MS-OTN Booklet

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HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

MS-OTN Booklet About This Document

About This Document

Introduction
Early in 2011, the concept of multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) showed its presence in the industry.
Few documents or books, however, have completely interpreted this concept, so MS-OTN has
been a mystery. This document aims to comprehensively elaborate MS-OTN.

It tries to investigate the background, concept, application, and key technologies of MS-OTN,
and is intended for personnel who have a basic network knowledge but do not know about MS-
OTN. With this document, you can learn:

l Development trend of transport networks
l Definition of MS-OTN
l Typical MS-OTN applications
l Key MS-OTN technologies
l Standard compliance

This document is developed with the support of many senior experts in the industry. Special
thanks are due to Huawei MS-OTN expert team for their contribution.

Change History
Changes between document issues are cumulative. The latest document issue contains all the
changes made in earlier issues.

Issue 01 (2013-08-20)
This issue is the first release.

Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential ii
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

MS-OTN Booklet Contents

Contents

About This Document.....................................................................................................................ii
1 Development Trends and Challenges for Transport Networks...........................................1
2 What Is MS-OTN...........................................................................................................................4
3 Typical Application.......................................................................................................................7
3.1 Backbone Transmission: Large Granular Services Directly Carried Over the Backbone Optical Network..................9
3.2 Mobile Service Transmission: Fast Service Deployment with High Bandwidth, Low Latency, and Low Costs........14
3.3 MAN Broadband Transmission: Addressing the Issue of Insufficient Bandwidth and Fiber Resources....................17
3.4 Leased Line Transmission: Services of Various Types and Rates...............................................................................22
3.5 Integrated Transmission of Fixed Network Services and Mobile Services: Broadband, Mobile, and Private Line
Services Carried Over the Same Network..........................................................................................................................27

4 Key Technologies........................................................................................................................30
4.1 Universal Line Boards..................................................................................................................................................32
4.2 MPLS-TP......................................................................................................................................................................34
4.3 Protection......................................................................................................................................................................36
4.4 OAM.............................................................................................................................................................................38
4.5 Synchronization............................................................................................................................................................40
4.6 QoS...............................................................................................................................................................................43
4.7 ASON...........................................................................................................................................................................48
4.8 TP-Assist for Visualized O&M....................................................................................................................................50
4.8.1 Centralized Network Management............................................................................................................................50
4.8.2 E2E Service Deployment...........................................................................................................................................51
4.8.3 Real-Time Network Performance Monitoring...........................................................................................................52
4.8.4 Online Meter-Free Commissioning...........................................................................................................................53
4.8.5 Intelligent Fault Diagnosis.........................................................................................................................................53

5 Standard Compliance.................................................................................................................55
6 Overview of Huawei MS-OTN Devices.................................................................................57
7 Summary.......................................................................................................................................63
8 More MS-OTN Documents.......................................................................................................65

Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential iii
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

............66 Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential iv Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co..................... .......................................MS-OTN Booklet Contents 9 Acronyms and Abbreviations................. Ltd..............

the delay is required to be shortened from 200 ms for 2G networks to 50 ms for 3G/LTE networks. the channels of the transport network face higher requirements on quality. New services such as cloud computing have a high requirement on bandwidth. the compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of metropolitan area network (MAN) bandwidth is expected to reach 35%. low latency.. Mobile networks are quickly evolving from 2G to 3G/LTE. and stable bidirectional flows. with explosive growth of base stations and substantial increase of data traffic. FE/GE private lines have been developing fast and will gradually substitute for traditional E1 lines as mainstream lines. As a result. which have been increasing and are difficult to meet. requirements on network bandwidth have increased remarkably due to the following factors: l Rapid growth of video services. and protection performance. the MAN bandwidth five years later will be 4 times as much as the existing bandwidth. For mobile networks. video services require high bandwidth. . especially on delay. Ltd. l Fast development of mobile Internet networks. Requirement 1: Higher Bandwidth In recent years. and powerful protection. a small packet loss ratio. while IPTV services have heavy downlink traffic and require low latency. l Wide deployment of new services. packet loss ratio. Requirement 2: Better Quality As the emergence of new network applications. 1 Development Trends and Challenges for Transport MS-OTN Booklet Networks 1 Development Trends and Challenges for Transport Networks Essentially a transport network is to provide channels of good quality to meet service transmission requirements. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 1 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. For example. In other words. In the coming years.

l Easy O&M A centralized network management system can ensure E2E service configuration and performance monitoring. l Bandwidth cannot be flexibly allocated and therefore bandwidth waste results. OPEX has to be reduced. networks using such transport devices can provide higher bandwidth and better quality but require lower costs. Bandwidth can be flexibly allocated to achieve zero waste. l As E2E services are processed on different technological planes that are isolated from each other. Layer 0. E2E service monitoring and management are becoming more and more difficult and so is the network O&M. Layer 1. and WDM devices. and Layer 2 (Ethernet/MPLS layer). The preceding issues cannot be resolved by devices that use a single technical plane. reducing service provisioning and grooming efficiency. Any change in the network architecture will be costly. have been added to traditional networks. the capital expenditure (CAPEX) is decreasing while the operating expense (OPEX) is increasing. this development model has introduced the following issues: l Devices are continually added and therefore fiber resources become insufficient. Network devices are required to occupy less floor space in an equipment room and to consume less power. l Advanced network structure An advanced network structure must be used to ensure stable network operation while supporting long-term service development. and Layer 2 have their own characteristics: l Layer 0 and Layer 1 provide fixed bandwidth channels (such as ODUk channels) that provide high bandwidth.. such as switches. Ltd. To achieve lower TCO. various devices. l High efficiency Quick network construction and service grooming guarantee a high service provisioning efficiency. routers. 1 Development Trends and Challenges for Transport MS-OTN Booklet Networks Requirement 3: Lower Costs In the network total cost of ownership (TCO). However. and a visualized O&M system can substantially facilitate network O&M. issues of poor management of Layer 2 on a transport network will be easily Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 2 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Layer 1 (TDM layer). putting higher requirements on networks. From the aspect of transport channels. The industry universally agrees that transport devices must integrate Layer 0 (optical layer). l E2E services traverse more and more types and number of devices. ensuring zero waste of bandwidth. SDH devices. . How to Meet the Requirements To meet the service transmission requirements. It is known that as the multiprotocol label switching transport profile (MPLS-TP) technology becomes mature. By leveraging the merits of each layer while focusing on improving the transmission efficiency. l Layer 2 provides flexible bandwidth channels so that bandwidth is allocated based on services.

and Layer 2 (that is.. . one set of devices can provide both fixed and flexible bandwidth channels. well addressing future service transport requirements. L0+L1+L2). The transport network with L0+L1+L2 integration becomes possible. 1 Development Trends and Challenges for Transport MS-OTN Booklet Networks resolved. high quality. Integration of Layer 0 and Layer 1 with Layer 2 whose core is the MPLS-TP technology can fully leverage the merits of transmission technologies at each layer. This solution is cos-effective and it is ideal for building a network with large bandwidth. With this solution. Layer 1. Ltd. Figure 1-1 shows a transport network solution that integrates Layer 0. and low costs. Figure 1-1 Transport network solution with integration of L0+L1+L2 Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 3 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

ODUk. and aggregated onto wavelengths for unified transmission. SONET. MS-OTN mainly has four characteristics: l Multi-service transmission: MS-OTN supports transmission of any service at any rate. such as SDH. quality. packets. Layer 1. The MS-OTN technology has integrated the technologies of the OTN. and VC levels. PON. In other words. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 4 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. System Architecture Figure 2-1 shows the MS-OTN system architecture. SDI. Different from NG WDM devices. This processing capability requires that MS-OTN must have enough switching capacity to ensure smooth grooming of massive services. Ltd. It is an ideal technology for future-proof transport networks since it meets bandwidth. TDM. and cost requirements. and Layer 2. Definitions MS-OTN devices are new OTN devices that are developed based on NG WDM devices. The core of MS-OTN is "all in one". l Universal switching: With integration of L0+L1+L2. FC. MS-OTN devices support multiprotocol label switching transport profile (MPLS-TP). The electrical switching level can groom any service at any granularity on the packet/ODU/VC plane. SAN. The switching system consists of an electrical switching level and an optical switching level. PDH. only OTN devices that support MPLS-TP and packet switching can be called MS-OTN devices.MS-OTN Booklet 2 What Is MS-OTN 2 What Is MS-OTN To address the development trend of transport networks. and supports collaboration between Layer 0. and packet planes. . l Centralized maintenance: A centralized network management system visualizes O&M of Layer 0. MS-OTN provides universal service switching and grooming of services at the wavelength. and Layer 2. ETH. Layer 1. the multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) technology is developed. l Unified transmission: Various services can be mapped into appropriate channels. and CPRI.

Ltd. and north degrees and local add/drop of wavelengths at the local degree. south. . Figure 2-2 Four-degree ROADM Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 5 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. west.MS-OTN Booklet 2 What Is MS-OTN Figure 2-1 MS-OTN system architecture The optical switching level uses the reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer (ROADM) technology to achieve dynamic wavelength grooming. Figure 2-2 shows a typical four-degree ROADM site that supports pass-through of wavelengths at the east. A ROADM uses a wavelength selective switching (WSS) module to enable grooming of up to 80 wavelengths..

