The city of small things

Author(s): IRENÉE SCALBERT
Source: Building Material, No. 12, morality and architecture (autumn 2004), pp. 4-7
Published by: Architectural Association of Ireland
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/29791540
Accessed: 13-08-2017 03:10 UTC

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.does indeed 'fuck context' externally.76. The model of the European city has collapsed. the face of capitalism today is not the same as what it was in the 1920's. In one fundamental way. This content downloaded from 181. The city which remains perfectly reflects Francis Fukayama's thesis on the end of history. there has been twenty new parking lots. in the same way big issues in politics are subsumed in the workings of the economy. there has have been tens if not hundreds of new non places.big sheds.XL. for every new Campo. They have struggled to come to terms with parking lots. amoral intentions.. it presents itself as pure economic activity. to learn rather than to control. but it has failed to deliver what Koolhaas called . Koolhaas shares a large responsibility for which he is rightly admired. 13 Aug 2017 03:10:22 UTC 4 All use subject to http://about. the conservation of old town centres excepted. for every Seaside and Poundbury. They fought to make sense. and Euralille shares almost nothing with the Rockefeller Centre or even with New York. He achieved a kind of tabula rasa of the architect's unconscious. and Sennett defends. And yet. Sitte imitated its squares. they sought. In the same way Capitalism appears to have won a definitive victory upon Communism. but compensates with little internally. big hotels . the place to which it belongs most naturally is a city of big. in the wake of Rem Koolhaas. except 'junk space'. Humbled but liberated.a regime of complexity. Attempts at urban reconstruction had little impact on the city. and the city seems no longer to admit ideological impositions on its form.in his eulogy of bigness published in S. its publicness.org/terms . Big architecture . For more than a hundred years.49. It is big certainly. as office buildings rising and falling on the skyline in unison with fluctuations in land values. More and more. architects and intellectuals have idealized the European city. Georgian terraces and Mietkasernes have been levelled. are those of modern cities. . of Atlanta and Tokyo. as Venturi and Scott Brown put it in the context of Las Vegas.112 on Sun. In this.jstor. Italian piazze. For every little Venice.L. Instead. Mumford relished its history. still. we now understand. Ruskin praised its stones. 1 The city of small things IRENEESCALBERT For now twenty years. And yet for every new square. . the city at the end of history has failed us. of New York. architects have lived in a city where things are big. big shopping malls. shopping malls. Koolhaas is not Raymond Hood.M. theme parks: with all the things which together define the new landscape. They tried to make their peace with the greater powers which. The experience was salutary. of Singapore. Shengzen and Beijing.

The enduring seduction of bigness is matched by the low esteem in which smallness continues to be held. ecology approximates economy. hence a specific. In this way. But density is not presented in FARMAX as a means to achieve a critical mass. MVRDV's book. The title. mobility . bigness must be matched with its opposite. At one end of the urban spectrum rises the city of increasing massiveness.jstor. Erskine. lovingly described by Dennis Hardy and Colin Ward. architects have dreamt of country retreats free of worldly cares. temporariness. a cabanon or a boat in the wild. Le Corbusier. services or infrastructures.This looks increasingly like yesterday's wisdom.are complementary to bigness in the sense that holidays and leisure are complementary to work.M. that there should be nothing to see. 13 Aug 2017 03:10:22 UTC All use subject to http://about. For centuries. means maximum density and the book is in many ways a further contribution to the culture of congestion described by Koolhaas. the city of big intentions can be set against the city of small things (and not merely next to it). This Lite urbanism has many antecedents. New York-like quality in public life. back to bigness. whether urban furniture. as well as with unlike. it is well-known. architecture must know how to disappear. which closely resemble MVRDV's Lite urbanism.lightness. One of the most damaging criticisms that can be made today about a building is that it is over-designed.org/terms . emerges a Lite urbanism. among them the plotlands of southern England. together. and grass roads lead to private houses surrounded by trees and meadows.XL. below a certain distance. with millions of people from almost every class in society have prided themselves on having a cottage.L. Aalto. To obtain a correct sense of perspective. external works or garden design (all of which were once proper subjects for the exercise of talent] are dismissed with a yawn and a slight of hand.76. This content downloaded from 181. so that like can be compared with like. with smallness. Propriety (or is it taste?) now demands that. There even exists planned collective demonstrations of these Utopias.} was a sign of change. (in many ways the offspring of S. In this last optimistic vision. At the other (assuming that nature should at all become urbanized).49. But these alternatives to metropolitan life are more complementary than contrary to the world of Koolhaas. Rather it supports a green argument. FARMAX. as if to divert attention back to the whole. without foundations. Planting on a roundabout is no match for land art next to the highway. Small things. The terms within which they are discussed . advanced to save the natural world from the greyness of suburbia.112 on Sun.

The argument for the rehabilitation of smallness is not an invitation to make everything cute or domestic.so it was at Euralille .jstor. from cleaning.org/terms . to transform our homes into doll's houses and our cities into NIMBY celebrations of themselves. but that it is in good shape. seeding. grafting.] for which the word fdesign' seems too formal.for the planning of motorways...Historians have shown that for several centuries parks have been laboratories for urban planning. the city of small things is vast and infinite. trimming. The city of small things on the other hand is an invitation to imagine space not as a diagram but as a concrete entity. To the contrary. with a small park or better still. breakfast under a tree. weeding. occasionally overgrown and deserted. It is vast in direct proportion with our ability to grasp smaller and smaller elements in the field of experience. The ideology of bigness has impoverished townscapes. Its form comes from a multitude of actions (tilling. This points to a remarkable fact about gardens.76. One does not say of a garden that it has a beautiful form.112 on Sun. to turn scale on its head and to visualize This content downloaded from 181. a rare cover of snow. repairing. 13 Aug 2017 03:10:22 UTC All use subject to http://about..49. the city of big intentions is conceived at the scale of 1/500 or 1/5000. The city of small things can also be compared with a park. upgrading and renewing. namely that maintenance determines their appearance. the city of small things obtains its shape from an ongoing process of maintenance. Koolhaas's competition entry for the Pare de la Villette is one such example. the burying of a dog. Strong on machismo. with a garden. A garden is seldom planned. Likewise. Sometimes useful.. sometimes frivolous. at a scale appropriate . making them diagrammatic and cartoon-like. they have no form except the one which memorable events lend to our lived experience: a conversation with a guest.

49.76. to the contrary. Powers of Ten. the townscape not merely at 1:1 but. His book 'A Right to Difference'.org/terms . London. every moment marks the threshold of a new labyrinth.jstor. every still has the power to yield an infinity. one might reconsider instead the innumerable advantages of small. Irenee Scalbert is course master for General Studies at the Architectural Association. the more you see. was published by the AA in February 2004. Like in the film by Charles and Ray Eames.com This content downloaded from 181. In place of what Rem Koolhaas called 'the problem of large' (the subtitle of his text on Bigness). every place. at 2:1. Like in a Situationist derive.112 on Sun. 13 Aug 2017 03:10:22 UTC ~3 All use subject to http://about. If modern commercial development seems to repel by its lack of detail. absorbent like a sponge. as it were. Photograph: Dublin from Liberty Hall with kind permission of fantasyjackpalance. at 500:1. by its shallowness. on the architecture of Jean Renaudie. It has a zoom factor: the closer you get. the city of small things is.