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VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.

3 PAGE 1 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

SECTION 3.3.3

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
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VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 2 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

CONTENTS

Page No.

1. INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS 4

1.1 Scope of Works 4

1.2 Site Coordination and Integration 4

1.2.1 Site Survey 5

1.3 Crossing with Other Utilities and Interference with Pipelines 6

1.4 Civil Works Criteria 7

1.4.1 General 7

1.4.2 Cable Laying Condition 9

1.4.3 Cable Joint Bay Arrangement 11

1.4.4 Installation Conditions 12

1.4.5 Termination Supporting Structure 15

1.4.6 Supporting Steelwork and Cleats 15

1.4.7 Cable Tiles, Warning Tape and Route Markers 16

1.5 Installation Requirements 16

1.5.1 General 16

1.5.2 Provision of Labour and Skilled Supervision 18

1.5.3 Responsibility 18

1.5.4 Trial Pits 18

1.6 Method of Cable Laying 18

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
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VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 3 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

1.6.1 Excavation of Trenches 20

1.6.2 Excavated Material 24

1.6.3 Galvanised Support Built in 25

1.6.4 Obstructions 25

1.6.5 Filling In and Reinstatement 25

1.6.6 Excavation of Tunnels 26

1.6.7 Cables Drawn into Ducts and Pipes 26

1.6.8 Cables Installed in Concrete Troughs and Tunnels 27

1.6.9 Concrete Structures 28

1.6.10 Guards 28

1.6.11 Thrust Borings, Headings, Tunnels and Cable Bridges 28

1.6.12 Sealing of Holes in Floors and Walls 28

1.6.13 Cable Markers and Records 29

1.6.14 Tests During Cable Laying 29

1.6.15 Cable Routes 29

1.6.16 Route Plan 30

1.6.17 Cable Termination 31

1.6.18 Cable Jointing 32

1.6.19 As Built Drawings 33

1.6.20 Method Statement 33

1.6.21 Site Office Establishment 35

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
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GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

1. INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

1.1 Scope of Works

This specification details approved methods and practices for the installation of power cable
systems in the range 11kV to 400kV inclusive, where the complete cable route is contained
within the substation.

The supply and services to be performed by the Contractor shall comprise the design,
manufacture, shop testing, packing, transport, insurance, unloading, storage on Site,
construction works and erection, corrosion protection, site testing, submission of
documentation, commissioning, training of KAHRAMAAs personnel and warranty of the
works.

The Contractor is bound to provide complete works, even if the equipment or services to be
provided are not specifically mentioned in the specification.

1.2 Site Coordination and Integration

The Contractor shall be responsible for the selection of the route, method of installation and
testing of the cables installed within the substation. The route(s) shall be co-ordinated with
the other aspects of substation design to optimise the performance of the installation and
minimise access limitations to facilitate maintenance and repair. The length of cables
required within the substation is such that jointing of cables will not be required.

Where necessary, the Contractor shall carry out, at his own expense, moisture content,
water table level, and soil thermal resistivity tests within the proposed substation site and
such other tests as he may consider necessary, sufficiently in advance of the manufacture of
any cable, to satisfy himself that the conditions on site and his proposed arrangement of
cables and method of installation are such that the required current carrying capacity can be
maintained.

If the Contractor considers that the conditions and the proximity to other power cables,
spacing and method of installation are likely to reduce the maximum current carrying
capacity below the required value he shall develop alternative arrangements coordinated
with the overall substation design.

All routes shall be defined precisely, and shown in drawings at an approved scale. The fixed
structures within the substation shall be indicated clearly with distances to the cable
installation shown. The crossings with roads and other underground installations within the
substation shall be shown and each crossing point shall be clearly marked with the route
markers, after backfilling. The dates of installation of cable joints, cable drum serial
numbers, name of jointers, shall be included in the AS-BUILT drawings. Cable section
lengths shall also be given.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 5 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

All drawings shall be subject to KAHRAMAAs approval.

During installation, when crossing other heat sources, or laying at depths deeper than 1.1 m
at the crossings or such similar conditions, the Contractor shall maintain the specified rating,
either by application of the special stabilised backfill or by increasing the phase spacing. For
every situation the arrangement with relevant calculations shall be submitted to KAHRAMAA
for approval, prior to installation.

Specific thermal resistance of 2.0K.m/W shall be maintained even for completely dry
backfilling material. This has to be confirmed before placing the backfill materials in the
trench. The ground temperature at depth of laying as well as the thermal resistance of the
backfilling material shall be controlled during the cable installation and shall form part of the
installation procedure. The works or supply necessary to meet this requirement is deemed
included in the Contract Price.

Where conditions require it, the use of a special backfill at complete dry condition or other
approved means to achieve cable rating shall be allowed. The costs of these measures are
deemed to be included in the contract price.

1.2.1 Site Survey

Tthe Contractor shall carry out, at his own expense, moisture content, water table level,
ambient & soil temperatures, dry density and soil thermal resistivity tests at zero moisture
content along the 66KV, 132KV, 220KV and 400KV cable route and such other tests as he
may consider necessary, sufficiently in advance of the manufacture of any cable, to satisfy
himself that the conditions on site and his proposed arrangement of cables and method of
installation are such that the maximum current carrying capacity can be maintained. If the
Contractor considers that the conditions and the proximity to other power cables, spacing
and method of installation are likely to reduce the maximum current carrying capacity below
the declared value he shall immediately notify KAHRAMAA as to what the maximum current
carrying capacity would be under these conditions and shall not proceed with the work on
that portion of the route affected until KAHRAMAA has given its permission.

The proposed routes of the cable lines have been established within the way leave accepted
and approved by KAHRAMAA and the Local Government and other authorities. The
proposed cable routes are generally as shown on the map included in the Tender Drawings.
The cable routes shown on the drawings enclosed to this specification are for tendering
purpose only.

Within a reasonable time after the Contract has come into force, the Contractor shall verify
the route through Design Enquiry Letter Procedure survey and agree a final route with
KAHRAMAA and confirm the arrangements.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 6 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

The Contractor shall open trial pits at approved positions, to determine the most suitable
detailed route and position for the trenches. The width of trial pit shall be sufficient to
determine the cable route, but not smaller than that of cable trench.

Soil Investigation Report shall be performed and appropriate report submitted for whole
route, i.e. for each Joint Bay, each Road Crossing, entry and exit pit of each proposed RC by
HDD, crossing with existing services, entry point at both side of substations, change of cable
route, in the middle of each cable section and wherever is nature of soil changing.

On the basis of the trial pits, Soil Investigation Report, detailed survey and the requirements
of concerned Government authorities relating to safety clearances, the Contractor shall
arrange the necessary drawings to process the necessary Road Opening (RO) forms before
the installation commences, as detailed in Section 3.2, Clause 7 - Installation. Obtaining RO
approvals shall be contractors responsibility and cost for these works shall be deemed to
have been included in the Tender Price. However, KAHRAMAA will assist by issue of
necessary letters, etc.

All routes shall be defined precisely, and shown in drawings at an approved scale (e.g.
1:1000 desert areas and 1:500 for urban areas). The stable structures shall be indicated
clearly as well as distances. The crossings with roads and underground installation shall be
shown. Joint locations shall be identified clearly and sufficient section views shall be
provided where necessary. The dates of installation of cable joints, cable drum serial
numbers, name of jointers, shall be included in the AS-BUILT drawings. Cable section
lengths shall also be given.

All drawings shall be subject to KAHRAMAAs approval.

The quantity of cables, accessories etc. to be supplied shall be based upon this survey. The
programme for route survey works shall be agreed upon with KAHRAMAA prior to
commencement of works.

