2N3903, 2N3904

2N3903 is a Preferred Device

General Purpose
Transistors
NPN Silicon

http://onsemi.com

COLLECTOR
3
MAXIMUM RATINGS
Rating Symbol Value Unit 2
Collector–Emitter Voltage VCEO 40 Vdc BASE

Collector–Base Voltage VCBO 60 Vdc
1
Emitter–Base Voltage VEBO 6.0 Vdc
EMITTER
Collector Current – Continuous IC 200 mAdc
STYLE 1
Total Device Dissipation PD
@ TA = 25°C 625 mW
Derate above 25°C 5.0 mW/°C
TO–92
Total Device Dissipation PD
CASE 29
@ TC = 25°C 1.5 Watts 1 STYLE 1
Derate above 25°C 12 mW/°C 2
3
Operating and Storage Junction TJ, Tstg –55 to °C
Temperature Range +150
MARKING DIAGRAMS

THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS (Note 1.)
2N 2N
Characteristic Symbol Max Unit 3903 3904
Thermal Resistance, RθJA 200 °C/W YWW YWW
Junction to Ambient
Thermal Resistance, RθJC 83.3 °C/W
Junction to Case
Y = Year
1. Indicates Data in addition to JEDEC Requirements. WW = Work Week

ORDERING INFORMATION

Device Package Shipping

2N3903 TO–92 5000 Units/Box

2N3903RLRM TO–92 2000/Ammo Pack

2N3904 TO–92 5000 Units/Box

2N3904RLRA TO–92 2000/Tape & Reel

2N3904RLRE TO–92 2000/Tape & Reel

2N3904RLRM TO–92 2000/Ammo Pack

2N3904RLRP TO–92 2000/Ammo Pack

2N3904RL1 TO–92 2000/Tape & Reel

2N3904ZL1 TO–92 2000/Ammo Pack

Preferred devices are recommended choices for future use
and best overall value.

 Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC, 2001 1 Publication Order Number:
November, 2000 – Rev. 3 2N3903/D

VCE = 1.) VBE(sat) Vdc (IC = 10 mAdc.0 pF Input Impedance hie kΩ (IC = 1.0 Vdc. IC = 10 mAdc. VCE = 10 Vdc.1 5.1 mAdc.0 mAdc) tr – 35 ns Storage Time (VCC = 3. IC = 0.3 Base–Emitter Saturation Voltage (Note 2. VCE = 10 Vdc. f = 1. IE = 0.0 Vdc. VBE = 0. td – 35 ns Rise Time IC = 10 mAdc.0 8. VCE = 1.0 mAdc.0 Vdc) 2N3903 20 – 2N3904 40 – (IC = 1. VCE = 1.0 mAdc) – 0. VCE = 1.0 mAdc. f = 1.0 mAdc) – 0.0 MHz) Cobo – 4.0 Vdc) 2N3903 30 – 2N3904 60 – (IC = 100 mAdc.0 40 mhos Noise Figure NF dB (IC = 100 Adc.com 2 .0 kHz) 2N3903 1. VCE = 20 Vdc. VCE = 10 Vdc.) VCE(sat) Vdc (IC = 10 mAdc.0 kHz) 2N3903 50 200 2N3904 100 400 Output Admittance (IC = 1. VEB = 3.0 Vdc) 2N3903 50 150 2N3904 100 300 (IC = 50 mAdc.0 MHz) Cibo – 8.0 2N3904 – 5.0 SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS Delay Time (VCC = 3.) hFE – (IC = 0.0 k Ω.) (IC = 1. IB = 0) V(BR)CEO 40 – Vdc Collector–Base Breakdown Voltage (IC = 10 Adc.85 (IC = 50 mAdc. IB = 1.0 Vdc.0 2N3904 1.2 (IC = 50 mAdc. f = 1.65 0.95 SMALL–SIGNAL CHARACTERISTICS Current–Gain – Bandwidth Product fT MHz (IC = 10 mAdc.0 mAdc. f = 1. Pulse Test: Pulse Width  300 s. http://onsemi. IE = 0) V(BR)CBO 60 – Vdc Emitter–Base Breakdown Voltage (IE = 10 Adc.0 mAdc.0 mAdc.0 Vdc) IBL – 50 nAdc Collector Cutoff Current (VCE = 30 Vdc. IB = 5.0 pF Input Capacitance (VEB = 0. VCE = 5.0 mAdc) 0. f = 1. 2N3903. RS = 1. VEB = 3.5 Vdc.0 kHz) 2N3903 0. VCE = 10 Vdc.0 Vdc) 2N3903 15 – 2N3904 30 – Collector–Emitter Saturation Voltage (Note 2. IC = 0) V(BR)EBO 6.0 2N3904 0. IB = 1.0 Small–Signal Current Gain hfe – (IC = 1.0 – Vdc Base Cutoff Current (VCE = 30 Vdc.0 Vdc) ICEX – 50 nAdc ON CHARACTERISTICS DC Current Gain (Note 2.0 mAdc. f = 100 MHz) 2N3903 250 – 2N3904 300 – Output Capacitance (VCB = 5. f = 1. IB1 = 1. VCE = 1. 2N3904 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (TA = 25°C unless otherwise noted) Characteristic Symbol Min Max Unit OFF CHARACTERISTICS Collector–Emitter Breakdown Voltage (Note 2.0 Vdc) 2N3903 35 – 2N3904 70 – (IC = 10 mAdc. 2N3903 ts – 175 ns IB1 = IB2 = 1.0 mAdc) 2N3904 – 200 Fall Time tf – 50 ns 2.5 Vdc.0 Vdc.0 10 Voltage Feedback Ratio hre X 10–4 (IC = 1. IB = 5. f = 1.5 8.0 mAdc – 0.0 kHz) 2N3903 – 6. Duty Cycle  2%.0 kHz) hoe 1.

