluid
Supply to the return header going back to the reservoir. A bypass valve, FV1, mounted in the
line is normally closed. The bypass line is only used for maintenance of the EHC System. It is
used primarily during start up of the EHC pumps so as not to shock the headers and lines.

The pressurized EHC Fluid is routed through its associated pump’s discharge check valve (FV7
or FV8) and enters the high pressure Manifold.

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PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 - Turbine Control System
HT-CS20-SD

To Fill or add EHC fluid, use the drawing on the following page and follow the following
sequence:
Isolate FV-33 (To the Flow Control Valve)
Isolate FV-30 (From the Main Reservoir)
Isolate FV-34 (From Fullers Earth Filters)
Open FV-35 (To Micron Filter and Selector Valve)
Place FV-37 (Selector Valve) in the Number 3 Position
Open FV-32 (Discharge from Transfer Pump)
Isolate FV-39 (From Recirculation Tank)
Open FV-42 (From the Barrel connection)
Start the Transfer Pump and run until the High Alarm comes in.(4” below the top of the
Reservoir.
The Micron Filter pressure is not to exceed 45 PSIG at 1000 F. If it reads higher it needs to be
changed.

Revision 0 – September 18, 2002 Page 18

PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . 2002 Page 19 .Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Revision 0 – September 18.

The test switch simulates an automatic start condition at the pressure switch controlling the pump start.1 Hydraulic Fluid Pumps Data Unit 1 EHC Pump Manufacturer Hagglunds Denison Unit 2 EHC Pump Manufacturer Vickers Motor Voltage 460VAC Motor Horsepower 60 HP Pump Type Variable Stroke/Positive Displacement Normal Fluid Pressure 1600 psig Fluid Pressure Low Alarm 1300 psig Fluid Pressure Low/Trip 1100 psig Power Supply: EHC Fluid Pump 1-1 MCC 1-1 Breaker 52-4B EHC Fluid Pump 1-2 MCC 1-2 Breaker 52-4D EHC Fluid Pump 2-1 MCC 2-2 Breaker 52-6A EHC Fluid Pump 2-2 MCC 2-1 Breaker 52-5E 2. The test switch is located within the confines of the EHC cabinet.2 Hydraulic Fluid Pumps Controls Each unit’s EHC Fluid pump is operated from its associated unit’s Distributive Control System (DCS).PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . Placing its controls in “RUN” starts the pump. . Hydraulic power unit skid mounted pressure gauges are illustrated in Figure 4. and “RUN”. The pump may also be tested for automatic starts using the test switch. Placing its control switch in “OFF” manually stops the pump. With control in “AUTO”. The motor heaters are energized whenever the EHC Pump is out of service.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD 2.2. Revision 0 – September 18. “OFF”.2. The DCS control switch is equipped with three (3) buttons. Motor heaters are provided to prevent moisture from forming in the pump that is in standby. “AUTO”. 2002 Page 20 . the pump starts when Hydraulic Fluid Supply pressure drops to 1300 psig or upon failure of the running pump.

Turbine Trip pressure switches Revision 0 – September 18.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Figure 4 – Hydraulic Power Unit Skid Mounted Pressure Gauges 2. 2002 Page 21 .3 Hydraulic Fluid Supply Hydraulic fluid leaving each associated Unit 1 or Unit 2 pump discharge filter passes through a check valve before joining with the discharge header from the alternate/standby Hydraulic Fluid Pump. Supply Headers to associated unit’s turbine valves and the emergency Trip System (trip block B) 3. Filter Loop Supply Header 5. Inlets from the associated unit’s Hydraulic Fluid Pumps (2) 2.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . Each Unit 1 and Unit 2 High Pressure Supply Manifold receives hydraulic fluid from the operating Hydraulic Fluid Pumping system. The check valve in each pump’s discharge line prevents reverse flow through an idle pump. A pressure indicator is connected just upstream of each pump’s check valve. Accumulators 4. Connected or associated with the HP Supply Manifold are the: 1.

These are: 1. The Accumulators have three (3) functions.1 Hydraulic Fluid Supply Controls Four (4) pressure switches and a pressure indicator are attached to each Unit 1 and Unit 2 High Pressure (HP) Supply Manifold. Each accumulator pair has an outlet isolation valve to the supply manifold and a drain valve to the reservoir.3. PS23B. and PS23C) are set at 1100 psig. 2002 Page 22 . Three (3) other redundant pressure switches (PS23A. The nitrogen gas maintains a relatively constant pressure on the piston to maintain pressure nearly constant on the hydraulic fluid with small changes in the load. Hydraulic equipment supplied from each unit’s EHC System includes the Turbine Valve actuators and the Emergency Trip System via Trip Block B.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . Absorb pressure surges due to Hydraulic Fluid Pump operation 2. Store Hydraulic Fluid for use by the turbine valves and the Trip System Each accumulator is a cylinder with a free-floating piston. The quantity of fluid supplied to the valve actuators is controlled by the turbine controls to start. stop and load the Turbine. all associated unit Turbine Valves will trip closed/shut. The connection to the filter loop supplies hydraulic fluid to the filter loop to clean up and recirculate hydraulic fluid as needed. Revision 0 – September 18. Maintain pressure in the supply to the turbine valves and Trip System 3. The Turbine Valves control the load on the turbine and trip closed/shut when necessary to protect the turbine from damage. A nitrogen supply valve can be opened to admit nitrogen to that side of the piston. One (1) of the pressure switches (PS22A) causes an alarm on low pressure of 1300 psig. 2.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Two (2) pairs of nitrogen filled accumulators are provided. If two (2) of the three (3) redundant pressure switches sense pressure less than 1100 psig. Each accumulator is initially charged with 1000 psi of nitrogen. Nitrogen gas is on the upper side of the piston and hydraulic fluid is below the piston.

On each. Servomotors permit precise control of valve position. The Emergency Trip System fluid acts to quickly close off the steam flow through turbine valves when a trip condition exists.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Each Unit 1 and Unit 2 Heating Steam Block Valve (HSBV) is used during its associated units rotor prewarming operation. The HSBV is a solenoid actuated. Its solenoid is actuated from EHC Fluid pressure and controlled as a function of intercept valve position. Turbine Control Valves are illustrated on Figure 5.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . high-pressure hydraulic fluid moves the valve stem by going to one (1) side of the operator piston to open it or the other side to close the valve. Revision 0 – September 18. While the Main Stop and Intercept Stop Valves are normally fully open or fully closed. 2002 Page 23 . air to open/spring to close type valve. and Combined Reheat Valves are hydraulically operated from their associated Servo Valve. 2. the other valves must be precisely positioned. Main Stop Valves.4 Servo Valves The Unit 1 and 2 Turbine Control Valves.