1.3 Crossing with Other Utilities and Interference with Pipelines

In case of crossings with the other installation the following shall be observed:

a. Clearances between installations shall be according to "Guideline for Planning Works


in the Vicinity of EHV Installations", issued by KAHRAMAA (Regulations for works in
the vicinity of EHV installations, as per attached appendix), and shown on the
relevant drawings given in Volume 7.

b. The service authorities may imply additional requirements (mechanical protection,


etc.) through the work permit procedure. The Contractor shall comply with this
requirement, and it is considered included in the Contract Price.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
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VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 7 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

c. In cases where other heat sources are to be crossed special attention shall be paid
to cable current rating calculations and additional measures shall be applied.

Details of the typical crossing arrangements are given in the drawing reference Volume 7.
Regulations for works in the vicinity of EHV installations, as per attached appendix shall be
followed for working in the vicinity of power cables.

The requirement of service authorities such as provision of duct bank below existing utilities
shall be carried out by the tenderer without any extra cost.

At crossings with existing installations the new cable shall be preferably installed beneath,
always taking into account the current rating requirements. If necessary, the phase spacing
could be increased at the crossing point.

The burial depth of cable crossing above or below all existing services shown in tender
drawing includes entire service corridor width and not the existing services only.

After opening existing installations and before cable laying and installation, the sketch of the
final arrangement shall be approved.

Each crossing point shall be clearly marked with the route markers, after backfilling.

During installation, when crossing other heat sources, or laying at depths deeper than 1.1 m
at the crossings or such similar conditions, the Contractor shall maintain the specified rating,
either by application of the special stabilised backfill or by increasing the phase spacing. For
every situation the arrangement with relevant calculations shall be submitted to KAHRAMAA
for approval, prior to installation.

Service Information Sheet (SIS) Issuance and Renewal, excavation construction activities in
the proximity of KAHRAMAA EHV Cables/Overhead Lines way leave by issuing the SIS and
renew it - as needed - to contractor as per attached appendix.

1.4 Civil Works Criteria

1.4.1 General

The power and pilot cable of each circuit shall be laid in separate trench as per drawing
given in volume 7. Two circuits in one trench shall be avoided as far as possible. The
minimum separation between circuits shall be 1.5m, the separation between circuits shall
achieve thermal independent for each circuit at full load condition when other circuit in
services.

In case of two circuits starting from the same connection point and ending in the same
connection point, running parallel in the same trench, separation between circuits shall be

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
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VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 8 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

provided to achieve thermal independent for each circuit at minimum 85% load condition
when other circuit is in services.

Method of laying is direct burial in ground with reception of road crossing where cables are to
be laid in ducts. Inside the substation the cables shall be laid in cable troughs. In switchgear
building basement the cables shall be laid in air with the appropriate supporting structures.
The supply and installation of the supporting structures is part of his contract.

The Contractor shall coordinate the cable civil works requirements with civil works required
for the installation of other substation equipment, buildings and services to ensure technical
and programme compatibility. The requirements of each of the installation methods listed
above shall be considered and the installation design optimised from technical, availability
and cost considerations.

In general the following principles shall be followed

The power and pilot cable of each circuit shall be laid in separate trenches, troughs or
ducts. Two circuits in one trench shall be avoided as far as possible unless the circuit
functions are inter-dependent in which case, subject to the approval of KAHRAMAA,
two segregated circuits may be installed in one (concrete) cable trench. The minimum
separation between independent circuits shall be 1.5m.

Where cables leave / enter a different installation system (e.g. cable trough into cable
basement or direct buried into a cable basement) the transition shall be made via
sealed ducts and the impact of the ducts on cable rating shall be taken into account.

In the switchgear building basement the cables shall be installed in air with the appropriate
supporting structures. The supply and installation of the supporting structures is part of this
Contract

Concrete pits and tunnels/trenches at road crossing and area subject to traffic shall be
designed for the maximum wheel load of 6T. (Maximum axle load of 12.5 T).

All foundations and concrete surfaces at and below ground level are to be isolated from
contact with soil in accordance with details provided in Tender Drawing given in volume 7.

The cable route is mainly located parallel with existing or proposed roads, and in principle
agreed with the concerned authorities.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
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VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 9 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

1.4.2 Cable Laying Condition

1.4.2.1 For direct buried cables

The cables shall normally be laid with the phase spacing 250 mm. in a flat formation but this
may be increased where necessary to improve the thermal performance unless other
aspects of the substation design are adversely affected.

The material surrounding the cable in its trench must not damage the cable surface and must
be suitable for restraining the cable against any thermal expansion or traffic induced
movements and, also must be suitable for thermal dissipation from the cable to its
surrounding. Bedding material must be sufficiently dense to ensure that the value of thermal
resistivity of cable environment should not exceed 2.0K.m/W even if dried out due to cable
loading. The compaction of backfill to obtain a low thermal resistivity is usually carried out
with vibrating plates and punners. The cables shall be laid on approximately 200 mm of
thermal stabilized backfilling material, which will be placed to form a bed for a cable. Upon
completed laying of a cable it shall be covered with additional thermal stabilized backfilling
material layer 300 mm thick above the top of the uppermost cable.

The reinforced concrete slabs are to be used as mechanical protection over the cables. They
shall be carefully centred over the cables, and each cover being closely interlocked with the
adjacent covers along the entire length of cable.

The width of protective covers shall be enough to overlap cable circuits on both sides with
100 mm at least. Cable slabs shall be covered with a 50-mm layer of dune sand followed by
250 mm of back fill over which PVC warning tapes shall be laid. Semi-permeable membrane
shall be provided water table is found above the cable laying depth.

Trench details are provided in drawing given in volume 7.

QCS requirements shall be applied where necessary. After installation of the cables,
regularly spaced markers will identify the routes. Route markers are required at both ends of
joints crossing points, locations where routes change direction at both ends of road crossing
ducts and locations where site repairs have been carried out. Different designs of route
markers will be required to suit: a) unmade ground, b) paved areas and c) landscaped areas.
Route markers shall be installed at specific intervals of about 50m or whenever the route
change direction and on both sides of road crossing ducts and joint bays. Typical cable
markers are shown on drawing given in Volume 7.

Before commencement of excavation works opening of trial pits shall be carried out at points
where obstacles or crossings with other underground installations might be expected. Final
cable routes and method of cable laying shall be determined after this checking. Appropriate
sketches/drawings shall be submitted for approval for each crossing before commencement
of cable laying.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
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VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 10 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

At road crossings, cables are to be laid in HDPE ducts embedded in concrete 1:3:6 to
enable fastest repair of carriage ways, and easier replacement of cable in case of cable
fault. Also on crossings with the proposed roads, cables are to be laid in ducts. Continuous
ducts length shall not exceed 30 m. Before commencement of excavation works it is
necessary to install all ducts under proposed streets at cable crossings which shall be
extended by at least 1 m on either side of the crossings, to prevent damage to the cables
during the construction of the streets. At all crossings, 100% spare ducts for single circuit
and 50% spare duct for double circuits shall be provided to avoid future excavation on roads.
To maintain thermal resistance in ducts equal to the adjacent directly buried sections,
pumpable filling materials shall be used. Bentonite mixture with a small quantity of cement or
similar materials may be used. This material has to be such that it is easily removable. A
sample of the mixture shall be prepared and tested for thermal resistivity and easy removal
before its acceptance for implementation.

The crossings with other services are marked on the enclosed drawings. Although the
preliminary approvals are obtained, the procedure of applying for cable route approval shall
be repeated before commencement of the installation works.

ASHGHAL specifications (Civil Engineering Department) shall be used as guide for the all
kind of road works, asphalt cutting and re-asphalting requirement.

The cable route shall follow the hierarchy provided by the ASHGHAL for each road. Route
drawings shall be detailed and accurate in order that they offer easy reference to the exact
location of the cables at a later date, by showing the arrangement of cables as laid with
complete information regarding their depth, joint locations, services crossed, their location
with respect to adjacent permanent structures etc.

Position of each joint bay shall be exactly determined during route identification. This
position thus chosen shall be easily accessible for installation works and later for
maintenance of the installations.

N.B the phase spacing may be increased (more than 250mm) depending on the cable
ratings, all entire works for cable trench and cable tile shall be covered by contractor.

