8 uykqjr rdcOdksh

úchnd fld,a,h we;s jQ iufha § chùr nKavdr
ye`Èkaùu rcq udhdÿkafkag wdOdr imhd ;sfí'
fldaÜfÜ yd iS;djl rdcOdksfha ìo jeàfuka chùr nKavdr rcqf.a wejEfuka Tyqf.a mq;a
miq rfÜ iajdëk;ajh /lSu uykqjr lr,sheoafoa nKavdr Wvrg rc njg m;a úh'
rdcOdksfha j.lSula njg m;a úh' furg fu;=ud mD;=.SiSka yd ys;j;a m%;sm;a;shla f.k
mej;s fjk;a lsisu rdcOdkshla uqyqK fkdÿka .sfhah' lr,sheoafoa nKavdrf.a fuu m%;sm;a;sh
wNsfhda. /ilg uqyqK foñka tu rdcOdksfha flfrys Wvrg ro, m%Odksyq wukdm jQy'
rcjre yd uyck;dj ;uka fj; mejreKq tksid Tjqyq iS;djl md,l rdcisxy rcqg iydh
j.lSu j¾I 1815 jk f;la fkdmsßfy,d bgq ÿkay' tl< Wvrg m%N+jrfhl= jQ fmardfo‚fha
l<y' ,xldfõ wjika rdcOdksh jQ uykqjr ùriqkaor nKavdr m<uqjk rdcisxy rcqg
rdcOdksfha wdrïNh" jHdma;sh" mßmd,k Wvrg wdl%uKh lsÍug Wmldr lf<ah' fuu
ixúOdkh iy iudc wd¾Ól rgdj ms<sn| wdl%uKhg uqyqK § .; fkdyels jQ lr,sheoafoa
f;dr;=re fuu tAllh ;=<ska Tng wOHhkh nKavdr ;u Èh‚h jQ l=iqudik foaúh yd nEkd
lsÍug ie,fia' jQ huisxy nKavdr iuÕ mD;=.SiSka fj; m,d
.sfhah' l=iqudik foaúh fodak l;sßkd kñka
8'1 wdrïNh yd jHdma;sh o huisxy nKavdr fÞka ms,sma kñkao mD;=.SiSka
fj;ska fn!;Siauh jQy'
fixlv., kqjr" Wvrg rdcOdksh" lkafo kqjr
wd§ úúO kïj,ska uykqjr rdcOdksh y÷kajd l%s'j' 1580 § muK Wvrg hg;a fldg.;a m<uqjk
;sfí' rdcisxy rcq iS;djl isg Wvrg m%foaY md,kh
lf<ah' tfy;a ùriqkaor nKavdrf.a l%shdl,dmh
lkao Wvrg rdcOdksfha w.kqjr jQfha uykqjr flfrys iel is;+ m<uqjk rdcisxy rcq WmdhYS,Sj
hs' th iajdNdúlj wdrlaIs; jQ ia:dkhls' Tyq urKhg m;aa lf<ah' fuu isÿùfuka miq
uykqjr k.rhg uyje,s .fÕka wdrlaIdjla ùriqkaor nKavdrf.a mq;d jQ fldkmamq nKavdr
,efí' n,k" yqkakia.sßh" jeks ÿ¾. ud¾. ksid o mD;=.SiSka fj; m,df.dia wjqia;%shdfõ fÞka
myiqfjka fuu m%foaYhg we;=¿ ùu ÿIalr fõ' cqjdka kñka fn!;Siau ,eîh'
tfia u uykqjr rdcOdksh fi!uH foaY.=Khlska
yd ireidr N+ñ Nd.hlska iukaú; h' iS;djl rdcisxy rcq Wvrg flf¾ wkq.ukh
l< we;eï m%;sm;a;s .ek Wvrg m%N+ msßi
yhjk mrdl%undyq rdcH iufha fldaÜfÜ ;=< l< lsÍula ;snq‚' fï ksid wjia:dfjka
rdcHhg hg;a m%dfoaYSh md,k tAllhla m%fhdack .;a mD;=.SiSyQ ;uka Ndrfha isá huisxy
jYfhka mej;s Wvrg m%foaY wdY%s;j uq,a jrg nKavdr Wvrgg hjd Wvrg we;eï m%N+jrekaf.a
iajdëk rdcOdkshla f.dvk.k ,oafoa fiakd o iydfhka tys mD;=.Sis .e;s md,khla msysg
iïu; úl%undyq rc;=ud úisks' fï ksid Wvrg jQy' mD;=.SiSka huisxy nKavdr Wvrgg hejQ
rdcOdksfha wdrïNlhd fiakd iïu; úl%undyq wjia:dfõ Tyqf.a wdrlaIdjg hejQ yuqÞj;a iuÕ
rcq f,i ie,fla' ùriqkaor nKavdf.a mq;a fldkmamq nKavdr
o Wvrgg msg;a lf<ah' mD;=.SiSkaf.a rElv
fiakd iïu; úl%undyq rcqf.a wkqm%dma;lhd
md,lhd jQ huisxy nKavdr flá ld,hlska ñh
jQfha Tyqf.a mq;a chùr nKavdrh' ^1511-1551&
.sh fyhska Tyqf.a ,dnd, mq;a l=urd isxydikhg
fu;=ud È.= l,la Wvrg md,kh lf<ah' fudyq
m;a fldg md,kh f.k hdug mD;=.SiSka
iS;djl md,l udhdÿkafka rcqf.a ñ;=frl= úh'
W;aidy l< kuq;a fldkmamq nKavdr ksid th
fldaÜfÜ md,l VI jk úchndyq rcqg úreoaOj