A Servo Valve has two (2) parts . When a current is supplied to the conductor. Revision 0 – September 18. Forming a magnet in the armature causes the armature to move to line up its polarity opposite that of the torque motor. 2002 Page 24 . The torque motor is a permanent magnet.the electrical torque motor and the hydraulic spool.Turbine Control Valves A Servo Valve uses an electrical signal to control the flow of Hydraulic Fluid to the hydraulic operator on a valve. with an armature mounted between poles. The polarity of the electromagnet is determined by the direction of flow of the current in the armature.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 .Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Figure 5 . a magnetic field is caused in the armature by the flow of current. The armature is a metal bar that has been wrapped with an electrical conductor.

1 Servo Valve Controls The current to each of the Main Stop Valves. But if the jet tube is moved slightly. When the spool is at mid- position. This fluid passes through the jet tube and may go in either or both directions from the jet to each end of the second-stage spool. Pressure will then be about equal on the spool and it will not move. the other is lined up to vent fluid to the return line going back to the associated Hydraulic Fluid Reservoir. the valve will start to close. Hydraulic fluid from the Supply Header goes to the high-pressure port on each of the Servo Valves.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . Revision 0 – September 18. The positions of each of these valves is also indicated. 2. more of the fluid will go to one (1) side of the spool than the other. 2002 Page 25 . Combined Reheat Valves and the Control Valves are indicated at the turbine control panel portion of the DCS. This unbalances the pressure on the ends of the spool and it will try to move to balance the pressure. the hydraulic operator covers both ports. This positions the jet tube so that an equal amount of fluid flows to each end of the second-stage spool. The force feedback spring on the jet tube opposes movement of the jet tube. When one (1) side is lined up to receive fluid. with the positions of the Reheat Stop Valves and the Intercept Valves indicated separately. there will be no electrical signal to the Servo Valve and the armature will be mid-positioned.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Movement of the armature repositions the first-stage jet tube. It moves the jet tube back to mid-position to stop movement of the valve operator. This tube receives high-pressure fluid through the pilot supply port of the Servo Valve. locking the valve in position until another electrical signal is received.4. When the Test pushbutton for one (1) of the Main Stop Valves or the Control Valves is pushed and held. Normally. The fail-safe bias spring also tries to put the spool in mid-position. The position of the spool determines the lineup of the supply port and the return port to one (1) side of the hydraulic operator piston or the other. Test pushbuttons for each valve permit testing of the valve.

2. When the pushbutton is released. Hydraulic fluid flows across the shell side of the cooler. the valve will return to its position before it was tested. the Intercept Valve will start to close at moderate speed. with hydraulic fluid flowing through the shell and Bearing Cooling Water flowing through the tubes. the closing speed will increase to rapid speed. 2002 Page 26 . it will change over to fast speed for full closing. There are several connections to this header:  Fluid leaving the return ports of turbine Servo Valves  Fluid leaving the dump valves of turbine valves during a turbine trip  Fluid passing through one (1) of the valves in the Trip System during a turbine trip  Fluid bypassed through the bypass line from the HP Manifold This returning hydraulic fluid passes through the hydraulic fluid cooler before re-entering the reservoir. Each cooler is 100 percent capacity. Revision 0 – September 18.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD It will close at moderate speed until it is partially closed and then close rapidly. Transfer and Filtering Hydraulic fluid may return to the unit’s (Unit 1 or Unit 2) Hydraulic Fluid Reservoir through its associated Return Header. the Reheat Stop Valve will start to close at moderate speed.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . When one (1) of the Combined Reheat Valve pushbuttons are pushed. if required. When it is partially closed. the Stop Valve will open fully and then the Intercept Valve will open to its original position. but may be lined up to operate in parallel.5 Hydraulic Fluid Return. control the flow of Bearing Cooling Water based upon the temperature of the hydraulic fluid exiting the associated unit’s cooler. When the pushbutton is released. When the Intercept Valve is closed. Temperature control valves. When it is partially closed. TV 58A and TV 58B. Bearing Cooling Water flows through the tube side of the coolers. Each fluid cooler is a tube-and-shell heat exchanger.

The EHC fluid is routed to the Fullers Earth Filters. used to neutralize acids present in the fluid and work to maintain fluid chemistry by removing dirt. a portion of the EHC fluid flow from the EHC supply manifold is routed through FV46. water. Flow is normally routed through the micron filter or may be sent back to the manifold via FV35 (normally closed) for continuous filtering. exiting through FV34. Both filters are needed at full recirculation flow. Flow is normally routed out position three (3) of FV37 where it normally returns to the reservoir. The filtered flow exits the micron filter and is routed to position one (1) of selector valve FV37. During slipstream filtering. The neutralized EHC Fluid after exiting the Fuller’ Earth Filters flows through FV36. The pump may also be used to add fluid to the reservoir via operation of the Revision 0 – September 18. The pump obtains its suction supply from the Hydraulic Fluid Reservoir via normally closed Transfer Pump inlet valve (FV30). 2002 Page 27 .PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . A micron filter removes particulate material 0. which is set to relieve back to the pump suction if the discharge pressure exceeds 75 psig. made up of a single inlet and three (3) separate outlet paths. Fullers Earth Filters contain diatomaceous earth. It is provided with a relief valve (FV31). and through key switched open valve FV 45. Additional provision is made for dumping of the fluid to drain via positioning of FV37 to position two (2). or any other material that might contaminate the hydraulic fluid. a normally open gate valve. acids. Flow then enters the filtering manifold via FV33. Inlet flow to the transfer and filtering system may be obtained via slipstream flow from the supply manifold or via operation of the Transfer Pump. a four-way valve. The Transfer Pump is a motor driven pump. a check valve.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Hydraulic Fluid Transfer and Filtering Each unit’s Hydraulic Fluid Transfer and Filtering System permits continuous cleanup of its hydraulic fluid during normal operation or when filling or emptying the Hydraulic Fluid Reservoir. The flow may also be routed via position four (4) of FV37 to the recirculation tank should extensive recirculation and cleanup of the EHC fluid be required. debris.5 microns or larger in size from the fluid.

