Surface Water Hydrology

In Runoff mode (Rnf), the program simulates the rainfall, infiltration, evaporation, and other hydrologic processes
for each subcatchment and calculates the runoff to a collection node. A variety of hydrologic methods is available
to generate runoff hydrographs.

In this tutorial, users will learn how to utilize XP’s tools to layout a collection system network and develop input
data from GIS files. Standard design storms will be imported from a template file. Runoff will be simulated using
Time-Area method, Laurenson method, and EPA SWMM hydrology. Finally, model results will be reviewed
graphically and in tabular format.

Users are advised to review The XP User Interface tutorial for an overview of the windows, menus, tools, and basic
concepts of building and navigating a stormwater collection network with XP’s graphical interface.

Part 1 – Laying out a network using GIS layers
A collection network can be developed in the graphical interface using a variety of methods. In Part 1, users will
learn how to utilize XP tools to layout a collection system network over GIS background images and to develop
input data from information in GIS files.

Level: Beginner
Objectives: Introduce the steps required to:
x Layout a runoff collection network using a background image for node locations
x Define subcatchment drainage areas using a DTM layer
x Use XP tools to calculate subcatchment areas
x Connect subcatchments to runoff nodes

Time: 1 hour
Model Capability Number of Links/Nodes: 9/10 Add-on Modules: none 2D Size : none
Requirement Evaluation Version Compatible: Yes
Data files: (used to create TIN)
Yarra_Area.dwg (background image)

1. Launch the program. At the opening dialog, select New. In the Windows Explorer, navigate to the desired
folder and name the file Yarra21. A file with the default extension (.xp) will be created.
In the Units dialog, select Metric and click on OK.
2. Add the CAD layer. On the Layers Control Panel, check the visible box for CAD Files. Highlight the CAD
Files layer and right click. From the popup menu, select Load CAD File.

In the dialog select the file Yarra_Area.dwg. Click on Open to display the image on the network view. This
file is georeferenced so that its X and Y coordinates are coincident with the proposed drainage network.

xp solutions Tutorial 2 - Surface Water Hydrology

Tutorial 2 - Surface Water Hydrology

3. Browse the project site. Hold the mouse wheel or right button down and the moving hand (Pan Tool)
appears next to the cursor. Drag the screen around. Roll the wheel forward to zoom in and backwards to
zoom out.

4. Adjust layer display. Right click on the name of the .dwg file. Choose Properties from the popup menu.
Toggle the check boxes for the Edge of Pavement, Lot Boundaries and Road Names layers and click on
OK to view the drawing. Then turn them back on again and proceed to the next step.

5. Build the DTM. On the Layers Control Panel, check the visible box next to Topography. Highlight the
DTM layer and right-click. From the popup menu select DTM Builder. In the DTM Creator dialog, select
Read XYZS File.

Navigate to the file Click on Open. The X, Y, and Z coordinates of the survey points are
displayed. The S column is used for break lines. Use this dialog to edit the coordinates.

Click on Create DTM. A dialog will open asking for the name of the TIN file and the location to save it. Type
in the name contours and save this in the default location. A Contours.xptin file will be created. Click on

Page 2-2

Tutorial 2 - Surface Water Hydrology

Adjust the display of the DTM layer. On the Layers Control Panel, right click on the line corresponding to
the TIN that was just created. Select Properties from the popup menu and click on the Display Properties
tab. Adjust the Display Properties to show major contours at 2m and minor contours at 0.5 m intervals as
indicated in the figure below. Uncheck the Fill Color on Height Range box.

Click on Color… to open the DTM Gradient Colors dialog and set the transparency to opaque. Click on OK
Turn on the Legends for the added surface to see the elevations associated with each colour.

Page 2-3

Surface Water Hydrology 6. select Set Scale…. Hold the right mouse down so that a hand (Pan Tool) appears next to the cursor. Enter 4500 and click on OK. Locate the proposed gravity collection system from node 3/2 to node 5/4. Review the project area.Tutorial 2 . On the View menu. Page 2-4 . Zoom in on the upper right hand corner of the drawing. Release the right button and use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. Drag the drawing towards the upper right corner (at the intersection of Malden and Black) so that the network view appears as in the image below. You can save this view through View ÆSave View.

