Well Stimulation

Well, rw Damaged Zone, (rs, ks)
Reservoir, (re, k)

26 August 2008

ctanuwijaya@gmail.com ™

Syllabus
 Stimulation technique introduction
 Well acidizing
 Acid-rock reaction
 Sandstone rock acidizing
 Carbonate rock acidizing
 Acid Fracturing
 Acid Additives
 Well candidate selection
 Acidizing project design
26 August 2008

Syllabus  Hydraulic fracturing  Rock Mechanic  Hydraulic fracturing fluid  Propant  Fractured geometry model  Fracturing pressure analysis  Fracturing evaluation 26 August 2008 .

Englewood Cliffs.: Production Operations. 1996.J.. 2.: An Introduction to the Basics of Well Completions. Prentice-Hall Inc. Tulsa. and Ehlig-Economides. NJ.Bibliography  Economides. 2nd Ed.O. M. T. Prentice-Hall Inc. Stimulations. Vol. OGCI Publications. A. Catatan Pribadi..  Tjondrodiputro. and Workovers. K. and Roberst. 26 August 2008 .. Class Notes.  Economides. of Tulsa.J.. G. Englewood Cliffs. E..: Pengasaman dan Perekahan Hidraulik. and Nolte. OK. M. A. Tulsa. 1996.D.  Allen.G. U. 1989. 1994.A: Petroleum Production Systems.P. 1982.: Reservoir Stimulation. C. OK.  King. B. 2nd Ed. Hill. NJ..

IPR IPR (Inflow Performance Relationship) characterized the oil. and water flow from the reservoir to the well Function of relation between flow rate and bottom-hole pressure called as IPR. QL) 26 August 2008 . (Pwf vs. gas.

ft S > 0 → damage q = liquid flow rate. mD PI re = drainage radius. IPR (Darcy Law for cylinder flow-steady state)   0. ft rw = well radius. cp h = thickness. ft µ = viscosity of fluid. RB/bbl S=0 S = skin 26 August 2008 . psia k = permeability. bbl/d S < 0 → stimulated Bo = formation volume factor.00708 k h PR  Pwf       qo    r  o Bo ln re  S    w     P = pressure.

IPR PR Pwf qo AOF S>0 S<0 26 August 2008 .

Skin Hawkins Formula   r   k S  1 ln r s             ks    w             where : S = skin factor (dimensionless) ks = skin permeability rs = skin radius rw = well radius 26 August 2008 .

DST 26 August 2008 .

DST 26 August 2008 .

DST 26 August 2008 .

DST 26 August 2008 .

DST 26 August 2008 .

DST 26 August 2008 .

Information Obtained from DST  Static reservoir pressure (if the shut-in time is sufficiently long)  Flow rate  Fluid sample 26 August 2008 .

Information Mathematically Derived  Effective permeability of the formation to the flowing fluid  Transmissibility  Skin factor  Radius of investigation  Wellbore storage effects 26 August 2008 .

Production Test Pwf q konstan t 26 August 2008 .

t Pws BHP 26 August 2008 0 Time. q Shut . t .Pressure Drawdown Test Producing Rate.in 0 0 Time.

Pressure Drawdown Test 26 August 2008 .

Pressure Build Up Test 26 August 2008 .