1.4.2.2 For cables installed in surface troughs

The cables shall be laid with the phase spacing 250 mm. in a flat formation.

In the cable troughs, the material surrounding the cable must not damage the cable surface
and must be suitable for restraining the cable against any thermal expansion or traffic
induced movements and, also must be suitable for thermal dissipation from the cable to its
surrounding. Bedding material must be sufficiently dense to ensure that the value of thermal
resistivity of cable environment should not exceed 2.0K.m/W even if dried out due to cable
loading.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
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VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 11 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

The reinforced concrete trough covers are to be used as mechanical protection over the
cables. They shall be fully supported and located by the walls of the trough such that covers
may not apply pressure to the filling material or cable due to the movement of traffic across
them.

1.4.2.3 For cables installed in air

The cables shall be laid with the phase spacing 250 mm. in a flat or vertical formation.

When cables are required to be installed in concrete troughs or cable tunnels all cables shall
be supported on cable trays, racks, or in hangers supplied and installed under this contract
as required by the cable system design. Cables laid on horizontal and vertical support arms
shall be clamped and snaked in accordance with the cable manufacturers
recommendations. The supports shall be at regular intervals and adequate to withstand
normal and short circuit forces confirmed by necessary calculations. Sufficient clearance
between cable circuits shall be provided to facilitate easy maintenance works, later. If a
walkway is required to run along the cable installation a space of at least 750 mm shall be
allocated for this.

Cable troughs shall not be filled with sand. And sufficient natural ventilation shall be provided
to meet the cooling requirements of the installation. Current carrying calculations for
proposed cables in concrete troughs/trenches shall be provided for review and approval by
KAHRAMAA. Some trench covers may be of the heavy-duty type as required by local loading
conditions.

All cables shall be run in a neat and orderly manner and the crossing of cables within the
trench shall be avoided as far as possible.

1.4.3 Cable Joint Bay Arrangement

Reference should be made to drawing given in Volume 7.

Joint bay shall be constructed with concrete floor on which the finished joint shall rest and
with width sufficient to allow an increase of spacing between the phases within the joint bay
as compared with that in the cable trench.

This increase of spacing is necessary to allow adequate access for the jointer to carry out
his work and to avoid excessive temperatures within the joint. Joints shall be staggered fully
and segregated, and mounted on concrete supports. The final arrangement shall be
submitted for approval.

Cables shall be supported in the length between the point where they enter the joint and the
floor of the trench. Concrete blocks with clamps may be used under the cable and joint for
their support. The joint bays shall be filled with a suitable material to be agreed with
KAHRAMAA.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
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VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 12 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

Covers of joints, pits, etc. should carry truckload of 6T per wheel (and the specified axle
load). They shall be of removable type with facility for lifting.

Joint bay thermal rating calculation shall provide for KAHRAMAA approval.

Pilot cable joints shall be located in separate manholes and shall include the laying of re-
make loop at each joint.

Each joint bay has to be properly marked.

1.4.4 Installation Conditions

1.4.4.1 Direct buried cables

The soil thermal conditions are assumed as follows:

Maximum temperature of soil at 1.2 m depth: 40C

Maximum thermal resistivity of ground at zero moisture content: 2.0K.m/W

In the calculation of current rating, the soil has been assumed to have constant thermal
resistivity of 2.0K.m/W at zero moisture content regardless of the heat input from the cables.
The Contractor shall maintain this figure even in case of the moisture migration and
completely dry soil.

The main factors determining thermal resistivity are: composition density, moisture content
and degree of saturation, burial depth of cables and soil and cable surface temperature.

Batching and Mixing of thermal backfilling materials:


Once the candidate material has been selected, the components must be mixed thoroughly
in correct proportions. This can be done at a batch plant. Most ready-mix concrete batch
plants are automated and the delivery ticket for each load ordered gives quantity of each
component and other pertinent information.

The Contractor shall check these factors at two stages:

Stage 1:

The Contractor shall carry out tests of soil characteristics along the cable route prior to
excavation of trenches. These tests shall be carried out at as many points as are dictated by
variations in soil material and levels, and in any case at each trial pit. Upon completed trench
excavation, the Contractor shall, if and when required so by KAHRAMAA, test the thermal
properties of the soil in an open trench at zero moisture content. The costs of these tests are
deemed to be included in the installation costs of the Contract Price. Each test shall
comprise the excavation of a trial pit down to 1.3 m depth and the measurement of soil

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
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GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

thermal properties at zero moisture content and its temperature and moisture content. A
sample of soil shall also be taken from the trial pit for further laboratory analysis if required
by KAHRAMAA.

After completion of the trial tests specified, the Contractor shall submit his proposals for
meeting the requirements for a maximum net thermal resistivity as specified, for approval by
KAHRAMAA. In the case of crossings with the other installations the Contractor shall comply
with Section 1.3.

If cables are running parallel with pipe lines, the Contractor shall carry out the following
checking before starting installation works:

 calculation of the induced voltage on the pipeline for the normal working conditions
and earth fault conditions.

 influence due to galvanic coupling between the installations

 checking of influence on the pipeline cathodic protection system

 possibility of the accelerated corrosion of the metallic structures of the cable line

 any requirement arising from these calculations shall be implemented by Contractor,


and are deemed included in the Contract Price.

The minimum size of cable trench is specified in the contract drawings, but the Contractor
may propose and increase this size to meet his obligations with no extra cost to
KAHRAMAA.

Stage 2:

During the cable laying, prior to backfilling these checks may be repeated at the discretion of
KAHRAMAA.

During the site survey the trial pits shall be opened and the following measurements shall be
taken.

- ground temperature

- moisture content

- thermal resistivity at zero moisture content

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
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VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 14 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

The location of the trial pits shall be chosen based on the local soil conditions as well as at
the zones where other services are expected, to decide exact cable routing.

The measurement results shall be provided in the form of a chart with the cable length on X-
axis and other parameter shown on the Y-axes for each measured location. This will enable
identification of the hot spots along the route.

Prior to placing in the trench, the backfilling material shall be checked to establish whether it
meets these basic requirements.

The thermal resistivity of the special backfill has to be confirmed through the site tests and
current-rating calculations before it is approved for application.

The Contractor shall check these factors prior to finalising the design of the cable installation,
taking into account the overall design of the substation and other heat sources (such as inter-
site cables entering the substation) that may affect thermal performance or route selection.
1.4.4.2 For cables installed in surface troughs

The soil thermal conditions are assumed as follows:

Maximum temperature of soil at 1.2 m depth: 40C

Maximum thermal resistivity of ground at zero moisture content 2.0K.m/W

In the calculation of current rating, the soil has been assumed to have constant thermal
resistivity of 2.0K.m/W at zero moisture content regardless of the heat input from the cables.
The Contractor shall maintain this figure even in case of the moisture migration and
completely dry soil.

The contractor shall demonstrate by calculation that the thermal performance of the
installation meets the requirements of the circuit, taking into account all credible operating
conditions.

1.4.4.3 For cables installed in air

The thermal conditions are assumed as follows:

Maximum temperature of ambient air: 50C

The contractor shall demonstrate by calculation that the thermal performance of the
installation meets the requirements of the circuit, taking into account all credible operating
conditions. Forced ventilation shall not be used to achieve the thermal performance required
but means to enhance natural ventilation process may be incorporated.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 15 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

1.4.5 Termination Supporting Structure

Supporting structures for all cable terminations shall be provided as part of this Contract.
They shall be of an approved design and construction. Structure design shall match with the
items in existing substations or as appropriate.

All steelwork shall be galvanised in accordance with Section 3.2 General Technical
Requirements.

Foundation bolts and plates or steel stubs shall be provided and shall be firmly keyed and
grouted into foundation blocks. Complete details of the structures with dimensions and
loading shall be provided to enable the foundation design to be checked. Responsibility for
final grounding and levelling of the structures and co-operation with the other Contractors
shall form part of this Contract.

