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Total Marks : 60 Max. Time : 60 min.

Single choice Objective ('1' negative marking) Q.1 to Q.20 (3 marks 3 min.) [60, 60]

1. (A) 2. (B) 3. (D) 4. (B) 5. (C) 6. (A) 7. (B)

8. (C) 9. (C) 10. (B) 11. (A) 12. (D) 13. (B) 14. (B)

15. (C) 16. (B) 17. (A) 18. (D) 19. (C) 20. (A)

1. Figure shows three circular arcs, each of radius R and total charge as indicated. The net elecric

potential at the centre of curvature is :

R

+Q

45

30

2Q

R

+3Q

Q Q 2Q Q

(A*) (B) (C) (D)

2 0R 4 0R 0R 0R

Sol. V = V1 + V2 + V3

1 Q 1 2Q 1 3Q 1 2Q

= . + + = .

4 0 R 4 0 R 4 0 R 4 0 R

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2. The moment of inertia of a door of mass m, length 2 and width about the axis AB in plane of the door

and at an angle 45 with x-axis as shown in the figure is

m 2 AB

ABx-45

y

45 x

2

11m 5m 2 m 2

(A) (B*) (C) (D) none of these

24 24 3

y

C

A

45

45 x

Sol.

D B

M 2 M( 2 )2 5M 2

IAB + ICD = =

12 12 12

5M 2

IAB =

24

3. A solid sphere, a hollow sphere and a disc, all having same mass and radius, are placed at the top of

an incline and released. The friction coefficients between the objects and the incline are same and not

sufficient to allow pure rolling. Least time will be taken in reaching the bottom by

:

(A) the solid sphere (B) the hollow sphere

(C) the disc (D*) all will take same time.

(A) (B)

(C) (D*)

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Sol. (D) Since linear acceleration is same for all (a = Mg sin Mg cos ) as they have same mass 'M' and

same ' '

(D) (a = Mg sin Mg cos ) 'M' ' '

Hence, all will reach the bottom simultaneously.

Hence (D)

dropped from it, when will the bag reach surface of earth ? (g = 10 m/s2)

40 m 10ms1 5 kg

? (g = 10 m/s2)

(A) 2sec (B*) 4 sec (C) 6 sec (D) sec.

5. A block of mass 1 kg falls from a height of 5 m on a vertical spring fastened to a horizontal board placed

on the floor. If the spring constant of the spring is 10 N/m, the maximum compression that the spring

undergoes is:

5 m 1 kg

10 N/m ,:

(A) 1.7 m (B) 3.4 m (C*) 4.3 m (D) 0.43 m

6. A uniform circular disc of radius r placed on a horizontal rough surface has initially a velocity v0 and an

angular velocity 0 as shown in the figure. The disc comes to rest after moving some distance in the

direction of motion. Then v0/ 0 is:

r v0 0

v0/ 0 :

2

mr

Sol. mV0r . 0

=0

2

v0 r

0 2

7. A solid cylinder is sliding on a smooth horizontal surface with velocity v0 without rotation. It enters on the

rough surface. After that it has travelled some distance, select the correct statement:

v0

(B*) Friction force increases its rotational kinetic energy.

(C) Friction force increases its total mechanical energy.

(D) Friction force increases its angular momentum about an axis passing through point of contact of the

cylinder and the surface.

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(A)

(B*)

(C)

(D)

Sol.

The friction force will increase

There is no torque about the line of contact, angular momentum will remain constant

The frictional force will decrease the mechanical energy.

Sol.

v0 ,

8. Mass m is connected with an ideal spring of natural length whose other end is fixed on a smooth

horizontal table. Initially spring is in its natural length . Mass m is given a velocity v perpendicular to

the spring and released. The velocity perpendicular to the spring when its length is + x, will be

m

m v

+ x [M.Bank_Rotation_4.48]

2v 2v 2 v

(A) (B) (C*) (D) zero

x x x

Sol. (C)

since torque about O is zero,

angular momentum of mass m is conserved

O

m

v

m v = m v ( + x) ; v =

x

9. Two plane mirrors are kept such that angle between their reflecting surfaces is 40. A point object is

kept symmetrically with respect to the mirrors. The total number of images formed by one mirror is:

40

(A) 8 (B) 9 (C*) 4 (D) 5

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10. A piece of copper wire has twice the radius of a piece of steel wire. Young's modulus for steel is twice

that of the copper. One end of the copper wire is joined to one end of the steel wire so that both can be

subjected to the same longitudinal force By what fraction of its length will the steel have stretched when

the length of the copper has increased by 1%?

