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5/13/2017 VVPATCurrentAffairsCurrentAffairsToday

VVPATCurrentAffairs

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UnionCabinetclearsElectionCommissionsproposaltobuyVVPATmachines
April19,2017 Nocomments
The Union Cabinet has cleared the Election Commissions proposal to buy new Voter Verifiable
PaperAuditTrail(VVPAT)machines.Themachinesareexpectedtobeusedinthe2019General
Elections. The Union Cabinet has permitted the Election Commission (EC) to procure 16,15,000
units,atanestimatedbasepriceofRs.3,173.47crore.Sofar,EChassentatleast11remindersto
theCentreseekingfundsforprocuringVVPATmachines.
The Centre has chosen Bengalurubased Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL) and Hyderabadbased
Electronics Corporation of India Ltd (ECIL) to manufacture the VVPAT units. The government
hasalsodirectedthePriceNegotiationCommitteeto negotiate the final unit price. It is expected that the two PSUs will
needatleast30monthstoproduceover16lakhVVPATs.
Need
The Supreme Court has asked the Election Commission to come up with a tentative time period by which it can use
VVPAT machines across all polling stations of the country. The Supreme Court has directed the EC to conduct 2019
nationalelectionsentirelywiththeseupgradedmachines.Earlierin2013,SChaddirectedtheECtointroduceVVPATin
a phased manner for 2014 general elections. SC had observed that VVPAT will ensure free and fair polls and help in
sortingoutdisputes.
Earlier in 2013, SC had directed the EC to introduce VVPAT in a phased manner for 2014 general elections. SC had
observedthatVVPATwillensurefreeandfairpollsandhelpinsortingoutdisputes.
ElectionCommissionhasbeenaccusedbysixteenpartieslikeBahujanSamajParty(BSP),theAamAadmiParty(AAP),
andthecongressforallegedlydeployingtamperedEVMs.TheyhavealsopetitionedECtorevertbacktopaperballot
systemforgreatertransparency.
VVPATmachinesSignificance
TheusageofVVPATmachinesoftheElectionCommissionisexpectedtoensurefreeandfairelections.IntheVVPAT
system, when a voter presses the button for a candidate of his choice in the electronic voting machines (EVM), a paper
ballot containing the serial number, the name of the candidate and poll symbol will be printed for the voter. The voters
willbeabletoviewthevoterverifiablepaperaudittrailslipforsevensecondsafterwhichitwillgetdepositedinasealed
box.
VVPAT machines can be regarded as an independent verification system as it (i) allows voters to verify that their votes
are cast correctly, (ii) detects possible election fraud or malfunction and (iii) Provides a means to audit the stored
electronicresults.
Tags:ElectionsNationalSupremeCourtUnionCabinetVVPAT

SCwantsVVPATinEVMsforfairelections
January9,2017 Nocomments
The Supreme Court has reiterated the necessity to implement the Vote Verifier Paper Audit Trail
(VVPAT)inelectronicvotingmachines(EVMs)toensure100%transparencyinelections.
This is the second time the Supreme Court has directed Election Commission (EC) for the
implementation of VVPAT in EVMs. Earlier in 2013, SC had directed the EC to introduce
VVPATinaphasedmannerfor2014generalelections.SChadobservedthatVVPATwillensure
freeandfairpollsandhelpinsortingoutdisputes.InresponsetheEChadinformedtheapexcourt
thattheVVPATcanbeintroducedinaphasedmanner.
WhatisVVPAT?
The VVPAT system is a new initiative of the Election Commission to ensure free and fair elections. In the VVPAT
system, when a voter presses the button for a candidate of his choice in the electronic voting machines (EVM), a paper
ballotcontainingtheserialnumber,nameofthecandidateandpollsymbolwillbeprintedforthevoter.Itisintendedas
anindependentverificationsystemforEVMdesignedto(i)allowvoterstoverifythattheirvotesarecastedcorrectly,(ii)
detectpossibleelectionfraudormalfunctionand(iii)Provideameanstoauditthestoredelectronicresults.

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