All steel structures shall be provided in accordance with the requirements of Section 16 of
QCS.

1.4.6 Supporting Steelwork and Cleats

All cable supporting steelwork for the cables in the concrete trenches or substation basement
shall be provided under this Contract. Supports and other materials supplied and installed by
the Contractor shall carry and hold the cables in a neat and orderly manner so as to prevent
undue sagging of any of the cables.

They shall withstand mechanical stresses during short circuits, switching and maintenance
personnel climbing such structures. The design shall ensure that there are no circulating
currents.

The Contractor shall pay special attention to the supporting and fixing any cable crossing
other cables, pipes, ducts or building expansion joints, when preparing these proposals.

Cable supports, cleats and clamps shall be made of material compatible with the cable outer
sheath and shall be of the stand-off type shaped to suit the size of cable and not to cause
undue distortion of the outer cable sheath. Cleats used for single core a.c. cables shall be of
non-magnetic materials and be arranged in such a manner as to avoid setting up of magnetic
circuits through steelworks, which may affect the intended capacity of the cable. Trefoil cleats
shall be used as required by the cable system design.

The design of claw type cleats shall be such that they grip the cable sheath firmly but cannot
be tightened to such an extent that the sheath is marked or damaged. A range of sizes shall
be available to suit all cable sizes required under the Contract.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 16 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

When the cable routes inside the basement have been agreed the Contractor should prepare
and submit for approval drawings showing his proposals for the supporting and fixing of the
cables. The erection of the supports and cleats shall not proceed until the proposals have
been approved.

Cables shall be cleated over the whole of the appropriate section of their length before
jointing at either end commences.

Cables shall not be subject to undue strain or bending during the process of laying on
supports.

The maximum spacing of supports for all cables shall be confirmed by calculation of the
mechanical stresses and shall not more than 1.5m.

Where cables rise from the ground level to sealing ends adequate protection shall be
provided against possible mechanical damage to the cables and against solar radiation if
applicable.

All cables supports, trays or racks shall be galvanized and shall be constructed or installed to
exclude any possibility of electrolytic action between the supports and cable sheath, and
shall be adequately earthed.

All Cables support shall connect to substation earth grid by earthing conductor as per
technical schedules

All cable tie wraps shall be stainless steel. All bolts and nuts shall be hot dipped galvanized
or stainless steel. The design of terminal steel structure and cable supports shall be such
that there will be no sheath circulating currents.

For details of mechanical requirements on bolts and nuts and galvanising refer to the
relevant clause given in Section 3.2 General Technical Requirements.

1.4.7 Cable Tiles, Warning Tape and Route Markers

Refer to Section 3.2 General Technical Requirements.

1.5 Installation Requirements

1.5.1 General

The arrangement of cables and all methods of laying and installation, including any special
methods, which may be necessary, shall be subject to approval of KAHRAMAA.

Each length of cable and joint bay shall be allotted a distinctive and separate reference
number. This number shall appear on the test sheet covering the respective length of cable

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 17 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

shall be clearly marked on the cable drum on which the cable length is delivered to site. It
shall be referred to in Invoices and Advice Notes and recorded on the route plans.

The cables may be laid directly in the ground, installed in cable trenches, shafts, pipes,
ducts, in concrete troughs or on racks in air in accordance with the route requirements and
approved installation practices.

Adjacent to terminations (for all voltage levels) and joints (for 400kV level only) the cables
shall be laid in a loop or snaked in the ground in order to provide approximately 3 metres
spare length on each side to facilitate re-termination and re-jointing at a later date, if
necessary.

The Contractor shall ascertain from the cable manufacturer, the limitations of the HDPE over-
sheath with respect to exposure to sunlight and the maximum temperature for cable laying
governed by the tensile strength of the over-sheath at high ambient temperatures. Any
damage to cable sheathing during installation must be reported to KAHRAMAA in writing and
approval of the method of repair must be obtained. The position of the damage must be
accurately recorded prior to commencement of repair. Only repairs to damage to outer HDPE
sheath of the cable shall be considered.

The depth of laying for direct buried cables from the surface of the ground to the top of the
cable shall not be less than 1.1 m.

It shall be measured from the ground level to the upper surface of the top most cable. This
depth may be increased in selected parts of the route or locally to avoid other service
installations.

Unless it has been agreed that the construction of cables is such as to permit laying at sub-
zero temperatures, cable laying shall take place only when the ambient temperature is above
0C and has been at this temperature for at least 24 hours, and approved special
precautions have been taken to keep the cable above this temperature to avoid risk of
damage during handling.

All cables shall be installed with a bending radius not less than that recommended by the
cable manufacturer.

All combustible outer coverings of cables installed within buildings shall be protected against
the spread of fire in an approved manner. Cables passing through floors shall be installed in
the manner specified and where required shall be sealed using fire resisting material to
minimise the risk of spreading fire.

All cable specified in the Schedules under this Contract shall be installed in an approved
manner. Pilot cables shall be installed in the same trench as power cables.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 18 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

1.5.2 Provision of Labour and Skilled Supervision

The Contractor shall be responsible for providing all labour and skilled supervisors for
handling equipment, and laying cable in accordance with this Specification.

The Contractor shall also provide the necessary trained staff and tools for terminating and
jointing all cables supplied and laid under this Contract.

1.5.3 Responsibility

The Contractor shall be responsible for all Site Works associated with the Contract Works,
installation and termination of all cables in accordance with this Specification.

1.5.4 Trial Pits

Trial pits shall be made at approved positions proposed by the Contractor, early enough to
check the data of the drawings, to make sure that passage is possible and to determine the
most suitable detailed route and position for the trenches and to ascertain the original soil
properties. They shall be kept open until KAHRAMAA inspects them and informs the
Contractor of his decision about definitive route adjustment.

1.6 Method of Cable Laying

The procedure of cable laying shall be subject to KAHRAMAAs approval.

Unless instructed to the contrary by KAHRAMAA, the Contractor shall lay cables direct in the
ground in the following manner:

The material surrounding the cables, between trench floor, walls and cable titles, shall be at
least, 150 mm of approved material, free of stones or any other material likely to damage or
penetrate the cable outer sheath. It may be necessary to use an approved semi-permeable
membrane to avoid migration of the fill under wet conditions.

The backfill in the remainder of the trench shall be adequate to meet the required thermal
resistivity value at zero moisture content as specified. A high degree of compaction is
required, sufficient to restore and maintain thermal resistivity levels equal or better than
undisturbed ground. At the direction of KAHRAMAA, the Contractor shall remove any
material, which is considered harmful, and replace it with an approved backfilling material. If
the thermal resistivity of this material can rise above 2.0K.m/W, the Contractor shall provide
calculations to ensure that effective external thermal resistivity at zero moisture content shall
remain below the specified value under all operating conditions.

The results of all tests shall be logged and shown on as-laid records of the route.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 19 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

After any cable has been laid and until the whole length of the cables to be laid in the
trenches have been covered with protective covers, no sharp metal tools such as spades or
fencing stakes shall be used in the trench or placed in such a position that they may fall into
the trench. The protective covers shall consist of interlocked slabs of the hydraulically
pressed reinforcement concrete of approved dimension and of ample width to protect the
cables.

If more than one cover is require to cover a group of cables, the width for the covers shall be
such that the longitudinal joint between adjacent covers shall be placed above the space
between the groups of cables an not immediately above a cable. The position of cables or
groups of cables in a trench shall be staked out once the cable has been laid so that covers
may be placed in the correct position when the top layer of riddled soil or dune sand has
been applied. The width of the cover or covers shall be such that there is a minimum 100 mm
overlap on each outside edge of the cable or group of cables.

A provisional sheath test shall be carried out for every section before backfilling over the
cable.

The route markers shall be installed as set out in Section 3.2 - General Technical
Requirements.