5.5.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD normally closed fill valve (FV42). 2002 Page 28 .5 microns Relief Valve FV31 set pressure 75 psig Relief Valve FV35 set pressure 75 psig Filtering and Recirculation Flow 2. The Transfer Pump discharges EHC fluid to the filtering manifold via opening of the Transfer Pump discharge valve (FV 32). 2.3 mg KAOH/gm Mineral oil less than 4 percent Differential pressure less than 30 psid Fuller’s Earth Filter Material diatomaceous earth Micron Filter filtration greater than 0. Flow Valve FV45 maintains Revision 0 – September 18. Of Phases Three (3) Amperes 1.2 Hydraulic Fluid Transfer and Filtering Controls Continuous filtering of the EHC fluid is ensured via recirculation provisions connected to the High Pressure Supply Manifold through a manual isolation valve. From the manifold.2 percent Neutralization number less than 0.1 Hydraulic Fluid Transfer and Filtering Data Chlorine content less than 150 ppm Water content less than 0.6 RPM 1175 Power Supplies: Unit 1 EHC Transfer Pump MCC 1-5 Breaker 52-2D Unit 2 EHC Transfer Pump MCC 2-5 Breaker 52-4A 2. SK182JK3214A EHC Transfer Pump Motor Voltage 460 Motor Horsepower 3/4 No.5 gpm EHC Transfer Pump Manufacturer General Electric Model No.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . flow is normally routed to the Fullers Earth Filters as described in the section above.

Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD flow of hydraulic fluid at two and a half (2. The hydraulic fluid passes through the Fullers Earth Filters and then into the micron filter. The micron filter removes very tiny particles.routes flow to the reservoir and is used during normal operation or when filling the reservoir. (FV35) set at 75 psig protects the piping from overpressure. 2. Position Two (2) – routes flow to drain and used to line up the Reservoir to drain it. The selector valve port/positions are as follows: 1. (FV37) has a single inlet and three (3) outlet positions. Position One (1) – inlet to FV37 2. Revision 0 – September 18. The hydraulic fluid then passes into the four (4) positions Selector Valve. depending upon its application or what operation is being performed. The control has OFF and RUN positions. A relief valve.5 microns in size.6 Ovation Turbine Control System The turbine control system is divided into seven (7) parts: 1) Master Trip Bus. The pump is operated from control room DCS. A relief valve at the discharge of the pump is set for 75 psig to protect the piping from overpressure. or four (4). 4.5) gpm in the filtering system. 2) Overspeed Protection Control 3) Turbine Control modes 4) Feedback Controllers 5) Limiters 6) Starting and Shutting down and 7) Valve Testing. 2002 Page 29 . The Selector Valve. three (3).PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . Position Three (3) . from the hydraulic fluid. Position Four (4) – routes flow back to the filtering manifold and is used when recirculating to “cake” the Fullers Earth Filters following change-out/replacement of the earth filters. greater than 0. Each unit’s Transfer Pump is used to recirculate hydraulic fluid when the Hydraulic Fluid Pumps are out of service and when recirculating to cake the filters following media replacement. Hydraulic fluid enters the selector valve via port one (1) and then may be lined up to exit via port two (2). 3. (FV37).

The following Turbine Trip Conditions are included in the Master Trip Bus logic:  Low Bearing Oil. and vital digital inputs such as Turbine Reset and Main Generator Breaker are read in this controller. Vital analog inputs such as Stator Current. This enables the TCS controller to sense and act upon a turbine over-speeds within 100 milliseconds and to sense and act upon Power Load Unbalance within 35 milliseconds. Reheat Pressure. 1-PS-104A & B  Low EH Operating Fluid Pressure. The original Master Trip Bus relay logic is built in the Ovation Turbine Control System (TCS) using digital logic. 2. 2002 Page 30 . (24V DC). which is sealed in until the Operator Resets the Turbine.6.  De-energize the MTSVA and MTSVB Master Trip Solenoids. 1-XT02 Revision 0 – September 18. 1SPDMRE  Excessive Bearing Vibration from Bently Nevada. Any individual turbine trip condition can generate a Turbine Trip. (125V DC). 1-PS-109  Excessive Thrust Bearing Movement. Initial Pressure. 1-XT04  Loss of 125vdc.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD All vital analog and digital inputs are wired directly into the TCS controller cabinet. 1-XT01 or 1-XT03  Low shaft pump discharge pressure at speeds greater than 2600 RPM. 1-PS-100AORB  High LP exhaust hood temperature. 1-2-EHT  Loss of stator coolant. A Turbine Trip logic signal will:  Energize the MTS Master Trip Solenoid. 1-PS-101  Low Emergency Trip Fluid (ETS) Pressure. 1-PS-12  Two (2) out of three (3) Speed Signals lost.1 Master Trip Bus The Master Trip Bus logic will trip the turbine if a hazardous condition exists that could lead to equipment damage.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . 1-PS-11  Low Condenser Vacuum.

1-ER757  Drum Level Trip.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD  Backup Overspeed Trip. The Operator must push the Trip Monitor Reset and acknowledge buttons to clear the Trip Monitor display for each startup. Control. Pressure switches PS100A and PS100B sense the ETS Pressure Trip. these two (2) trip conditions are momentarily blocked in the logic. the vacuum trip is reset allowing the turbine to be reset. The Master Reset button will not allow a reset until turbine speed is less than 3000 rpm. These pressure switches are wired in parallel and two (2) contacts LVTX1 and LVTX2 are wired to the Ovation TCS. 1-HIDRUM  Transfer Trip from R&R board. When the Operator Resets the Turbine. The Vacuum Trip is sensed by pressure switches PS104A&B and the PS105A&B. The TCS vacuum trip logic is built to allow a reset with poor vacuum. The Vacuum Resetting alarm light and the Vacuum Low alarm will be active.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . When the Operator pushes the Master Reset button and the ETS pressure goes above minimum the turbine trip logic signal will be reset and the Reheat Stop valves will begin to open. 1-TRANSTRIP  Loss of 24vdc. Once Revision 0 – September 18. D005P1 bit 10 & 11  Operator Graphic Trip Push button. If the Emergency Trip System (ETS) hydraulic pressure is low for three (3) seconds and the Trip Anticipator is not active. When the Operator pushes the Master Reset button. The alarm shown in red is the first trip event and the alarms in yellow are secondary trip events that are still active. 1-MTB Turbine Trip Monitor Logic The Turbine Trip Monitor logic will capture the Master Bus Trip event and display it on the Turbine Test graphic. The ETS pressure trip (PS100A or B) will not clear until the turbine is reset and the Vacuum trip may not clear until the turbine is up at speed. 2002 Page 31 . Reheat and Intercept valves. a turbine trip logic signal will be sent to close the Stop. 1BACKOVSP  Turbine Protection Relay From ER75.

