R Optimization

&

F Planning

By:
Mohammad Haris Khan
RF Optimization Engineer
Mobilink – South

Nov 20 ’2009
• What is RF Planning?
 Coverage and Capacity.
 Calibration of Planning Tools.
 Frequency Planning.

• What is RF Optimization?
 Network Analysis.
 Parameter Tuning.
 Maintain and Improve KPI’s.

Mohammad Haris Khan
Mobilink – RF Optimization 2
RF Planning
GSM Bands:

1. GSM – 900 (P-GSM)
a) 890 – 915 MHz (Uplink)
b) 935 – 960 MHz (Downlink)
c) 124 : Number of Available ARFCNs.

2. GSM – 1800 (DCS)
a) 1710 – 1785 MHz (Uplink)
b) 1805 – 1880 MHz (Downlink)
c) 374 : Number of Available ARFCNs.

Mohammad Haris Khan
Mobilink – RF Optimization 3
RF Planning…
Types of Sites:
1. Single Site
a) GSM – 900 / GSM – 1800 (DCS)
b) Single BCCH

2. Dual Band / BCCH Site
a) GSM – 900 + GSM – 1800
b) Dual BCCH

3. Concentric Site
a) GSM – 900 & GSM – 1800
b) Single BCCH
Mohammad Haris Khan
Mobilink – RF Optimization 4
RF Planning…
Coverage and Capacity:
• Coverage:
 Depends upon the area (e.g. Urban, Rural, Hilly, Highway)
 Frequency is inversely proportional to the Wave Length
 Which type of site should be proposed for highway (Considering
the long area but very low traffic) ???

• Capacity:
 Always comes with coverage area
 Capacity must be known properly before deciding for Coverage
 No. of radios must be finalized as per Capacity of the area

Mohammad Haris Khan
Mobilink – RF Optimization 5
RF Planning…
Traffic Handling:
• Speech Codec's can be used to avoid initial
congestion

• Expansion is the final Solution

Mohammad Haris Khan
Mobilink – RF Optimization 6
RF Optimization
Network Analysis
1. Tools are used to extract raw counters in
statistical form (e.g.: Making Pivot Charts) to analyze the KPI’s.

2. Log Files analysis using TEMS (RF Tool)
a) TEMS is an Ericsson propriety
b) Used for Air Interface Analysis
c) Provide information of all three functional layers of GSM

2. Parameter Tuning to improve KPI’s as mentioned:
a) CSSR (Call Setup Success Rate)
b) DCR (Drop Call Rate)
c) HoSR (Handover Success Rate)

Mohammad Haris Khan
Mobilink – RF Optimization 7
RF Optimization…
Traffic Balancing
1. There should be a Preferred Band
a) Preferred Band is usually DCS (GSM – 1800)
b) DCS is comparatively cleaner (due to less no. of losses)
c) No Massive Overlapping as in GSM – 900 Band

2. Another appropriate method for traffic balancing is Handover
a) Handovers can be InterCell or IntraCell
b) Different Algo’s are defined for both types of HO’s

3. In Idle Mode, C2 is the method to distribute traffic
a) Forces the MS to camp over neighboring cell
b) On the basis of perceived level of MS and CRO

Mohammad Haris Khan
Mobilink – RF Optimization 8
RF Optimization…
Congestion and its Remedy
1. Congestion usually occurs when there are less no. of channels available
than offered traffic (in Erlang)

2. How to Avoid Congestion???
a) General Capture HO ( Level Dependent )
b) Traffic HO ( Level and Availability dependent )
c) Directed Retry HO ( SD HO )

2. Another way to relief Congestion is QUEING

3. Final possible solution is Expansion

Mohammad Haris Khan
Mobilink – RF Optimization 9
RF Optimization…
Major KPI’s
1. CSSR
2. DCR
3. HoSR
4. Inc HoSR
5. IASR
6. Call Setup Blocking
7. SD Blocking

and many more….!!!

Mohammad Haris Khan
Mobilink – RF Optimization 10
R Optimization
&

F Planning
Presented To:
Usman Institute of Technology

Presented By:
Mohammad Haris Khan
Mobilink – RF Optimization

Dated:
Friday, Nov 20 ’2009