106
න�ොමිලේ බෙද‍ා හැරීම i`oyd h'

rfha ie.O¾uiQßh rcq whs.= ùu' m<uqjk úu.a.d úh' fu.shula' T.= ÈhqKq huisxy nKavdrf.k m<uqjk úu.g yka.h w.ïnr jej l=Uqre .a fuu ks¾NS.kd: foajd.ajh 107 න�ොමිලේ බෙද‍ා හැරීම i`oyd h' .h K.`..egfò g l=Uqre uyje.hg m.sks foajd. rdcH Wreuhla fkdùu fldkmamq nKavdr mD.h P.eiau ±lafjk is.a 1' kS.rcqf.rc ud.h wid¾:l úh' Wv/áhkaf.O¾uiQßh rcq ùriqkaor nKavdrf.m.u.= ùu rclug m.a.dmh ksid Wvrg rdcOdksh .s ùu je<l=‚' ùu 4' mßydkshg m.= mD. uyje.r.=.= ùu m<uqjk úu.Sis md.ka miq Wvrg rc njg m.o<od ud.=.O¾uiQßh rcq ^1592-1604& 5' uykqjr rdcOdksfha wd¾Ól lghq.=< 3' Wvrg rdcH iS.a nqÿ iiqk k.dk l`ÿjeáh ie..Sis .l.djl n.O¾uiQßh kñka 2' Wvrg rdcOdksh mD.g l`ÿ Wvj.ia.s.h A.df.SiSkag tfrysj Wvrg n.Hkql+.õj MV.=.Hkql+.wia.+mh B.a l< hq.`.a yuqod fiakdxl ksjiak KP.sß úydrh AW.u foajd.s.aj.a.a iuÕ uqyqK ÿka wNsfhda.d isgq úh hq.khla we. wdrïNlhd fõ' m<uqjk úu.s .%yKfhka fírd .mEfuka uqÞ.=ud Wvrg kj rdcjxYhl • úu.úIaKq foajd.yjqre lr .Hkql+. hq.a uvqj N. hq.s .k rdcH.sh . l`ÿjeáh fnda.wêldrï j.nd .. wkq.iqu wxl 8'1 merKs uykqjr k.fndaëkajykafia KV.a.O¾uiQßh rcq Wvrg ish kS.a mq. Wreuh ysñ jQ l=iqudik foaúh újdy fldg f.l=udremafma ùÈh BR. l%shdld.a ùu.h V.a iydh . úydrh S.u`.a úh' fldkmamq nKavdrf.ukh lf<ah' lsysmhla úh' 1' Wvrg rdcOdksfha kS.h AV.ekSg mshjr lSmhla n.=.

O¾uiQßh rcq yÈisfha je<÷Kq oreKq WK 2' lmq j.=ud uykqjr rdcOdksfha wd¾Ól ÈhqKqj ms‚i wkq.=ud Wvrg rdcH mD.a lsÍu 2' mD.d isgq ùug úu.auf.jd .g iyh §u 3' mD.SiSka wka.nd .da.aidy lsÍu • mßydkshg m.= j¾I 1604 § urKhg m.=j uykqjrg jevu lrùu • iS.jdyeÍug .nd .hlska l%sia.slhd úiska w`Èk .=.hkaf.u w.O¾uiQßh kñka fn!oaO kula .Sis .O¾uiQßh rcq wkq.=jula' fuh uykqjr hq. fjä ¨Kq l¾udka.mEfuka Wvrg ksoyia lr .a mq.a yd j..a.yjqre lr .ekSu úu.ek ÈhqKq lsÍug lghq.snQ oka.a úh' fu.=.dfo‚h" jeks mer‚ fjfyr úydr w`M.dkH cd.sj.ekSug W.fhka m<uqjk rdcisxy rcq mrdchg m.s jk ler.kafoais iyh .xld.Siska m.s.ajeähd lsÍu • fu.ekSu 2' frdaudkq lf.ukh l< mshjr lsysmhls' 1' nqreu foaYfhka WmiïmÞj f.dnd.uq úydrfha i.O¾uiQßh rcqf.=udg fufia úúO ud¾.ekSu 4' fo.mfka m%foaYfha hlv yd fikr.h ÈhqKq lsÍu m<uqjk úu. Od.a l=ure 1604 § Wvrg rclug m.O¾uiQßh rcq ñh hk úg 4' Wvrg rdcH wdY%s.ekSu ms‚i Wv/áhkaf.ukh l< mshjr lsysmhls' 1' l%s'j'1594 oka.= l< m<uqjk 108 න�ොමිලේ බෙද‍ා හැරීම i`oyd h' .=f¾ igfka § mD.s ì%.a flßk' • fu.=.a úh' 3' fld. §u frda. úfha miqjQy' tksid ÈhqKqjg mshjr .ka Wvrg rdcOdksh uqyqK §ug isÿ jQ wNsfhda.ekSug lghq. mrdchg m.a rc.ekSug wkq.lh" ߧ úydrh" .ekSu 3' úu.SiSkag tfrysj my.s ifydaor fikr. lsysmhla úh' wdrlaId lr .rg we.a iajrEmh ±lafjk lsysmhls' is.ukh l< mshjr PdhdrEmh wxl 8'1 fojk rdcisxy rc.djl rdcOdksfha n.a l=udrjre .fha Tyqf.k tAu 2' .dú.fha § fuys jdih l< frdí¾Ü fkdlaia kue.=.dj ÈhqKq lsßug wkqn.%yKfhka fírd .=udf.sl wd.=ud ^l%s'j' 1604-1635& jdfka l¾udka.a iyfhda.a ×.yer nqÿ oyu je<| .oaols' 1' f.= lsÍu úu.a nqÿoyu k.v.