Revision 0 – September 18.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD vacuum becomes normal. 2. Backup Overspeed and the Power Load Unbalance function achieve overspeed Protection. Speed Regulation will begin to close the controlling set of valves (Stop or Control) and Intercept Valves when turbine speed exceeds 101 percent of rated speed. 2002 Page 32 .  The Control valves will have a five (5) percent Speed regulation beginning when speed exceeds 102 percent of rated and will be closed completely if turbine speed reaches 107 percent of rated or 3852 rpm. Mechanical Trip bolt device.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . Speed Regulation The first line of defense against turbine over-speed is Speed Regulation. Speed Regulation is always in service regardless of the Turbine Mode of control.  The Intercept valves will have a two (2) percent Speed regulation beginning when speed exceeds 102 percent of rated and will be closed completely if turbine speed reaches 104 percent of rated or 3744. Speed Regulation.2 Overspeed Protection Control The Overspeed Protection logic will close the turbine valves quickly to prevent excessive turbine over-speed. Two (2) out of three (3) speed signal voting logic is used to determine actual turbine speed. (1) the Vacuum Resetting alarm light and Vacuum Low alarm will clear and (2) the Vacuum Trip logic will automatically be ready to trip on poor vacuum. the Trip Anticipator function. Speed regulation is set begin at 101 percent (3636 rpm).6. In Full Arc mode:  The Stop Valves will have a two (2) percent Speed regulation beginning when speed exceeds 101 percent of rated and will be closed completely if turbine speed reaches 102 percent of rated or 3672 rpm.

A graphic message will appear on both the Control and Test screens Revision 0 – September 18. The Operator would select the 111 percent button on the Turbine Control graphic to begin the actual speed ramp. The Mechanical Trip Test button is located on the Turbine Control System Test graphic.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD In Partial Arc mode:  The Control valves will have a five (5) percent Speed regulation beginning when speed exceeds 101 percent of rated and will be closed completely if turbine speed reaches 105 percent of rated or 3780 rpm. 2002 Page 33 . The Ovation Speed Detector module also has an open-wire detection alarm that will trigger bad quality. The Median Select algorithm also checks the point quality and high/low sensor limits to detect a failed speed transducer.percent dead-end.  Note: The Stop Valves will close at 110 percent on Speed regulation in partial arc. The Mechanical Trip can be tested off-line. the Mechanical Overspeed Trip Device will actuate the trip latch and trip the turbine.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . When turbine speed reaches 110 percent. speed regulation will be disabled. Mechanical (Over-speed) Trip Device The second line of defense against turbine over-speed is the Mechanical Over-speed Trip device. alarms are triggered and the operator is immediately informed of the failed transducer. Important Note: When the Operator selects the Mechanical Trip Test graphic button. Speed Signal Input 2 Out of 3 Voting Logic A median select algorithm is utilized to determine if the speed signals are equal each other within a one (1).  The Intercept valves will have a two (2) percent Speed regulation beginning when speed exceeds 105 percent of rated and will be closed completely if turbine speed reaches 107 percent of rated or 3852 rpm. In these instances. The mechanical device activates at 109-110 percent rated speed when the centrifugal force of the turbine rotor exceeds mechanical trip setpoint.

The Backup Over-speed can be tested when the breaker is open. The Mechanical (Oil) Trip test logic is built to allow testing per the original system procedures. The test is interlocked in the digital logic to avoid a turbine trip. the Trip Anticipator logic will:  De-energize the MTSVA & MTSVB solenoids until the turbine speed decreases below the setpoint and. If the turbine speed exceeds the Trip Anticipator over-speed setpoint. The only difference is when the Operator is asked to push and hold the Reset button until the MTV is reset. It can be tested off-line from the Test graphic. Trip Anticipator The fourth line of defense against turbine over-speed is the Trip Anticipator function.5 percent of rated speed and will trip the turbine. Speed Regulation will be returned to normal if the turbine trips or the Operator selects the Mechanical Trip Test normal graphic button. The test buttons are on the Turbine Test graphic. 2002 Page 34 . In this system.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD and the alarm screen to inform the Operator. The Trip Anticipator analog logic generates an over-speed setpoint that varies from 111 percent of rated speed (3996 rpm) at 70 percent load to 107 percent of rated speed (3852 rpm) at 100 percent load. Revision 0 – September 18.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . The MTVSA and MTVSB solenoids can also be tested individually from the Test graphic without tripping the turbine. Backup (electrical) Over-speed Trip The third line of defense is the Backup Overspeed. To test. the Operator does not have to hold the button. When speed increases above 3572 rpm the turbine will be tripped. The TCS logic will automatically hold and wait for the proper feedback. the Operator would select the BACK TRIP TO 3572 button on the Test graphic. The Backup Over-speed is set to activate at 110.

 The Operator needs to hit the 3600-rpm button after speed gets to the Trip Anticipator test point of 102 percent. The test sequence is as follows:  First.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD  Will block a Low Emergency Trip Fluid (ETS) Pressure Trip for 10 seconds after the turbine speed decreases below the setpoint.  The Operator selects the Trip Anticipator RETURN TO NORMAL button after turbine speed is below 3636 rpm. Early Valve Actuation The original Mark 1 Turbine Control System did not have the early valve actuation function and it was not added to this system.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . 2002 Page 35 .  To prevent any valve action under stable fault conditions which are self-clearing within a reasonable amount of time. Revision 0 – September 18. The TCS logic will switch back to the variable 107 percent to 111 percent over-speed setpoint.  Then select the Trip Anticipator SET LOW button. Now the TCS logic will use a 102 percent fixed over-speed setpoint in place of the 107-111 percent variable setpoint. the Operator needs to set Mechanical Trip Test on. The Trip Anticipator can be tested (from the Test Graphic) at 102 percent rated speed (3672 rpm) when the generator breaker is open. Be careful.  The Operator would select the 111 percent button on the Turbine Control graphic to begin the actual speed ramp. the speed setpoint will ramp to the 111 percent setpoint of 3978 rpm. Power Load Unbalance The rate-sensitive power-load unbalance circuit serves two (2) purposes:  To initiate control valve fast closing action under load rejection conditions that might lead to high acceleration and overspeed of the unit.

