# DESIGN OF GRAVITY RETAINING WALL

DATA
Type of Wall Gravity
Density of Dam material (with skin reinforcement) 25.00 KN/M3
Weight of Water 10.00 KN/M3
Specific gravity of concrete SC 2.40
Seismic Zone No V
Seismic Zone factor 0.40
Frictional Coef µ 0.75
Depth of Storage Hw 5.80 M
Free Board 5% of Dam height 0.29 M
hb 0.30 M say
Height of the wall H 6.10 M
Top width of wall 14% of H or 0.55H1/2 BT 0.75 M
Maximum value of pressure coefficient as per USBR C 1.00
Base Width (considering no batter along retaining face)
HW/(SC-C)1/2 B 4.00 M say

Factor of Safety against
Overturning 1.50
post earthquake
Sliding 1.00
Reference IS 1893 - 2002 Part I, II & IV

Calculation of Horizontal and Vertical Seismic Coefficients
Horzontal Seismic Coefficient as per part II
ah = Z/2 + I/R +Sa/g
Where,
ah Horizontal Seismic Coefficient
Z Seismic Zone Factor which is taken as 0.40
I Importance factor which is taken as 1.00
R Response reduction factor which is taken as 2.5
Sa/g Spectra acceleration coefficient

The solid retaining wall is almost rigid and no diferential
displacement shall take place in the wall during the seismic
acceleration. Hence the wall is taken as zero period structure and
the spectral acceleration coefficient of the wall is taken as 1.00

ah 0.08
Vertical acceleration
av 0.053
coefficient

Calculation of Static Pressure due to Water

Active pressure 1.00 10.00 6.10 61.00 KN/m
Height of action from the base of the wall H/3 2.03 M
Dynamic Pressure 0.4 61.00 24.40 KN/m

20 1.00 Forces Lever Moment about Toe arm from Sl no Item Description and Dimensions Vertical Horz Toe (KN) M KN-m 1 Weight of Dam W1 0.753 2 Water Pressure P 10*1*5.75 Check for Stability 6.17 537.25*25 247.20 952.67 -100.55 2.62 KN/m2 pmin 35.373 m < 0.38 3.00*1/2 -37.5 OK Eccentricity from the center (e) x M/V 1.45 >1.10 4.81*4.75 * 6.802/2 168.24 >1.27 324.181 W2 0.63 3 Uplift pressure U 0.81 2.10*3.934 -424. no tension will occur at base Pressure on the soil p max / min P/B(1+/.6e/B) pmax 126. Dyanmic pressure is less than the static pressure 0.63 168.63 m e B/2-x 0.93 -324.33*5.70 KN/m2 .00 OK Check for Overturning 2.63 415.10 * 25 114.67 M Hence.5*6.80*9.89 Check for Sliding 1.

60 m Normal depth of scour = 0.33 d 0.00 KN/m2 Angle of repose f 30o Coefficient of friction @ base m 0.6 Surcharge Ws 15.90 m say Top width of the wall 0.55 m The maximum depth of scour in a straight reach is 1.50 DIMENSIONS Coefficient of active earth pressure Ka 0.27 0.00 FOS against Sliding 1.00 2.80 for medium silt FoS against Overturning 2.DATA TBL + 3.473(Q/f)0.00 KN/m2 Lacey's Silt Factor f 0.63H 1.89 m 2.45 m .00 KN/m3 Bearing Capacity of the soil qo 80.630 m Bed Level + 1.286 M3/sec (Assumed) Weight of Soil g 15.33 Depth of foundation as per Rankine's formula 0.93 + 1.93 m H 3.00 m Height of the retaining wall above bed level 1.70 m However.93 m Total height of the retaining wall 1. keep the depth of foundation as 1.700 m Discharge Q 1.00 m say Base width of the retaining wall 0.