SiSkaf.a fojk rdcisxy l=ure .h msysgqjd .=.a rcqf.sßkd& újdy fldg f.a m%foaYh úfÊmd.kafoais iyh .h msysgqjd .u l%i s .=ud iu. lKavdhul iyh rcqg wjYH úh' fikr.g m%ydr t.SiSka furáka m.ay' Wvrg foaYiSudfõ jQ mD.i S s .=ud rc njg m.' tA wkqj W!j m%foaYh l=udrisxy j¾I 1665-1668 ld.mqj ÿka wNsfhda.kq olakg .O¾uiQßh rc njg m.ekSug fu.O¾uiQßh rcq ^l%s'j'1687.yjqre lr .a rcq n.aùu i|yd fu.dfmdfrd.a rdcH n. t.¾ckj.d .h iys.hg m.ïj.kafoaiSyq isá fyf.fha § Wvrg ro.¾ck wju lr .a úh' fu.a.s jk msysgq úh' uqyqÿ nv m%foaY /il n.a.fha § ksy~j isá fojk rdcisxy rcq 1670 -1675 ld.jd yeßh o rcq n.%sl=Kdu.= j¾I 1638 rdcH.=.a.=klg fnÞ tu m%foaY l=udrjrekag jHdma.u n.=.mEfuka Wvrg ksoyia lr mq.= lr . m%OdkSkaf.a rcq ñh hdu.am.aùu úYd.kafoaiSkag tfrysj m%n.a úh' 3' Wvrg ro.= fkdjQ whqßka nd.SiSkaf.kafkdare igfka § o fyf.kafoaiSka úiska l=ureg o" ud.kafoais n.a úh' 1' mD.ska fírd ila u w...efí' iufha isg u lghq.areï .=..= lf<ah' l%sia. Wvrgg wh. m%ydr uyd wia:dk l=ure fyj.a .ka Wvrgg t.=.=.f.af. jQ .aidy l<y' mjrd § we.ekSu fojk rdcisxy rcqf. mrdchg m.k j¾I 1658 jk l=iqudik foaúh m<uqjk úu.k rdcisxy rcq lghq.h l=ure&' rclu Wfoid l=udrjre w.a úh' njg m.a uq`M fojk rdcisxy rcq ^ l%s'j'1635 .a úh' . l=ureg o" Wvrg m%foaY lsysmhla w.l=o . lr . jk m%ydr uev fuu rcqf.a .ekSug fojk foaúh ^fodak l.af.kakd . fiajhla isÿ l< fojk rdcisxy rcq jir 50 lg jeä ld.a wejEfuka Tyq 4' .kafoaiSyq mD.a fldg Tjqka i. lsysmhls' jeks jrdhka ful.ka jeä fldgila rdcisxy l=ure fojk rdcisxy kñka Wvrg rc Wvrg rdcH i.ekSu igfka fuka u j¾I 1638 .a rcq Wvrg rdcHh .¾ck wju lr .kh lf<ah a ' tfiau isàug j.SiSka furáka m.a ùfuka miq 109 න�ොමිලේ බෙද‍ා හැරීම i`oyd h' .a iuÕ § Tjqka i.rj W.jd yeÍfï l%s'j 1635 § fikr.kafoais iyh .ekSug mshdg iyh úh' rKY+r. fu.a úh' mD.a.a wjêfha § l=iqudik tA i|yd .=.eka isg Wvrg rcjreka iuÕ iduldój igfka § mD.enqjdh' fudjqka w.ajh .h yd uvl.i S k s g a hg.=ßka jvd olaI jQfha m.ah' § . lsysmhla Èh.a uq.ah' fï ksid Wvrg .shg uev meje.ekSu fojk úu.a ùfï wruqKg ndOdjla úh' tfy. jHdma.r we.d .a ld.ka Wvrg rdcHhg t.SiSka wka.a uyd wia:dk l=ureh ^fojk rdcisxy .=ud ish md. jQ .h je<elaùug fikr.=ud ish mshdf..O¾uiQßh úg mD. m%foaYhka ys ish n.ekSu mD.i S kS a iuQ.nd .sh f.aa mD.jd yeÍu urKhg m.Siska n.jd yeÍug kdjql n.kafoaiSyq j¾I 1658 isg .nd f.