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Lannywati Ghani
Puslitbang Sumber Daya dan Pelayanan Kesehatan Jl. Percetakan Negara 29 Jakarta 10560, Indonesia

Laurentia K. Mihardja
Puslitbang Biomedis dan Teknologi Dasar Kesehatan Jl. Percetakan Negara 23 Jakarta 10560,

Delima Delima
Puslitbang Sumber Daya dan Pelayanan Kesehatan Jl. Percetakan Negara 29 Jakarta 10560, Indonesia

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Home > Vol 44, No 1 (2016) > Ghani

Faktor Risiko Dominan Penderita Stroke di Indonesia

Lannywati Ghani, Laurentia K. Mihardja, Delima Delima

DOI : 10.22435/bpk.v44i1.4949.49-58


Stroke tends to increase and becomes the first leading cause of death as well as disability in
Indonesia that impact in socioeconomy. Stroke is preventable through early detection and control of
risk factors. This study aimed to assess the dominant risk factors of stroke in Indonesia. Analysis was
done using secondary data of a cross sectional study called Indonesian Basic Health Research
(Riskesdas) 2013. Data were analyzed using SPSS 17 software by complex samples. A total of 722,329
subjects aged 15 years and over were included. Stroke prevalence was 1.21%, no difference by sex
but increased along with the age. People aged 55 years and over were at higher risk of stroke with
adjusted OR of 5.8 (5.32; 6.32, p 0.0001) compared to aged 15-44 years old. The other risk factors
were coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, heart failure. Those were 3.13, 2.96,
2.87, and 2.74 times respectively compared to people without related conditions. Stroke occurred
since younger age. The dominant risk factors of stroke in Indonesia were older age, coronary heart
disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and heart failure. Healthy behavior and early detection of
risk factors should be encouraged to prevent stroke.

Keywords : stroke, risk factor, Basic Health Research (Riskesdas)


Stroke semakin meningkat dan merupakan penyebab kematian serta kecacatan tertinggi di
Indonesia yang berdampak secara sosioekonomi. Penyakit stroke dapat dicegah dengan deteksi dini
dan pengendalian faktor risiko. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh faktor risiko dominan
penderita stroke di Indonesia. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder dari Survei Riset Kesehatan
Dasar Indonesia tahun 2013. Analisis data menggunakan SPSS 17 dengan complex sample. Dari
722,329 responden usia 15 tahun, didapat prevalensi penderita stroke sebesar 1,21%, proporsi
tidak berbeda antara laki-laki dan perempuan. Risiko stroke meningkat seiring meningkatnya usia.
Responden berusia 55 tahun setelah memperhitungkan faktor-faktor lain berisiko 5,8 kali (5,32 ;
6,32, p 0,0001) dibanding usia 15-44 tahun, selanjutnya penyakit jantung koroner, diabetes melitus,
hipertensi, gagal jantung masing-masing sebesar 3,13 kali, 2,96 kali, 2,87 kali dan 2,74 kali
dibandingkan responden tanpa penyakit-penyakit tersebut. Stroke sudah mulai muncul pada usia
muda. Faktor risiko dominan stroke dalam penelitian ini adalah umur yang semakin meningkat,
jantung koroner, diabetes melitus, hipertensi, dan gagal jantung. Deteksi dini faktor risiko dan
promosi hidup sehat sejak usia dini perlu digalakkan agar memperkecil kejadian faktor risiko dan

Kata kunci : stroke, faktor risiko, Riskesdas 2013


stroke, risk factor, Basic Health Research (Riskesdas)


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