Transformer Tank & Oil

Preservation

Tank Design •Mechanical Integrity For Shipping And Operation •Ability to withstand a full vacuum. •Operational Considerations Include: – Mitigation Of Leaks – Withstand For Seismic Events If Required – Minimization Of Damage If An Internal Fault Occurs •Oil Preservation System – Gas Blanket – Free Breathing Conservator – Conservator With Bladder .

Sealed Tank (Breather) .

Tank – Inert Gas Pressure System .

Tank – Sealed Conservator .

Purpose of a Transformer Bladder The bladder in a transformer conservator tank. therefore. . Water and oxygen cause oil to degrade. also called a COPS tank (constant oil preservation system) is designed for one purpose. The bladder is made of a rubber coated fabric material. The bladder will expand and contract with the change in oil level in the conservator tank. Figure 1 shows a conservator tank with bladder. The inside of the bladder is filled with atmospheric air and floats on the oil inside the conservator tank. and that is to keep the atmosphere away from the oil in the transformer. if these elements are kept away from the oil it will last for years and the transformer will stay dryer.

the manufacturer’s instruction book should always be read and followed. . On some newer transformers the conservator is rated to withstand a vacuum. Most conservator tanks are not designed to withstand the pressure of a vacuum. In all cases the bladder must not be subjected to a vacuum on one side and atmospheric pressure on the other side.Cautions associated With Transformer Conservator Tanks When installing a conservator with a bladder on a transformer. In these cases the manufacturer may instruct that the conservator tank be vacuum filled. A vacuum can damage both the conservator tank and the bladder.

Conservator Tank Free Breathing Oil Level Gauge Float Tank Vent Air Outlet Oil Level at 25°c Oil Level Gauge Tank Vent Air Inlet Goose Neck To Main Tank .

Bladder Pumped Up To Bleed Tank To Bladder Breather Device Tank Vent Conservator Tank Bladder Inflated to 1 PSI Oil Surrounding Bladder & Filling Tank Oil Level Gauge Float Oil Level Gauge Goose Neck To Main Tank Note That Inflated Bladder Has Oil Level Gauge Pushed Down Indicating False Low Level .

Bladder Operating Normally To Bladder Breather Device Tank Vent Conservator Tank Bladder Is Breathing Normally Normal Oil Level Oil Level Gauge Float Oil Level Gauge Goose Neck To Main Tank Note Oil Level Gauge Is Reading Correct Level .

Bladder Is Bad & Has Oil On The Inside To Bladder Breather Device Tank Vent Conservator Tank Bladder Is Bad & Is Not Floating On The Oil Oil Level Is Still Normal Oil Level Gauge Float Oil Level Gauge Goose Neck To Main Tank Note That Bad Bladder Has Oil Level Gauge Pushed Down Indicating False Low Level .