The Median Select algorithm also checks the point quality and high/low sensor limits to detect a failed current transducer. Alarms are triggered and the operator is immediately informed of the failed transducer.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . 2.3 Turbine Control Modes The Turbine Control System will position the turbine-main-steam-inlet valves according to the Operator’s speed and loading commands. It also causes a runback on the Megawatt Setpoint from full load to minimum load in 45 seconds. And PLU will reject the Remote Auto and IPL modes and hold any FA/PA transfers. 2002 Page 36 . Stator Current Input two (2) Out Of three (3) Voting Logic A median select algorithm is utilized that determine if the stator signals are equal each other within a 25-percent dead-end. T he Turbine Control Modes available are:  TURBINE MANUAL  TURBINE AUTO  MANUAL SYNC  REMOTE AUTO Revision 0 – September 18. Load must be greater than 40 percent to get the Stator current load decrease high message. High-speed current transducers and high-speed analog input modules are used to read the current signals within 35 milliseconds. The Power Load Unbalance can be tested on-line from the Turbine Control Test graphic.6.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD The conditions for Power Load Unbalance to be activated are:  Reheat Pressure exceeds Stator Current by 40 percent and  The Reheat Pressure is greater than 40 percent and  The Stator Current Decrease rate is 40 percent in 35 milliseconds The Power Load Unbalance signal is used to actuate the control valve fast closing solenoids.

The Turbine Control system will then calculate a turbine valve demand. Turbine Hand Control is automatically selected if the one (1) Stop valve or two (2) control valves are more than plus or minus 10 percent away from setpoint. the operator can raise and lower the valves directly by using the Manual/Auto Hand station control buttons. and Rate. Using the current setpoint. In Turbine Hand control. the operator sets the Target and the Rate using the Load Set or Speed Set push buttons.50 rpm of sync speed. If RUN is pressed the Setpoint will increment or decrement to the target value at the entered rate for either load or speed control. TURBINE MANUAL Mode: In the TURBINE MANUAL mode. The Operator can then select RUN or HOLD. If HOLD is pressed. In the Manual Sync mode.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Based on the selected mode. the TCS control logic calculates a Setpoint.e. Revision 0 – September 18. The Operator will enter a Speed or Megawatt Target (rpm or mw) on the Turbine Control System graphic. lift) characteristic curves. and Stage Pressure feedback Loop. the operator can select a Fast rate or a Slow rate. MANUAL SYNC Mode: The operator may go to the MANUAL SYNC mode on speed control if the speed is within +/. MW Loop. The turbine control logic positions the turbine valves based on the valve mode (Full Arc or Partial Arc) and the turbine valve (flow vs.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . TURBINE AUTO Mode: In TURBINE AUTO. the operator can raise or lower the Target by one (1) rpm using the raise and lower buttons. Target. i. 2002 Page 37 . the controller can correct the valve demand for speed control and three (3) separate load control loops: Frequency Loop. in contingency alarm. the Setpoint will be held until the RUN button is pressed.

4 Feedback Controllers The TCS has a Speed Control feedback loop that is always in service off-line and three (3) feedback loops on-line: Frequency.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD REMOTE AUTO Mode: The REMOTE AUTO mode allows a remotely generated Turbine Master Auto control signal to directly control the TCS Megawatt Target. When in Turbine Auto mode with no feedback loops in service and the boiler is at rated pressure and temperature. The Stage Pressure feedback loop will be automatically placed in service when the Operator selects a valve test.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . lift) characteristic curves are accurate. the Megawatt Setpoint should approximately equal the actual megawatts if the turbine valve (flow vs. and Stage pressure all of which are on-line tunable. This will allow a coordinated control scheme between the turbine and the boiler. Any on-line feedback loop can be placed in or out of service as desired by the operator while in load control with no disruption to the system. Revision 0 – September 18. The rate of change of the Megawatt Target is determined by the remote Turbine Master Auto signal but has a maximum limit of 50 mw/min. Megawatt. The MW feedback loop is locked out of service in the REMOTE AUTO mode.6. The Turbine Frequency loop and the Stage Pressure feedback loop can be utilized in REMOTE AUTO mode or may be removed from service by the Operator. 2002 Page 38 . The on-line feedback loops can be used to trim the valve control setpoints based on actual load or pressure. 2. The Turbine controller will position the Stop and Control valves in a feed-forward manner based on the valve characteristic curves.

If two (2) out of three (3) speed signals should fail the Frequency loop will be automatically taken out of service. The speed error (rpm) is sent to a function generator that generates a frequency correction factor. [I. The PID algorithm output will cause the valves to open or close to reduce any speed error. The PID algorithm is designed with high and low limits to prevent reaching a reset-windup condition.0 0. The speed error (between Speed Setpoint and actual speed) goes to the speed regulation logic and to a proportional-integral-derivative (PID) algorithm that is used for speed control. The Speed Control Loop is always in service.0. The Frequency loop will automatically raise or lower the Megawatt Setpoint in response to frequency grid disturbances.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Speed Control Loop On speed control (off-line).0 . When this control loop is placed in service the Megawatt Setpoint will be set to actual megawatts for a bumpless transfer. The output of the algorithm is used to “trim” the turbine valve setpoint to control the Revision 0 – September 18. 2002 Page 39 .0 +1 -3. Frequency Loop On load control (on-line).e.0 +3.0 0.97 Megawatt Loop Megawatt feedback will take care of any valve curve inaccuracies to assure the turbine generator is actually supplying the Megawatt Setpoint. The error between Operator Megawatt Setpoint and the actual megawatts is sent to an on-line tunable PID algorithm. the speed control loop is automatically in service.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . for five (5) percent speed regulation the output of the function generator would be as follows]: ERROR OUTPUT -180. The load loop is the slowest of the three (3) feedback loops with a typical reset time of 30 seconds. It can be taken in and out of service anytime the generator is on-line.0 +180. the speed error between Speed Setpoint (3600 rpm) and actual speed can be applied to correct system frequency.

