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Ayudanta N1

SEP
Gua N1 Circuitos Trifsicos
Para el siguiente circuito, calcule la potencia activa y reactiva
que consume cada carga, y la corriente por el neutro.
Z1=2+j5 Z2=-j6[V] Z3=12

&I = Van ` = 2200 = 40.85 68.2[ A]


&
Z&1 2 + j5
a

V& 220 120


I&b = bn ` = = 36.67 30[ A]
Z
2
& j6

&I = Vcn ` = 220120 = 18.33120[ A]


&
Z&3
c
12

S&a =V&an` * I&a* = 898768.2 = 3337.5 + j8344.3[VA]


&S =V& * I&* = 8067,490 = 0 j8067.4[VA]
b bn` b
&S =V& * I&* = 4032.60 = 4032.6 + j0[VA]
c cn` c
Para el siguiente circuito, calcule la potencia activa y reactiva que consume
cada carga, y las corrientes de lnea.
Z1=1+j3 Z2=j5 Z3=5-j6

&I = Vab = 38030 = 76 60[ A]


&
ab
Z& 2 j5 I&a = I&ab + I&ac =184.0785.67[A]
&I = Vbc = 380 90 = 48.65 40[ A]
&
bc
Z&3 5 j6
I& = I& + I& = 34.5591.21[A]
b ba bc
V&
I&ca = ca =
Z&
380150
1 + j3
= 120.1778.43[ A] I&c = I&ca + I&cb =149.5895.05[A]
1

S&ab = V&ab * I&ab


*
= 2888090 = 0 + j 28880[VA]
S& = V& * I&* = 18487 50 = 11883.21 j14161.86[VA]
bc bc bc

S&ca = V&ca * I&ca* = 45664.671.57 = 14436.67 + j 43322.5[VA]


Para el siguiente circuito, calcule la potencia activa y reactiva que consume
cada carga, y las corrientes que circulan.
Z1=5+j5 Z2=6+j3 Z3=4+j2 Zn=10+j3

Usando el teorema de Millman


1 & 1 1
Van + V&bn + V&cn
Z&1 Z& 2 Z&3
Vnn ` =
& = 20.4161.89[V ]
1 1 1 1
+ + +
Z1 Z 2 Z&3 Z& n
& &
Para el siguiente circuito, calcule la potencia activa y reactiva que consume
cada carga, y las corrientes que circulan.
Z1=5+j5 Z2=6+j3 Z3=4+j2 Zn=10+j3

V& V& 2200 20.4161.89


I&a = an nn ` = = 33.87 46.52[ A]
&
Z1 5 + j5

&I = Vbn Vnn ` = 220 120 20.4161.89 = 32.31 141.28[ A]


& &
Z& 6 + j3
b
2

&I = Vcn Vnn ` = 220120 20.4161.89 = 45.989.63[ A]


& &
Z&3 4 + j2
c

Vnn ` 20.4161.89
In = = = 1.954145.2[ A]
Zn 10 + j 3
Para el siguiente circuito, calcule la potencia activa y reactiva que consume
cada carga, y las corrientes que circulan.
Z1=5+j5 Z2=6+j3 Z3=4+j2 Zn=10+j3

&S = Z& * I 2 = (5+ j5)*33.872 = 8111.7745= 5735.89 + j5735.89[VA]


a 1 1

&S = Z& * I 2 = (6+ j3)*32.312 = 7007.326.57= 6267.5+ j3133.75[VA]


b 2 2

&S = Z& * I 2 = (4 + j2)*45.92 = 9421.9426.57= 8427.24 + j4213.62[VA]


c 3 3

&S = Z& * I 2 = (10+ j3)*1.9542 = 39.8616.7= 38.18+ j11.45[VA]


n n n
Datos:
Sa = 5+j2 kva Calcular las corrientes In , Ia , Ib , Ic , I3
Sb= 10 kw fp=0,93i Calcular la potencia activa y reactiva
Sc=20 kva fp=0,85c total absorbida por las cargas.
Cargar equilibrada: 60
kw fp=0,95i
C= 200uf
L= 0,1 H
[V]

S 2 = P2 + Q2
Q
tan( ) =
P
P
cos( ) =
S
Q
sen( ) =
S
[V]

S&a = 5 + j 2 = 5.3921.8[kVA] S 2 = P2 + Q2
10 Q
S&b = cos1 (0.93) = 10.7521.6[kVA] tan( ) =
0.93 P
P
S&c = 20 cos1 (0.85) = 20 31.8[kVA] cos( ) =
S
Q
sen( ) =
S
[V]

S&a = 5 + j 2 = 5.3921.8[kVA]
10
Sb =
& cos1 (0.93) = 10.7521.6[kVA]
0.93
S&c = 20 cos1 (0.85) = 20 31.8[kVA]

S& * 5.39 k 21.8


I&an ` = a * = = 24.545 21.8 [ A ]
&
V an ` 220 0
S&b * 10.75 k 21.6
I bn ` = = = 49.01 141.6 [ A ]
&
Vbn ` *
220 120
S& c * 20 k 31.8
I cn ` = = = 91.161151.8 [ A ]
V&
cn `
*
220 120
[V]

S& * 5.39 k 21.8


I&an ` = a * = = 24.545 21.8 [ A ]
&
V an ` 220 0
S&b * 10.75 k 21.6
I bn ` = = = 49.01 141.6 [ A ]
&
Vbn ` *
220 120
S& c * 20 k 31.8
I cn ` = = = 91.161151.8 [ A ]
V&
cn `
*
220 120

I&n = I&an ` + I&bn ` + I&cn ` = 96177.9[ A]


[V]

P 60k
S3 = cos 1 (cos( )) = cos 1 (0.95) = 63.1618.19[kVA]
cos( ) 0.95
S
S 1 = 3
= 2 1 .0 5 1 8 .1 9 [ k V A ]
3
S 1* 2 1 .0 5 k 1 8 .1 9
I = = = 9 5 .6 8 1 8 .1 9
220 0
a
V an*
S 1* 2 1 .0 5 k 1 8 .1 9
I = = = 9 5 .6 8 1 3 8 .1 9
220 120
b
V an*
S 1* 2 1 .0 5 k 1 8 .1 9
I = = = 9 5 .6 8 1 0 1 .8 1
220 120
c
V an*
[V]

Primero, hay que pasar estos elementos a


impedancias en el dominio fasor
XL = 2 fL = 2 *50*0.1 = 31.416[]
1 1
XC = = =15.92[]
2 fC 2 *50*200*106

&I = V a b = 3 8 0 3 0 = 1 2 .0 9 6 6 0 [ A ]
&
Z& L
L
j 3 1 .4 1 6
V& 380 90
I&C = c b = = 2 3 .8 7 7 1 8 0 [ A ]
&
ZC j 1 5 .9 2
[V]

S1 = Sa + Sb + Sc = 32 j 4.6[kVA]
S2 = S3 = 60 + j19.721[kVA]
S3 = Vab * I L* + Vcb * I c* = 0 j 4.476[kVA]
STotal = S1 + S2 + S3 = 92 + j10.645[kVA]
Resumen
Secuencia Positiva

  30

  90

  150
Secuencia Negativa
   30

 90

   150
Carga Equilibrada Teorema de Millman
1 & 1 & 1 &
V + V + Vcn
  3  Z&
V&nn ` = 1
an &
Z2
bn &
Z3
= 20.4161.89[V ]
1 1 1 1
& + & + & + &
Z1 Z 2 Z 3 Z n

Triangulo de potencia S 2 = P2 + Q2
Q
tan( ) =
P
P
cos( ) =
S
Q
sen( ) =
S