MS-OTN is just like a pipe and it can map services into appropriate ODUk channels based on service attributes.MS-OTN Booklet 2 What Is MS-OTN Service Processing As shown in Figure 2-3. .. Figure 2-3 Multi-service processing of MS-OTN Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 6 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

. and Private Line Services Carried Over the Same Network Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 7 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and the gap between the profit introduced by increasing traffic and the core router expansion costs becomes large. high reliability. . high security. MAN broadband networks can address the issue of insufficient bandwidth and fiber resources and at the same time provide better service transmission quality. such as high bandwidth.5 Integrated Transmission of Fixed Network Services and Mobile Services: Broadband.2 Mobile Service Transmission: Fast Service Deployment with High Bandwidth. 3. the transport network faces higher requirements. telecom carriers face increasing pressure on backbone network expansion. 3. 3. With the MS-OTN solution. Mobile.MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application 3 Typical Application About This Chapter The multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) applies to various network scenarios. With the multi-service OTN (MS-OTN).4 Leased Line Transmission: Services of Various Types and Rates Leased lines are important for network operation. These issues are well addressed by the multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) solution. Low Latency. and Low Costs As the mobile network evolves from 2G to 3G/LTE. 3. This section describes the typical applications of MS-OTN. An E2E multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) mobile bearer solution can address issues generated during mobile broadband evolution and support fast service deployment with low costs. 3.1 Backbone Transmission: Large Granular Services Directly Carried Over the Backbone Optical Network As service traffic increases rapidly. and low costs.3 MAN Broadband Transmission: Addressing the Issue of Insufficient Bandwidth and Fiber Resources Metropolitan area network (MAN) broadband is the main fixed network bearer scenario. large granular services can be directly carried over the optical network rather than being forwarded by the core router on each hop. Ltd. high flexibility. The multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) can carry leased line services of various types and rates and has many advantages.

mobile.. . which in essence carries fixed bandwidth. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 8 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and private line services over one network.MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application Fixed mobile integrated carrier application is also called fixed mobile convergence (FMC). Ltd.

With the MS-OTN solution. It supports traffic forwarding of diversified granularities. Background Two main solutions are available for integrating the IP layer and OTN layer: l Direct output of colored light on a router: It is a closed solution and has many disadvantages. l IP-OTN synergy: This solution is open and scalable. large granular services can be directly carried over the optical network rather than being forwarded by the core router on each hop. Figure 3-1 Integration of the IP and OTN layers Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 9 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. In addition. . it cannot be widely used. decreasing network capital expenditure (CAPEX). Therefore. Ltd. These issues are well addressed by the multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) solution. Therefore.MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application 3. collaboration of multi-layer protection effectively enhances network reliability. such as unclear management interfaces and difficult maintenance.1 Backbone Transmission: Large Granular Services Directly Carried Over the Backbone Optical Network As service traffic increases rapidly. and the gap between the profit introduced by increasing traffic and the core router expansion costs becomes large. and collaboration of multi-layer O&M improves the O&M efficiency. telecom carriers face increasing pressure on backbone network expansion. it has become the mainstream backbone carrier solution. Figure 3-1 shows the IP-OTN synergy solution..

therefore decreasing CAPAX and OPEX for carriers. the total network bandwidth remains the same while the total investments on the IP and OTN layers are substantially decreased. Overview The IP-OTN synergy solution uses the bypass mode to transmit heavy-traffic services over the OTN layer that is relatively economical.. l Stage 4: IP-OTN synergy. In addition.MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application NOTE l Stage 1: IP over DWDM. . Ltd. The P2P WDM is no longer used. Figure 3-2 IP-OTN synergy backbone carrying solution The IP-OTN synergy solution supports three collaboration mechanisms: l Traffic-based collaboration: Optimization is achieved through integration of the IP and OTN layers. Particularly. l Stage 2: IP over OTN. l Stage 3: IP over OTN/ASON. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 10 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. OTN networking is used and electrical cross-connections are used to prevent wavelength conflicts. OTN equipment uses the generalized multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS) control plane to achieve dynamic wavelength switching. The P2P WDM extends the transmission distance and expands transmission bandwidth. multi-layer network optimization is implemented to overcome the challenges of backbone network expansion. This reduces the CAPEX for carriers. GMPLS UNIs are used for communication between the IP and OTN layers. Instead.

improving the O&M efficiency and decreasing the OPEX for carriers. port resources of core routers are saved.. multi-layer network planning tool (ML-NPT). – The port convergence function of MS-OTN devices converges services from low-speed ports at the client side onto high-speed physical ports on core routers using the VLAN aware or channelized OTN technology. as shown in Figure 3-2. – The NMS supports E2E service provisioning and fault handling for the entire backbone network and the ML-NPT supports offline network optimization. In this way. l Protection collaboration: As shown in Table 3-1. . Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 11 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application – The bypass mode is used to transmit heavy-traffic services over ODUk channels at Layer 1 or MPLS-TP channels at Layer 2 (as shown in Figure 3-3). as shown in Figure 3-2. and multi- layer path computation element (ML-PCE) work together to implement O&M collaboration. both the IP and OTN layers support diversified protection schemes. Collaboration of protection schemes at the two layers enhances network reliability. l O&M collaboration: The NMS. Ltd. – The ML-PCE supports real-time computation and online planning of cross-layer paths.

MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application Traffic-based Collaboration Figure 3-3 Traffic-based collaboration between Layer 1 and Layer 2 NOTE Either of the following optical modules can be used on the colorless optical ports in the figure above: l CFP optical modules are current mainstream colorless optical modules. They support a transmission distance of 10 km to 40 km and are costly. They support a transmission distance shorten than 150 m and are cost-effective. . l CXP optical modules are 100G colorless optical modules.. Ltd. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 12 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

O&M Collaboration The GMPLS UNI and ML-PCE are the key technologies for the IP-OTN synergy backbone carrying solution. The recovery time is less than 1s. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 13 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and TE hot standby. OLP. The protection switching time is less than 200 ms. The protection switching time is less than 50 ms. and diamond-level ASON protection. The recovery time is less than 1s.. . l The OTN-layer recovery scheme is silver-level ASON rerouting.MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application Protection Collaboration Table 3-1 Protection collaboration between the IP and OTN layers Protection IP-Layer Protection and IP-Layer Protection and Collaboration OTN-Layer Recovery OTN-Layer Protection (Recommended) Recommended l IP layer: TE FRR l IP layer: TE FRR combination l OTN layer: silver-level l OTN layer: optical line ASON rerouting protection (OLP) Protection Service recovery upon any fault l IP layer: service recovery performance within 200 ms within 400 ms l OTN layer: service recovery within 50 ms Application scope l IP layer: all faults l IP layer: all faults l OTN layer: rerouting for l OTN layer: all faults ASON services to protect services against fiber faults Optical-layer Medium (no protection channel High (protection channel bandwidth utilization resources need to be reserved for resources need to be reserved for ASON rerouting) OTN 1+1 protection) ASON feature Enabled Either enabled or disabled Hold-off time of a 0 ms 200 ms router BFD detection period 10 ms x 3 50 ms x 3 of a router LPT function upon Enabled Enabled MAC transparent transmission in OTN devices NOTE l IP-layer protection schemes include IP FRR. l OTN-layer protection schemes include ODUk SNCP. TE FRR. Ltd. LDP FRR. l The IP-layer recovery scheme is route convergence. ODUk SPRing.

a router can directly drive transport devices so that a channel is created or deleted on the transport devices. Figure 3-4 Cross-layer service configuration of the ML-PCE server 3.MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application l GMPLS UNIs are interfaces on the control planes for routers and transport devices. the GMPLS UNIs are based on the overplay model which ensures the independence of the IP layer and OTN layer. facilitating O&M and capacity expansion. In this sense. Background Mobile broadband (MBB) has the following requirements on the transport network: l High bandwidth: The bearer bandwidth requirement rapidly increases as data services grow rapidly. and Low Costs As the mobile network evolves from 2G to 3G/LTE. In addition. the transport network faces higher requirements. Low Latency.2 Mobile Service Transmission: Fast Service Deployment with High Bandwidth. An E2E multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) mobile bearer solution can address issues generated during mobile broadband evolution and support fast service deployment with low costs.. . Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 14 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and supports real-time cross-layer path computation and planning. the GMPLS UNI and ML-PCE are the foundation of IP-OTN synergy. l The ML-PCE functions as the auxiliary element for centralized computation of the distributed control planes. Ltd. Using a GMPLS UNI.

Figure 3-5 MS-OTN mobile bearer solution Service Transmission With the MS-OTN solution. Ltd. making deployment complex. . The routers then terminate Layer 2 VLAN packets and forward services according to IP addresses or by Layer 3 virtual private network (L3VPN).. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 15 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. services are carried over multiprotocol label switching transport profile (MPLS-TP) private lines (virtual private wire services or VPWSs) or private networks (virtual private LAN services or VPLSs) connected to routers through user network interfaces (UNIs). l Use of X2 interfaces: eNodeBs are connected and the connections increase exponentially. as shown in Figure 3-5. and pico base stations) and each layer has an explosive growth.MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application l Low latency: The latency is shortened to 50 ms while the latency of a 2G network is 200 ms. Base transceiver stations (BTSs) are connected to an MS-OTN network through E1 links. 3G. l Multi-layer structure: Three layers are involved (macro. micro. Overview The MS-OTN mobile bearer solution can carry 2G. while NodeBs and eNodeBs are connected to the MS-OTN network through FE and GE links. and LTE services at the same time.

l VPLS: a technology that bears Layer 2 private network services based on MPLS and Ethernet technologies. Dual-homing protection is supported. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 16 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. VPLS is also called transparent LAN service (TLS) or virtual private switched network service (VPSNS).MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application Figure 3-6 Service transmission solution (E2E VPWS and VPWS+VPLS) Table 3-2 Comparison of MS-OTN mobile service transmission solutions Solution Application Scenario Scenario Description E2E VPWS VLANs that support Services at different base stations are unified planning of identified using VLAN IDs. VPWS+VPLS VLANs that do not Base stations can use duplicate VLAN support unified planning IDs. Powerful Protection The MS-OTN mobile bearer solution provides diversified E2E single-homing and dual-homing protection schemes. Rectangle- transport and wireless like or U-shape dual-homing protection is devices not supported. . VPWS emulates services such as Ethernet and low-speed time division multiplexing (TDM) in a packet switched network (PSN). Core devices forward services to of transport and wireless correct destinations based on MAC devices addresses.. TIP l VPWS: a technology that bears Layer 2 private line services. ensuring high network reliability.