Where, in the opinion of KAHRAMAA, the soil on Site is unsuitable for riddling or back-filling,
the Contractor shall arrange for the importation of suitable material (at Contractors own
expense), which shall be subject to approval of KAHRAMAA.

The Contractor shall take all reasonable steps to ascertain where the cables and associated
corrodible materials may be subjected to chemical or electrolytic action and shall submit his
recommendations for special precautions to the Company for his approval.

Where auxiliary cables are laid under the same covers as power cables, there shall be at
least 75 mm of riddled earth between the two types of cables.

The position of the cables and joints shall be recorded on the route plans. The route shall be
identified by means of a grid with at least two reference points for each length of straight
cable run.

The distance between the centres of power cables and power cable circuits shall be in
accordance with the cable manufacturers specification and recommendation and the
installation Contractor, if different from the cable manufacturer, shall be responsible for
obtaining the correct spacing parameters from the cable manufacturer and details of
installation limitations from KAHRAMAA to ensure the cables operate at the pre-determined
operation temperatures when installed.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 20 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

The installation Contractor shall be responsible for obtaining values of the minimum bending
radii for all cables covered by the Contract Works from the cable manufacturer prior to the
commencement of installation.

Rollers used during the installation of the cables shall have no sharp projecting metal parts
liable to damage the cable.

All cables on vertical runs or horizontal runs in the vertical plane shall be cleated.

The Contractor shall provide all necessary pulling tools and equipment such as jacks, shafts,
rollers, self-driven rollers, pulling cords, etc. including any required power for this equipment.
The procedure for unwinding and pulling the cables shall be approved by KAHRAMAA.
Pulling by use of stockings is not allowed.

The Contractor shall strictly conform to the prescriptions given by KAHRAMAA for all
handling of cables and their accessories.

The Contractor shall have as many men as necessary for all pulling and supervising
operations to be carried out according to the best procedure. The number of men shall be
stated in the cable laying procedure and approved by KAHRAMAA.

The Contractor shall be solely responsible for any damage due to the carelessness of his
staff or workmen. Any cable length so damaged shall be rejected as destroyed.

Mechanical pull with a winch solely from one end will be allowed only in special cases due to
increased fragility of the cables. The self-driven cable rollers shall be used for installation of
power cables.

Extra snaking 3m length at termination and joints location shall be provided for 400kV
Cables.

For 66kV, 132kV and 220kV Cables, extra snaking 3m length shall be provided at
termination locations only.

1.6.1 Excavation of Trenches

The exact location of each trench shall be approved on Site. Trenches shall be kept as tight
as possible and each trench shall be excavated to the approved formation and dimensions
and shall have vertical sides which shall be timbered or otherwise secured where necessary
so as to avoid subsidence and damage to all walls, roads, severs, drains, pipes, cables and
other structures. Timber and other material for this purpose shall be supplied by the
Contractor.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 21 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

The depth of all excavations for trenches shall be measured from the surface of the ground
and the width of the trench shall be measured between the vertical sides of the trench or
between the inside faces of the sheeting (if any).

The bottom of each trench shall be firm and of smooth contour. The Contractor shall take
reasonable precautions to prevent damage or ground surface from a slip of breaking away of
the sides of the trench.

Where trenches pass from a footway to a roadway or at other positions where a change of
level is necessary, the bottom of the trench shall rise or fall gradually. The rate of rise or fall
shall be approved by KAHRAMAA.

It is the Contractors responsibility to ensure that he is acquainted with the nature of the
ground conditions prevailing along the cable route and the installation rates of the cables to
be quoted in the Schedules shall include for any and all types of excavation and backfill on
the as found basis.

The Contractor shall deal with and dispose of water to prevent any risk of cables and other
materials to be laid in the trenches being adversely affected. He shall provide all pumps and
appliances require and shall carry out necessary pumping and baling.

Unless otherwise agreed, provision shall be made during excavation and until interim
restoration has been completed for reasonable access of persons and vehicles to properly or
places adjacent to the route.

When the excavation for trenches has been accurately executed, the relevant notice shall be
given by the Contractor to KAHRAMAA. Laying of cables, or building of structures shall not
be started until the Contractor has obtained KAHRAMAAs approval to proceed with the
work.

The maximum length of trench open at any time shall be as per Traffic Police/Civil
Engineering Department (local) regulations (it should not cover more than one drum length).

The Contractor shall not work in any area where other utilities underground services are still
covered. KAHRAMAA shall have the right to stop the work or part of the Works where the
Contractor fails to take the necessary measures to uncover these utilities and the Contractor
shall not claim for additional compensation in time or money.

The Contractor shall perform all hand excavations, protection and other work as specified
herein or as required to locate existing utilities of services within the limits of this Contract, or
at off-site locations as designated by KAHRAMAA and in accordance with the requirements
of all Contract Documents. The existing utilities and services referred to herein shall include,
but shall not be limited to all sewers, water mains and lines, gas mains, electric (both power
and lighting), telephone and such others as may be encountered under this Contract.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 22 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

The Contractor shall notify the concerned Municipality authorities (ASHGHAL) in good time
of his intention to excavate sections of road, which include plantation and shall not start
digging before getting approval from the Civil Engineering Department (ASHGHAL). All
works shall be done according to the rules and regulations from the relevant department of
said Ministry.

During the execution of works related to laying of cable lines within gardens and road
landscaping areas belonging to the Department of Agricultural Development of the Ministry
of Municipal Affairs & Agriculture, the Contractor shall comply with the following rules and
regulations:

- Power cable lines shall not be closer than a horizontal distance of 1.50 m to the nearest
tree trunk axis.

- The details of the irrigation lines shall be obtained from the Sewerage section, Civil
Engineering Department of the Ministry of Municipal Affairs & Agriculture.

- The approval of the excavation works (RO2) shall be obtained from the Department of
Agricultural Development (Gardens) of the Ministry of Municipal Affairs & Agriculture.

- Branch irrigation lines are usually laid at a depth of 60cm from ground level.

- The Contractor shall bear the full expenses of reinstating the disturbed irrigation lines
network to its original shape existing before the start of the excavation works. Approval
of the District Agricultural Authority of the quality of the agricultural clay soil and its
levelling procedures shall be provided.

- The Contractor shall bear the full expenses incurred in the process of removal of the
plantations, their subsequent reinstatement as well as the cost of the plantations within
the excavation zone, all in accordance with the cost assessment made by the
Department of Agricultural Development.

- The Contractor shall include the cost of relocating the path of the irrigation lines or the
cost of irrigation of the plantations, if necessary.

- KAHRAMAA shall withhold payment of the dues of the Contractor until a confirmation
from the Department of Agricultural Development to the effect that the Contractor has
abided by the above-mentioned rules and regulations is obtained. Such confirmation
shall be given either in writing or through a site meeting.

The Contractors attention is drawn to the following:

a. He must use all necessary precautions and protective measures to maintain


existing utilities, services and appurtenances that must be kept in operation.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 23 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

In particular, the Contractor shall take adequate measures to prevent


undermining of utilities and services, which are presently in service.

b. He must protect existing or new utilities and services when considered


necessary and as directed by KAHRAMAA. The Contractor shall be
responsible for bracing and supporting utilities and services to prevent
settlement, displacement of drainage. The protection of utilities and services
as specified herein, will not be paid for separately but shall be considered as
subsidiary obligation to the work under this Contract unless specified
otherwise in the Specifications.

c. The Contractor shall not remove any utility or service line, conduit or any
structure, above or below the ground, within the limits of the works before
receiving written permission from KAHRAMAA.

d. The Contractor shall prepare appropriate drawings for protection work of


other utility services and obtain the approval of the appropriate utility agencies
before commencing the construction.

e. The Contractor shall not interfere with supplies and services of whatsoever
nature such as but not limited to water, electric power and light, telephone,
buried cables and sewerage. If any such supply or service is damaged as a
result of the Contractors actions, the Contractor shall report it to the owner of
the supply or service immediately.

f. The Contractor shall be responsible for any damage caused to such supplies
or services as the result of his operations and shall fully indemnity and keep
indemnified the Purchaser, KAHRAMAA and the owner of such supplies and
services for all consequences of the damage of whatsoever nature.

g. The method of execution of repairs shall be decided by the owner of the


supply or service and shall be carried out by the Contractor at no extra cost.