1%

?

(A) 1% (B*) 2% (C) 2.5% (D) 3%

F 1

Sol. l = 2 or

r Y r 2Y

Ys

2 4rs2

s rcu Cu 2 =2

rs2 Y3 rs2 Ys

Cu

2

s Cu

11. The reflecting surface of a plane mirror is vertical. A particle is projected in a vertical plane which is

also perpendicular to the mirror. The initial speed of the particle is 10 m/s and the angle of projection is

60 from the normal of the mirror. The point of projection is at a distance 5m from the mirror. The

particle moves towards the mirror. Just before the particle touches the mirror, the velocity of approach

of the particle and the image is ;

10 m/s 60

5m

;

(A*) 10 m/s (B) 5 m/s (C) 10 3 m / s (D) 5 3m / s

10m/s

10sin 60 = 5m/s

Sol. 60

10cos 60 = 5m/s

(Vi,m )x = (Vo,m)x

(Vi Vm )x = (Vo Vm)x

Vix O = Vox

Vix = 5m/s

Vapp = 5 (5) = 10 m/s

12. Astronomial telescope has two lenses of focal powers 0.5 D and 20 D. Then its magnifying power in

normal adjustment is :

0.5 D 20 D

(A) 10 (B) 20 (C) 80 (D*)40

Sol. Given :

Focal power of the first lens P1 0.5D

Focal power of the second lens P2 2D

P2 20

The magnifying power of the astronomical telescope is given by m =40

P1 0 .5

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13. The plane face of a plano-convex lens is silvered. If be the refractive index and R, the radius of

curvature of curved surface, then the system will behave like a concave mirror of radius of curvature :

R

R R2 ( 1)

(A) R (B*) (C) (D) R

( 1) ( 1)

14. Four types of oscillatory systems ; a simple pendulum ; a physical pendulum ; a torsional pendulum and

a springmass system, each of same time period are taken to the Moon. If time periods are measured

on the moon, which system or systems will have it unchanged ?

(A) only springmass system.

(B*) springmass system and torsional pendulum.

(C) springmass system and physical pendulum.

(D) None of these

(A) (B*)

(C) (D)

Sol. (B) Both the springmass system & torsional pendulum have no dependence on gravitational

acceleration for their time periods.

15. A particle is moving along x axis has potential energy U = (2 20x + 5 x2) Joules.

The particle is released at x = 3. The maximum value of ' x ' will be: [M.Bank_SHM_21.6]

[ x is in meters and U is in joules ]

x U = 2 20 X + 5 x2 X = 3

' x ' [ x U ]

(A) 5 m (B) 3 m (C*) 7 m (D) 8 m

Sol. U = 2 20 x + 5x2

dU

F= = 20 10x

dx

At equilibrium position (); F = 0

20 10x = 0

x=2

Since particle is released at x = 3, therefore amplitude of particle is 5.

x = 3 5

5 5

3 0 2 7

It will oscillate about x = 2 with an amplitude of 5.

maximum value of x will be 7.

x = 2 5

x 7

16. The lower end of a capillary tube is at a depth of 12 cm and water rises 3 cm in it. The mouth pressure

required to blow an air bubble at the lower end will be x cm of water column, where x is

12 cm 3 cm

x cm x :

(A) 12 (B*) 15 (C) 3 (D) 9

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Sol. Pressure due to 15 cm long liquid column needs to be balanced.

P0

P0

P0

P0

12cm

PM

g3= 2S

2S

For case -I : g3 =

R

2S

For case -II : PM = P0 + g12 + = P0 + g15

R

17. An ideal gas with adiabatic exponent ( = 1.5) undergoes a process in which work done by the gas is

same as increase in internal energy of the gas. The molar heat capacity of gas for the process is:

( = 1.5)

(A*) C = 4R (B) C = 0 (C) C= 2R (D) C = R

Sol. PdV = nC v dt

dQ = 2dU

nCdT = 2nCv dT C = 2Cv

2R

C= = 4R.