This becomes one of the main demands for MAN development. l Emergence of new applications and services request high-quality networks.. Background The MAN has two development trends and therefore MAN broadband networks face higher requirements. MAN bandwidth five years later will become 4 times of the existing bandwidth. Therefore. low latency. which may result in insufficiency of fiber resources. while IPTV services have heavy downlink traffic and therefore have high requirements on Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 17 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. They have high requirements on network quality. single devices are expected to meet the bandwidth requirements. are developed. With the multi-service OTN (MS-OTN). . The main drive for bandwidth demand growth is no longer the Internet access services that have a high convergence ratio. l As bandwidth requirements increase. but is the video services that do not have convergence requirements during network transmission. In other words. such as Internet Protocol television (IPTV) and video services. a device is expected to address the issue of insufficient bandwidth and fiber resources so that the network becomes flattened. On a typical traditional MAN equipped with switches or routers. video services require high bandwidth. and further to build a flat network. Then the MAN capacity will be expanded 20 times five years later. Diversified types of new services. and stable bidirectional flows. to address the issue of insufficient fiber resources. For example. a single device is unable to meet the bandwidth requirements after capacity expansion and therefore more devices need to be added in an equipment room. Ltd. MAN broadband networks can address the issue of insufficient bandwidth and fiber resources and at the same time provide better service transmission quality.MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application Figure 3-7 MS-OTN mobile bearer protection solutions 3. In the next several years.3 MAN Broadband Transmission: Addressing the Issue of Insufficient Bandwidth and Fiber Resources Metropolitan area network (MAN) broadband is the main fixed network bearer scenario. the compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of MAN bandwidth is estimated to exceed 35%.

packet loss rate. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 18 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. such as the x digital subscriber line (xDSL). which not only addresses the current issue of insufficient resources but also meets future long-term network development requirements. The MS-OTN solution has the following significant benefits: l Large capacity: The MS-OTN devices and single fibers support large capacity. and O&M. cannot be addressed by a traditional MAN network. . l Access layer: It provides applications. the MS-OTN becomes the optimal application in the MAN broadband network.MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application latency. fiber. improving network quality. power consumption. Overview As shown in Figure 3-8. IPTV. services are received on 10GE ports at an access node and are converged and then transmitted using 100GE ports at an convergence node connected to a core router. Against this backdrop.. such as low latency and high reliability. but also reduces network layers. Ltd. For example. a MAN broadband network can be divided into the following parts: l Application layer: It provides users with various content services. l High reliability: The MS-OTN solution provides various protection schemes against node. commissioning. and protection. The solution not only reduces the number of required devices. such as Internet access. l Easy O&M: A visualized O&M system is used to support fault diagnosis during service provisioning. l MAN backbone layer: It implements port aggregation and rate conversion. and service faults and meets the carrier-class protection switching time requirement (50 ms). Internet. l Flat network architecture: The all-in-one MS-OTN network prevents stacking of redundancy devices. l MAN convergence layer: It implements service allocation. l Home/Business network layer: It is an end user network providing users with TV. These high-quality requirements. and voice over IP (VoIP) soft switching services. and telephone interfaces. and required floor space of an equipment room. and distance extension. l Broadband network gateway (BNG): It implements user authentication and protocol and address conversion. to implement conversion between IP and Ethernet services. service transmission.

the MS-OTN applies to the MAN backbone and MAN convergence layers. Table 3-3 Typical MS-OTN solutions for a MAN broadband network Solution Device Function Type Characteristic Name Access Convergen Node ce Node OTN OTN OTN Access and convergence nodes transparently transparent transparent transparent transmit services. Ltd. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 19 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. . Table 3-3 describes typical MS-OTN solution for a MAN broadband network. They provide pure transmission transmission transmission channels of high bandwidth to address the issue of insufficient fiber resources.MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application Figure 3-8 MAN broadband network On a MAN broadband network.

At convergence +packet nodes. OTN OTN Packet At access nodes. supporting high capacity. A digital subscriber line access multiplexer (DSLAM) is connected to the MS-OTN using two ports for dual feeding. services are transparently transparent transparent transmitted and therefore device deployment transmission transmission and O&M can be simplified. OTN Transparent Transmission The MS-OTN provides channels for transparently transmitting services. Figure 3-9 MAN broadband network: OTN transparent transmission Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 20 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. . At convergence nodes.. In addition.MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application Solution Device Function Type Characteristic Name Access Convergen Node ce Node Ethernet over EoW Packet At access nodes. service convergence is WDM (EoW) implemented using board-level switching. +packet supporting small capacity and requiring low costs. service convergence is flexibly and efficiently implemented in a unified and centralized mode. Ltd. service convergence is implemented in a universal and centralized mode. requiring fewer BNG ports and fiber resources. one level of bandwidth aggregation is provided. and uses two independent channels to equip services with dual-homing protection.

Figure 3-11 MAN broadband network: OTN transparent transmission+packet Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 21 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. a DSLAM is connected to the MS-OTN through a port. which supports low capacity and requires low costs..MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application EoW+Packet At access nodes. Figure 3-10 shows typical EoW+packet network application. service convergence is implemented through board-level switching. Figure 3-11 shows the typical application of the OTN transparent transmission+packet solution. Services are identified according to VLAN IDs and are carried in Native ETH mode. Figure 3-10 MAN broadband network: EoW+packet OTN Transparent Transmission+Packet Access nodes transparently transmit services and convergence nodes implement service convergence using the packet switching technique. On the network. Ltd. .

MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application

3.4 Leased Line Transmission: Services of Various Types
and Rates
Leased lines are important for network operation. The multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) can carry
leased line services of various types and rates and has many advantages, such as high bandwidth,
high reliability, high security, high flexibility, and low costs.

Background
E1 services were mainstream leased line services. With the wider deployment of information
technologies, new applications, such as video conference and cloud computing, are rapidly
developed, and FE and GE services are gradually becoming the mainstream private line services.
As a result, private line services of various types and rates will coexist for a long time.

A traditional solution uses different types of devices, such as SDH devices, switches, and WDM
devices, to transmit specific types and rates of services. Consequently, a huge number of devices
are stacked, occupying plenty of equipment room space, consuming much power, and making
network O&M difficult.

MS-OTN devices use both bandwidth-fixed and bandwidth-flexible channels to flexibly allocate
line bandwidth resources and effectively carry any-rate granularities. This capability resolves
the issues of device stacking and difficult O&M.

Overview
As shown in Figure 3-12, three leased line models are available: point to point (P2P), point to
multi-point (P2MP), and multi-point to multi-point (MP2MP). Layer 2 switching is required for
P2MP and MP2MP leased lines.

Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 22
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application

Figure 3-12 Leased line models

The MS-OTN can carry services based on specific cross-connect planes (OTN, packet, and TDM
planes) to provide users with differentiated services. On the MS-OTN, leased line services on
different planes are encapsulated into different lower order ODUk channels and then multiplexed
into the same higher order ODUk channels for unified transmission.

Table 3-4 MS-OTN leased line solution

Solution Name Characteristic

Leased line based on This solution applies to the high-level large-granularity leased line
the OTN plane scenario, in which bandwidth-fixed ODUk channels are mainly used.
Particularly, the Ethernet over OTN (EoO) feature not only adjusts
bandwidth at the access side through Layer 2 processing, but also
supports bandwidth-flexible ODUk (k = 0, 1, 2, flex) channels on the
line side. Services can be provided with high quality of service (QoS),
high security, and high reliability.

Leased line based on This solution applies to the flexible leased line scenario, in which
the packet plane dynamic grooming and bandwidth adjustment are implemented and
E2E multiprotocol label switching transport profile (MPLS-TP) lines
are mainly used.

Leased line based on This solution applies to the traditional time division multiplexing
the TDM plane (TDM) leased line scenario, in which E1/STM-N channels are mainly
used.

Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 23
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MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application

Leased Line Based on the OTN Plane
A leased line based on the OTN plane directly encapsulates the received services into ODUk
granularities, which are then transmitted over the MS-OTN network. Service grooming is
implemented using ODUk cross-connections. Figure 3-13 uses a GE service as an example to
explain the leased line solution based on the OTN plane.

Figure 3-13 GE leased line based on the OTN plane

Table 3-5 lists typical leased lines that MS-OTN devices support based on the OTN plane.