=.ka t.ka mq.a.fha § .fha § .yjqre lr .a.SiSkaf.ka Wvrgg t." .amsáh" y.hla rclu ord j¾I 1687 § 2' mD.a lf<ah' 2' mD.a fojk úu.kafoaiSka furg fjr<nv m%foaYfha n.1687& rfgysu rc njg m.=.n.=ka fofofkl=o fikr.a = j¾I 1630 W!j rkafo‚fj.a.1' Wvrg rdcH Wreuh .ekSu fu..ajfhka fmruqfKa rdcOdksfha Yla.k iufha § uqyqK l. >d.=ud mshd fuka olaIfhla fkdùh' tksid mD.u mD.=.SiSka furákaa mqf.= jQ m%foaY / úfha isgu Wvrg rdcHh mD.1707& fojk rdcisxy rcqf.ka tla rdcisxy rcq iu.dj.a lr . m%OdkSka ish meje.ekSug ksrka. m%foaYh fldgia .h j¾Okh lr.=.SiSka furáka m.dnd. mq.=.= jQ m%foaYhkaf.a . lr Tjqka wvmK lsÍugo l%h s d lf<ah' .§' tu uykqjr m%foaYh rdcisxy l=urego mejß‚' ld.=.r. jk m%ydr fufia Wvrg rdcOdksfha n.= lf<ah' W!j rkafoKsj.SiSka furáka fkrmd yeÍug fojk rcqf.

a újdyfhka rcqg orejka fkdùh' tys m%.djla úh' fuys lf<ah' olaI md.dj m%.sM.kafoaiSka Wmldr l< njg f..a uykqjr rdcOdksfha rclug m.h jQfha Wvrg m%N+ msßia .kafoaiSka iuÕ iduldój lghq.snq‚' tksid kej.sM.=ud iu.a mq.ah' fuu úg Wvrg rdcOdksfha WmiïmÞj kej.=ud o<od kdhlal¾ rdc jxYh ud.a úh' Y%S ùrmrdl%u kf¾kaøisxy rcq Wreulrefjl= fkd.snQ n..dr..O¾uiQßh rcqf.kfha PdhdrEmhla .k we.h mßydkshg m. PdhdrEmh wxl 8'2 oykujk ishjfia § uykqjr o<Þ fmryer iy uykqjr k.a ifydaorhd jQ Y%S úch rdcisxy l=ure mrdl%u kf¾kaøisxy 1707 § Wvrg rc njg m. iajrEmh fmkajk ÿ¾.j ÿrg. úh' fu.ekSug fu.= lsÍug l%shd wjfndaOhla fkdùu ÿ¾j.a ifydaorhdg rclu Wreu ùu hs' mshjr f.s.j .=udf.a úh' fu.rfha ùÈj.a ld.nd u j¾I 1739 § ñh Y%S ùr mrdl%u kf¾kaøisxy rcq ^l%s'j'1707-1739& .=ud o ish mshd fuka ol=Kq bkaÈhdkq fojk úu.h jk l=udßldjla irK mdjd .=ud ìijf.lfhl= fkdjqj o ish mshdf.aj .sixialrKh l< njo ±lafõ' l%sia.sfí' fu.a ish iufha uykqjr rdcOdksfha n.a Y%S ùr ìijf.ekSu hs' m%foaYh /l .1747& j¾I 1707 § fojk úu.=re .N .h j¾Okh lr .a m%. nqreu jQfhA ol=Kq bkaoshdkq iïm%Þhg wkqj hñka foaYfhka furgg WmiïmÞj f.= ms<sn|j ukd ka werô kj rdc jxYh kdhlal¾ jxYh hkqfjka 110 න�ොමිලේ බෙද‍ා හැරීම i`oyd h' .k tAug fu.sfhah' tys§ ol=Kq bkaÈhdkq iïm%Þhg wkqj fojk úu.h jHdma.k lghq.a úh' fu.=udg mßmd.' tA i`oyd Tyqg .= Y%S úch rdcisxy rcq ^l%s'j 1739 .O¾uiQßh rcqf.af.O¾uiQßh rcq urKhg m.

