BAB Sokongan dan Gerakan

8 Support and Movement

Anda akan mempelajari…
SOKONGAN DAN GERAKAN/Support and movement

terlibat dalam/involved i
n

Haiwan Haiwan Tumbuhan darat Tumbuhan invertebrata vertebrata Land plants akuatik Invertebrates Vertebrates dikelaskan kepada Aquatic plants disokong oleh disokong oleh classified as mempunyai supported by supported by have .

r 3BOHLB MVBS r 3BOHLB EBMBN Ruang udara Tumbuhan Tumbuhan Exoskeletons Endoskeletons berkayu Air sacs r 3BOHLB r %BZB BQVOHBO tidak berkayu IJESPTUBUJL air (akuatik) Woody plants Non-woody Hydrostatic Buoyancy of plants skeletons water (aquatic) disokong oleh supported by disokong oleh r %BZB BQVOHBO supported by air (akuatik) .

Buoyancy of r 5JTV CFSLBZV r 5FLBOBO TFHBI water (aquatic) Woody tissues Turgor pressure r "LBS CBOJS r 4VMVS QBVU Buttress root Tendrils .

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1 PERBINCANGAN Support in animals Kontekstual 1 Kelaskan haiwan-haiwan yang diberi berdasarkan cara sokongannya yang utama. Explain the support in aquatic vertebrates and invertebrates. Kucing/Cat Lembu/Cow Ikan paus/Whale Ikan yu/Shark Kala jengking/Scorpion Sotong/Squid Semut/Ant Lipan/Centipede Pacat/Leech Belalang/Grasshopper Tikus/Rat Rusa/Deer Lipas/Cockroach Helang/Eagle Tapak sulaiman/Starfish Lintah bulan/Slug Beluncas/Caterpillar Labah-labah/Spider Ubur-ubur/Jellyfish Cacing pita/Tapeworm Ular/Snake Katak/Frog Ikan lumba-lumba/Dolphin Cacing tanah/Earthworm Sokongan pada haiwan/Support in animals Vertebrata/Vertebrates Invertebrata/Invertebrates Rangka dalam Daya apungan Rangka luar Rangka Daya apungan Endoskeletons air Exoskeletons hidrostatik air (Internal skeletons) Buoyancy of water (External skeletons) Hydrostatic Buoyancy of water skeletons Kucing/Cat Ikan paus/Whale Kala jengking Pacat/Leech Sotong/Squid Lembu/Cow Ikan yu/Shark Scorpion Lintah bulan Tapak sulaiman Tikus/Rat Ikan lumba. Objektif Pembelajaran 8. pektoral pelvis kecil rangka dalam lemah daya apungan air rangka luar Pectoral pelvic small endoskeletons weak buoyancy of water exoskeletons . Band 3 Classify the animals given based on their mainly methods of support. Semut/Ant Slug Starfish Rusa/Deer lumba/Dolphin Lipan/Centipede Beluncas Ubur-ubur Helang/Eagle Belalang Caterpillar Jellyfish Ular/Snake Grasshopper Cacing pita Katak/Frog Lipas/Cockroach Tapeworm Labah-labah Cacing tanah Spider Earthworm 2 Terangkan sokongan haiwan vertebrata dan invertebrata akuatik.1 Memahami sistem sokongan dalam haiwan Tarikh: AKTIVITI Sokongan dalam haiwan PPPM 8.

Their body weights buoyancy of water are supported by the . Nevertheless. lengkungan pektoral dan BAB lengkungan pelvis kecil haiwan vertebrata tersebut sangat lemah dan 8 lengkungan . Berat badan haiwan vertebrata akuatik tersebut disokong lengkungan pelvis daya apungan air pektoral pelvic girdle oleh . . pectoral girdle Aquatic vertebrates such as whales and dolphins have Ikan paus/Whale endoskeletons . the pectoral and pelvic girdles of the aquatic vertebrates are very small and weak . Namun.(a) Haiwan vertebrata akuatik seperti ikan paus dan ikan lumba- rangka dalam lumba mempunyai .

exoskeletons Udang/ Prawn Aquatic invertebrates such as a prawn and crabs have .(b) Haiwan invertebrata akuatik seperti udang dan ketam mempunyai rangka luar . . Nevertheless. the Ketam/Crab body weights of these aquatic invertebrates are mainly supported by the buoyancy of water . berat badan haiwan invertebrata akuatik tersebut disokong oleh daya apungan air. Namun.

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Then. Band 4 Classify the plants given based on their support methods. housing area or garden to observe the methods of support in various plants in Activities 1 and 2 below. complete Activities 1 and 2. tempat kediaman atau taman anda untuk memerhatikan cara sokongan pada pelbagai tumbuhan dalam Aktiviti 1 dan 2 di bawah. Kemudian.2 Memahami sistem sokongan dalam tumbuhan Tarikh: AKTIVITI Sokongan dalam tumbuhan PPPM 8. Carry out a field study around your school. Sawi/Mustard Pokok getah/Rubber tree Kiambang/Water lettuce Pokok keembung/Balsam plant Teratai/Lotus Hidrila/Hydrilla Pokok betik/Papaya tree Pokok bunga raya/Hibiscus plant Bayam/Spinach Pokok kelapa/Coconut tree Pokok bakau/Mangrove tree Pokok cili/Chilli plant Sokongan pada tumbuhan/Support in plants Tisu berkayu (Tumbuhan Tekanan segah (Tumbuhan tidak Daya apungan air berkayu) berkayu) Buoyancy of water Woody tissues (Woody plants) Turgor pressure (Non-woody plants) Pokok getah/Rubber tree Sawi/Mustard Kiambang/Water lettuce Pokok bunga raya Pokok keembung/Balsam plant Teratai/Lotus Hibiscus plant Pokok betik/Papaya tree Hidrila/Hydrilla Pokok bakau/Mangrove tree Bayam/Spinach Pokok cili/Chilli plant Pokok kelapa/Coconut tree .2 PERBINCANGAN Support in plants Kontekstual Jalankan kajian lapangan di sekitar kawasan sekolah. lengkapkan Aktiviti 1 dan 2. Objektif Pembelajaran 8. 1 Kelaskan tumbuhan yang diberi berdasarkan cara sokongannya.