1. 5 1

R

18. The molar heat capacity of a polytropic process (PVn) is C = Cv + . The value of the polytropic

10

exponent n is :

R

(PVn) C = Cv + n

10

(A) 11 (B) 10 (C) 10 (D*) 9

Sol. For polytropic process

R R R

C = CV =

(n 1) 10 (n 1)

n=9

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19. A uniform horizontal beam of length L and mass M is attached to a wall by a pin connection. Its far end

is supported by a cable that makes an angle with the horizontal. If a man of mass m stands at a

distance from the wall, the tension in the cable in equilibrium is.

L M

m

(A) T = (B) T =

2L sin L sin

2mg MgL mg MgL

(C*) T = (D) T =

2L sin L sin

Taking torques about A

(so that torque due hinge force on the rod about A = 0)

L

mg. + Mg. = T sin . L

2

2mg MgL

T= ...Ans.

2L sin

20. In a solid sphere volume charge density varies with distance from centre r according to given graph

r

R/2 R r

Which of the following is best representation of electric field versus r outside the sphere :

r

E

E

E 1

1

E 2

r

r

(A*) (B)

R r R r

E

E

(C) (D)

R r R r

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TARGET : JEE (Main + Advanced) 2016

O

Total Marks : 39 Max. Time : 43 min.

Single choice Objective ('1' negative marking) Q.1 to Q.3 (3 marks 3 min.) [09, 09]

Multiple choice objective ('1' negative marking) Q.4 to Q.5 (4 marks 4 min.) [08, 08]

Subjective Questions ('1' negative marking) Q.6 to Q.7 (4 marks 5 min.) [08, 10]

Comprehension ('1' negative marking) Q.8 to Q.9 (3 marks 3 min.) [06, 06]

Match the Following (no negative marking) (2 4) Q.10 (8 marks 10 min.) [08, 10]

1. (C) 2. (B) 3. (A) 4. (A,B,C,D) 5. (A,D) 6. = v/3R

Q( x 3 r13 )

7. 2

8. (B) 9. (B) 10. (A) p,r (B) q,s (C) p,r (D) q,s

4 0x (r23 r13 )

1. At pressure P and absolute temperature T a mass M of an ideal gas fills a closed container of volume

V. An additional mass 2M of the same gas is added into the container and the volume is then reduced

V T

to and the temperature to . The pressure of the gas will now be:

3 3

P T M V 2M

V T

3 3

P

(A) (B) P (C*) 3 P (D) 9 P

3

M

Sol. If M0 is molecular mass of the gas then for initial condition PV = . RT ...(1)

M0

After 2M mass has been added

V 3M T

P . = .R. ...(2)

3 M0 3

By dividing (2) by (1)

P = 3P

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2. A sphere of radius R contains a total charge +Q which is uniformly distributed throughout its volume. At

a distance 2R from the centre of sphere, a particle having charge +q is fixed. P is a point on surface of

sphere and lying on line joining the centre of sphere and point charge. For what value of q will the

electric field at P be zero.

R +Q

2R +q P

q P

Q 3

(A) (B*) Q (C) Q (D) 2Q

2 2

Sol. The electric field at P shall be zero if q = Q.

P q = Q

3. A particle A of mass m collides head on with another stationary particle B of the same mass m.The

kinetic energy lost by the colliding particle 'A' will be maximum if the coefficient of the restituition is

m 'A' B

'A'

(A*) 1 (B) 0 (C) 0.5 (D) none

Sol. All energy is transfered to other particles.

4. An open elevator is ascending with zero acceleration and speed 10 m/s. A ball is thrown vertically up by

a boy when he is at a height 10 m from the ground, the velocity of projection is 30m/s with respect to

elevator. Choose correct option, assuming height of the boy very small : (g = 10 m/s2)

10 m/s 10 m

30m/s

(g = 10 m/s2)

(A*) Maximum height attained by the ball from ground is 90 m.

(B*) Maximum height attained by the ball with respect to lift from the point of projection is 45 m.

(C*) Time taken by the ball to meet the elevator again is 6 sec

(D*) The speed of the ball when it comes back to the boy is 20 m/s with respect to ground.