The Load Limit can be adjusted using the raise  and lower  buttons on the bottom of the Load Set graphic. 2002 Page 40 . A limiting condition will cause LOAD LIMIT to display an error color on the CRT and issue an alarm. Rated First Stage pressure will then be equal to rated megawatts because first stage pressure is proportional to megawatts. The Stage PID algorithm is tuned to be a fast control loop to correct first stage pressure early so that load will not change.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD actual Megawatts to equal the Megawatt Setpoint. The MW Loop can be placed in service above five (5) percent load. The output of the algorithm is used to “trim” the turbine valve setpoint to control the actual Stage Pressure (MW) target.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . The setpoint will be fixed at the Operator value. The Stage pressure loop takes the actual First Stage pressure and scales it to a percent of full load megawatts. 2.6. Revision 0 – September 18. The error between Operator Megawatt Setpoint and the First Stage pressure (scaled to megawatts) is sent to a PID algorithm.5 Limiters Load Limiter The Load Limiter provides the operator with high-limiting action on the controlling valve flow demand output. Stage Pressure Loop The Stage Pressure feedback loop looks at the pressure behind the first row of turbine blades in the HP turbine. Fixed Initial Pressure Limiter (Fixed IPL)- The Operator can set the Fixed Initial Pressure Limiter. The Stage Loop can be placed in service above 20 percent load.

2002 Page 41 .Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD The Fixed IPL can be placed in service on the Load Set graphic if the following are true:  Turbine is not in Hand control  Initial Pressure Transducer is not failed  Adjustable Initial Pressure setpoint is less than actual Initial pressure  Generator Main Breaker is closed  Slide Initial Pressure Limit is not in service Both Fixed and Sliding Initial Pressure Limiters perform the same function: to prevent Initial pressure from falling below the IPL setpoint by lowering the control valves until the Initial pressure is greater than the IPL setpoint. The Sliding IPL can be placed in service on the Load Set graphic if the following are true:  Turbine is not in Hand control  Initial Pressure Transducer is not failed  Remote Initial Pressure Limit Permissive is true  Generator Main Breaker is closed  Operator Adjustable IPL is not in service  Slide Initial Pressure Limit Setpoint is less than Initial Pressure Revision 0 – September 18. as the Fixed IPL except the IPL setpoint will vary 200 psi below the boiler control pressure setpoint down to a minimum of 600 psi. When active. Sliding Initial Pressure Limiter (Slide IPL)- The Sliding Initial Pressure Limiter performs the same function.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . the IPL will also initiate a runback on the Megawatt Setpoint from full load to minimum load in one (1) minute. This helps to protect the turbine from water carryover.

The Stop Valves can then be opened using the raise and lower buttons on the Turbine Test graphic Pre-warm station.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD 2.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . Revision 0 – September 18. variations from this program must be adapted to the best judgment of the operating personnel.  The ACTUAL RPM should show zero or turning gear speed (must be below 3000 rpm). T hese starting and shutting down steps cover only the normal case. Heating Steam Valve status. Pre-warming and Auxiliary Valves Pre-warming can be turned on and off on the Turbine Control Test Graphic. Blowdown valve status and the Steam Lead Drain valve status. 2002 Page 42 . When the Operator selects Pre-warming ON.  On the Turbine Test graphic Pre-warm station.  The Speed and Load TARGET should be zero. The Control valves are opened at a fast rate. the following conditions should be true and indicated on the graphics: Turbine Control Graphic:  Control valves are closed  Stop valves are closed  Reheat and Intercept valves closed  The control mode should be TURBINE AUTO. the 20/VV solenoid will be energized to close the Ventilator valve. Starting The following steps are performed by the Ovation Operator from the DCS console. Under unusual circumstances. Before resetting the main turbine. if speed increases the TCS will automatically lower the stop valves.  During Pre-warming.6. 1. The Turbine Auto mode is required for pre-warm and turbine speed must be less than 200 rpm. messages will be displayed for the Vent Valve status.6 Starting And Shutting Down The Ovation Turbine Control graphic stations are used to supplement the starting and operating procedures.

Note: To use any of the Turbine Control graphic push buttons. (Note: the Operator does not have to hold the button). On a turbine reset. The TURBINE TRIPPED indication goes out when the PS100A&B pressure switches reset.  All Trip Monitors are reset except PS100 A and B and Vacuum Trip 2. Once enabled. Then select the RESET push button. Adjust the rate of acceleration to meet any limitations placed on the Turbine by the manufacturer. And the Load limit will be automatically set to maximum to allow the control valves to open fully. Accelerate through the critical speed ranges as quickly as possible. This is to prevent an accidental push button operation. 3.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 .Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Turbine Control Test Graphic:  Master Trip Solenoid Reset A and B  Mechanical Trip Test Normal  Trip Anticipator Test Normal  Backup Trip to Normal and Mechanical Trip Normal. 4. The control valves will open at the rate set in the admission mode graphic station. the Operator must first select the top banner of TURB/GEN STATUS graphic station box to enable the station. Use the SPEED SET RPM/MIN RATE push buttons to select a turbine speed rate. 2002 Page 43 . Revision 0 – September 18. Use the SPEED SET graphic station push buttons to select a turbine speed target. When the Operator pushes the Master Reset button. the Operator must first select the top banner of graphic station box to enable the station. To reset the turbine from the Turbine Control graphic. the Interceptor and Reheat Stop Valves go open automatically. The valve admission mode will be FULL ARC. the box will be outlined in red. the TCS logic will seal-in the button until the MTV is reset. The valve status should appear as OPEN on the Turbine Control graphic. It will be outlined in red when enabled.

the Operator selects the RUN button to begin the speed ramp. Turbine speed will be displayed on the Turbine Speed graphic display. equal to the maximum capacity of the Stop valve bypass valve. This is a permissive to transfer to Partial Arc. The Operator needs to select RUN again to continue the speed ramp. Revision 0 – September 18. When the unit is on-line and the Stop Valve Output Load Set is between (20 percent and 40 percent).Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD 5. On breaker closure. When the Operator pushes RUN. The Operator needs to transfer to Partial Arc before 40 percent load. the Operator will have to back down slightly below 40 percent to allow a transfer to partial arc. Use the LOAD SET graphic station push buttons to select the turbine load target. 2002 Page 44 . Use the SPEED SET graphic station box push buttons to control the turbine speed to synchronous speed. 7. 8. the Stop valves will begin to open to control the speed setpoint.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . The HOLD button can be selected at any time to hold the speed ramp except in speed critical ranges. the IN FA-OK-TO-TRANSFER message is displayed in the Admission mode station. Use the LOAD SET MW/MIN RATE push buttons to select a turbine-loading rate. Adjust the rate of loading to meet any limitations placed on the Turbine by the manufacturer. Loading may continue on full arc until load reaches 40 percent of rated. until actual speed reaches at least 80 rpm. the TCS logic will automatically hold the speed ramp at 100 rpm. When the Target and Rate are set. the TCS will automatically raise the stop valves to pick up minimum load. At synchronous speed the Operator can select Manual Sync Mode and proceed to synchronize the unit. On a roll off turning gear. 9. 6. If the load set reaches the maximum stop valve capacity.