a úh' bx.a jk úg lS¾.a orejka fkdisá neúka .k È. úfha miq jQ ksid t.d fõ' mßÈ lkakidñ l=urd Y%S úl%u rdcisxy kñka j¾I 1798 § rclug m.fha wjika jir lsysmfha rcq b.nd j¾I 1781 § ñh .sfhah' t.k .a úh' tfy.s lsÍug rcq 8'2 uykqjr rdcOdksfha mßmd.= j¾I 1796 § bx.hd jQfha rc.ukh l< mshjr lsysmhla my.=udf.r jQ u.a úh' Y%s úl%u rdcisxy rcq ^l%s'j'1798-1815& n.a Wv/áhkaf.sixialrKh lrùu isá Y%S úl%u rdcisxy rcq Tjqka úiska fj.a Wmfoia mßÈ rg mqrd fn!oaO l< kuq.r we.k.Skaf.snq‚' fï ksid je.k.s Y%S rdcisxy rcqf.=udf.a iydfhka bx.snq‚' rdcH Wreulrejl= fkd..nd §u uykqjr rdcOdksfha mßmd.hka hjd Wmd.kafoaiSka w. fNao j¾Okh fjñka irK mdjd .d ±lafõ' lDDr wkaoñka lghq.u kdhlal¾ ×.a kuq.a Wmfoia mßÈ nqreufhka WmiïmÞj furgg f.Sj • rcq ishï foaYhg ¥.d ì| jegq‚' fï ksid m%Odk wNsfhda.r in|.= l< bx. m%N+jreka yd kdhlal¾ Y%S úch rdcisxy rcq ol=Kq bkaÈhdkq l=udßhla jxYsl rcjreka w... msßia yd rcq w.a tu jHdhduh lS¾.s Y%S rdcisxy rcq n.a rdcdêrdcisxy rcqf.ska j¾.a flre‚' fuu rcq lS¾.s ysñhka lghq.kafoaiSka by<u mqoa.hg meñ‚ l%ufhka .s Y%S rdcisxy rcq ^l%s'j' 1747-1781& m%foaY w.udk .slfhl= fkd..hka yd ishï ksldfha wdrïNh isÿ úh bx.sfhah' fuu rdcH iufha § isÿ jQ jeo.a 111 න�ොමිලේ බෙද‍ා හැරීම i`oyd h' .nd u j¾I 1747 § ñh .h j¾Okh ù .%SiSka Wvrg wdl%uKh irKxlr ysñhkaf.h jk úg furg nqoaO Ydikh fnfyúka ùu ksid Wvrg ro.ajh iukh lr .s jQ Wvrg .r idu .k lghq.súg ì| jegq‚' j¾I 1803 § bx.s Y%S rdcisxy rcq jhi wjqreÿ 16 .s úh' m%OdkSkaf..nd u j¾I 1798 § ñh Y%S úch rdcisxy rcqf.k ixúOdkh tu ysñhkag iyh .rï <dnd.%SiSyq 1815 fmnrjdß udifha § m%uqL NslaIQka furgg jevujd j¾I 1753 § Wvrg rdcOdkshg yuqÞj hjd rcq w.a wjYH.egqï ksu jQfha j¾I 1766 § rc.a n.= l.a.ekSuhs' rdcdêrdcisxy rcq o wkqm%dma.1798& ysñhkaf.a in|. meje.efí' Y%S úch rdcisxy rcq uqyqK ÿka w.súiqu mßÈ tu • Wvrg yd my.h jQfha Wvrg rdc iNdfõ ro. rg m%foaYj.af.ka miq Tyqf. ld.aj .a i|yd rcq wkq.%SiSka .nd ÿKs' isxydikhg Wreulrefjl= fkd.y÷kajkq .xldfõ fjr<nv lS¾.a fidfydhqre jQ lS¾.r igka lsysmhla we.s Y%S rdcisxy j¾I 1747 § Wvrg rdcOdksfha rcq njg m.a ìijf.õfõf.s rdcOdksh bx.sfhah' nqÿ oyu je<| f.=ud h' rc.= l<.%Sis yuqÞj m%fndaOhla we.dj mßydkshg m.=ud .a wNdjfhka miqj mshd jQ kf¾kmamd kdhlal¾ md.aika mrïmrdfõ ×.ay' 1815 ud¾.fha Wvrg yd .awvx.dj msßyq‚' fï ksid WmdhYS.k tAug lghq.%SiSkag hg.aúh' fï jk úg Wvrg ro.a isÿ ùula jQfha l%sia.ka.= lsÍu ksid uyck.súiqula w.súg irKxlr ysñhkag ix>rdc .la NslaIQka weiqf¾ ye§ jevqKq fu.r hym.a.darhg msgqjy.awvx.eiQ nj jd¾.s .a lrk .dj yd rcq w.súg irKxlr rdcdêrdcisxy rcq ^l%s'j'1781 .a fuu rcqf.= fojk Èk Wvrg ro.a urKfhka miqj .=r msßkud fn!oaO m%fndaOhla we. md.%fha • j¾I 1760 .a nig wjk.s Y%S rdcisxy rcq o Wvrg .a ifydaorhd id¾:l fkdù h' rdcdêrdcisxy kñka Wvrg rc njg m.%SiSka w.=jg h<ss WmiïmÞj msysgq ùu' tu.r in|.§' • je.=fõ úydrdrdu m%..hg m.dj weÕs.=ud je.1765 ld.sîu h' fuu tu .d .s lsÍug fï rcq l%shd lf<ah' tA mrdch lsÍug rcq iu. fomlaIh w.=re lsÍfuks' lS¾.Skag Wvrg rdc iNdfõ .ekSu i|yd Tyq kdhlal¾ yd .%Sis w.k ld.=j.g tjlg uy wÈldrï ms<su.=udf.