Table 3-5 Typical leased lines based on the OTN plane

Leased Line Type Topology Structure Transmission Mode

E1/T1 P2P OTN transparent transmission (using
ODUk channels)

STM-N P2P OTN transparent transmission (using
(N = 1/4/16/64/256) ODUk channels)

FE/GE/10GE P2P OTN transparent transmission (using
ODUk channels)

P2P/P2MP/MP2MP EoO

40GE/100GE P2P OTN transparent transmission (using
ODUk channels)

OTU1/OTU2/OTU3/ P2P OTN transparent transmission (using
OTU4 ODUk channels)

Leased Line Based on the Packet Plane
A leased line based on the packet plane implements Layer 2 switching on the received services,
which are then encapsulated into PWE3 for transmission over MPLS tunnels. Service grooming
is implemented using packet cross-connections. Figure 3-14, Figure 3-15, and Figure 3-16 use
an Ethernet service as an example to explain the leased line solution based on the packet plane.

Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 24
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

. Ltd. .MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application Figure 3-14 P2P leased line based on the packet plane Figure 3-15 P2MP leased line based on the packet plane Figure 3-16 MP2MP leased line based on the packet plane Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 25 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

6 QoS respectively. . Table 3-6 lists typical leased lines that MS-OTN devices support based on the packet plane.4 OAM and 4. For details on the OAM and QoS features. and locate network faults. Figure 3-17 GE leased line based on the TDM plane Table 3-7 lists typical leased lines that MS-OTN devices support based on the TDM plane. identify. Table 3-6 Typical leased lines based on the packet plane Leased Line Type Topology Structure Transmission Mode E1/T1 P2P TDM PWE3 (using MPLS tunnels) FE/GE/10GE/100GE P2P/P2MP/MP2MP ETH PWE3 (using MPLS tunnels) Leased Line Based on the TDM Plane A leased line based on the TDM plane directly encapsulates the received services into VCs. and the OAM feature to effectively detect. Figure 3-17 uses an STM-N/ GE service as an example to explain the leased line solution based on the TDM plane. Ltd. Table 3-7 Typical leased lines based on the TDM plane Leased Line Type Topology Structure Transmission Mode E1/T1 P2P TDM transparent transmission E3/T3 P2P TDM transparent transmission STM-N P2P TDM transparent transmission (N = 1/4/16/64) Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 26 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. see 4..MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application A leased line based on the packet plane can be equipped with the QoS feature to provide differentiated services. Service grooming is implemented using VC cross-connections.

which in essence carries fixed bandwidth. such as insufficient equipment room space. and private line services over one network. l The packet plane provides the Layer 2 feature. whereas SDH devices need to be upgraded. Background As network operating services rapidly develop. such as mobile. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 27 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. l The SDH plane matches the SDH network. and difficult network O&M. supports smooth network evolution. The MS-OTN uses E2E MPLS-TP channels to achieve integrated transmission of various services. The demand for new service types and the issues of existing networks call for a network with an advanced structure and integrated carrying capabilities.5 Integrated Transmission of Fixed Network Services and Mobile Services: Broadband. Overview The FMC solution supports various types of services. and private line services. The MS-OTN meets the network requirements for the following merits: l The multiprotocol label switching transport profile (MPLS-TP) technology addresses the requirements of carrying mobile.MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application Leased Line Type Topology Structure Transmission Mode FE/GE/10GE P2P/P2MP/MP2MP EoS 3. and maximizes profitability of existing SDH services. many network carriers start to run mobile services in addition to fixed network services. high power consumption. Mobile. and the requirements of evolving SDH service into IP services. simplifies network layers. broadband. Traditional SDH services are also running. reduces required equipment room space. and broadband services. and Private Line Services Carried Over the Same Network Fixed mobile integrated carrier application is also called fixed mobile convergence (FMC). Ltd. eliminates the need of switches and convergence routers. or vices versa. issues. mobile. reduces device stacking. arise as the number and types of devices increase. private line. . At the same time. l The OTN plane supports massive wavelengths and large-volume bandwidth. addressing the requirements of future long-term bandwidth expansion. There are strong demands for running new services.. and reduces power consumption.

Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 28 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the MS-OTN carries various types of services as follows: l Mobile services: The solution is the same as the mobile bearer solution as described in 3. PW APS is equipped to implement dual-homing protection for services. Low Latency. Figure 3-19 shows a typical solution.MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application Figure 3-18 FMC solution In FMC scenarios. broadband services are carried over E2E MPLS-TP channels. l Private line services: The solution is the same as the leased line bearer solution as described in 3. so that broadband services can be transmitted over E2E MPLS-TP channels. and Low Costs. the packet feature of the MS-OTN is used.. Ltd. l Broadband services: Unlike pure bandwidth scenarios. in which unified and centralized packet switching is deployed at access nodes and convergence nodes. . Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) packets are equipped with PW APS protection. Customer services are identified according to VLAN IDs and are encapsulated into PWs.4 Leased Line Transmission: Services of Various Types and Rates. in FMC scenarios. Between convergence nodes.2 Mobile Service Transmission: Fast Service Deployment with High Bandwidth. As shown in the figure. This topic describes only the application of the MS-OTN in the broadband service bearer solution. The devices support large capacity and two or more levels of bandwidth aggregation. a digital subscriber line access multiplexer (DSLAM) is connected to the MS-OTN through a port. which is flexible and efficient. Broadband Service Bearer In FMC scenarios.

. Ltd.MS-OTN Booklet 3 Typical Application Figure 3-19 E2E MPLS-TP channels for carrying broadband services Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 29 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. .

1 Universal Line Boards Universal line boards are the key components for multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) devices to implement unified transmission. By minimizing network delay and jitter in case of network congestion. 4. multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) provides a hierarchical and E2E operation. . how to inherit transport network maintenance experience. This topic describes the key MS-OTN technologies. administration and management (OAM) solution. and performance detection. 4.5 Synchronization Multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) devices support precise clock synchronization and time synchronization schemes.6 QoS Packet networks uses the quality of service (QoS) mechanism to properly allocate and monitor network resources.MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies 4 Key Technologies About This Chapter Multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) has included many technologies. 4. Ltd.3 Protection Multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) devices support hierarchical and diversified service protection schemes.. 4. 4. how to achieve carrier-class transmission on mobile networks. which meets requirements on network fault location. the multiprotocol label switching transport profile (MPLS-TP) technology is developed. QoS ensures the quality of key services. protection switching. 4.4 OAM To help you quickly locate and handle faults.2 MPLS-TP Many issues arise during the transformation of transport networks into All-IP networks.7 ASON Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 30 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. These issues include how to achieve transmission of high-bandwidth data services with low costs. To address these issues. and how to deploy packet services over existing network devices to protect investments. 4.

Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 31 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. through which the network can be managed and maintained.8 TP-Assist for Visualized O&M Transport packet assist (TP-Assist) enables O&M concerns. It makes MS-OTN intelligent. such as service trails. By doing so. on a network to be displayed in different views. . 4.. and faults.MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies The automatically switched optical network (ASON) only functions on the control plane of the multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) network. performance. TP-Assist substantially reduces network O&M difficulties and costs. and improves the O&M efficiency. Ltd. traffic.

100G. Universal line boards support 40G. l Provide different services with channels of different types and capacities.1 Universal Line Boards Universal line boards are the key components for multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) devices to implement unified transmission. Universal line boards have the following functions: l Transmit OTN. Figure 4-2 shows the functional block diagram and Table 4-1 describes the main functions of the modules. and OTN processing modules..MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies 4. and packet services over the same wavelength and dynamically allocate bandwidth for different services. and even higher-rate transmission like common line boards but provide better flexibility and higher efficiency. . SDH. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 32 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Figure 4-1 Channel allocation on universal line boards Function Implementation A universal line board integrates packet. Ltd. SDH.

such as protection. module SDH processing Frames VC-4 services into appropriate STM-N signals and module processes the signal overheads. MAC addressing. Packet processor Performs routing. and congestion management functions to monitor and process service streams. ODUk cross-connect Performs backplane cross-connections of ODUk signals. Traffic manager Performs traffic shaping. module frames OTN signals. and processes the signal overheads. Service Mapping Path The service mapping paths supported by universal line boards vary according to products and hardware. Ltd. and QoS. and label switching for data packets. module OTN processing Encapsulates packet and SDH services into ODUk containers. The following table lists a few typical service mapping paths.MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies Figure 4-2 Functional block diagram of a universal line board Table 4-1 Module functions Module Main Function Fabric interface circuit Converts the received packets into those that can be processed by the fabric network and exchanges packets with the cross-connect board. OAM. .. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 33 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. VC cross-connect Performs backplane cross-connections of VC signals. and fulfills Layer 2 functions for data services. queue scheduling.