the Operator can select REMOTE AUTO control mode.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . Reheat and Intercept valves close immediately. 2.  The Turbine Trip logic will activate relay outputs to 1) de-energize the MTVSA&B hydraulic trip solenoids and 2) energize the MTS hydraulic trip solenoid. When plant conditions are correct. Upon tripping the unit and opening the breaker the following occurs:  The Stop. Revision 0 – September 18. The HOLD push button can be pushed at any time to hold the transfer. or Fast. 11. For more details. Normal. This mode allows the turbine load control setpoint to be adjusted from the LDC coordinated control system. the IN PA-OK-TO-TRANSFER message will be displayed. The Operator selects the rate of transfer.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD 10. 2002 Page 45 . Control. When reducing load below 40 percent in Partial Arc. Shutting Down 1. review the following information pertaining to each control mode. a transfer from full arc to partial arc will occur automatically. The TURBINE TRIPPED indication should also be lit. 12. Slow. The MAN PA-TO-FA-TRAN message will be displayed on the graphic and the alarm screen. This can be verified through the graphic valve indications. At that time the TCS logic will automatically raise the Stop valves to 100 percent. The TCS logic will automatically lower the Control valves until the Control valve and Stop valve output demands are equal. When the Operator pushes the FA/PA transfer graphic button.  The Speed and Load Targets will be set to zero (0). Load can be reduced in Partial Arc but a mandatory transfer to Full Arc will occur at 20 percent load. Med. And the Load limit will be reset to zero (0).

PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . If the test is canceled the fast test solenoid will first be de-energized and the valve will be ramped back open to its original position. 2. The MW or Stage feedback loops can be placed in service when testing valves to maintain constant flow or load on the system. the TCS uses a special software function to raise the valves not in test to help maintain constant load. the Turbine logic will automatically take following steps: 1. Slowly ramp the valve down to seven (7) percent position on the SV’s and four (4) percent on the CV’s. Stop and Control Valve Testing When the Operator selects an individual Stop Valve or Control Valve test from the Turbine Control System graphic a small graphic window will appear over the main graphic. 2002 Page 46 . When the Operator pushes the Cancel button and the position is less than two (2) percent. When a valve test is in progress.6. The LVDT position analog signals will be monitored by the Turbine logic to develop all the ‘software’ limit switch settings used throughout the valve test digital logic. The Turbine logic will allow only one (1) SV.7 Valve Testing Turbine valve testing is initiated on the Turbine Control System or Test graphic only in Partial Arc valve mode and on load control. the logic will de-energize the Fast test solenoid. 4. CV or combination RSV/IV to be tested at a time. 3. The Operator can push the Cancel button at any time to cancel the test. Revision 0 – September 18. The valve will then be slowly ramped back open to its original position.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD 2. Energize the corresponding Fast test solenoid when the valve position goes below 10 percent on the SV’s and five (5) percent on the CV’s to fully close the valve. When the Operator pushes the Test button on the small graphic window.

After the RSV fast test solenoid is de-energized. The Operator can push the Cancel button at any time to cancel the test. The IV fast test solenoid will be held on. When the Operator pushes the Cancel Test button and the RSV is below two (2) percent position.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Reheat and Intercept Valve Testing When the Operator selects a combination Reheat Stop/Intercept Valve test from the Turbine Control System graphic a small graphic window will appear over the main graphic. When the IV gets to 10 percent position (based on the LVDT signal). If the test is canceled the RSV Fast and Slow test solenoids will first be de-energized and when the RSV is greater than 90 percent open the IV will be ramped open. the RSV will re-open and when the RSV position is greater than 90 percent the IV Fast Test solenoid will be de-energized and the Intercept Valve Positioner will ramp the IV open. 5.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . When the Operator pushes the Test IV button (he does not have to hold it). 2002 Page 47 . Revision 0 – September 18. 6. When the RSV position goes below 10 percent the RSV Slow Test solenoid will be de- energized and at the same time the RSV Fast test solenoid will be energized to fully close the RSV. the IV valve Positioner will ramp the IV down to seven (7) percent position. When the IV is below two (2) percent position the logic will energize the RSV Slow test solenoid. 4. The valve test logic will automatically take the following steps: 1. the logic will de-energize the RSV Fast Test solenoid. 3. the IV Fast Test solenoid will be energized to fully close the IV. 2.

2002 Page 48 . Then the fast test solenoid must energize to close the valve to zero (0).Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD The valve test logic is designed to pinpoint any bad test solenoids. The valve Positioner will ramp the valve down to a specific position and then stop. the IV Fast Test solenoids will be momentarily energized if:  Power Load Unbalance active (or)  The IV position error is greater than five (5) percent when Reheat pressure is greater than 20 percent. The valve test logic cannot complete the next step if any one (1) solenoid is bad.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . In either Full Arc or Partial Arc. Revision 0 – September 18.