fï fyj. m.d rc.h ysñ .ïmy wÈldrï f. fyj.OdÍkag úh' Ndr úh' rcjdi.h rfÜ rd.Dy NdKav iemhSu ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­rcqf.a .i ye¢kaúK' ߧ ú."= wd¾Ól lghq.ckdhl ks.alï" uy .kh flß‚' uy jdi.iai .ajdf.= Ndr .=re folla mej.f.a iDcq md.k lghq.r fldar.k úydr foajd.=kaf.r" Tjqka hgf.OdÍka W!j .a.k.a mßmd.eke.a ks.a" Wv nq." WKaäh rd.r ìka.snq‚' fldar<hla Ndrj isá ks.ajfhka Wv. ksr.ajdf.a y.sn‚ q ' WÞyrK fõ' • rfÜ ish¨ foaYmd.ïmy wÈldrï f. uy wÈldrï fojk wÈldrï nq.=ïmfka" ydßiam.ekak Èidjksh fldar<j.k.OdÍka lrd f. tA tA ld¾hdxY Ndrj ks.= mj.mfka wdÈ jYfhka ye¢kajQ Èidjks 12 la .u" md.a m%Odk. úh' uykqjrg wdikakj msysá hgf.s.g wdydr mdk ieliSu" rcjdi.kh m%Odk mßmd..a we.ï Ndrj úÞfkajre isáhy' 112 න�ොමිලේ බෙද‍ා හැරීම i`oyd h' .j.' .ï md. Ndrj isá ks.snq‚' rg jYfhka ye¢ka jQ m%foaY Ndr ks.a lghq.a fldar<h" W!j" inr.af..a inr.g wkqj rcq lghq.k wxY rcjdi..i ye¢ka jQ foaYmd.a • rfÜ by<u wêlrKh rcq jQ w.aul úh' l%h Wvrg rdcH rg yd Èidj hkqfjka m%foaY wÈldrïjre my.OdÍka msßila isg we.a tA tA wxY m%OdkSka hgf.k lghq.k hEu yd wdrlaIdj ie.dj i.a m%Odk ld¾hhka fõ' uqykaÈrïjre úYd.= idlÉPd lsÍug m.s noafo ixúOdkh yd rc .= wxY lsysmhlg ks.a fldarf.a" fojk wÈldrï rdc iNdjla mej.a wd× fyda m‚úvh m%dfoaYSh rdcOdksfha mßmd.a. fyj.ajfhka s d.iSu rcqf.a m‚úv fnÞ . fiajh" rcqf.a rfÜ uy.nvd hq.l=K úh' wêldrïjre yryd l%shd. i.a fudjqkag wh. ks.auf.=ïmfka kñka ye¢kaúKs' fldar<fha tla tla l=.Odßka Èidj f.=j" ÿïnr" fyajdyeg" fld.a Rcq • rfÜ by< u n.h j.uqj w.a • iïm%Þh yd fmr isß.a" fldar.j we..u" rg jYfhka ye¢kajQ m%foaY úh' y.a.dïNSr.sfh uqykaÈrï “ lúldr jerÈlrefjl=g urŒh oKavkh mekùfï uvqfj uqykaÈrï jeks wh uyjdi.a" nq.r uy wÈldrï yd fojk wêldrï f.=j. Ndrj kqjrl.fu" Èhjvk ks.k . msßiaj.=j.f.k lghq.fu" y`M jvk ks.eke.a rdcldß úh' rcqf.=udg wÈldrï .iydhg wêldrïjre fofofkl= isá w.aul jQ rgjiu kï uyjdi.a ye¢kaúK' /ia jQ fuu iNdjg wÈldrïjre" Èidfõjre" uy f.= úh' ks.=f¾ .= ks. lghq.a iq`M ks.auf.ajh /lf.a uQ.d" uyf.fu" n.kh úh' Wvq kqjr" há kqjr" .sh msßi lgqmq.a.alï" tA tA noafo f.a wëlaIKfhka m%Odk fldk keuQ fõje.a mej.g.= rcqf.= l< lghq.shk rd.a mej.i ye¢ka jQ w.g.k ixúOdkh" uynoao fyj.a.k jYfhka Tjqka fojeks jQfha rc.h wdÈh.' Èidjks j.i.snq‚' rcqf.a fnÞ Wvq kqjr" há kqjr" .fu" wia mka.a m%foaY md. i|yka m%foaY tA tA wêldrïjrhd 21 ls k a iukaú.af.u uqykaÈrïjreka isá w.la ±uQ by< uy jdi.d iyNd.kh yd mßmd.uqj" ud.a.l s .fujre yd • rfÜ iduh mj.= rgjiu fyj.=ka fldar.OdÍkag n.dúh fld.a.a" y.=‚' rcqf.alï.s jQy' wÈldrïjrekaf.la Tjqkaf.mfka W!j m<d.ajre f.OdÍka m%foaYSh md.r Tjqka hgf..kh hgf.=ud h' wëlaIKh hgf.s lrejka f.r jvk ks.=‚' uy wÈldrï mu‚' rdcHfha jeo. msßila rdcldÍ lghq.a.g frÈ ms<s" wdNrK .h rcqg .r fldar<h" y.Odßhd fldarf<a fj.a ud.k hdu fï ks. yd .i.a n.a.a tla tla .a fuu msßi md.i ye¢ka jQ ud..