OTN ODU0<->ODU1<->ODU3<->OTU3 ODU0<->ODU3<->OTU3 ODU1<->ODU3<->OTU3 ODU2<->ODU3<->OTU3 ODUflex<->ODU3<->OTU3 . To address these issues.MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies Table 4-2 Typical service mapping paths of universal line boards Domain Typical Service Mapping Paths Packet 100GE<->GFP-F<->ODU4<->OTU4 10GE<->GFP-F<->ODU2<->ODU3<->OTU3 10GE<->GFP-F<->ODU2<->OTU2 GE<->GFP-T/GFP-F<->ODU0<->ODU3<->OTU3 GE<->GFP-T/GFP-F<->ODU0<->ODU2<->OTU2 n x GE<->GFP-F<->ODUflex<->ODU2<->OTU2 n x GE<->GFP-F<->ODUflex<->ODU3<->OTU3 n x GE<->GFP-F<->ODUflex<->ODU4<->OTU4 . Ltd. the multiprotocol label switching transport profile (MPLS-TP) technology is developed. how to inherit transport network maintenance experience. enhances network security.. and how to deploy packet services over existing network devices to protect investments. ....2 MPLS-TP Many issues arise during the transformation of transport networks into All-IP networks. how to achieve carrier-class transmission on mobile networks... These issues include how to achieve transmission of high-bandwidth data services with low costs. SDH STM-16<->ODU1<->ODU3<->OTU3 STM-16<->ODU1<->ODU2<->OTU2 STM-64<->ODU2<->ODU3<->OTU3 STM-64<->ODU2<->OTU2 . and shortens network delay. Advantages of MPLS-TP The MPLS-TP technology provides the following advantages when it is used on existing transport networks: l Inherits the connection-oriented feature of the multiprotocol label switching (MPLS) technology.. l Supports SDH-like ring and linear protection. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 34 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 4. and meets the carrier-class protection switching requirements.

T-MPLS was introduced in 2005 by ITU-T international standardization organization. MPLS-TP was introduced and developed against the backdrop of IP-based telecom services. l Supports centralized device management implemented by the NMS and static configuration. With the MPLS-TP technology. Ltd. The technology was renamed MPLS-TP. Figure 4-3 shows the evolution of the MPLS-TP technology. and provides support for transport functionality by enhancing OAM and protection mechanisms.. l Multi-service l Multi-service switched (CO-PS) transmission and transmission and l Multi-service QoS guarantee QoS guarantee transmission and l OAM and l OAM and QoS guarantee protection protection l Isolation of MPLS l Isolation of MPLS and IP and IP l Interworking with MPLS Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 35 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Figure 4-3 Evolution of the MPLS-TP technology Plane MPLS/PWE3 T-MPLS MPLS-TP Data plane l Connection. The MPLS-TP technology achieves simple but efficient packet transmission based on existing MPLS technologies.MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies l Supports SDH-like hierarchical OAM. In February 2008. and improves network reliability. What Is MPLS-TP Originated from transport MPLS (T-MPLS). l CO-PS l CO-PS oriented packet. . ITU-T and IETF jointly worked out T-MPLS requirements and reached the following conclusion: ITU-T transport requirements could be addressed by extending the IETF MPLS architecture. fulfills quick fault detection and location at each layer. you can maintain a network in the same way as traditional transport network without having knowledge about Layer 3 protocols. It simplifies Layer 3 MPLS technologies that are not relevant to transmission.

independent control plane of the control plane of the control plane 4. Figure 4-4 Hierarchical MS-OTN protection Table 4-3 lists the recommendations and standards with which MS-OTN protection complies. independent SDH-like. .3 Protection Multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) devices support hierarchical and diversified service protection schemes. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 36 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies Control plane MPLS control plane Generalized GMPLS control plane multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS) control plane Management plane Dependent on the SDH-like. Figure 4-4 shows MS-OTN protection. Figure 4-5 and Figure 4-6 illustrate common ITU-T-defined protection switching mechanisms. Ltd..

808.1. G.1ax OTN G.8131.842 N/A Figure 4-5 ITU-T-defined 1+1 protection Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 37 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.8131. G. .1.2 N/A SDH G..1.1.808.873.MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies Table 4-3 Main recommendations and standards complied by MS-OTN protection Service ITU-T Recommendation IEEE Standard Packet G. Ltd. G.873.8032 802. G. G.

multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) provides a hierarchical and E2E operation. carriers pay more and more attention to device maintainability and are eager to resolve OAM issues of transport networks. MS-OTN networks inherit rich OTN and TDM overheads for OAM. protection switching. Figure 4-7 E2E OAM of packet networks Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 38 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. especially from local area networks (LANs) to wide area networks (WANs).MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies Figure 4-6 ITU-T-defined 1:1 protection 4. and support E2E O&M of packet networks using multiprotocol label switching transport profile (MPLS-TP) OAM and ETH-OAM.. administration and management (OAM) solution. which meets requirements on network fault location. and performance detection.4 OAM To help you quickly locate and handle faults. . As Ethernet networks are continually developed. Ltd.

Table 4-4 MPLS-TP OAM functions OAM Function OAM Operation Proactive OAM Fault management Continuity check (CC) Remote defect indication (RDI) Alarm indication signal (AIS) OAM on demand Fault management Loopback (LB) Linktrace (LT) Performance Loss measurement (LM) monitoring Delay measurement (DM) Locked signal function (LCK) and test (TST) What Is ETH-OAM ETH-OAM performs OAM operations in Ethernet Layer 2 by using specific OAM packets. remote loopback. Ethernet service OAM detects service information and manages individual network segments that a service traverses by checking each maintenance domain. . Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 39 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies What Is MPLS-TP OAM MPLS-TP OAM is used for OAM of MPLS-TP networks. it maintains the point-to-point Ethernet link by performing OAM automatic discovery. Table 4-4 lists the main MPLS-TP OAM functions. In addition.1.8113. link performance monitoring. Instead. l Ethernet service OAM (also called connectivity fault management or CFM) focuses on E2E maintenance of Ethernet links. reducing network maintenance costs. and locates faults on an MPLS-TP network and triggers protection switching in a timely manner in case of a link fault.. ETH-OAM is independent of the transmission medium. Table 4-5 lists the main ETH-OAM functions. and self-loop detection. ETH-OAM packets are processed only at the MAC layer. Ltd. as a low-rate protocol. MPLS-TP OAM complies with ITU-T G. Ethernet port OAM is not applicable to services. identifies. It detects. l Ethernet port OAM (also called Ethernet in the first mile or EFM) focuses on point-to-point maintenance of Ethernet links between two directly-connected devices in the last mile. the ETH-OAM protocol requires very limited bandwidth and therefore does not affect services carried on the link.

also called called clock synchronization. Table 4-6 Comparison between frequency synchronization and phrase synchronization Item Frequency Synchronization Phrase Synchronization Definition Frequency synchronization. Ltd. Synchronization Description Synchronization includes frequency synchronization and phrase synchronization. That is. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 40 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. also Phase synchronization. at the same average rate within the valid time so that all the devices on the network can work at the same rate..MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies Table 4-5 ETH-OAM functions OAM Function Standards OAM Operation Compliance CFM IEEE 802. .1731 LM DM EFM IEEE 802.3ah Automatic discovery Link performance monitoring Remote loopback Self-loop detection 4. Clock Clock signals have the same clock Clock signals have the same clock cycle cycle.5 Synchronization Multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) devices support precise clock synchronization and time synchronization schemes.1ag CC RDI AIS LB LT ITU-T Y. cycle. That is. refers to time synchronization. signals are transmitted between signals. Table 4-6 provides comparison between them. there is no phase offset signals. means that the maintenance of a strict relationship signals have the same frequency and between the frequencies or phases of phase.

05 ppm ±3 us WiMax FDD ±0.05 ppm ±1 us LTE FDD ±0. Requirements on Network Clock Synchronization On mobile communications networks. Ltd..MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies Item Frequency Synchronization Phrase Synchronization Clock Clock signals have the same Clock signals have the same frequency frequency. frequency. .05 ppm Phrase synchronization is not required. LTE TDD ±0. Table 4-7 lists a mobile communications network's requirements on clock synchronization by wireless access mode. WCDMA ±0.05 ppm Phrase synchronization is not required. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 41 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. WiMax TDD ±0. service clocks must be synchronized. Table 4-8 lists common systems' requirements on phase synchronization.05 ppm ±3 us In addition to the communications networks. accounting systems and network management systems also require phase synchronization. a synchronization reference source must be provided for wireless base stations.05 ppm Phrase synchronization is not required. Clock Clock pulses may have different Clock pulses have the same phase.05 ppm Phrase synchronization is not required. Table 4-7 Mobile communications network's requirements on clock synchronization Wireless Access Mode Frequency Phrase Synchronization Synchronization Precision Precision GSM ±0. TD-SCDMA ±0. pulse phases but the phase differences are phase the same.05 ppm ±3 us CDMA2000 ±0. and moreover.

MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies Table 4-8 Other common systems' requirements on phase synchronization System Phrase Synchronization Precision Accounting system ±500 ms Communications network ±500 ms management system Signaling system No. which enables accurate clock synchronization between distributed and standalone devices in measurement and control systems. Using the GPS introduces many issues such as difficult site selection and installation. To address these issues. This standard defines the Precision Time Protocol (PTP). IEEE 1588v2 is a standard defining the precision clock synchronization protocol for measurement and control systems. 7 ±1 ms Positioning system ±1 us (equivalent to positioning precision of 300 m) E2E 1588v2 for Network Synchronization Existing time synchronization solutions use the global positioning system (GPS) to achieve synchronization of wireless base stations. and high costs. . difficult maintenance. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 42 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. high vulnerability.. The standard permits time synchronization precision better than 1 nanosecond. Ltd. the MS-OTN solution uses physical clocks and IEEE 1588v2 to provide uniform network transmission and E2E clock transmission.

and packet loss ratio. Ltd. QoS On traditional packet networks. and data services. video services.. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 43 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. l Avoids and manages network congestion. These mechanisms cannot meet the requirements of new services (such as video services) on bandwidth. delay. such as voice services. QoS ensures the quality of key services. QoS is introduced to provide differentiated classes of service based on requirements of different services.6 QoS Packet networks uses the quality of service (QoS) mechanism to properly allocate and monitor network resources. all packets are processed using a first in first out (FIFO) queue scheduling mechanism and forwarded using a best-effort mechanism.MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies Figure 4-8 E2E 1588v2 synchronization 4. Therefore. . jitter. l Reduces the packet loss ratio. QoS has the following merits: l Provides dedicated bandwidth for a specific user or service. By minimizing network delay and jitter in case of network congestion.

