xscruurk

The upward verlical slem on some
lowercase lellers, such as ‘h’ and ‘b’, lhal
exlends above lhe x-heiehl is lhe
ascender.
xrrktukr
The aperlure is lhe parlially enclosed,
somewhal rounded neealive space in
some characlers such as ‘n’, ‘C’, ‘S’, lhe
lower parl of ‘e’, or lhe upper parl of a
double-slorey ‘a’.
xxIs
An imaeinary line drawn from lop lo
bollom of a elyph bisecline lhe upper and
lower slrokes is lhe axis.
sxsrtIur
The imaeinary line upon which lhe lellers
in a fonl appear lo resl.
scWt
The curved parl of lhe characler lhal
encloses lhe circular or curved parls
(counler) of some lellers such as ‘d’, ‘b’, ‘o’,
‘0’, and ‘8’ is lhe bowl.
skxckrt
The brackel is a curved or wedee-like
conneclion belween lhe slem and serif
of some fonls. Nol all serifs are
brackeled serifs.
— Basic parts
of a typeface
a
Typeface
Anatomy
1YÞ£rAc£ ANA1oMY
Quick Reference
Handglovery
8racket
Lrossbar
Stem
1erminaI
Lounter
loop[lobe
Axis
link[Neck
8owI fye
Aperture
1aiI
0escender
Serif ShouIder
Ascender
far
0vershoot
ckr-uc¡cu1
x-uc¡cu1
akscL¡uc
www.IoufsIoI.co¤ foLL IaLL rf 888 II Ioufs 415.252.1003
cxr urIcut
The heiehl from lhe baseline lo lhe lop
of lhe uppercase lellers (nol includine
diacrilics).
ccuutrk
The enclosed or parlially enclosed circular
or curved neealive space (while space) of
some lellers such as ‘d’, ‘o’, and ‘s’.
ckcsssxk
The (usually) horizonlal slroke across lhe
middle of uppercase ‘A’ and ‘F’ is a
crossbar.
urscruurk
Any parl in a lowercase leller lhal exlends
below lhe baseline, found for example in
‘e’, ‘|’, ‘p’, ‘q’, ‘y’, elc. Some lypes of
descenders have specific names.
rxk
Typically found on lhe lower case ‘e’, an
ear is a decoralive flourish usually on lhe
upper riehl side of lhe bowl.
rvr
Huch like a counler, lhe eye refers
specifically lo lhe enclosed space in a
lowercase ‘e’.
tIuk}urck
Huch like a counler, lhe eye refers
specifically lo lhe enclosed space in a
lowercase ‘e’.
tccr}tcsr
In a double-slorey ‘e’, lhe loop is lhe
enclosed or parlially enclosed counler
below lhe baseline lhal is connecled lo
lhe bowl by a link. The enclosed or
parlially enclosed exlenders on cursive
‘p’, ‘b’, ‘l’, and similiar lellers are also
called loops.
txIt
The descendine, oflen decoralive slroke
on lhe leller ‘0’, or lhe descendine, oflen
curved diaeonal slroke on ‘K’ or ‘R’ is
lhe lail.
trkMIuxt
The end (slraiehl or curved) of any slroke
lhal doesn’l include a serif.
x-urIcut
The heiehl of lhe lowercase lellers,
disreeardine ascenders or descenders,
lypically exemplified by lhe leller x. The
relalionship of lhe x-heiehl lo lhe body
defines lhe perceived lype size. A lypeface
wilh a laree x-heiehl looks much bieeer
lhan a lypeface wilh a small x-heiehl al
lhe same size.
1YÞ£ ANA1oMY
Quick Reference
a
Fent5hep £ducatien
wilhoul lrainine lhe besl lypefaces can
only eo so far. Thal’s why IonlShop is
more lhan a shop lhal sells fonls — we
wanl lo help you do ereal work loo. üel
more lypoeraphy lips and lulorials al
fonlshop.com[educalion.
©2010 FontShop International. All rights reserved.
All Trademarks named herein remain the property of
their respective owners. The contents of this
publication may not be repurposed or duplicated
without express prior written permission.
Abeut Fent5hep
Iounded by Lrik Spiekermann and Neville
8rody in 1080, IonlShop is lhe orieinal
independenl relailer of dieilal lype.
we offer more lhan 1uu,uuu fonls from
dozens of experl-selecled foundries,
includine our house brand: IonlIonl.
Le|ephen
This documenl is sel in II Hela Feadline
for lilles, II Hela Serif for lexl, and
II unil for caplions.
Further keading
• FontShop Fundamentals 2
• Erik Spiekermann's Typo Tips
• Type Glossary
• Type Anatomy
0n|ine keseurces
• Fontshop.com
• FontFeed.com
• Spiekermann.com
www.IoufsIoI.co¤[LaucrfIou foLL IaLL rf 888 II Ioufs 415.252.1003

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