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Indias No 1 Stress and Strain

IES Academy Chapter-1


Conventional Question IES-2003
Question: A steel bolt of diameter 10 mm passes through a brass tube of internal
diameter 15 mm and external diameter 25 mm. The bolt is tightened by a nut
so that the length of tube is reduced by 1.5 mm. If the temperature of the
assembly is raised by 40oC, estimate the axial stresses the bolt and the tube
before and after heating. Material properties for steel and brass are:
ES = 2 105 N / mm 2 S = 1.2 105 / o C and Eb = 1 105 N/mm2 b=1.9 10-15/C
Answer:


Area of steel bolt (A s ) = (0.010)2 m2 = 7.854 10 5 m2
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Area of brass tube (A b ) = (0.025)2 (0.015)2 = 3.1416 10 4
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Stress due to tightening of the nut
Compressive force on brass tube = tensile fore on steel bolt
or, b Ab = S As

( l )b
or, Eb. . Ab = s As E = =
L
L

Let assume total length ( ) = 1m
(1.5 10 3 )
Therefore (1105 106 )
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( )
3.1416 10 4 = s 7.854 10-5
or s = 600 MPa (tensile)
( l )b (1.5 10 3 )
and b =Eb. = (1105 ) MPa = 150 MPa (Compressive)
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So before heating
Stress in brass tube ( b ) = 150 MPa (compressive)
Stress in steel bolt( s ) = 600 MPa(tensile)

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