In the program catchments are represented by polygons. A polygon symbol will appear next to the cursor. Tutorial 2 . check the visible box for the Catchments layer. Right-click on the Catchments line and select Properties from the popup menu. Set the properties to those indicated in the dialog below using some shades of green. Page 2-5 .Surface Water Hydrology 7. Highlight the Catchments line in the Layers Control Panel and click on the Polygon tool. Draw the catchment for node 5/4. The next step is to draw the catchment polygons using the DTM. 8. On the Layers Control Panel. A catchment is defined as the area draining to a specified location.

The vertices and the centroid will be highlighted. To lock or unlock the catchments go to theLayers Control Panel ÆCatchments. right-click. 5/3.(Make sure that in theLayers Control Panel. 5/4. Move to the location for the next vertex and click. and 3/2. Note that after a polygon has been drawn. Move the mouse over a vertex. 4/1. When a vertex is selected. Select the polygon. 6/1. left click to highlight the layer. 9. If the Catchments are locked you cannot edit the vertices. Left click. On the Layers Control Panel. A cirlce will appear next to the cursor . The catchment should appear about as shown in the diagram to the right. Continue drawing the polygon and double click to close. the Catchments are not locked. Now right click the mouse button and click on lock or unlock). it may be edited. Tick on the catchments to make the layer visible. Click and drag the vertex to a new location. Click once on the locations of nodes 3/2. 5/2. Page 2-6 . Add nodes to the model. Release the mouse.Tutorial 2 . 5/2. A popup menu will access other editing options. They should appear about as in the diagram below. 10. Draw the catchment polygons for nodes5/3. Use the snap on/off button to allow you to attach to the previous drawn vertices. uncheck the visible box for the DTM and Catchments layers.Surface Water Hydrology Begin at Node 5/4. Set the Mode to Runoff by clicking on the Rnf tool. 4/1. Click on the Node icon on the drawing toolstrip.

Edit node display properties. On the drawing tool strip. Do not worry if your labels are different. A circle will appear on the network with the labels Node 1 through Node 6.Surface Water Hydrology and 6/1 on the background image. A vertical pipe will appear next to the cursor . The layout of nodes should look like the diagram below. Release the left button. select Properties…to open the Node Display Properties dialog. Click on OK. Add links. End the drawing by double clicking. Toggle the visible box of the Background Images layer to review the locations of the nodes. Page 2-7 . Nodes may be moved by clicking on one and holding the cursor over its location. Click once and continue to the next downstream node. Hold the left button down and drag the node to its new location. Click on the upstream node and extend the link to the downstream node. Tutorial 2 . In the network view the nodes should be highlighted. Click on the Link tool on drawing toolstrip. Modify the Display Size of the Text Height and the Node Size by entering the data in the dialog as shown below. On the Edit menu. select the Select All Nodes tool . click on the link tool again and repeat the process. Add additional nodes at the ends and junctions of the green line on the background image. To draw another link. The cursor will appear as a 4-arrowed cross. Be sure to check the Modify buttons in the Text Height and Node Size sections. 11.

5/3. 4/1.Surface Water Hydrology 12. Repeat for nodes 5/3. Click on the Select All Nodes tool and then on the Select All Links tool. 6/1. The network should appear as shown below: 14. Then click on the minus tool . replace “Node1” with “5/4”. This will make only the catchment nodes active in the Runoff Mode. Select Properties from the popup menu to open the Node Properties dialog. Select Node1 and right click. and 3/2. 6/1. 4/1. 13. Rename the catchment nodes. and 3/2. Define Catchment Connections display properties. Right click and select Properties. Next hold the <Ctrl> key down and click on nodes 5/4. In the Node Name field. This will make all objects in the network inactive. check the visible box for Catchment Connections. 5/2. Then click on the plus tool .Tutorial 2 . On the Layers Control Panel. 5/2. Set the display settings to those shown in the figure below: Page 2-8 . Make the catchment nodes active.