In cases where the excavation is to be made on asphalt, paved or concrete roads and/or
pavements, the asphalt or concrete surfacing shall be cut using a suitable disk cutter at a
depth of not less than 120 mm. The Contractor shall take all necessary measures to
minimise damage of the asphalt beyond the width of the excavated trench. Reinstatement of
roads is to be as per the requirements of Code of Practice and Specification of Road
Openings in the Highway - (ASHGHAL) - Civil Engineering Department (latest issue).

This method of cutting road surfacing is essential and shall be strictly adhered to.

The use of an air compressor and associated cutting tools will not be allowed.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 24 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

The Contractor shall satisfy himself that there are no other utilities underground services
within the substation site. In case of uncertainty the Contractor shall perform all hand
excavations as required to locate existing of services within the limits of the substation site.
The existing utilities and services referred to herein shall include, but shall not be limited to
all sewers, water mains and lines, gas mains, electric (both power and lighting), telephone
and such others as may be encountered under this Contract.

There shall not be any soil classification for excavating either in soft or in hard material. The
Contractor is responsible for obtaining information he considers necessary regarding the
possibility of encountering soil with varying degree of hardness, and allow for it in his tender.

The excavation of hard material, if any, shall be carried out by pneumatic tools. Blasting shall
not be allowed under any circumstances.

All trenches shall be excavated with vertical sides to the width, lines, grades and depths as
shown on the drawings or as specified in writing by KAHRAMAA.

All excavations shall be adequately supported and kept free from water from any source at
the Contractors expense and to the satisfaction of KAHRAMAA.

Any over-excavation shall be backfilled with suitable fill material and completed in
accordance with the specifications. Where directed by the Company such over excavations
shall be backfilled with mass concrete at the Contractors expense.

The unsuitable or surplus excavated material shall be removed to an approval tip to be


provided by the Contractor and at his expense.

The Contractor shall take all necessary security measures, such as signs, lights, supports
etc. and generally comply with the recommendations and requirements of the Authorities in
order to avoid accidents, landslides and other damages.

The closing of roads should be avoided. Where this is unavoidable the contractor shall obtain
the approval of the relevant Authorities.

Prior to commencement of excavation the contractor shall survey and submit the existing
ground levels.

1.6.2 Excavated Material

The material excavated from each trench shall be placed so as to prevent nuisance or
damage to adjacent hedges, trees, ditches, drains, gateways and other property, objects or
things. Excavated material shall be stacked so as to avoid undue interference with traffic.
Where, owing to traffic or other considerations, this is not permissible; the excavated material
shall be removed from the Site and returned for refilling the trench on completion of laying.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 25 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

Surplus materials shall be disposed of by and at the cost of the Contractor in accordance
with the Conditions of Contract. Surplus material shall never be left on site for more than one
week.

Excavated material shall be stacked at a minimum distance of 300 mm from the edge of the
trench to provide a walkway and eliminate risk of stones falling in the trench.

1.6.3 Galvanised Support Built in

Where required for security of the works and adjacent buildings or structures, the galvanised support
shall be placed in trenches and built in as KAHRAMAA may instruct or approve and shall form part of
contract works.

1.6.4 Obstructions

When, in the course of the Contract Works, obstructions are encountered which necessitate
the diversion or alteration to gas, electric, hydraulic, water of sewage mains, or other works,
or alterations to buildings, foundations and tunnels, or when conditions necessitate adoption
of a special construction of trench, the Contractor shall immediately notify KAHRAMAA.

1.6.5 Filling In and Reinstatement

Filling in of trenches shall not commence until KAHRAMAA has inspected and approved the
cables and accessories in situ. Such inspection shall not be unreasonably delayed.

Where the cable route passes along public roads or pavements or areas designed for future
roads or pavement the backfilling shall comply with the local Authority requirements.

All excavations made (whether for the purpose of cable laying or trial holes) shall be
backfilled in 150 mm layers. Each layer shall be adequately sprayed with water in a such
manner that, in conjunction with the means of compaction that are to be used, a density of at
least 95% of the dry density at the optimum moisture content shall be achieved, in
accordance with QCS. The backfilling and the interim restoration of the upper levels shall be
completed to the satisfaction of KAHRAMAA.

The work of permanent reinstatement shall include all necessary keying into the existing
surface and shall be carried out to the approval of KAHRAMAA.

If at any time road traffic is required to cross the cable trench or route, the part of the trench
or route affected by the road crossing shall be permanently reinstated. It shall remain until
permission is granted by KAHRAMAA to proceed with the road crossing.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 26 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

1.6.6 Excavation of Tunnels

Where required by KAHRAMAA, a tunnel shall be driven, such as will allow ducts, pipes or
cables to be laid as specified. The cross section and levels of each tunnel shall be approved,
and the works shall be carried out in accordance with the provisions of the relevant clauses
of these Specifications.

1.6.7 Cables Drawn into Ducts and Pipes

Cable ducts are required at all road crossing, regardless are they minor or major.

The existing road crossing ducts if indicated on detailed location maps in the drawings given
in Appendix F were included in road contracts supervised by the road sections of the Civil
Engineering department (CED). Their existence or their adequacy for the cable sizes under
this contract cannot be guaranteed. Tenderers should therefore clearly understand that the
information provided shall be used as a guideline and they shall be responsible for providing
necessary ducts and ensure they are adequately sized.

For crossings with marked future roads, the Contractor shall install the standard ducts
arrangement, extending them minimum 1 m beyond the proposed kerb lines into each verge
or verge and centre reservation.

On the roads the issue of road cutting shall be addressed in accordance with Code of
Practice and Specification of Road Openings in the Highway - (ASHGHAL) - Civil
Engineering Department. (latest issue). If it becomes necessary, Thrust Boring method is
acceptable.

At all road crossings 50% spare duct arrangement for double circuit and 100% spare ducts
for single circuit are required.

The Contractor shall provide the ducts and pipes. Pipes and ducts in building foundations
shall be provided under a separate Contract. The Contractor shall remove any loose material
from the ducts, and prove them by drawing through a mandrel of slightly less diameter than
the duct, immediately before pulling in the cables. A suitable draw line shall be used to
facilitate cable pulling. If the pipe or ducts form a tortuous path with friction a suitable
lubrication may be used to ease the stress on the cables when pulled. Any lubricant used
shall have no detrimental effect on the cables.

The Contractor shall reapply graphite coating if it is scraped off while pulling or after the
application of a lubricant.

Where specified by KAHRAMAA, two split pipes shall be fitted around the cable. The splits
shall be positioned on opposite sides of the cable after its installation.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 27 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

All ducts or pipes, whether in use for cables or not, shall be sealed against entry of water, oil
and vermin with a suitable semi-plastic compound supplied and installed by the Contractor
after the approval of KAHRAMAA. Cable ducts on the existing road shall be extended 1000
mm beyond verge.

All ducts, floor bushings etc. shall be completely filled and sealed at either end. The filling
material shall be bentonite mixture with addition of a small quantity of cement to stabilise the
gel and sand to improve load bearing. The material shall be pumped into suitably prepared
ducts with a cement pump and must be able of being removed by the application of high-
pressure water jets. The content of bentonite mix shall be subject to KAHRAMAAs approval.

It is preferable that cable ducts are not longer than 12 m, but the maximum allowed length is
30m.

When the cable route is such that changes in direction of pipes do not facilitate a continuous
pipe or where a pipe is too long to allow a continuous cable run, facilities shall be made for
cable draw pits in which the cables shall be supported and routed in accordance with these
Specifications.