2N3904 +3 V +3 V DUTY CYCLE = 2% 10 < t1 < 500 s t1 300 ns +10.0 5.0 Cobo 200 QA 100 70 1. 2N3903.com 3 . Capacitance Figure 4. COLLECTOR CURRENT (mA) Figure 3.0 50 0.1 0.1 V′ < 1 ns * Total shunt capacitance of test jig and connectors Figure 1.2 0.0 7.0 3.0 CAPACITANCE (pF) Q.0 2. CHARGE (pC) 1000 700 Cibo 3.0 5.9 V +10. Storage and Fall Time Equivalent Test Circuit Equivalent Test Circuit TYPICAL TRANSIENT CHARACTERISTICS TJ = 25°C TJ = 125°C 10 5000 VCC = 40 V 3000 7.0 2.7 1.0 500 300 QT 2.0 10 20 30 40 1.0 10 20 30 50 70 100 200 REVERSE BIAS VOLTAGE (VOLTS) IC.5 0.0 3. Delay and Rise Time Figure 2.0 IC/IB = 10 2000 5.3 0.0 7.5 V < 1 ns CS < 4 pF* 1N916 CS < 4 pF* -9.9 V DUTY CYCLE = 2% 275 275 10 k 10 k 0 -0. Charge Data http://onsemi.