Figure 4-9 QoS scheme NOTE Packet colors are used to identify forwarding priorities. Ltd. – The committed access rate (CAR) is configured. . Figure 4-9 shows a QoS scheme that ensures E2E bandwidth for a multi-service OTN (MS- OTN) network. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 44 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Green packets have the highest forwarding priority. and the committed information rate (CIR) and peak information rate (PIR) are specified for services. services are mapped into different queues based on the IP DSCP values or VLAN Pri values..MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies l Grooms network traffic and improves bandwidth utilization. QoS is implemented at various nodes as follows: l At an ingress node: – When packets arrive. while yellow packets have the medium forwarding priority and red packets have the lowest.

– When packets are to leave. the service flows contend for resources in the same priority queue. and a weighted random early detection (WRED) packet drop policy is configured for weighted fair queuing (WFQ) queues. traffic classification is implemented based on the MPLS EXP values of the packets and information about packet colors is restored. l At an egress node: – When packets arrive. traffic classification is implemented based on the MPLS EXP values of the packets and information about packet colors is restored.. the queue priorities are mapped to the IP DSCP or VLAN Pri values and the original packets are restored.MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies – The queue bandwidth ratio is configured for queues including burst services. On the network side. such as port. QoS schedules traffic based on port. and a WRED packet drop policy is configured for WFQ queues. and thus users and services cannot be differentiated. the HQoS technique is developed. To resolve this issue. and a WRED packet drop policy is configured for WFQ queues. The service flows with the same priority on one physical port share the same priority queue. HQoS Hierarchical quality of service (HQoS) is a technology that implements traffic control at service layers based on the service layer model. and information about the packet colors are transmitted. – When packets are to leave. l At a transit node: – When packets arrive. As a result. V-UNI. the queue priorities are mapped to the MPLS EXP values for the packets. – The queue bandwidth ratio is configured for burst services. – The queue bandwidth ratio is configured for burst services. Figure 4-10 shows a simple Ethernet service network. HQoS implements QoS at different levels. Ltd. providing refined and differentiated QoS service for the customers. Ethernet services are carried over tunnels and PWs. – When packets are to leave. Figure 4-10 Simple Ethernet service network QoS Processing at an Ingress Node Figure 4-11 shows the HQoS model for an ingress node. and information about the packet colors are transmitted. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 45 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the queue priorities are mapped to the MPLS EXP values for the packets. It ensures bandwidth of diverse services for various users. . and PW.

Ltd.MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies Figure 4-11 HQoS model (for an ingress node) When service packets enter a DiffServ (DS) domain. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 46 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. At each service layer. packet drop. . queue scheduling. traffic classification is performed on the packets to implement mapping between external priorities and per-hop behaviors (PHBs). packets of different classes are forwarded based on preset forwarding policies. and traffic shaping are implemented to prevent or reduce network congestion. QoS Processing at a Transit Node Figure 4-12 shows the HQoS model for a transit node.. In addition.

MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies Figure 4-12 HQoS model (for a transit node) In the direction from the user-to-network interface (UNI) to network-to-network interface (NNI). simple traffic classification is implemented on packets at the ingress port. Ltd. port policies are applied to schedule class of service (CoS) queues. Figure 4-13 HQoS model (for an egress node) In the direction from the NNI to UNI.. QoS Processing at an Egress Node Figure 4-13 shows the HQoS model for an egress node. and fulfills packet drop and traffic shaping. At the egress port. simple traffic classification is performed on packets at the ingress port. Specifically. the MPLS EXP values of PW packets are mapped to PHBs based Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 47 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and traffic shaping is performed based on bandwidth configuration for the tunnel. .

4. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 48 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Table 4-9 ASON service levels Level Description Diagram Level 1 Permanent 1+1 (permanen protection. Every service can survive multi-point faults and the restoration time is less than 50 ms. As shown in Table 4-9. adding values to networks. The key feature of ASON is intelligence. Rerouting is t diamond triggered when either the level) working or protection LSP is interrupted. It makes MS-OTN intelligent. Each service layer then implements queue scheduling. ASON can automatically discover network resources and perform automatic service control. Figure 4-14 ASON on the network Deploying ASON on an MS-OTN network mainly brings the following benefits: l Provides higher reliability and more differentiated services. Ltd. It provides 1+1 protection and rerouting to protect services against multiple faults and ensure automatic service recovery.7 ASON The automatically switched optical network (ASON) only functions on the control plane of the multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) network.MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies on the ingress mapping rules specified for the DS domain. packet drop.. and traffic shaping to prevent or reduce network congestion. . ASON classifies services into five levels to provide different classes of service.

Every service can survive one fault and the restoration time is less than 50 ms. . Ltd. the Flex P&R mechanism ensures successful rerouting for more services when resources (such as routes) become limited after recovery from multi-point faults. In addition. l Provides easier O&M management. ASON fulfills automatic network planning. which limits the number of protection switching times and rerouting times for ASON services. optimization. Table 4-10 lists the types of ASON on an MS-OTN network. ASON helps achieve flexible network expansion and easy service migration. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 49 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co..MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies Level Description Diagram Level 2 1+1 protection and (diamond. No (diamond rerouting is triggered level) upon LSP interruption. Level 5 No protection (copper level) For ASON service rerouting policies. Every service can survive multi-point faults and the restoration time upon the first fault is less than 50 ms. and service recovery from faults. Every service (silver can survive multi-point level) faults. implementation. Rerouting is level triggered only when both recovery) the working and protection LSPs are interrupted. recovery. Level 4 Rerouting. Huawei develops a flexible protection and restoration (Flex P&R) mechanism. With this limitation. Level 3 1+1 protection.

Figure 4-15 Position of the U2000 on the TMN The U2000 improves the centralized management capability. scalability. Particularly. and faults..MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies Table 4-10 Types of ASON on an MS-OTN network Type Application Scope Optical-layer Non-coherent 10G/40G systems ASON Coherent 10G/40G systems Electrical-layer ODUflex/ODU0/ODU1/ODU2/ODU3/ODU4 ASON VC-4 4. the U2000 has the following main merits: Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 50 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.8 TP-Assist for Visualized O&M Transport packet assist (TP-Assist) enables O&M concerns. To facilitate the O&M of the packet plane. simplifying packet service O&M. the U2000 is at the NE management layer and network management layer of the telecommunications management network (TMN). and improves the O&M efficiency.8. By doing so. and facilitates O&M. through which the network can be managed and maintained. It provides powerful NE. such as service trails. Huawei developed TP-Assist as an O&M solution applied to packet service transmission. . As shown in Figure 4-15.and network- level management functions. on a network to be displayed in different views. TP-Assist substantially reduces network O&M difficulties and costs. specific NEs and networks can be managed. performance. 4. and usability. The O&M of the packet plane is the core for the visualized O&M of multi-service OTN (MS- OTN) networks.1 Centralized Network Management Centralized network management is necessary for achieving visualized O&M. traffic. It enables packet devices to have the SDH- like management and maintenance capability. With centralized network management. The U2000 is the major network management product and solution of Huawei. Ltd.

It reflects the engineering capabilities of multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) devices. Figure 4-16 Multi-device E2E service deployment E2E services are easy to deploy on the MS-OTN network.. if you use a traditional method. Ltd.2 E2E Service Deployment E2E service deployment substantially simplifies service configuration and accelerates service provisioning. lower-layer routes that need to be particularly configured using a traditional method can be automatically generated Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 51 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. l Enables visualized network management on devices at the transport. For example. an average of more than 30 minutes are required for each service. and IP layers. remarkably reducing workload for configuring services in multiple domains and reducing error risks.8. . fewer than 3 minutes are required to configure a PWE3 service and a shorter time is required to configure a Native ETH service using the U2000. The NMS therefore enables fast service deployment and gives a visual display of service routes. and revolutionizes the layer-based management mode to better meet the network management transition from the vertical network to the flattened horizontal network. management. According to Huawei's engineering experience. l Provides E2E service configuration. For example. fully meeting the requirement for operations support system (OSS) integration. On the MPLS-TP plane. and monitoring. 4. Moreover. in which you manually configure services one by one and site by site on an MS-OTN network.MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies l Provides various northbound interfaces that are unified and comply with advanced standards. E2E service deployment is implemented using a unified network management system (NMS) that delivers service deployment commands to different sites concurrently and to all types and models of MS-OTN devices. quite slow efficiency will result if you use the traditional method to deploy MS-OTN devices since they support more services and more service types than traditional devices. l Achieves integration of NE-level management with network-level management. the NMS can apply to multiple types of services (for example MS-OTN+H-MSTP). access. enabling fast deployment of E2E services. minimizing O&M investment and improving network value.