5/2. The new areas may be edited to override the calculation. Designate the area as Subcatchment 1 for the Node 5/4.xp. 17. 6/1. Link the respective Subcatchments1 for Nodes 5/3. Hold the left button down and draw the dashed line to the Node 5/4.Surface Water Hydrology 15. The curser will appear as cross. This function will report that the calcuation was successfully completed. Review the data for node 5/4 by double clicking on it. Link the catchments to the nodes. The cursor will appear as shown below. Click on OK to accept the new values. select Calculate Node and then Catchment Areas. This data is added to the model database. Page 2-9 . Release the left button and a pop up menu will appear. 16.0 because they have not been defined) and new (calcualted from the subcatchment polygons) areas. 4/2. Calculate catchment areas. and 3/2. Save your file as Yarra21. Move the cursor over the centroid. The program will display a dialog showing the old (0. Select a catchment. Tutorial 2 . On the Tools menu.

select Properties and click on Job Statistics. In the current column what are the number of: _____ links _____ nodes _____ pictures 3. Open the File menu.Tutorial 2 . Program allows up to _____ subcatchments per runoff collection node. Page 2-10 .Surface Water Hydrology Questions 1. what are the: Number of suvery points _____ Minimum elevation _____ m Maximum elevation _____ m 2. In regards to the DTM used in this exercise.

Click on Duplicate. In Australia. Enter the data in the dialog as shown below. Level: Beginner Objectives: Introduce the steps required to: x Import global storms from XPX files x Assign design storms to subcatchments Time: 0. On the Configuration menu.xpx in the Templates folder. Tutorial 2 . select Import/Export Data and then Import XPX\EPA Data…. Note that Australia has been divided into 8 zones based on the temporal patterns of the storms (Refer to the ARR Volume 2 for details).xpx 1. select Global Data….xptin (DTM developed in Part 1) Australian Temporal Pattern. Creating the 5 year-24 hour design rainfall for ARR Zone 3.xp. Open the file Yarra21. the design rainfalls are derived from ARR 1987 Volume2 (Australian Rainfall and Runoff manual).Surface Water Hydrology Part 2 – Adding Design Storms and Laurenson Hydrology In the program design storms and rainfall hyetographs can be imported by a variety of methods. In the right panel select Zone 3 1440min <30yr. This part demonstrates how an ARR design rainfall data is imported using XPX formated files and developed into a design storm. The ARR temporal patterns have been added to the Global Database . Locate the file Australian Temporal Pattern. On the File menu.5 hours Data files: Yarra21.dwg contours. Page 2-11 . 2. Click on Import. In the left panel select (R) Rainfall.xp (model developed in Part 1) Yarra_Area.

In the next dialog. Click on Edit to open the (R) Rainfall dialog. Select this rainfall.Tutorial 2 .Surface Water Hydrology A new storm “Zone3 1440min <30. enter 171. Page 2-12 . Absolute depth is equal to the average intensity multiplied by the rainfall duration.1” is created.6 as the Multiplier. Click on Graph to see the rainfall data. Note that this is the absolute depth in mm for the design rainfall. change the name to 5yr-24Hr Zone 3. In the editing box below the Record Name column. Click on Close then OK three times to return to the network view. Click on Rename. Select Constant Time Intervals.

Select the 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 storm from the Global Database. Enter 50 % of the area from catchment 1 to catchment 2 (Refer to the following dialogue box). However. Click on the Infiltration button in the Sub-Catchment hydrology dialog box. Now we will set up loss models for pervious as well as for impervious areas. Click on the 1 button to activate the subcatchment and advance to the next dialog. type 0. Page 2-13 .050 for the pervious roughness then click on Edit and select the Uniform Loss method. You don’t need to change the default values for this example. pervious and impervious. Click on the Rainfall button. Type in “Pervious” and click on Add. Tutorial 2 .Surface Water Hydrology 3. Click on OK to come back to the Sub-Catchment hydrology dialog. We will assume 50% pervious and 50% impervious. the program requires that this field has a nonzero value – enter 1. Click on the Laurenson button. In the Laurenson’s Method dialog. The area has been previously calculated. Make sure that the mode is set to Rnf(Runoff Mode). you will see the Storage Coefficient B and Exponent n. Double-click on Node 5/4 to open the runoff dialog. In this model. Enter the Laurenson Hydrology data. we will add two subcatchments for all nodes. 4. The Width is not used in Laurenson Hydrology. Now you will see the infiltration global database dialog (Alternatively you may access this dialogue box through Configuration Menu/Global data). Setting up the loss model.