0 5.com 4 . Turn–On Time Figure 6. COLLECTOR CURRENT (mA) Figure 5.0 V 70 TIME (ns) 50 50 30 30 40 V 20 20 15 V 10 10 7 td @ VOB = 0 V 2.5 mA IC = 50 A 8 6 SOURCE RESISTANCE = 1.0 10 20 30 50 70 100 200 1. COLLECTOR CURRENT (mA) Figure 7.0 10 20 30 50 70 100 200 IC.0 7. http://onsemi. SOURCE RESISTANCE (k OHMS) Figure 9. NOISE FIGURE (dB) NF.2 0.0 10 20 40 100 f.0 Vdc.4 1.0 2.0 2. NOISE FIGURE (dB) 10 IC = 0.0 3.4 1.1/8 tf VCC = 40 V 300 IB1 = IB2 300 IC/IB = 20 IC/IB = 10 IB1 = IB2 200 200 IC/IB = 20 t s′ .0 5. COLLECTOR CURRENT (mA) IC.1 0. 2N3904 500 500 IC/IB = 10 VCC = 40 V 300 300 IC/IB = 10 200 200 100 100 t r.0 5. Storage Time Figure 8.1 0. 2N3903.0 2. FREQUENCY (kHz) RS.0 10 20 40 100 0. TA = 25°C.0 kHz IC = 1.0 2. Bandwidth = 1.0 Hz) 12 14 SOURCE RESISTANCE = 200  f = 1. Fall Time TYPICAL AUDIO SMALL–SIGNAL CHARACTERISTICS NOISE FIGURE VARIATIONS (VCE = 5.0 7.5 mA 8 SOURCE RESISTANCE = 200  IC = 0. RISE TIME (ns) 70 tr @ VCC = 3.0 mA IC = 1. Figure 10.0 2.0 10 20 30 50 70 100 200 IC.0 V 7 5 5 1.0 5.0 4. Rise Time 500 500 t′s = ts .0 k IC = 100 A IC = 50 A 6 4 4 2 SOURCE RESISTANCE = 500  2 IC = 100 A 0 0 0.0 mA 12 10 NF.0 2.0 4. STORAGE TIME (ns) t f . COLLECTOR CURRENT (mA) IC.2 0.0 3.0 10 20 30 50 70 100 200 1. FALL TIME (ns) 100 100 70 70 50 IC/IB = 20 50 IC/IB = 10 IC/IB = 10 30 30 20 20 10 10 7 7 5 5 1.0 3.0 7.0 3.0 7.

0 2. OUTPUT ADMITTANCE ( mhos) 50 200 h fe .7 0.2 0.0 3.0 3.0 h ie .0 3. f = 1.5 0. COLLECTOR CURRENT (mA) Figure 13.5 1. Output Admittance 20 10 h re .0 2. 2N3904 h PARAMETERS (VCE = 10 Vdc. INPUT IMPEDANCE (k OHMS) 10 5.0 1.2 0. COLLECTOR CURRENT (mA) Figure 11. COLLECTOR CURRENT (mA) IC.3 0.3 0.0 2. Voltage Feedback Ratio http://onsemi.2 0.0 10 IC.com 5 . TA = 25°C) 300 100 hoe.3 0. COLLECTOR CURRENT (mA) IC.0 10 IC. VOLTAGE FEEDBACK RATIO (X 10 -4 ) 7. CURRENT GAIN 20 10 100 70 5 50 2 30 1 0.0 kHz.5 0.5 1.1 0.5 1.0 5.2 0.0 5.0 2. Current Gain Figure 12. 2N3903.0 5.1 0.2 0.0 10 0.1 0.0 5.3 0.0 2.5 1.0 5.1 0.0 1.0 3.0 10 0.0 3.0 2. Input Impedance Figure 14.0 0.

0 1.2 0.5 0.3 0.6 -0. 2N3904 TYPICAL STATIC CHARACTERISTICS 2.3 0.0 5.3 0.0 3.0 10 20 50 100 200 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 IC.2 1.0 TJ = 25°C 1.6 0.5 -55°C TO +25°C 0.0 3.07 0. COLLECTOR EMITTER VOLTAGE (VOLTS) 1. Temperature Coefficients http://onsemi.5 VB FOR VBE(sat) 0 -2.com 6 .0 V 1. COLLECTOR CURRENT (mA) Figure 15.8 IC = 1. Collector Saturation Region 1.1 0.0 2.05 0.0 h FE.5 -55°C 0.0 VBE(sat) @ IC/IB =10 0.0 7. “ON” Voltages Figure 18. COLLECTOR CURRENT (mA) Figure 17.0 +25°C 0.7 0.5 +25°C TO +125°C VC FOR VCE(sat) COEFFICIENT (mV/ °C) V.1 0.0 10 20 30 50 70 100 200 IC.03 0.0 2. DC Current Gain VCE.2 0.7 1.0 5.0 mA 10 mA 30 mA 100 mA 0.0 V 0.01 0.4 0.1 0.7 1.2 -1.0 7. COLLECTOR CURRENT (mA) IC. BASE CURRENT (mA) Figure 16. DC CURRENT GAIN (NORMALIZED) TJ = +125°C VCE = 1.0 2.4 -1.0 VCE(sat) @ IC/IB =10 +25°C TO +125°C 0. VOLTAGE (VOLTS) 0.0 5.8 0 -55°C TO +25°C VBE @ VCE =1. 2N3903.0 TJ = 25°C 0.2 0 0.2 0.5 0.0 10 IB.02 0.