fha noafo ixúOdkh uQ.=& l=refj noao^we..a.= nvye.ekSu& • by<u wêlrK n.=ka .Eu Èfha . jerÈlrejkag .a Wvrg rdcHfha wjidk lghq..ajfhka l%shd. lsysmhls' jeo.eiSu bmf.dy. kv.hg wu.aul jQj.s flda. ±lafõ' ixúOdkhg yd fmryer lghq.nd ÿka ovqjï fufia ±laúh yel' w.=ud uÕska l%shd.. ye| noao ^frÈ úùu& noafo ixúOdkh úydr foajd.snq‚' uq.= Èhjvk ks.ïjr .a kdhlhka iïnkaO kvq rdcfødays..h jQfha rcqg mu‚' rc.Su ysiflia lemSu o~q lf`oa .a ld¾h wkqj fjk u ixúOdkh uykdhl yd wkqkdhl ysñjrekaf.=< isá Ys.fu.u moúh wkqj wêlrK n.=.o kvq j¾.a myr §u li myr §u frdã /yeg ±óu ov .a lsÍu 113 න�ොමිලේ බෙද‍ා හැරීම i`oyd h' .rj Èidj . noao^j<x .= úh' rÞ noao ^frÈ fia§u& • iEu ks.=j mqo mQcd ixúOdk jHqyhg WÞyrK my.a l%shd.ajd ueÍu we.aul úh' o<od ud. rcq i.sl.aul ld.= l=.s.ka .a.hs .aul úh' fuu flß‚' úydr yd foajd.a úydrdrdu md.= foaYmd.d ueÍu msgqjy.a ld.==ka we.s.dfõ fjk u l%shd.Odßfhl=g u .hka Tjqkaf. ms<sn| kvq úydr yd NslaIQka iïnkaO kvq l=uka.g .k lghq.a fldg .k lghq.eiSu oÕ f.fha th Èidj hgf.jd md.k jYfhka mej.=ud úiska u úi|k .=j.eï kvq weiSfï n.Su& wêlrK lghq. md.e. ysñ úh' • we. noao ^m%jdyk lghq.enQ rdcldß Y%uh iemhQ msßia isáhy' uäf.%K kvq tl.s m%dfoaYSh ixúOdk cd..ajh ms<sn| kvq ler.amSka fyda fï hgf.

=re j.h o ÈhqKqj mej.aj.nd .= i|yd.d lrk .a i.ekg fhÿ‚' • l=rlalka" wuq" fufkaß" bßÕ= jeks OdkH j¾.a lsß .a.sf¾l wdydr fnda.§' • hlv" oej" f.PdhdrEmh wxl 8'3 uykqjr hq.=" mqjla" t<j`M" m<. úh' • l÷lr m%foaYhkays l÷ nEjqï Tiafia ilia flreKq fy.a" .ïñßia" idÈlald" lrouqx. ù f.ek iSñ.k fldgia Wvrgg wh.h bÈßhg f.aj .la 8'3 wd¾Ól l%uh uykqjr rdcOdks iufhys jQfha lDIsld¾ñl w¾: l%uhls' • th mßfNdackh mokï lr.day yd .§' • w.ek l< yels m%foaY iSñ.dú.ekSu i|yd.kh isÿ lrk . tlla úh' • l÷lr m%foaY nyq.dú. úh' • mer‚ rc rg yd reyqK hk m%foaYhkag wh.d imqrd .k .ek isÿ flre‚' • Wvrg rdcHfha jeä bvï m%udKhla fyaka f.kakd .§' 114 න�ොමිලේ බෙද‍ා හැරීම i`oyd h' .= wdYs%.h o mka l¾udka.d flßK' • f.j. tAjdfha j.dlaId l¾udka.a Ys..hka u.dú. yd w.s meÿre úùfï l¾udka.amSka mjq. jQ neúka ù f. l%u mßydkshg m.j fldia" fo..aj md.a jqj o jdßud¾.a tlls' • wd¾Ól rgdj iajhxfmdaIs. n.sh oykujk ishji wh.dú.snQ ksid f.fha mej." l=Uqrej.sK' • lDIsld¾ñl lghq.ska o wdydr wjYH.a mßmd.