Click on OK to exit the Runoff Node dialog. Page 2-14 .Surface Water Hydrology Enter the Initial Loss value as 15 mm and Absolute loss value as 5 mm/hr. Now you will see that this loss model from the global database is applied to the subcatchment1. Now click on OK button twice to exit to the infiltration global database dialog. Click on the OK button twice and select the “Pervious” and click on Select. This time you need to select the loss model named “Impervious”. you can enter a proportional continuous loss as a fraction of rainfall as well.Tutorial 2 . Alternatively. Add a new loss model for the impervious area named “Impervious” and enter the initial and continuing losses as 3 mm and 1 mm/hr respectively and use the same pervious area roughness of 0. Tick on subcatchment 2 and repeat the above mentioned steps.050.

47 100 0.05 Laurenson 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Pervious 5/2 2 0.625 100 0.02 Laurenson 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Impervious 5/3 1 0.01 Laurenson 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Impervious 5/2 1 0.05 Laurenson 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Impervious 4/1 1 3. what is the: Total rainfall _____ mm.03 Laurenson 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Pervious 3/2 2 3.3 0 0.37 100 0. Save your file as Yarra22. Does the program require the rainfall to be the same over the entire network? Page 2-15 ./hr Time duration of rainfall _____ min 2.05 Laurenson 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Pervious 6/1 2 0. Tutorial 2 .37 0 0.625 0 0. In regards to the 5yr-24 Hr Zone 3 storm used in this exercise.02 Laurenson 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Impervious 3/2 1 3.Surface Water Hydrology In a similar manner enter the following data for the remaining runoff nodes.47 0 0. Questions 1.286 100 0.286 0 0.01 Laurenson 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Pervious 5/3 2 0.02 Laurenson 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Pervious 4/1 2 3.xp.05 Laurenson 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Impervious 6/1 1 0. Average intensity _____ mm. Subcatchment Area Impervious Slope Hydrology Node Number (Ha) % (m/m) Method Rainfall Infiltration 5/4 1 1.28 0 0.28 100 0.03 Laurenson 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Impervious 5.3 100 0.02 Laurenson 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Pervious 5/4 2 1.

click on Time Control. On the Configuration menu. On the Runoff Job Control dialog.Tutorial 2 . This part reviews some of the Job Control settings in Runoff mode. Page 2-16 . Click OK. Click on Evaporation.Surface Water Hydrology Part 3 – Job Control Settings & Running the Model In the program. select Job ControlÆRunoff. Check the box next to Use Simulation Start Time for Rainfall Event.5 hours Data files: Yarra22. Job Control Settings. Enter Jan 1. Enter “Yarra Storm Study” in the Job Title field. settings for the calculation are managed in the Job Control dialog.xp (model developed in Part 2) Yarra_Area. 2008 00:00:00 for the start time and Jan 2. Click OK.xptin (DTM developed in Part 1) 1. Select the default value of 3mm/day.dwg contours. 2008 00:00:00 for the end time. Level: Beginner Objectives: Introduce the steps required to: x Manage runoff job control settings x Run the analysis Time: 0.

Save your file as Yarra23. click on Print Control. select Solve…. Click OK twice to return to the network view. Run the analysis. Select the Print summary at end of simulation and Statistical summary only radio buttons. On the Analyze menu. Page 2-17 .xp. When the simulation is completed the application returns to the network view. The product will display a dialog indicating the status of the calculation. Tutorial 2 .Surface Water Hydrology On the Runoff Job Control dialog. 2.

Save your file as Yarra23.xp. Which node had the highest ____ and lowest ____ peak runoff? 2.Surface Water Hydrology 3. Is it necessary to run the analysis more than 24 hours? Page 2-18 . Questions 1. This command will display graphs of rainfall and runoff for each of the selected nodes. Options for viewing these graphs are presented later in this tutorial. Click on the Review Results tool . Select the 6 nodes with subcatchments by holding the Ctrl key and clicking on each node. Reviewing results. 4.Tutorial 2 .