Name the special structures which give additional support to the plants below. 2 Namakan struktur khas yang memberi sokongan tambahan kepada tumbuhan di bawah. Batang berlilit/Twining stems Akar jangkang/Stilt roots Akar banir/Buttress roots Sulur paut/Tendrils Akar cengkam/Clasping roots Akar sokong/Prop roots Ruang udara/Air sacs Duri/Thorns BAB Tumbuhan berkayu/Woody plants 8 (a) (b) (c) Rotan/Rattan Pokok meranti Pokok bakau Ros/Rose Meranti tree Mangrove tree Duri/Thorns Akar banir/Buttress roots Akar jangkang/Stilt roots .

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Tumbuhan tidak berkayu (herba)/Non-woody plants (herbaceous) (d) (e) Timun Cucumber Tebu Sugarcane Peria Jagung Bitter-gourd Maize Sulur paut/Tendrils Akar sokong/Prop roots (f) (g) .

Orkid dan pokok duit-duit Seri pagi dan kacang panjang Orchid and money plant Morning glory and long bean Akar cengkam/Clasping roots Batang berlilit/Twining stems .

(h) keratan rentas batang cross-section of the stem .

lengkapkan peta titi tentang sokongan utama haiwan. complete the bridge map on the main support of animals. disokong oleh Burung Kumbang Ikan Beluncas Birds Beetle Fish Caterpillar is supported by as as as Faktor penghubung Rangka Rangka luar Daya Rangka Relating factor dalam Exoskeleton apungan air hidrostatik Endoskeleton Buoyancy of Hydrostatic water skeleton 151 . Based on the given relating factor. Teratai/Lotus Hidrila/Hydrilla BA Akuatik/Aquatic Ruang udara/Air sacs B Tari 8 kh: AKTIVITI PENG UKUHAN KEFAHAMAN Berdasarkan faktor penghubung yang diberi.

squid (c) Beluncas. REVISI EKSPRES 8 1 Nyatakan sokongan utama bagi haiwan yang berikut./ State the main support for the following animals. cat (b) Ikan lumba-lumba. belalang/Cockroach. (a) Burung. cacing tanah/Caterpillar. grasshopper 2 . kucing/Bird. sotong/Dolphin. earthworm (d) Lipas.

The rambutan tree is supported by and the mustard is supported by . Whales have and pelvic and pectoral girdles because they are supported by the . 3 Pokok rambutan disokong oleh dan pokok sawi disokong oleh . cucumber : (b) Bunga ros. timun/Bitter gourd. Label structure X and complete the sentence given on aquatic plants. (b) Ikan paus yang terkandas di pantai akan mati kerana tiada untuk memberi dan menyebabkan berat badannya yang besar ke atas organ- organ badan dan . orchid : 5 Label struktur X dan lengkapkan ayat yang diberi tentang tumbuhan akuatik. BAB (a) Peria. bougainvillea : (c) Teratai. orkid/Pepper. Name the special structures of plants which provide the additional support. maize : (f) Ru. pokok jagung/Sugarcane. lengkungan pelvis lengkungan pektoral pelvic girdle pectoral girdle (a) Ikan paus mempunyai lengkungan pektoral dan pelvis yang dan kerana ikan paus disokong oleh . bunga kertas/Rose. long beans : (e) Tebu. . 4 Namakan struktur khas pada tumbuhan yang memberi sokongan tambahan. kacang panjang/Morning glory. X: Struktur X membolehkan tumbuhan akuatik dalam air. Whales that have been washed ashore will eventually die because there is no to their body thus causing the huge weight of their body to on their organs and them. hidrilla/Lotus. meranti : (g) Bakau/Mangrove : (h) Lada hitam. hydrilla : 8 (d) Seri pagi. pokok meranti/Casuarina. Structure X enables aquatic plants to in water.

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Instructions: Answer all questions. (i) Permukaan luar badan diselaputi oleh satu lapisan lilin yang kalis air. 1 (a) Devi mengkaji haiwan kolam. The external surface of the body is coated with a layer of wax which is impermeable to water. Tulis rangka dalam. BAB . Devi studies some pond animals. The body fluid exerts a pressure on the body wall. hydrostatic skeleton and exoskeleton for the support system of the animals in the diagram below. (ii) Bendalir badan mengenakan tekanan pada dinding badan. rangka hidrostatik dan rangka luar bagi sistem sokongan haiwan dalam rajah di bawah. [2 markah/2 marks] (c) Haiwan X dan Y merupakan invertebrata. Write endoskeleton. Y: X: pepatung itik dragonfly duck pacat Z: leech [3 markah/3 marks] (b) Tuliskan Benar atau Palsu bagi pernyataan berikut tentang rangka hidrostatik. Animals X and Y are invertebrates. Write True or False for the following statements on the hydrostatic skeleton. PT3 PRAKTIS PENGUKUHAN 8 Arahan: Jawab semua soalan.

Haiwan X Haiwan Y Animal X Animal Y Pada pendapat anda. what is the difference between animals X and Y? K4 Menganalisis . apakah perbezaan antara haiwan X dengan haiwan Y? In your opinion.

[1 markah/1 mark] ..