(A*) 90 m

(B*) 45 m

(C*) 6 sec

(D*) 20 m/s

Sol. (A) Absolute velocity of ball = 40 m/s (upwards)

hmax = hi = ff

( 40 ) 2

= 10 +

2 10

h = 90 m

(30 )2

(B) Maximum height from left = = 45 m

2 10

(C) The ball unless meet the elevator again when displacement of ball = displacement of lift

1

40 t 10 t2 = 10 t

2

t = 6s.

1

(D) Let t0 be the total time taken by the ball to reach the ground then 10 = 40 to 10 to2

2

t0 = 8.24 s.

time taken by the ball for each the ground after crossing the elevator = t0 t = 2.24 s.

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Sol. (A) = 40 m/s ( )

hmax = hi = ff

( 40 ) 2

= 10 +

2 10

h = 90 m

(30 ) 2

(B) = = 45 m

2 10

(C) =

1

40 t 10 t2 = 10 t t = 6s.

2

1

(D) t0 10 = 40 to 10 to2

2

t0 = 8.24 s.

= t0 t = 2.24 s.

5. Two particles are projected under gravity with speed 4m/s and 3m/s simultaneously from same point

and at angles 53 and 37 with the horizontal surface respectively as shown in figure. Then :

(B) Their relative acceleration is non-zero and it is along vertical direction.

(C) They will hit the surface simultaneously

(D*) Their relative velocity (for time interval 0 < t < 0.36s) is constant and has magnitude 1.4 m/s.

4m/s 3m/s

53 37 :

(A*)

(B)

(C)

(D*) (0 < t < 0.36s ) 1.4 m/s

12 16

Sol. v1 = 4 cos 53 i + 4 sin 53 j = i + j

5 5

12 9

v2 = 3 cos 37 i + 3 sin 37 j = i + j

5 5

7

v12 = j = 1.4 j

5

Relative velocity in horizontal direction is zero.

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6. A circular ring of mass m and radius R rests flat on a frictionless surface. A bullet also of mass m and

moving with a velocity v, strikes the ring and gets embedded in it. The thickness of the ring is much

smaller than R. Find the angular velocity with which the system rotates after the bullet strikes the ring.

m R m v

R

[ Ans.: = v/3R ]

Sol.

Let velocity of COM after collision is v & angular velocity is .

conserving linear momentum

v

mv = 2mv v = 2 ............(1)

conserving angular momentum about COM

R

mv. =

2

MR 2 MR 2

= ( Ring COM + mass

) = MR 2

4 2

MR 2 R 3

= MR 2 = mv. = MR2

4 2 2

V

=

3R

7. A charge Q is distributed uniformly within the material of a hollow sphere of inner and outer radii r1 and

r2 as shown in figure. Find the electric field at a point P a distance x away from the centre for r1 < x < r2.

Q( x 3 r13 )

[Ans. 2

]

4 0x (r23 r13 )

Q, r1 r2

Q( x 3 r13 )

x P r1 < x < r2 [Ans. 2

]

4 0x (r23 r13 )

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COMPREHENSION

A tank of base area 4 m2 is initially filled with water up to height 2m. An object of uniform cross-section

2m2 and height 1m is now suspended by wire into the tank, keeping distance between base of tank and

that of object 1m. Density of the object is 2000kg/m3. Take atmospheric pressure 1 105N/m2 ;

g = 10m/s2.

4 m2 2m 1m 2m2

1m

2000kg/m3 = 1 105N/m2 ; g = 10m/s2

A=2m2 1m

1m

4m2

8. The downwards force exerted by the water on the top surface of the object is :

(A) 2.0 105 N (B*) 2.1 105 N (C) 2.2 105 N (D) 2.3 105 N

:

(A) 0.1 105 N (B*) 0.2 105 N (C) 0.3 105 N (D) 0.4 105 N

Sol.

(i) By conservation of volume

4 h = 4 2 + 2 1 = 10

h = 2.5m T

Pressure at top of the object P1A

= P0 + 0.5 1000 10 = 1.05 105 N/m2

F = P1A = 1.05 105 2 = 2.1 105 N .5m

By F.B.D. T + P2A = mg = P1A

T = mg + (P1 P2) A A=2m2 1m

h

= mg (P2 P1) A

mg

= 2 2000 10 (.2 105) P2A

= .4 105 0.2 105 = 0.2 105 N 4m2

Fb = V. wg

= 2 1000 10 = 0.2 105 N

It is also equal to net contact force by the liquid = P2A P1A

= 0.2 105N

Note : Net contact force and buoyant force are same.