you can create monitoring instances and specify monitoring policies to collect traffic statistics on the desired objects monthly..3 Real-Time Network Performance Monitoring Visualized O&M is expected to provide comprehensive and real-time information (such as network operating status and device health status) and complete link traffic and service quality reports. or hourly. With TP-Assist.8. TP-Assist supports performance statistics collection and monitoring on various granularities. delay. TP-Assist also enables you to monitor real-time performance and traffic at each QoS level. Real-time network performance monitoring includes the following: l Device performance monitoring: monitors key device operating indicators. Figure 4-18 Layered statistics monitoring points of TP-Assist Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 52 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. such as CPU usage. Create services. transport packet assist (TP-Assist) can display real-time performance data in graphics and enable you to quickly locate service deterioration points. voltage. Create OChs.MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies during E2E service deployment. In this sense. TP-Assist can address various requirements. jitter. 2. and temperature l Network performance monitoring: monitors indicators such as packet loss ratio. As shown in Figure 4-18 and Figure 4-19. bandwidth utilization. is simplified into 2 steps: 1. and traffic For packet service traffic monitoring that may be your major concern. . Figure 4-17 E2E service deployment procedure 4. The service deployment procedure. The monitoring operations are simple and performance data is accurate. daily. Ltd. as shown in Figure 4-17. originally involving 6 steps. memory usage. and discover network points where service quality deteriorates. especially the requirement on specified monitoring objects.

the packet loss rate and delay can be tested in real time and the test results are displayed in graphics. With TP-Assist. such as service interruption and service quality deterioration With the intelligent fault diagnosis system. service connectivity testing can be quickly implemented using the NMS. transport packet assist (TP-Assist) supports an intelligent fault diagnosis system. l One-click service performance test: With the packet loss measurement (LM) and packet delay measurement (DM) functions of ETH-OAM and MPLS-TP OAM. and display of test results in a report 4.4 Online Meter-Free Commissioning At the network construction and operating phases. TP-Assist can quickly locate faults and display fault diagnosis results in graphics.5 Intelligent Fault Diagnosis Based on a collection and analysis of global carrier network fault cases. software commissioning engineers no longer need to carry meters and visit sites frequently and the OPEX is reduced.8. TP-Assist supports the following online meter-free commissioning items: l One-click service connectivity test: With the loopback (LB) function of ETH-OAM and MPLS-TP OAM. Transport packet assist (TP-Assist) can automatically implement more than 90% of the tests without the need for any meters. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 53 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. short-term and long-term packet loss rates. hardware engineers and software commissioning engineers need to frequently visit sites and therefore the operating expense (OPEX) is high. .8. and delay tests.MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies Figure 4-19 Performance statistics view of TP-Assist 4. which covers 92% of typical fault scenarios. Ltd. l Throughput..

. Ltd.MS-OTN Booklet 4 Key Technologies Figure 4-20 Intelligent fault diagnosis flowchart Figure 4-21 Intelligent fault diagnosis views Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 54 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. .

Optical Transport Network (OTN): Linear protection 873..MS-OTN Booklet 5 Standard Compliance 5 Standard Compliance Multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) functions and features are defined by IEEE.Phase I IETF Pseudo wire emulation edge-to-edge (PWE3) architecture RFC3985 IETF Framework for layer 2 virtual private networks (L2VPNs) RFC4664 ITU-T G. . Generic protection switching–Linear trail and subnetwork protection ction 808. IETF. QinQ IEEE 802.1q Virtual Bridged Local Area Networks IEEE 802.707 Network node interface for the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) ITU-T G. Ltd. There are hundreds of standards that MS-OTN functions and features comply with. ITU-T.3 Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/ CD) access method and physical layer specifications MEF 6 Ethernet Services Definitions . Table 5-1 Main standards complied by MS-OTN Cate Standard Name gory No.1d Media Access Control (MAC) Bridges IEEE 802.842 Interworking of SDH network protection architectures ITU-T G.1 ITU-T G. and MEF. This topic lists only the standards that are often referred to. Servi IEEE 802.1 Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 55 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.709 Interfaces for the Optical Transport Network (OTN) Prote ITU-T G.1ad Virtual Bridged Local Area Networks Amendment 4: Provider ce Bridges.

3aha Management Parameters for Subscriber Access Networks QoS IETF An architecture for differentiated services RFC2475 IETF Multi-protocol label switching (MPLS) support of differentiated RFC3270 services IETF A Differentiated Service Two-Rate.. ITU-T G.1ag Virtual Bridged Local Area Networks — Amendment 5: Connectivity Fault Management IEEE Media Access Control Parameters.3ah standard.tpoam) IEEE 802. Administration and Maintenance mechanism for MPLS- 8113.1 TP networks (G.MS-OTN Booklet 5 Standard Compliance Cate Standard Name gory No. Ethernet ring protection switching 8032 ITU-T G. Linear protection switching for MPLS transport profile (MPLS-TP) 8131 network IEEE 802.3 of the latest version includes the IEEE 802. Physical Layers.8013 ITU-T G. IEEE 802. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 56 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. ODUk shared ring protection 873. Operations.1ax Link Aggregation OA ITU-T Y. Ltd. and 802. Three-Color Marker with RFC4115 Efficient Handling of in-Profile Traffic a.2 ITU-T G. OAM functions and mechanisms for Ethernet based networks M 1731/G. .

. 1800 Metro access layer. and fixed-mobile convergence convergence layer for (FMC) application services to subnets. OptiX OSN 8800.MS-OTN Booklet 6 Overview of Huawei MS-OTN Devices 6 Overview of Huawei MS-OTN Devices Huawei is the first vendor in the industry to provide a full series of commercialized multi-service OTN (MS-OTN) devices. leased line transmission. and leased line transmission. mobile transmission. Huawei MS-OTN devices are the industry's first OTN devices that support hybrid transmission of packet. TDM. and OptiX OSN 1800. mobile transmission. see the product documentation. For details. Huawei MS-OTN devices that have been put into commercial use include OptiX OSN 9800. Metro mobile 8800 Metro convergence layer transmission. and OTN services. and the Metro networks or leased lines core layer U32 National/Backbone Transmission of core services over backbone/Metro networks. and fixed-mobile convergence subnets and counties (FMC) application Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 57 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and Metro broadband transmission. access layer for services to leased line transmission. Ltd. and counties 1800 II Metro access layer. and the Metro networks or leased lines core layer OptiX OSN T32 Metro core layer and Metro broadband transmission. and provide industry's largest cross-connect capacity. leased line transmission. and fixed-mobile convergence (FMC) application T16 Metro convergence layer Metro broadband transmission. and fixed-mobile convergence (FMC) application OptiX OSN 1800 V Metro convergence layer. . Metro broadband transmission. Table 6-1 Network position and application of Huawei MS-OTN devices Product Type Network Position Recommended Application OptiX OSN U64 National/Backbone Transmission of core services over backbone/Metro 9800 networks. Metro mobile transmission. This topic provides a brief introduction to these devices.

THA. T302. DP212 service slot) slot) OTN: N401. LQM2. N302. service slot) Packet: EM20 slot) connections and 5 Gbit/s OTN: ELOM.2 Tbit/s (100 Universal line boards: HUNS3 (OTN/ OSN Gbit/s for higher order Gbit/s for each packet/SDH-hybrid). SLH41. PL3T. ND2 for lower TDM: SL1Q. OSN (100 Gbit/s (200 Gbit/s for T401. SL64. 9800 for each each service service slot) slot) U32 3.28 Tbit/s for 3.8 Tbit/s OTN: N401. T402. TOA. DP401.MS-OTN Booklet 6 Overview of Huawei MS-OTN Devices Table 6-2 Key capabilities of Huawei MS-OTN devices Product Type Packet TDM OTN Key Board Switching Switching Switching Capacity Capacity Capacity OptiX U64 6. N216. .2 Tbit/s N/A 6. TSXL. SF64A. EX2. N402. OptiX T32 1. T401.. ND2. T302. LEX4 connections OTN: NS4. T130. PND2 and 80 Gbit/s EoO: TEM28 for lower order cross.6 Tbit/s (100 TDM: SLQ64. Ltd. T16 800 Gbit/s 640 Gbit/s for 1. service slot) slot) connections EoS: EAS2.. T210. N216. (50 Gbit/s for higher order Gbit/s for each SLD64. N302. service slot) (OTN/packet/SDH-hybrid) slot) connections Packet: EG16. TDX. SF64 each service cross. TQX.. N210. SP3D order cross- connections Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 58 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. TN54HUNQ2 8800 each service cross. EoW: LEM24. T216. NS2. LDX. TOA. EGSH and 20 Gbit/s for lower order cross- connections OptiX 1800 700 Gbit/s 40 Gbit/s for 700 Gbit/s (50 Universal line board: TNF5HUNQ2 OSN V (50 Gbit/s for higher order Gbit/s for each (OTN/packet/SDH-hybrid) 1800 each service cross. NQ2. N210... T216.. T210. SLQ16. TSC. T130. T402.4 Tbit/s N/A 12.4 Tbit/s (200 Universal line board: HP401 (OTN/ (100 Gbit/s Gbit/s for for packet-hybrid) for each each service Packet: MP102. SL4D. SFD64.. NS3. SLO16. N402.6 Tbit/s (50 1.