43 --- N STYLE 1: STYLE 14: PIN 1.045 0.39 G H 0.20 B 0.115 --.250 --. COLLECTOR 3.015 0.45 5.125 0. 2. COLLECTOR 3.407 0. 6.210 4.19 D 0.105 2. BASE http://onsemi. 2N3904 PACKAGE DIMENSIONS TO–92 TO–226AA CASE 29–11 ISSUE AL NOTES: A B 1.15 1. 4. 2.5M.055 1.095 0. 0. BASE 2. 12.50 H J K 0. DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING PER ANSI Y14.020 0. 1982.93 --- 1 N V 0.com 7 .105 2.33 C 0. LEAD DIMENSION IS UNCONTROLLED IN P AND P BEYOND DIMENSION K MINIMUM.016 0.175 0. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: INCH.205 4. 2N3903.165 3.04 2.66 J 0. 3.54 SECTION X–X R 0.32 5. L SEATING INCHES MILLIMETERS PLANE K DIM MIN MAX MIN MAX A 0. 3.39 0. CONTOUR OF PACKAGE BEYOND DIMENSION R R IS UNCONTROLLED.70 --- L 0.42 2. EMITTER 2.533 X X D G 0.66 P --. EMITTER PIN 1.18 4. 2.100 --.170 0.35 --- V C N 0.500 --.080 0.021 0.135 --.

com 2N3903/D 8 . please contact your local N. All operating parameters. http://onsemi. Shinagawa–ku. 2N3903. consequential or incidental damages. LLC (SCILLC). employees. or for any other application in which the failure of the SCILLC product could create a situation where personal injury or death may occur. “Typical” parameters which may be provided in SCILLC data sheets and/or specifications can and do vary in different applications and actual performance may vary over time. SCILLC reserves the right to make changes without further notice to any products herein. and distributors harmless against all claims. even if such claim alleges that SCILLC was negligent regarding the design or manufacture of the part. Box 5163. representation or guarantee regarding the suitability of its products for any particular purpose.com For additional information. Colorado 80217 USA Phone: 81–3–5740–2700 Phone: 303–675–2175 or 800–344–3860 Toll Free USA/Canada Email: r14525@onsemi. intended. directly or indirectly. including without limitation special.O.com Fax: 303–675–2176 or 800–344–3867 Toll Free USA/Canada ON Semiconductor Website: http://onsemi. Tokyo. Buyer shall indemnify and hold SCILLC and its officers. or authorized for use as components in systems intended for surgical implant into the body. Japan Customer Focus Center Literature Distribution Center for ON Semiconductor 4–32–1 Nishi–Gotanda. costs. nor does SCILLC assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit. SCILLC makes no warranty. including “Typicals” must be validated for each customer application by customer’s technical experts. affiliates. SCILLC is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. PUBLICATION ORDERING INFORMATION Literature Fulfillment: JAPAN: ON Semiconductor. and specifically disclaims any and all liability. American Technical Support: 800–282–9855 Toll Free USA/Canada Sales Representative.com Email: ONlit@hibbertco. subsidiaries. Japan 141–0031 P. Denver. 2N3904 ON Semiconductor and are trademarks of Semiconductor Components Industries. and expenses. any claim of personal injury or death associated with such unintended or unauthorized use. or other applications intended to support or sustain life. damages. and reasonable attorney fees arising out of. SCILLC products are not designed. SCILLC does not convey any license under its patent rights nor the rights of others. Should Buyer purchase or use SCILLC products for any such unintended or unauthorized application.