fha md.ï. tlla úh' tys iudc iïnkaO.=K..am.ekSula úh' chùr nKavdr rcq ^l%s'j' 1511-1551& • uykqjr rdcOdksfha bvï" whs. újdyh" ìkak újdyh yd tl f.k fldgia lSmhlg fnÿ‚' m<uqjk rdcisxy rcq ^l%s'j' 1581-1591& m<uqjk úu. m%OdkSka l< fiajh fjkqfjka fojk úu.j meyeÈ. Wreulrejd rcq njg fiakdïu.sìKs' .i lghq.ï.j nqla.= w.laIKh úh' 115 න�ොමිලේ බෙද‍ා හැරීම i`oyd h' .nvd.u.úydrdrdu idod mQcd l< bvï Y%S úch rdcisxy rcq ^l%s'j' 1739-1747& foajd.lhka fY%aIaG jQ wdldrh WodyrK iys.eñ iudcfha ish¨ lghq.ï f.hs lEu 2' fï ld.j±reï hqfrdamSh flßK' cd.= olakg 1' uykqjr hq.= l=.smshla ilia lrkak' .=kls' /l.shoafoa nKavdr rcq ^l%s'j' 1551-1581& mokï lrf.lhskag mD.a.xldõ wjika rdcOdks úh' iuh hs' ta ld.h mokï lrf.d l=.Sis" wjdy újdy lghq.O¾uiQßh rcq ^l%s'j' 1687-1707& m%Þkh l< bvï Y%S ùr mrdl%u kf¾kaøisxy rcq ^l%s'j' 1707-1739& úydr..u iajhxfmdaIs. iudch úúO jD.= lrkakg isÿ úh' §.k isÿ .s Y%S rdcisxy rcq ^l%s'j' 1747-1781& rdcdêrdcisxy rcq ^l%s'j' 1781-1798& mrfõks.O¾uiQßh rcq ^l%s'j' 1592-1604& .eñ Èúh yd ne÷Kq uOHia:dk úh' 8'4 iudc ixúOdkh uykqjr hq.sh lr.%SiS hk f.s lrkak' rg jeishkaf. lghq.sh yd nqla.ekSug uy.djhg odhl jQ • uykqjr rdcOdksfha mej.kafoais iy bx.fha iudc ixúOdkh ms<sn| mqj. l%uh u.sfha .%dóh wldrh fmkajkak' iudchls' 3' uykqjr hq.lg .a lreKq tA tA l=.rc jdi.Ska iu.=< md.ï jeishka Y%S úl%u rdcisxy rcq ^l%s'j' 1798-1815& mrïmrd.k ixúOdkh ye¢kaùh' iudc wd¾Ól ld¾HCIu. úl%undyq rcq ^l%s'j' 1469-1511& ms<s. mokï úh' jeo.u .s ú¢ bvu fjkqfjka l%shdldrlu lsishï fiajdjla fyda kshñ.hg fjka jq wd¾Ól lghq..rel nj iudcfha m%lg .aNdjh hkqfjka újdy l%u .foajd.a rcq ^l%s'j' 1604-1635& fojk rdcisxy rcq ^l%s'j' 1635-1687& kskao. i|yd mQcd l< bvï lS¾. m%fhdackh i|yd fjka jQ bvï fikr.h . mkai.Sh lKavdhï wkqj mjq.a.ro.. m%Odk iudc tAllh úh' ixúOdkh ù .s ú¢ bvï rgjeisfhda .u& .a fiajd l%uh rdcldßh kñka 2' uykqjr rdcOdksfha mßmd.S Wvrg .=< wfma rcjre rfÜ tlai. .h Y%S .uka nqla.h .lfhda • rfÜ ish¨ bvïj.a.=.a fjfyila orñka WmdhYS.u ^kskao. NdKav m%udKhla rcqg iemhQy' 1' uykqjr rdcOdksfha md.= l<y' l%uhg isÿ úh' 3' tl.

=`M bx.=j f.a we.=vq ÿka m%Odk fya. m%N+jreka lsysm fofkl= w.§' th uykqjr rdcOdksfha wjidkh <`.fha rcq fj..d lrùug . mjrd fok .ka.a úh' 5' 1815 j¾Ifha § tjl Y%S .dkH wdKavqldrjrhd jQ frdn¾Ü n%jqkaß.4' uykqjr rdcOdksh md.xldfõ ì%.aLkh uÕska Wvrg rdcOdksh tx.sl ks.OdÍka iy Wvrg isxy.súiqu kñka ye`Èkafjk f.eï rcjre kdhlal¾ kñka ye`Èkafjk ol=Kq bkaÈhdkq jxYhlg wh.kh l< we.r w.%sis cd.aika lrk .o Wvrg .i fmfka' 116 න�ොමිලේ බෙද‍ා හැරීම i`oyd h' .