Click on the Infiltration button to open the Infiltration Global Database list. Double click on the 1 button to open the Sub-Catchment dialog. In the network view. click on Edit. double click on Node 5/4 to open the Runoff Node dialog. select the RUNOFF radio button.xptin (DTM developed in Part 1) 1. Enter 100 m for the Width and 0.05) as shown. Tutorial 2 . and Zero Detention = 25%) and the Pervious Area (Depression storage = 12 mm and Manning’s n = 0. Hence.xp (same as file developed in Part 3) Yarra_Area. Page 2-19 . we don’t need to divide the catchment into two areas based on the percent imperviousness. Level: Beginner Objectives: Introduce the steps required to: x Define the Runoff method parameters in a subcatchment x Use graphical interface tools to develop subcatchment data x Use the global database to manage infiltration data x Use graphical tools to obtain data from catchment parameters Time: 0.dwg contours. With the Horton record highlighted. In the Routing Method section. Type Horton in the blank and then click on Add. Using Runoff Hydrology.02 m/m for the Slope in the Sub-catchments1. Enter data for the Impervious Area(Depression storage = 4 mm. In non-linear reservoir method.015. Surface roughness and depression storage for pervious and impervious area parameters further describe the catchment. we will combine the subcatchment areas and enter as a single catchment.5 hours Data files: Yarra23. Overland flow hydrographs are generated by a routing procedure using the Manning’s equation and a lumped continuity equation. Manning’s n = 0. The method can include infiltration modeled with the Horton or Green- Ampt equations or using a uniform loss rate.Surface Water Hydrology Part 4 – Non-Linear Reservoir Method Another popular catchment runoff routing procedure is the non-linear reservoir method. The subcatchment width parameter is related to the collection length of overland flow and is easily calculated based on the watershed area.

Page 2-20 . highlight Horton and click on Select.Surface Water Hydrology Click on the Horton radio button. Min (Asymptotic) Infiltration= 10mm/hr and Decay Rate of Infiltration = 0. returning to the Sub- Catchment dialog with Horton listed on the Infiltration button. In the (R) Horton Equation dialog. In the Global Database list for Infiltration. enter Maximum Infiltration Rate (Fo)= 50 mm/hr.Tutorial 2 .001/sec. Click on OK twice.

6 50 75 0. To measure an area. 3. Click on the Properties tool to open the Review Results Properties dialog. Tutorial 2 .56 50 45 0. Make sure to set the routing method to RUNOFF and select Horton as the infiltration method for each: Catchment Impervious Slope Infiltration Node Number Area (Ha) % Width (m) (m/m) Hydrology Method Rainfall (Horton) 5/4 1 2. Check Infiltration in the Hydrology Rates section. Using graphical interface tools to measure horizontal and vertical distances.01 RUNOFF 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Horton 5/2 1 0.xp. The current distance/slope is the length of the last line segment.74 50 50 0. draw a closed polygon. Save your file as Yarr24. To measure a distance and slope.25 50 115 0. select 1from the drop list for Graph per Page. Click on OK. Page 2-21 . slopes and areas.05 RUNOFF 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Horton 4/1 1 6.572 50 65 0.02 RUNOFF 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Horton 5/3 1 1. select the Ruler tool .02 RUNOFF 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Horton 3/2 1 6. Double click to end the measurement. 4. Left click to begin a measurement. Total Distance/slope indicates the total length and associated slope of a drawn polyline.Surface Water Hydrology Change the Routing Method to RUNOFF and Edit the data for the remaining nodes according to the following schedule. Run the analysis. Follow the procedure described in Step 3 in Part 3 to review graphical results for the runoff nodes.05 RUNOFF 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Horton 6/1 1 0. In the Show section.03 RUNOFF 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Horton 2. Review results. Click once to locate a vertex.94 50 100 0.

Tutorial 2 . what is the Maximum infitration rate _____ mm/hr Maximum rainfall intensity _____ mm/hr 2. In regards to the results for Node 4/1. Questions 1. right click to reveal a popup menu for graph customization and export options.Surface Water Hydrology With the cursor anywhere on the graph grid. Why does infiltration peak before the maximum rainfall? Page 2-22 .