(i)

4 h = 4 2 + 2 1 = 10

h = 2.5m

= P0 + 0.5 1000 10

= 1.05 105 N/m2

F = P1A

= 1.05 105 2 = 2.1 105 N

F.B.D.

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T + P2A = mg = P1A

T = mg + (P1 P2) A

= mg (P2 P1) A

= 2 2000 10 (.2 105)

= .4 105 0.2 105 = 0.2 105 N

Fb = V. wg

= 2 1000 10 = 0.2 105 N

= P2A P1A = 0.2 105N

:

10. In each of the four situations of column -I , a stretched string or an organ pipe is given along with the

required data. In case of strings the tension in string is T = 102.4 N and the mass per unit length of

string is 1 g/m. Speed of sound in air is 320 m/s. Neglect end corrections. The frequencies of

resonance are given in column -II. Match each situation in column-I with the possible resonance

frequencies given in Column -II.

-I

T = 102.4 N 1 g/m 320 m/s

-II -I -II

Column-I Column-II

0.5m

fixed fixed

free at other end

0.5m

fixed end free end

0.5m

0.5m

-I -II

(A) (p) 320 Hz

0.5m

0.5m

0.5m

0.5m

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Ans. (A) p,r (B) q,s (C) p,r (D) q,s

Sol. (A) The fundamental frequency in the string,

T/ 102 .4 1

f0 = = Hz = 320 Hz.

2 1 10 3 2 0 .5

Other possible resonance frequencies are fA and f0 = 320 Hz, 640 Hz, 960 Hz.

f A f0 = 320 Hz, 640 Hz, 960 Hz.

T/ 320

f0 = = = 160 Hz.

4 4 0 .5

Other possible resonance frequencies are

fB = 160 Hz, 480 Hz, 800 Hz.

(C) The fundamental frequency in both ends open organ pipe is

v 320

f0 = = = 320 Hz.

2 2 0 .5

Other possible resonance frequencies are

fc = 320 Hz, 640 Hz, 960 Hz

(D) The fundamental frequency in one end open organ pipe is

v 320

f0 = = 160 Hz.

4 4 0 .5

Other possible resonance frequencies are

fD = 160 Hz, 480 Hz, 800 Hz.

1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.8, 1.11, 1.13, 1.14, 1.23, 1.24

2. Find the electric field intensity at any point on the axis of a uniformly charged ring or hoop. What

happens, if ring is far away from the point ?

3. Define electric potential at a point. Derive an expression for the potential at a point due to a point

charge.

[4 Mark]

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TARGET : JEE (Main + Advanced) 2016

O

Total Marks : 39 Max. Time : 42 min.

Single choice Objective ('1' negative marking) Q.1 to Q.2 (3 marks 3 min.) [06, 06]

Multiple choice objective ('1' negative marking) Q.3 to Q.5 (4 marks 4 min.) [12, 12]

Subjective Questions ('1' negative marking) Q.6 (4 marks 5 min.) [04, 05]

Comprehension ('1' negative marking) Q.7 to Q.9 (3 marks 3 min.) [09, 09]

Match the Following (no negative marking) (2 4) Q.10 (8 marks 10 min.) [08, 10]

1. (C) 2. (B) 3. (A,C) 4. (A,C) 5. (A,B,D) 6. 2 7. (D)

8. (A) 9. (A) 10. (A) p (B) q,s (C) q,r (D) q,s

1. A small block of mass m is pushed towards a movable wedge of mass m and height h with initial

velocity u. All surfaces are smooth. The minimum value of u for which the block will reach the top of the

wedge

m u m h

u

h m

u

1 1

(A) 2gh (B) 2gh (C*) 2gh 1 (D) 2gh 1

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2. A triangular medium has varying refracting index n = n0 + ax, where x is the distance (in cm) along x

4

axis from origin and n0 = . A ray is incident normally on face OA at the midpoint of OA. The range of

3

a so that light does not escape through face AB when it falls first time on the face AB (OA = 4 cm, OB =

3 cm and AB = 5 cm) : (Surrounding medium is air)

n = n0 + ax, x, x-

4

(cm ) n0 = . OA a

3

AB AB (OA = 4 cm, OB = 3 cm

AB = 5 cm) : ()