0 System Operation Chapter Objectives: Describe the Turbine Control System operation during: .Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD 3. System Startup . Place the control switch for the other Pump in “AUTO. Verify that Discharge filter differential pressure is less than 100 psid and that Hydraulic Fluid pressure is around 1600 psig. temperature and filters are in proper operational configuration and condition. Ensure hydraulic fluid temperature is at least 85 degrees Fahrenheit before starting the first EHC Pump. the EHC system is in service with a single pump operating.2 Normal Operation During normal operation. Verify that Hydraulic Fluid level.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 .1 System Startup Verify that all clearances are removed and equipment is lined up and available for service. Revision 0 – September 18. Start a single EHC pump. Test automatic starting of the standby Hydraulic Fluid Pump. slowly close the bypass valve until it is fully closed. Normal Operation .. System Shutdown NOTE: This system operation section is included for instructional purposes only. with a clean magnetic strainer filter. 2002 Page 49 . After successful pump start. and after visually inspecting the system for leaks. ensuring that it is first properly aligned. During Reservoir filling or draining the Fullers Earth Filters should be isolated and bypassed. Ensure that the Fuller’s earth filtering system is in service. Ensure that Hydraulic accumulators are properly charged with nitrogen. 3. 3. etc. vibration. Start the pump with its bypass valve open. and should not be used as an operating procedure.

the logic will de-energize the Fast test solenoid.  When the IV gets to 10 percent position (based on the LVDT signal).  When the Operator pushes the Cancel button and the position is less than two (2) percent. When the Operator pushes the Test button on the small graphic window. the IV valve Positioner will ramp the IV down to seven (7) percent position.  The valve will then be slowly ramped back open to its original position.  Energize the corresponding Fast test solenoid when the valve position goes below 10 percent on the SV’s and five (5) percent on the CV’s to fully close the valve. Reheat and Intercept Valve Testing When the Operator selects a combination Reheat Stop/Intercept Valve test from the Turbine Control System graphic a small graphic window will appear over the main graphic. the Turbine logic will automatically take following steps:  Slowly ramp the valve down to seven (7) percent position on the SV’s and four (4) percent on the CV’s. Revision 0 – September 18. 2002 Page 50 . The Operator can push the Cancel button at any time to cancel the test. The valve test logic will automatically take the following steps:  When the Operator pushes the Test IV button (he does not have to hold it).PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . The IV fast test solenoid will be held on.  When the IV is below two (2) percent position the logic will energize the RSV Slow test solenoid. the IV Fast Test solenoid will be energized to fully close the IV.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Stop and Control Valve Testing When the Operator selects an individual Stop Valve or Control Valve test from the Turbine Control System graphic a small graphic window will appear over the main graphic. If the test is canceled the fast test solenoid will first be de-energized and the valve will be ramped back open to its original position.

2002 Page 51 . Place the control switch for the operating Hydraulic Pump in “OFF”. place the control switch for the standby EHC Fluid Pump in “OFF”. Stop the Transfer Pump.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . The valve test logic is designed to pinpoint any bad test solenoids.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD  When the RSV position goes below 10 percent the RSV Slow Test solenoid will be de- energized and at the same time the RSV Fast test solenoid will be energized to fully close the RSV. Then the fast test solenoid must energize to close the valve to zero (0). the logic will de-energize the RSV Fast Test solenoid. The valve test logic cannot complete the next step if any one (1) solenoid is bad. If the test is canceled the RSV Fast and Slow test solenoids will first be de-energized and when the RSV is greater than 90 percent open the IV will be ramped open.  When the Operator pushes the Cancel Test button and the RSV is below two (2) percent position.3 System Shutdown When the Turbine has been shutdown and the Unit cooled down.  After the RSV fast test solenoid is de-energized. The Operator can push the Cancel button at any time to cancel the test. The valve Positioner will ramp the valve down to a specific position and then stop. the RSV will re-open and when the RSV position is greater than 90 percent the IV Fast Test solenoid will be de-energized and the Intercept Valve Positioner will ramp the IV open. Clean or replace any filters that are dirty. if operating. In either Full Arc or Partial Arc. 3. the IV Fast Test solenoids will be momentarily energized if:  Power Load Unbalance active (or)  The IV position error is greater than five (5) percent when Reheat pressure is greater than 20 percent. Revision 0 – September 18.

00 PacifiCorp Power Supply – Safety and Operating Rules Handbook PacifiCorp Approved Tagout Policy and Procedure Revision 0 – September 18.0 References Operator Training Manual GEK-46355B Turbine Control Diagram Huntington Power Plant System Operating Procedure SO581. 2002 Page 52 .Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD 4.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 .

PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 .Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Revision 0 – September 18. 2002 Page 53 .

PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 .Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Revision 0 – August 14. 2017 Page 54 .

2017 Page 55 .Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Revision 0 – August 14.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 .

1 Combined No. 2 Turbine No. 1 Turbine Control Valve Actuator Cooler B Bearing FV3 Cooling Water FV1 FV2 Cooler A Bearing Cooling Water From EHC Pump 1-2/2-2 Space Heater Reservoir Space Heater Drawing 3 – Electro Hydraulic Control Fluid Return Revision 0 – August 14. 4 Turbine Control Valve No. 3 Turbine Valve Actuator Actuator Control Valve Actuator Actuator No.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Trip Block B No. PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . 1 Combined Control Valve No. 1 Main Reheat Stop Reheat Intercept Actuator Turbine Stop Valve Valve Valve Actuator Actuator Actuator No. 2017 Page 56 . 2 Combined Actuator No. 2 Combined No. 1 Main Reheat Stop Reheat Intercept Turbine Stop Valve Valve No.

PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . 2017 Page 57 .Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Revision 0 – August 14.

2017 Page 58 . 2 Combined No. 1 Main Reheat Stop Reheat Intercept Actuator Turbine Stop Valve Valve Valve Actuator Actuator Actuator No. 3 Turbine Valve Actuator Actuator Control Valve Actuator Actuator No. 1 Combined Control Valve No. 1 Turbine Control Valve Actuator To Common EHC Cooler(s) To Inlet Header Manifold Common EHC Cooler(s) Inlet Header Drawing 5 – EHC Fluids Diagram Revision 0 – August 14. PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . 1 Combined No. 4 Turbine Control Valve Actuator No. 1 Main Reheat Stop Reheat Intercept Turbine Stop Valve Valve No. 2 Turbine No. 2 Combined No.Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Trip Block B Return to Reservoir No.

1 Main Reheat Stop Reheat Intercept Actuator Turbine Stop Valve Valve Valve Actuator Actuator Actuator No. 2 Combined No. 2 Turbine No.PacifiCorp – Huntington Power Plant Units 1 and 2 . 2017 Page 59 .Turbine Control System HT-CS20-SD Trip Block B No. 1 Main Reheat Stop Reheat Intercept Turbine Stop Valve Valve No. 1 Turbine Control Valve Actuator Manifold Drawing 6– Emergency Trip System Revision 0 – August 14. 3 Turbine Valve Actuator Actuator Control Valve Actuator Actuator No. 1 Combined No. 4 Turbine Control Valve Actuator No. 1 Combined Control Valve No. 2 Combined No.