These are combined to estimate the total flow inputs to individual sub- catchment entries to the underground urban drain network. Double click on the Sub-Catchment 1 flag and you will see the Sub-Catchments hydrology dialog. Page 2-23 .xp 2.xp and save as Yarra25. Select the Time Area method and enter the Time of Concentration = 120 min.5 hours Data files: Yarra23.xptin (DTM developed in Part 1) 1.Surface Water Hydrology Part 5 – Time Area Method This section describes the procedure to set up a Time-Area hydrology model. Double click and open the Runoff Node: 5/4. Time-area methods utilize a convolution of the rainfall excess hyetograph with a time-area diagram representing the progressive area contributions within a catchment in set time increments. Level: Beginner Objectives: Introduce the steps required to: x Define the Time-Area hydrology method for subcatchments Time: 0.dwg contours. Tick on the Unit Hydrograph radio button and you will see the Unit hydrographs hydrology dialog. Setting up Time-Area hydrology data. Repeat the procedure for subcatchment 2 as well and enter Time of Concentration as 120 min. Separate hydrographs are generated for the impervious and pervious surfaces within the catchment. Open the file Yarra23. Tutorial 2 .xp (same as file developed in Part 3) Yarra_Area.

01 90 Time-Area Unit Hydrograph 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Impervious 5/2 1 0. Complete the time area hydrology data for all the catchments as shown below. Questions 1.37 0 0.xp.28 100 0. Select all the active nodes in the Rnf mode and view results.Tutorial 2 .05 100 Time-Area Unit Hydrograph 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Pervious 5/2 2 0.Surface Water Hydrology 3.47 0 0. Do you need to enter the catchment width for setting up a time area hydrology method? 2.05 100 Time-Area Unit Hydrograph 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Impervious 6/1 1 0.3 100 0.02 120 Time-Area Unit Hydrograph 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Impervious 5/3 1 0.47 100 0.28 0 0.05 120 Time-Area Unit Hydrograph 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Impervious 4/1 1 3.02 120 Time-Area Unit Hydrograph 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Impervious 3/2 1 3.03 100 Time-Area Unit Hydrograph 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Impervious 4.625 100 0. Note that we donot need to set up rainfall and loss model this time as we did this already for Yarra23. at what time do you think the whole catchment area will start contribute to runoff? Page 2-24 . For the node 5/4.01 90 Time-Area Unit Hydrograph 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Pervious 5/3 2 0.286 0 0.3 0 0.286 100 0.625 0 0. Time of Catchment Area Impervious Slope Concentration Node Number (Ha) % (m/m) (min) Hydrology Method Rainfall Infiltration 5/4 1 1.02 120 Time-Area Unit Hydrograph 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Pervious 4/1 2 3.02 120 Time-Area Unit Hydrograph 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Pervious 5/4 2 1.03 100 Time-Area Unit Hydrograph 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Pervious 3/2 2 3. Save the model and run the analysis.05 120 Time-Area Unit Hydrograph 5yr-24Hr Zone 3 Pervious 6/1 2 0.37 100 0.

Data with blue shading cannot be edited.xp (same as file developed in Part 4) 1.Surface Water Hydrology Part 6 – The Output File In the program a variety of tools are available for examining model results. Level: Beginner Objectives: Introduce the steps required to: x Add XP Tables to an existing database x Review results in the output file.xp 2. Use the arrows at the lower corner of the screen to navigate to the Rain + Infiltration table. select Import/Export DataÆ Import XPX\EPA Data…. Click on OK when the Import Warning is displayed. Then click on Import. Tutorial 2 . Time: 0. Note that the rainfall reference can be edited as a drop list of all storms in the Global Database. Open the file Yarra24. Page 2-25 . Data with a white background is input data. Click on the Select button and navigate to the Basic-Tables.5 hours Data files: Yarra24.xp .XPX file in the templates folder. 3. On the File menu.go to File menu and Save As Yarra26. Click on Open. Click the XP Tables icon .