1.6.8 Cables Installed in Concrete Troughs and Tunnels

When cables are required to be installed in concrete troughs or cable tunnels all cables shall
be supported on cable trays, racks, or in hangers supplied and installed under this contract
as required by the cable system design. Cables laid on horizontal and vertical support arms
shall be clamped and snaked in accordance with the cable manufacturers
recommendations. The supports shall be at regular intervals and adequate to withstand
normal and short circuit forces confirmed by necessary calculations. Sufficient clearance
between cable circuits shall be provided to facilitate easy maintenance works, later. If a
walkway is required to run along the cable installation a space of at least 750 mm shall be
allocated for this.

Cable troughs shall not be filled with sand. Current carrying calculations for proposed cables
in concrete troughs/trenches shall be provided for review and approval by KAHRAMAA.
Some trench covers may be of the heavy-duty type as required by local loading conditions.

All cables shall be run in a neat and orderly manner and the crossing of cables within the
trench shall be avoided as far as possible.

The civil works such as concrete cable trenches inside substation shall be carried out only by
any of the approved sub contractors for substation civil works.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 28 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

1.6.9 Concrete Structures

Concrete structures for joint-pits etc. shall be provided under this Contract and the concrete
shall be in accordance with Qatar Construction Specification (QCS) Section 5 Concrete.
Grade of concrete shall be SRC 25. Concrete structures at and below ground level are to be
constructed using sulphate resistant cement. All foundations and concrete surfaces at and
below ground level are to be isolated from contact with soil in accordance with conrete
protection details given in Tender drawing under volume 7.

Complete designs of joint bays and draw-pits shall be submitted with the offer. Cover slabs
for joint-bays and draws-pits and the joint-bays and draw-pits themselves shall be designed
for a 36 tonne truck to pass over it and axle load of 12.5 tons. The point load under such a
condition shall be indicated accordingly.

1.6.10 Guards

Where cables are exposed to mechanical damage, sheet steel guards shall be provided to
protect them. Detailed drawings of all cable guards shall be approved by KAHRAMAA before
fabrication has commenced.

1.6.11 Thrust Borings, Headings, Tunnels and Cable Bridges

Work on thrust borings, headings, tunnels or cable bridges shall be carried out as and when
KAHRAMAA may instruct or approve so. The Contractor shall, as part of the Contract
Works, take all reasonable steps to ascertain the position of all sewers, drains, pipes,
structures and objects and these shall be recorded on a drawing showing the cross-section
and levels of the proposed works for approval prior to commencement of the operations.

1.6.12 Sealing of Holes in Floors and Walls

Where hole sand slots have been made through floors and walls for the installation of cables
and cable trays, the Contractor shall arrange to seal these holes and slots when the total
number of cables to pass through any slot or hole has been installed.

The seal shall prevent access of vermin and shall not permit the passage of air or gas
through the hole when sealed. The material used for sealing shall not be magnetic or
detrimental to either cable sheaths or conductors, and shall be fire resistant.

All external wall penetrations in substation basements shall be sealed using approved fire &
water proof materials immediately after the completion of bentonite filling work (fire seal is to
be done from inside basement but water tight seal shall be carried out at both ends of duct).
It is contractor's responsibility to confirm that all external wall penetrations pertaining to the
cable route, in substation basements are water proof and fire proof. All external wall
penetration ducts entering basement shall have approved puddle flange.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 29 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

External End cap is to be provided for all spare ducts in addition to water seal at both ends of
duct.

End wall and soak pit arrangements are to be provided for all reinforced concrete cable
trough.

1.6.13 Cable Markers and Records

Cable markers and other approved means shall be provided to mark the position of each
joint and shall also be used in approved positions to show the positions of all cables, pipes
and ducts, particularly where they cross a road, or are laid along a road or where there is an
abrupt deviation on the route, and such cable markers shall be erected as reinstatement is
being carried out. At road crossings permanent markers shall be provided on both sides of
the crossings in the event of damage to or removal of one of the markers.

The Contractor shall supply as soon as possible after installation two copies of the route plan
showing the certified depth and position of all buried cables including these laid to the
specified instructions of KAHRAMAA. Final position of the laid cables shall be surveyed by
independent survey company, approved by KM, and coordinates incorporated in the route
plan drawings. The independent survey company shall also stamp the drawings to confirm
correctness of laid cable with respect to the approved KM corridor.

The updated red marked drawings shall be produced and available at site at all times.

1.6.14 Tests during Cable Laying

Sheath test (12kV DC / 1 minute between metallic sheath and ground) shall be carried out for
every section before backfilling over the cable tile.

1.6.15 Cable Routes

The Contractor shall verify all the cable routes through Design Enquiry Letter Procedure as
per relevant clause of Section 3.2, Clause 7 - Installation.

The Contractor shall apply for access to all cable routes, prior to commencement of works.

Although the routes have been defined precisely on the plate drawings and the crossings
with other services noted, the procedure of applying for cable routes shall be repeated.
Based on the trial holes and the information obtained during Site survey and from concerned
Government authorities the Contractor shall arrange the necessary drawings and circulate
R.O. (Road Openings) forms as detailed in Section 3.2, Clause 7 - Installation. The
Contractors responsibility shall be to provide all road-crossing ducts, which are necessary or
found not suitable under the existing system.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 30 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

The cable routes are completely within the substation and shall be selected to co-ordinate
with the overall substation design and the routes used within the substation for inter-site
cables supplied and installed under another contract. The proposed routes shall be shown
on site layout drawings and submitted for approval before work is commenced. KAHRAMAA
may instruct the substation cabling contractor to select an alternative route within the
substation to eliminate interference with other cables or systems.

1.6.16 Route Plan

The cable routes shown on the drawing enclosed in Volume 7 are appropriate for tendering
purposes only and shall be verified with the concerned authorities.

Within a reasonable time after the contract has come into force, the Contractor shall survey
the route and agree a final route with KAHRAMAA. He shall confirm the arrangements and
submit required drawings for processing the necessary RO forms before the installation
commences. The quantity of cables, accessories etc. to be supplied shall be based upon this
survey. The programme for route survey works shall be agreed with KAHRAMAA prior to
commencement of works.

In accordance with the requirements of the Schedules, the Contractor shall, during the
progress of the work, record on a set of route plans at 1:500 scale or other approved scale,
such particulars as will allow an accurate reference to be made afterwards in case of any
fault of projected modifications. The plans shall show the exact position of every joint
termination and oil feeding point, location of oil pressure tanks, gauges and terminal boxes.

The Contractor shall also record on approved cross-section plans particulars of the depth of
the trench, the arrangement of the cables, the positions of all obstructions beneath or above
which the cables are laid and such other particulars as may be required. These plans shall
be made as reproducible drawings of approved dimensions and shall be the property of
KAHRAMAA. They shall be submitted to KAHRAMAA within one month of completion of
each section of the Contract Works together with such prints as may be required.

Suitable binders shall be provided for the route plans as required by these Specifications.

The Contractor shall note that some existing cable ducts may be used as these ducts have
been installed as part of the road design and all rulings by concerned authorities shall be
respected, such as specified by the Code of Practice and Specification of Road Openings in
the Highway - (ASHGHAL) - Civil Engineering Department (latest issue). Although there are
ducts across carriageways, there are no ducts in the service road accesses alongside the
carriageways and cable routes in these areas will be subject to the procedures outlined
above. In the event of no ducts being available or the available duct of insufficient size and
road opening is not possible it is the responsibility of the Contractor to install the necessary
ducts by thrust boring or a suitable method approved by KAHRAMAA. The cost of such work
shall be deemed to be included in the Contract Price.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 31 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

The Contractor shall indicate in his tender the unit prices for each type of ducts included in
his tender.

1.6.17 Cable Termination

The Contractor is to terminate and connect up the cables in accordance with details provided
by him and approved by KAHRAMAA.

Necessary sunshields shall be provided and installed for cables exposed to direct solar
radiation.