OTN. l OptiX OSN 9800 U64: It is integrated in a cabinet and provides 64 service slots. It provides 32 service board slots. 200G. It supports universal OTN/packet switching. will to be launched to meet deployment requirements for diversified capacities. Future cluster expansion is also supported. OptiX OSN 9800 is highly integrated and supports a modular design. which is relatively smaller and lighter. SP3D and 5 Gbit/s for lower order cross- connections OptiX OSN 9800 OptiX OSN 9800 is a new generation of large-capacity and intelligent MS-OTN product. OptiX OSN 9800 readily addresses explosive growth of traffic. SDH services and transmit the services over 10G.6 Tbit/s. 40G. It can receive Ethernet. OptiX OSN 9800 U12 will be fully compatible with OptiX OSN 9800 U32 and U64. and 400G channels. PL3T. SL4D. OptiX OSN 9800 has two hardware variants: l OptiX OSN 9800 U32: It is an independent subrack and has the dimensions of 1900 mm (H) x 498 mm (W) x 295 mm (D).8 Tbit/s and can be expanded to 25. A single cabinet can house 2 U12 and 1 optical subracks. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 59 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. EF8F. LQM2 each service cross. LDX. 100G. A 19-inch OptiX OSN 9800 U12. or 1 U12 and 2 optical subracks. The cross-connect capacity of a single OptiX OSN 9800 subrack is up to 12. MD1 II Gbit/s for higher order (intra-board OTN: ELOM. Ltd. cross- slot) connections connection) TDM: SL1Q..MS-OTN Booklet 6 Overview of Huawei MS-OTN Devices Product Type Packet TDM OTN Key Board Switching Switching Switching Capacity Capacity Capacity 1800 60 Gbit/s (10 20 Gbit/s for Transponder Packet: EG4C. . EM6F. Integrating the multiprotocol label switching transport profile (MPLS-TP) function. Currently.

it supports the industry-leading PID technology (this technology enables a 200G single-port capacity). . and substantially simplifies the Metro WDM network architecture. 40G. SDH services and transmit the services over 10G. It is highly integrated and supports a modular design. Ltd. It supports universal OTN/ VC/packet switching.MS-OTN Booklet 6 Overview of Huawei MS-OTN Devices Figure 6-1 Appearance of OptiX OSN 9800 OptiX OSN 8800 OptiX OSN 8800 is a new generation of intelligent MS-OTN product. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 60 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. OptiX OSN 8800 readily addresses explosive growth of traffic. OTN. OptiX OSN 8800 has two hardware variants that support MS-OTN: OptiX OSN 8800 T16 and OptiX OSN 8800 T32 (with 16 and 32 service slots respectively). In addition.. and 100G channels. It can receive Ethernet. Integrating the MPLS-TP function.

It integrates the MPLS-TP function and supports universal OTN/VC/packet switching. In addition. Ltd. OptiX OSN 1800 has two hardware variants that support MS-OTN: OptiX OSN 1800 II and OptiX OSN 1800 V (with 6 and 15 service slots respectively).. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 61 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.MS-OTN Booklet 6 Overview of Huawei MS-OTN Devices Figure 6-2 Appearance of OptiX OSN 8800 OptiX OSN 1800 As a case-shaped MS-OTN device. it supports various mounting options. It can function as a DWDM or CWDM system. OptiX OSN 1800 fulfills universal transmission of services with data rates ranging from 2 Mbit/s to 10 Gbit/s at the access layer of a transport network. It supports AC and DC power. and provides 1+1 power redundancy protection. .

.. Ltd.MS-OTN Booklet 6 Overview of Huawei MS-OTN Devices Figure 6-3 Appearance of OptiX OSN 1800 Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 62 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

The core of MS-OTN is "all in one": l Multi-service transmission l Universal switching l Unified transmission l Centralized maintenance Key Benefits of MS-OTN Building up networks using MS-OTN devices has the following key benefits: l Advanced network structure Integrating L0+L1+L2. l Easy O&M Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 63 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. you must have had a comprehensive knowledge about multi-service OTN (MS- OTN). MS-OTN networks support not only smooth migration of existing network services. Ltd. MS-OTN devices support multiprotocol label switching transport profile (MPLS-TP). l Massive network bandwidth resources As technologies develop. Different from NG WDM devices. 40G. . from 10G.. This topic summarizes the main points of MS-OTN. for example.MS-OTN Booklet 7 Summary 7 Summary At this point. MS-OTN Definition and Features MS-OTN networks are new OTN networks that are developed based on NG WDM networks. to 100G and even higher. the bandwidth of single wavelengths on MS-OTN can be expanded. The industry universally agrees that a new type of device integrating L0+L1+L2 is required to improve the transmission efficiency and therefore to build up a transport network that provides higher bandwidth and better quality but requires lower costs. MS-OTN Background Rapid service growths can be hardly addressed by traditional transport networks. but also large-capacity expansion. fully meeting long-term service development requirements. MS-OTN devices are developed against this backdrop.

high flexibility. Huawei MS-OTN Devices Huawei provides the following commercialized MS-OTN devices: OptiX OSN 9800. Ltd. power consumption is low. MPLS-TP. ASON. making O&M quite easy. Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 64 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. services can be quickly provisioned. Key Technologies and Standards for MS-OTN The key technologies for MS-OTN includes large-capacity line boards. QoS. OAM. IETF. low costs. . addressing the requirements of mobile networks evolving from 2G to 3G/LTE.MS-OTN Booklet 7 Summary MS-OTN networks support centralized network management and E2E visualized O&M. and devices require less floor space. and private line services can be carried over the same MS-OTN network. and visualized O&M. and quick deployment. mobile. l Integrated transmission of fixed network services and mobile services Fixed bandwidth. l Leased line transmission The MS-OTN supports private line services of various types and rates. and MEF. and OptiX OSN 1800. Typical Applications of MS-OTN The typical MS-OTN applications are as follows: l Backbone transmission With IP-OTN synergy. high reliability. synchronization. protection. high security. and low costs. reducing the backbone expansion pressure. bandwidth resources can be fully used.. The MS-OTN leased line solution has many merits such as high bandwidth. l Mobile service transmission The MS-OTN mobile transmission solution enables high bandwidth. l High efficiency On MS-OTN networks. ITU-T. services with large granularity can be directly transmitted over OTN rather than forwarded by core routers at each hop. low latency. FE and GE services therefore can be developed on mainstream E1 private lines. Functions and features supported by MS-OTN are mainly defined by IEEE. OptiX OSN 8800. resolving the issues of limited MAN bandwidth and insufficient fiber resources. l MAN broadband transmission The MS-OTN provides various solutions for integrated transmission and pure broadband transmission.

. The following MS-OTN documents are recommended: l Technical poster: Multi-Service Optical Transport Network (MS-OTN) l OptiX OSN 9800 Product Documentation Navigation path: Transmission Network > Optical Network > WDM > OptiX OSN 9800 l OptiX OSN 8800 Product Documentation Navigation path: Transmission Network > Optical Network > WDM > OptiX OSN 8800 l OptiX OSN 1800 Product Documentation Navigation path: Transmission Network > Optical Network > WDM > OptiX OSN 1800 Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 65 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. .MS-OTN Booklet 8 More MS-OTN Documents 8 More MS-OTN Documents Huawei will continuously update and provide MS-OTN documents.com. You can obtain them at http://support.huawei. Ltd.

MS-OTN Booklet 9 Acronyms and Abbreviations 9 Acronyms and Abbreviations Table 9-1 Acronyms and Abbreviations Acronym/ Full Name Abbreviation APS automatic protection switching BFD bidirectional forwarding detection BRAS broadband remote access server CAPEX capital expenditure CAR committed access rate CD chromatic dispersion CFM connectivity fault management CIR committed information rate DBPS distributed board protect system DLAG distributed link aggregation group DSCP differentiated services code point E2E end to end EFM ethernet in the first mile ERPS Ethernet ring protection switching ETH Ethernet EXP EXPerimental bits FIFO first in first out FRR fast reroute Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 66 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. .. Ltd.

MS-OTN Booklet 9 Acronyms and Abbreviations Acronym/ Full Name Abbreviation GMPLS generalized multiprotocol label switching ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol L3VPN Layer 3 virtual private network LAG link aggregation group LDP Label Distribution Protocol LPT link-state pass through LSP label switched path LTE long term evolution MBB mobile broadband MPLS-TP multiprotocol label switching transport profile MSTP Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol OCh optical channel with full functionality ODB optical duobinary ODUk optical channel data unit . Ltd.k OLP optical line protection OPEX operating expense OSPF open shortest path first OSS operations support system OTN optical transport network OWSP optical wavelength shared protection PCE path computation element PHP penultimate hop popping PID photonics integrated device PIR peak information rate PKT packet PMD polarization mode dispersion PTP Precision Time Protocol PW pseudo wire PWE3 pseudo wire emulation edge-to-edge Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 67 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. .

.MS-OTN Booklet 9 Acronyms and Abbreviations Acronym/ Full Name Abbreviation QinQ 802.1Q in 802.1Q QoS quality of service ROADM reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer RSTP Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol RSVP-TE resource reservation protocol-traffic engineering SNCP subnetwork connection protection SNCTP subnetwork connection tunnel protection STP Spanning Tree Protocol TD-SCDMA time division-synchronous code division multiple access TDM time division multiplexing TMN telecommunications management network UDP User Datagram Protocol UNI user network interface UTC coordinated universal time VC virtual container VCCV virtual circuit connectivity verification VPLS virtual private lan service VPWS virtual private wire service VRRP Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol WFQ weighted fair queuing WRED weighted random early detection WSS wavelength selective switching Issue 01 (2013-08-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 68 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd..

LTD..R. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Industrial Base Bantian Longgang Shenzhen 518129. 2013.. P.Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. AND DOSE NOT CONSTITUTEANY KIND OF WARRANTIES. All rights reserved. Ltd. THIS DOCUMENT IS FOR INFORMATION PURPOSE ONLY.huawei.com . China www.