and obtaining detailed model results. If errors or warnings are produced.Tutorial 2 . Close the XP Tables window.0 | | Data File Version: 12. In the Name column. Users are encouraged to use the latest version of the product.log is generated with each solve.EXE Input File : PSWMM Getting Started\Tutorial2_SWHydrology_FB_1493\SG\Yarra26. input data and results. 2011 | | Interface Version: 2012 | | Engine Version : 12. select Solve. select Browse File… and open Yarra26. If no errors or warnings are produced. On the Results menu. calibrating. Reviewing the Output File.XP *===============================================* *===============================================* | xpswmm | | Storm and Wastewater Management Model | | Developed by XP Software Inc. A file called error. Data with blue shading are results which cannot be edited. the file will be displayed with your default text file editor. The beginning section presents information about the software version and the input data file. nodes that are inactive are displayed with a white text.. It contains information regarding the settings. Selected sections are described here. Solve the model. The engine dialog will appear and the model will be solved. This file is generated every time the model is solved. 5. This information is useful for debugging. Current Directory: C:\XPS\XPSWMM~1 Engine Name: C:\XPS\XPSWMM~1\SWMMEN~1. Page 2-26 . | |===============================================| | | | Last Update : Oct.4 | | Serial Number : | | | *===============================================* The tables produced by a runoff analysis are listed here. the error log does not appear. On the Analyze menu. Data with a white background is input data.out in the Windows Explorer dialog with your default text editor. 6.Surface Water Hydrology 4. Use the arrows at the lower corner of the screen to navigate to the Subcatchment Results table.

Infiltration data | | Table R3 ...606 Total Precipitation + Initial Storage.000 Surface Runoff from Watersheds 1.Continuity Check for Subsurface Water | | Table R8 . * *Evaporation .0035 Page 2-27 ..202399E+04 171.202511E+04 171.927 -------- Infiltration + Evaporation + Surface Runoff + Snow removal + Water remaining in Surface Storage + Water remaining in Snow Cover.Summary Statistics for Subcatchments | | Table R10 .600 The error in continuity is calculated as *************************************** * Precipitation + Initial Snow Cover * * .. 3. courier font.Continuity Check for Surface Water | | Table R6 . 3.. | | These are the more important tables in the output file... CONTINUITY CHECK FOR SURFACE WATER * * Any continuity error can be fixed by lowering the * * wet and transition time step.333122E+02 1. -0. a size of 8 pt.. The transition time * * should not be much greater than the wet time step..600 Total Infiltration 1. and margins of 0.Infiltration/Inflow Continuity Check | | Table R9 .Continuity Check for Channels/Pipes | | Table R7 ..742221E+04 93.370972E+04 73.370972E+04 146.. 1.202399E+04 171.. Tutorial 2 . * ************************************************************ Millimeters over cubic meters Total Basin Total Precipitation (Rain plus Snow) 3. | | You can use your editor to find the table numbers. * *Water remaining in Snow Cover * *-------------------------------------* * Precipitation + Initial Snow Cover * *************************************** Percent Continuity Error.786 Infiltration over the Pervious Area.Snow removal ..463 Total Evaporation 5... * *Surface Runoff from Watersheds ..75 | | | | Table R1 .Infiltration ...Surface Water Hydrology *==========================================================* | RUNOFF TABLES IN THE OUTPUT FILE.... * *Water in Surface Storage ..Physical Hydrology Data | | Table R2 . | | for example: search for Table R3 to check continuity.Groundwater Data | | Table R5 .. | | This output file can be imported into a Word Processor | | and printed on US letter or A4 paper using portrait | | mode.Sensitivity anlysis for Subcatchments | *==========================================================* Table R5 contains the continuity check and basin wide results for various runoff parameters. ************************************************************ * Table R5.357 Total Water remaining in Surface Storage 3.Raingage and Infiltration Database Names | | Table R4 .598696E+02 3..

DAT ===> Your output file was named : C:\Tutorials\XPSWMM Getting Started\Tutorial2_SWHydrology_FB_1493\SG\Yarra26.out) to answer the following questions. 0. 2014 Time... what are the volumes of 3 Rainfall _____ m 3 Runoff _____ m 3 Evaporation _____ m 3 Surface storage _____ m 3. ===> XP-SWMM Simulation ended normally. ===>Runoff simulation ended normally.... 1..02717 minutes or 1.. ===> Your input file was named : C:\Tutorials\XPSWMM Getting Started\Tutorial2_SWHydrology_FB_1493\SG\Yarra26.Tutorial 2 . 11:17: 8:36 | | Ending Date. 11:17: 9:99 | | Elapsed Time.out *==============================================================* | SWMM Simulation Date and Time Summary | *==============================================================* | Starting Date. March 18. Which subcatchment had the highest peak runoff rate? Subcatchment _____ 3 Peak runoff rate _____ m /s Page 2-28 . In the network. 2014 Time. March 18... what are the areas: Total catchment _____ Ha Impervious area _____ Ha Pervious area _____ Ha 2..Surface Water Hydrology The output file ends with notes indicating that the calculation ended successfully. For the storm event.63000 seconds | *==============================================================* Questions Review the output file (Yarr26.