The Contractor is to be responsible for the correct phase rotation and connections in
accordance with information supplied by KAHRAMAA. Particular care is to be taken in the
case of those cables, where subsequent correction may be difficult. Phase tests will be
carried out by the Contractor to the satisfaction of KAHRAMAA. All equipment required to
carry out these tests shall be provided under this Contract.

Where insulated glands are provided, the Contractor is to ensure that the insulation is
maintained after jointing the cable, and shall demonstrate this to the satisfaction of
KAHRAMAA.

Cables shall be terminated under controlled environmental conditions preventing ingress of


moisture and dust. The point of termination shall be covered with a weatherproof and dust
proof cover with a slanting roof mounted on a fixed frame to give adequate working space
both above and below sealing end base plate.

Adequate floor space shall be provided, at more than one level, to enable the cable to be
clamped and plumbed, if applicable, below the sealing end base plate. The construction of
the frame and cover shall be approved by KAHRAMAA before all termination work
commences. The humidity of the atmosphere shall be kept below the acceptable value
stated in approved installation procedure.

The installation procedure must be continuous. Complete preparation of cleaning, plumbing


of metallic sheaths and earth bonding may be carried out before termination work
commences and the Contractor shall provide instruction manuals and drawings on Site so
that KAHRAMAA may follow the termination procedure in detail.

The Contractor shall ensure that only one team of jointers is assigned to one Three phase
termination until it is completed to ensure that the termination is continuous without
changing personnel.

Terminations shall be carried out in situ, and in no case shall be completed at ground level
and lifted into final position.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 32 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

Cable identification. Each end of a cable run shall be provided with labels for identification.
The labels shall be lifted in a suitable position under the cable termination.

The material of the labels and fastenings shall be such as to avoid corrosion due to
incompatibility of materials, and to ensure permanent legibility.

1.6.18 Cable Jointing

The Contractor shall submit drawings of the layout and construction of joint bays, which shall
be designed, where required, with concrete rafts and formed so as to enable jointers to carry
out their work efficiently and expeditiously. The method of securing and supporting cable
joints and cables and their bonding and earthing thereof, shall be detailed in the drawing.
The details shall be approved by KAHRAMAA. The joint protection shall include a double
layer of cable covers laid in opposing directions.

Cables shall be terminated under controlled environmental conditions preventing ingress of


moisture and dust and providing a comfortable, well lit environment for the cable jointers to
work in. The point of termination shall be covered with a weatherproof and dustproof cover
with a slanting roof mounted on a fixed frame to give adequate working space both above
and below the sealing end base plate. Adequate floor space shall be provided, if necessary
at more than one level, to enable the cable to be clamped and plumbed, if applicable, below
the sealing end base plate. The construction of the frame and cover shall be approved by
KAHRAMAA before all termination work commences.

The jointing procedure must be continuous. Complete preparation of cleating, plumbing of


metallic sheathes and earth bonding may be carried out before termination work above
sealing end base plate commences and the Contractor shall provide instruction manuals and
drawings on Site so that KAHRAMAA may follow the termination procedure in detail.

The Contractor shall ensure that one team of jointers only is assigned to one termination
until it is completed to ensure that the termination is continuous without changing personnel.

For the jointing of 66KV, 132KV, 220KV & 400kV XLPE cable systems however the following
additional measures, as a minimum, will also be made;

a. The joint bay enclosure will be double skinned for additional security against weather
borne contamination.

b. The entrance to the joint bay will be preceded by an antechamber to permit personnel
entering the joint bay to change into clean overalls and shoe covers and thus minimise
the possibility of outside contamination being carried into the joint bay.

c. The concrete floor of the joint bay will be sealed with a suitable, durable, sealant to
contain any dust that could otherwise rise from the floor.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 33 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

For 66kV, 132KV, 220KV & 400kV cables inside substations, no joints are allowed. All joints,
joint bay locations, sealing ends/terminations and accessories shall be approved by
KAHRAMAA before use both for design and material.

1.6.19 As Built Drawings

During the progress of the Work, the Contractor shall record, in approved schedule form and
on a set of maps, at a sufficiently large scale (1:500) such particulars, which will allow an
accurate reference to be made in case of any fault, or subsequent modification to the cable
system. The maps shall show the exact position of every section of the cable route, joint
boxes, important landmarks, bend radii, road crossings etc. The maps shall indicate all
crossings with other services like gas, telephone, sewerage, etc. At each such crossing a
vertical sectional elevation shall be shown in-set in the drawing, clearly indicating the vertical
and horizontal cable. Cross sections are required at every 100 m and/or whenever elevation
changes. The schedule and the maps shall be prepared during the course of installation and
shall be available for the Companys inspection. On completion of the job, the schedule and
maps shall be issued as as-built drawings. All geo-reference drawings (route and location
map) shall be done according to the KAHRAMAAs GIS standard specification on approved
digital format.

Independent Survey Company, approved by KM, shall be engaged to check and verify, by
sign and stamp, the accuracy of AS BUILT drawings prior submission for approval.

It shall be noted that details regarding submission of Operation & Maintenance Manuals are
covered in General Technical Requirements. Though the above document submissions for
H.V. Cables and accessories will be in accordance with the General technical requirements,
these will be subject to review and approval by the concerned sections of KAHRAMAA.

Contractor shall submit As-Built drawing, As-Built documents, Type test report and
Operation & Maintenance Manuals before submittal of NOSP and conditional NOSP.
Erection check list as per attached appendix shall provide before NOSP.

1.6.20 Method Statement

Before commencement of any site works the Contractor shall develop and submit for
approval the Method Statement document comprising at least the following procedures and
documents:

a. Project and Site Organisation

b. Programme of Works

c. HSE Policy Document

d. Local Transportation

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 34 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

e. Installation Procedures for Each Piece of the Equipment (cable laying,


cable trenching work, special backfilling thermal stabilise, cable road
crossing & jointing and termination).

f. Site Acceptance Test (SAT) procedure.

g. Site Quality Plan, which, in brief, shall cover the following aspects:

i. All phases of the site works shall be clearly distinguished in their


sequential order (e.g. route approval and detailed survey, soil
investigation and excavation of the trial pits, trench excavation,
cable pulling, jointing, sealing end erection, back-filling and
compaction, test on completion, etc.)

ii. Quality requirement and responsibilities for each phase shall be


described in detail.

iii. Conditions to commence the works on each phase shall be set out
in the Commencement of Work Form (COW). Each COW Form
shall be accompanied by the Applicable Document List (ADL) to
confirm that all necessary documents are in order. COW shall be
submitted for approval and works should not start before COW is
signed by supervising body.

iv. The Hold Points (HP) shall be identified, and the Contractor shall
invite for inspection for each HP by Control Notification Form
(CNF). CNF shall indicate date and time, location and item to be
inspected and shall be send by fax at least 24 hours in advance.
The respective inspection form signed by the Contractor and
supervising body shall document each HP inspection.

v. Final inspection of each phase shall be recorded in the separate


form, which shall be then included in the Monthly Work Progress
Statement as supporting document for the progress reported.

h. List of proposed subcontractors for approval.

i. List of the proposed materials for approval (e.g. concrete mixture, HDPE
ducts, and other small materials not defined in the tendering stage)

At every step during the progress of site works necessary approvals shall be obtained from
KAHRAMAA.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.
VOLUME 3 SECTION 3.3.3 PAGE 35 OF 35

GTC/450A/2011
QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION - PHASE 11 - STAGE 1 EHV & HV CABLES
TITLE:- TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLATION OF HV & EHV
SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEMS

1.6.21 Site Office Establishment

The Contractor shall establish the Site Office within the 45 days from the Contract Award.
The responsible Site Engineer of the Contractor shall start immediately the cable route
approval procedure and site survey works in order to establish the required quantities and to
enable manufacturing to start at the earliest.

SECTION 3.3.3 INSTALLATION OF HV AND EHV SUBSTATION CABLE SYSTEM TECHNICAL AFFAIRS
R2.DOC
Electrical Projects Dept.