circuits laboratory

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circuits laboratory

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Quezon City

EE 003 - ELCTRICAL CIRCUITS 2

Resistor and Inductor in Series

Submitted By:

Abiang, Allan Salvador S.

Acua, Jonalyn A.

Claudio, John Michael M.

Liwanag, Patrick Paul S.

Nuez, Daniel Ross T.

Submitted To:

Instructor - Electrical Engineering Department

20 July 2017

Experiment No. 6

I. Objectives:

The activity aims to find the voltage and current in a series resistor and inductor

connected across an AC source. This also aims to investigate how impedance varies as

the frequency changes.

2. Verify the characteristics of a series AC circuit that has resistance and inductance.

3. Discuss the effect of frequency to the impedance of a series RL circuit.

Series RL circuits are encountered very often in electronic equipment. When ac voltage is

applied to this type of circuit, the current is the same through each component. However, the

voltage that drops across each component is distributed according to the relative value of

resistance (R) and inductance in the circuit.

The total opposition to current is called impedance (Z). Resistance and reactance in AC circuits

both oppose the current. The impedance of an AC circuit is expressed as follows:

Z=

Z = 2 + 2

2

IV. Procedure:

A. FIXED FREQUENCY

1. Construct the series RL circuit shown in Figure 6-1.

2. Measure the current in the circuit.

IT=_________________

3. Measure the total voltage, the voltage across the resistor, and the voltage across the

inductor.

VT=_________________

VR=_________________

VL=_________________

4. Using a power analyzer, measure the following:

P=_________________

QL=_________________

S=_________________

pf=_________________

5. Using the values obtained in procedures 2 and 3, calculate the following:

(a) Resistance: R = VR/IR =_________________

(b) Inductive reactance: XL = VL/IL =_________________

(c) Impedance: Z = VT/IT =_________________

Note: In series RL circuit IT = IR = IL

6. Calculate the following values of the circuit in Figure 6-1:

3

(a) Inductive reactance: XL = 2fL =_________________

(c) Total current: IT = VT/Z =_________________

(d) Voltage across the resistor: VR = IRR =_________________

(e) Voltage across the inductor: VL = ILXL =_________________

(f) True power: P = IR2R =_________________

(g) Inductive reactive power: QL = IL2 XL =_________________

(h) Apparent power: S = IT2Z=_________________

(i) Power factor: pf = P/S =_________________

7. Draw an impedance triangle, phasor diagram, and power triangle of the calculated

values and measured values.

B. CHANGING FREQUENCY

1. Using again the circuit in figure 6.1, measure the total current (I) and compute the

impedance (Z = VT/ IT)

3. Compute the impedance in each frequency. Plot a graph of impedance against the

frequency.

4

V. Data and Results with pictures evidence

A. FIXED FREQUENCY

Calculated Value Measured value % Difference

VT

IT

VR

VL

QL

pf

(a) Calculated Values (b) Measured Values

(a) Calculated Values (b) Measured Values

B. CHANGING FREQUENCY

Frequency Source Voltage Total Current (I) Impedance Z

Hz (VT) mA Z = VT/IT

V

800

5

1600

3200

6400

Pictures:

Abiang, Allan

Acua, Jonalyn

Claudio, John Michael

Liwanag, Patrick Paul

Nuez, Daniel Ross

VI. Observation

VII. Conclusion

CRITERIA SCORE

1 2 3

I. Laboratory Skills

Members do not Members occasionally

Manipulative Members always

demonstrate demonstrate needed

Skills demonstrate needed skills.

needed skills. skills

Members are Members are able to Members are able to set-up

Experimental

unable to set-up set-up the materials the materials with

Set-up

the materials. with supervision. minimum supervision.

Members do not

Members occasionally Members always

demonstrate

Process Skills demonstrate targeted demonstrate targeted

targeted process

process skills. process skills.

skills.

6

Members do not Members follow

Safety Members follow safety

follow safety safety precautions

Precautions precautions at all times.

precautions. most of the time.

II. Work Habits

Time Members do not

Members finish on Members finish ahead of

Management/ finish on time

time with incomplete time with complete data

Conduct of with incomplete

data. and time to revise data.

Experiment data.

Members do not

Members have defined

know their tasks Members are on tasks and

responsibilities most

and have no have defined

of the time. Group

Cooperative defined responsibilities at all times.

conflicts are

and Teamwork responsibilities. Group conflicts are

cooperatively

Group conflicts cooperatively managed at

managed most of the

have to be settled all times.

time.

by the teacher.

Clean and orderly

Clean and orderly

Messy workplace workplace with

Neatness and workplace at all times

during and after occasional mess

Orderliness during and after the

the experiment. during and after the

experiment.

experiment.

Ability to do Members require Members require

Members do not need to be

independent supervision by occasional supervision

supervised by the teacher.

work the teacher. by the teacher.

Other Comments/Observations: Total Score

( )

= 100

24

1. Abiang, Allan Discussion/ Background of the

Salvador S. Experiment/ Concept and 10

Theories

2. Acua, Jonalyn A. Data and Observation 10

3. Claudio, John Michael Conclusion and Print

10

M.

4. Liwanag, Patrick Paul Pictures, Compiling the work

10

S. of groupmates, and proper

7

format of the document

5. Nuez, Daniel Ross T. Computations, Assessment /

Rubric, and rechecking of the 10

whole document.

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