Click on OK.5 hours Data files: MASTER2014_Metric.shp (GIS files for catchment polygons) 1. links. links and catchments from shape files. Select MASTER2014_Metric. Click on Open. navigate to the templates folder supplied with the product installation.shp (GIS files for nodes) yarra_network_arc.XPT (template file) yarra_network_pt.xp as the file name.Surface Water Hydrology Part 7 – Network Building Tools and Shortcuts In the XP interface. In the Select Template File dialog. Tutorial 2 . This tutorial demonstrates the direct import of nodes. A message may appear indicating that the template was created with an earlier version of the product. Level: Beginner Objectives: Introduce the steps required to: x Create a model from a template x Use default settings for network objects x Import nodes. Set the mode to Runoff (Rnf) . Click on Save. numerous tools are available to streamline the model building process. Time: 0. On the File menu. Creating a new model from a template.xpt. select New Æ Create From Template. Page 2-29 . Enter Yarra-new.shp (GIS files for links) yarra_catchments. and catchment polygons from shape files.

select Properties…. Setting object defaults for non-linear reservoir hydrology parameters.Tutorial 2 . Expand the Node Defaults line and select Node Data. In the Variable Selection dialog. Click on the ellipses (…) in a blank row in the table or click on the (+) button on the top right of the dialog to add a new row to the table. On the File menu. Continue to fill in the fields with values indicated below: Page 2-30 . Select all rows. except for the ‘Node Type’ in the table and click on (X) to delete. navigate to and select Sub-Catchment Flag and click on OK.Surface Water Hydrology 2.

The application reports the results of the import. In the network view. Open the node data dialog and note that the runoff parameters are the default values. Select COMNAME field from the drop list. check the visible box for the Nodes layer. Click on the Set Node Names From Attribute Data radio button. Make sure that it is not locked. Click OK.Surface Water Hydrology Click on OK to close the File Properties and Options dialog. Select the Nodes layer and right click. Click Import. Choose Import from GIS File… Navigate to the file yarra_network_pt. Tutorial 2 . 3. create a new node. On the Layers Control Panel.shp. Import nodes from shape file. Page 2-31 .

Select the Links layer. 4.Tutorial 2 . check the visible box for the Links layer.Surface Water Hydrology The network view should show 10 nodes. Page 2-32 . On the Layers Control Panel. Make sure the layer is unlocked. Import links from shape file. Right click choose Import from GIS File…from the pop- up menu.

Right click and choose Import from GIS File…from the popup menu. On the Layers Control Panel. The application reports the results of the import. Click Import. Note that there are two separate networks in the view. The network view should show 8 links and 10 nodes. Click on OK. 5. Tutorial 2 . Page 2-33 . Load catchments from GIS. check the visible. Nodes group.shp. Click on the Default Name and Link End Points radio buttons. box for the Catchments layer.Surface Water Hydrology Navigate to the file yarra_network_arc. Make sure the layer is unlocked.

Page 2-34 .Tutorial 2 . Click on Import. The application will report the number of polygons imported.shp. In the Catchment Data Mappings dialog. set the Node Name to BASINID.Surface Water Hydrology Navigate to the yarra_catchments_poly. Click on Import.

Tutorial 2 .Surface Water Hydrology The catchment polygons are displayed in the network view. Right-click on the Catchments layer in the Layers Control Panel and select Properties to adjust the display of the catchments. Page 2-35 .

Surface Water Hydrology Questions 1. Open the data dialog for a runoff node and confirm that it has all of the default values defined in step 2. 2. Page 2-36 .Tutorial 2 . What is the length between node 4/1 and node Junction? ____ m.