1 2 1

(A) a > (B*) a > (C) a > (D) None of these

9 9 3

3

Sol. Clearly, PM = cm

2

1

37 > sin1

n0 a( 3 / 2)

3 1

>

5 3a

n0

2

ga

3n0 + >5

2

ga

>1

2

2

a>

9

3. An infinite large charge sheet with surface charge density is placed in x y plane. A uniformly

charged spherical shell total charge Q of radius R is placed such that center of the shell is at (0, 0, 2R).

consider points A and B with coordinates A(0,0, R/2) and B(0,0, 7R/2)

x y Q R

(0, 0, 2R) A B

A(0,0, R/2) B(0,0, 7R/2)

3 R

(A*) VA VB =

2 0

R KQ

(B) VA VB = +

2 0 2R

(C*) Electric field inside shell is non zero and uniform

Q

(D) Net force on hemispherical portion is

4 0

Q

4 0

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4. A 500 g block P rests on a frictionless horizontal table at a distance of 400 mm from a fixed pin O

. The block is attached to pin O by an elastic cord of constant k = 100N/m and of undeformed length

900 mm . If the block is set in motion perpendicularly as shown in figure. The speed in the begining is

such that the distance from O to the block P will reach the maximum value of 1.2 m. (assume there is

no loss in energy due to jerk)

500 g P (fixed) O 400 mm

O k = 100N/m

900 mm

P, O1.2 m (jerk)

P

m v

400mm

(B) Speed of block when OP = 1.2 m is 2m/s.

(C*) The radius of curvature of the path of the block when OP = 1.2 m is 3.75 cm

(D) The radius of curvature of the path of the block when OP = 1.2 m is 1.2 m

(A*) 4.5 m/s

(B) OP = 1.2 m 2m/s

(C*) OP = 1.2 m 3.75 cm

(D) OP = 1.2 m 1.2 m

Sol.

0.5 V 0.4 = 0.5 u 1.2

v = 3u

also by energy conservation

1 1 1

0 .5 v 2 100 (0.3 ) 2 0 .5 u 2

2 2 2

v 2 9 u2

4 2 4

2

9u 9 u2 8u 2 9 9 3

u =

4 2 4 4 2 4 2

So v = 3u

= 3 1.5

= 4.5

u2

(c) an =

r

u2 Kx 100 0.3

r= an 60m / s2

an m 0.5

(1. 5) 2 2.25

r= = = 0.0375 m

( 60) 60

= 3.75 cm

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5. Two blocks A and B of equal masses m kg each are connected by a light thread, which passes over a

massless pulley as shown. Both the blocks lie on wedge of mass m kg. Assume friction to be absent

everywhere and both the blocks to be always in contact with the wedge. The wedge lying over smooth

horizontal surface is pulled towards right with constant acceleration a (m/s2). (g is acceleration due to

gravity).

A B m kg

m kg

wedge

a (m/s2) (g ).

m

(A*) Normal reaction acting on block B is (3g + 4a)

5

m

B (3g + 4a)

5

m

(B*) Normal reaction acting on block A is (4g 3a)

5

m

A (4g 3a)

5

m

(C) Normal reaction acting on block A is (4g + 3a)

5

m

A (4g + 3a)

5

(D*)The maximum value of acceleration a for which normal reactions acting on the block A and block B

4

are nonzero is g

3

4

a A B g

3

Sol. The FBD of A and B are

Applying Newton's second law to block A

and B along normal to inclined surface

NB mg cos 53 = ma sin 53

mg cos 37 NA = ma sin 37

m m

Solving NA = (4g 3a) and NB = (3g + 4a)

5 5

For NA to be non zero

4g 3a > 0

4g

or a<

3

A B FBD

A B

NB mg cos 53 = ma sin 53

mg cos 37 NA = ma sin 37

m m

NA = (4g 3a) NB = (3g + 4a)

5 5

NA

4g

4g 3a > 0 or a<

3

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6. A non uniform string of mass 45 kg and length 1.5 m has a variable linear mass density given by =

kx, where x is the distance from one end of the string and k is a constant. Tension in the string is 15 N

which is uniform. Find the time (in second) required for a pulse generated at one end of the string to

travel to the other end.

