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A Genre-based Model of Language [ 27 ]

TUJUAN DAN JENIS TEKS (GENRE)



G E N R E S
S O C I A L P R O C E S S E S T H A T :

DESCRIBE EXPLAIN INSTRUCT ARGUE N A R R AT E


through through the through the through the through the
the process process of process of process of process of
o f o rd e r i n g sequencing logically expanding a sequencing
things into phenomena in sequencing proposition to people and
commonsense t e m p o ra l actions or persuade events in
or technical and/or causal behaviours. readers to time and
f ra m e w o r k s o f relationships. accept a point space.
meaning. o f v i e w.

P R O C E S S E S

C O M M O N L Y U S E D I N :

Pe r s o n a l Explanations Procedures Essays Pe r s o n a l


descriptions of how recounts
Instructions Expositions
Commonsense Explanations Historical
descriptions of why Manuals Discussions recounts

Te c h n i c a l E l a b o ra t i o n s Recipes Debates Stories


descriptions
I l l u s t ra t i o n s Directions Interpretations Fa i r y t a l e s
Information
reports Evaluations Myths
Accounts
Scientific Fa b l e s
reports Explanation
essays N a r ra t i v e s
Definitions P R O D U C T S

Science experiments Reviews Tra v e l o g u e s Commentaries


Interviews Letters News stories Articles We b p a g e s

M U L T I - G E N E R I C P R O D U C T S


Peter Knapp and Megan Watkins 2005
FIGURE1.3
Based on Knapps genre model (Knapp
Genre, text, grammar: technologies for teaching and assessing writing
1992, p. 13)