45 kg, 1.5m

= kx, x k

15 N

Ans. 2

M

dM 2M

Sol. = Kx = dM = Kx dx and K = 2

dx

0 0

F F dx

V= = =

Kx dt

t

F

xdx = dt

K

0 0

3

4 K 4 3 2m 8M 8 45 1.5

t= . = . 2 = = = 2.

g f 9 9F 9 15

COMPREHENSION

"If deformation is small, the stress in a body is proportional to the corresponding strain."

This fact is known as Hooke's law. Thus, if a rod is strectched by equal and opposite forces F each, a

tensile stress F/ A is produced in the rod where A is the area of cross section. The length of the rod

increases from its natural value L to L + L. Tensile strain is L/L.

By Hooke's law, for small deformations,

Tensile stress

Y

Tensile strain

is a constant for the given material. This ratio of tensile stress over tensile strain is called Young

modulus for the material. In the situation described above, the Young modulus is

F/ A FL

Y

L/L A L

If the rod is compressed, compressive stress and compressive strain appear. Their ratio Y is same as

that for the tensile case.

"

F F/ A A

L L + L L/L

y

(Young modulus)

F/ A FL

Y [HC Verma]

L/L A L

Y

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7. Two persons pull a rope towards themselves. Each person exerts a force of 100 N on the rope. Find

the Young modulus of the material of the rope if it extends in length by 1 cm. Original length of the rope

2

= 2 m and the area of cross section = 2 cm .

100 N

1 cm = 2

m = 2 cm2.

8 2 7 2 8 2 8 2

(A) 0.5 10 N/m (B) 1 10 N/m (C) 2 10 N/m (D*) 1 10 N/m

8. A uniform heavry rod of weight W, cross-sectional area A and length L is hanging from a fixed support.

Young modulus of the material of the rod is Y. Neglect the lateral contraction. The elongation of the rod

is

W A L

Y

WL WL WL 3WL

(A*) (B) (C) (D)

2AY AY 4 AY 2 AY

Sol. Consider a small length dx of the rod at a distance x from the fixed end. The part below this small

element has length L x. The tension T of the rod at the element equals the weight of the rod below it.

W

T = (L x)

L

Elongation in the element is given by elongation = original length stress/Y

Tdx (L x) Wdx

= = .

AY LAY

L L

(L x ) Wdx W x2 WL

The total elongation = = Lx = .

LAY LAY 2 2AY

0 0

9. A sphere of mass 20 kg is suspended by a metal wire of unstretched length 4 m and diameter 1mm.

When in equilibrium, there is a clear gap of 2 mm between the sphere and the floor. The sphere is

gently pushed aside so that the wire makes an angle with the vertical and is released. Find the

maximum value of so that the sphere does not rub the floor. Young modulus of the metal of the wire is

2.0 1011 N m-2. Make appropriate approximations.

20 kg 4 m 1mm

2 mm

2.0 1011 N m2

(A*) 37 (B) 53 (C) 30 (D) 60

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10. Match the statements in Column with the results in Column

Column I Column II

(A) Work done by ideal gas during free expansion (p) zero

(B) A wedge block system is as shown in the fig. (q) non zero

The wedge lying on horizontal surface is accelerated to

right by a horizontal force F. All surfaces are smooth. Work

done by normal reaction exerted by wedge on block in any

time interval is

(C) There is a uniformly positive charge solid sphere with centre O. (r) negative

There is a point on surface A. Then VA VO is

(D) A uniform cylinder lies over a rough horizontal platform. The (s) positive

platform is accelerated horizontally as shown with acceleration

a. The cylinder does not slip over the platform.The work done

by the force of friction on the cylinder w.r.t ground in any time interval is

I II

(A) (p)

(B) (q)

F

(C) O .

A VA VO (r)

(D) (s)

a

Sol. (A) Work done by an ideal gas during free expansion is zero.

(B) The angle between normal reaction on block and velocity of block is acute (whether the block

moves up or down the incline). Hence work done by this force is non-zero and positive.

3kq

(C) VO =

2R

kq

VA =

R

(D) The kinetic energy of cylinder is increasing and work is done on cylinder by only force of friction.

Therefore work done by force of friction on cylinder is non-zero and positive.

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(A)

(B) (

)

3kq

(C) VO =

2R

kq

VA =

R

(D)

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