Design and Development of stemming plug to enhance

blast performance
Supervisor: Dr. Zaka Emad
Presenter: Atta ur Rehman (2015-MS-Min-04)

Methodology 6. Introduction 2. Literature Review 3. Scope of work 5. Objectives 4. Outline 1. Experimentation 7. Timeline 2 .

Introduction 1) Blasting Operation 2) Reasons for Blasting 3) Vibration 4) Mean particle size 5) Flyrock 6) Muck pile 7) Number of Rows 8) Charge Per Delay 3 .

Literature Review ▪ Types of Stemming plugs in practice – Cement/Plaster of Paris grouting – Hardened Plastic balls – Air filled bags (Inflatable balls) – Plastic cones – Foam Plugs – Blast bags 4 .

Literature Review  Outcomes of using stemming plugs • More gas retention • Better fragmentation • Lower powder factor • Decreased flyrock • Lesser operational cost • Increased overall efficiency • Better than conventional material 5 .

Objective Design and development of new stemming system or improvisation of existing system for better productivity and economics 6 .

Punjab province of Pakistan. Scope of Work The scope of this work will mainly focus on limestone. 7 . gypsum and sandstone quarries of cement industries in Chakwal region.

Methodology Data Stemming Plug Literature Collection Designing and Lab & Field Economic Review and Analysis Numerical Experimentation Modeling Analysis 8 .

Pakistan ▪ Any further related information related to mining activity in target zone ▪ Any unforeseen or unpredictable condition encountered 9 .Literature Review ▪ Increasing previous knowledge ▪ Any Stemming practice in target zone if not reported ▪ Any Stemming manufacturing or marketing firm in Punjab.

Data Collection ▪ Field tour will be conducted to know about experimental parameters such as – Bench heights – Geology – Drill hole lengths – Hole geometry – Powder factors – Availability of experimentation – Powder factor utilization – Any specific problem faced that can be incorporated into research work 10 .

Stemming Plug Designing and Numerical Modeling After data collection load bearing capacities will be calculated which stemming plug will have to bear. Following information will help in designing – Gas pressure generated – Retention required – Top column load – Blast diameter – Flowing clearance – Blast geometry – Unforeseen condition and stucking solution 11 .

and once stemming system passes the test it will be tested in fully experimental situation in field.Lab Testing and Field Testing All of the properties such as – Retention required – Top column load – Blast diameter – Flowing clearance – Blast geometry – Materials durability – Unforeseen condition and wall sticking solution Will be tested in laboratory. 12 .

Economic Analysis ▪ Once Experimentation is done in field following graphs will be plotted in between different stemming system – Fragmentation – Mean particle size – Machine efficiency – Power requirement of crusher – Flyrock distance – Operators ease and utility (based on operators feedback) – Operational time – Any other parameter worth comparing at the spot 13 .

inflatable rubber balls ( with CaO + water). Experimentation  Plastic bottles.  All parameter will be kept constant for all the 5 blasts apart from Powder factor. 14 . Hardened balls.  Quarry face will be colored to distinguish the pile differences if fired simultaneously with different stemming devices. plaster of paris grouting and conventional system of stemming will be studied.  Fragmentation will be calculated by Wipfrag Software  Distance of flyrocks (2 inches or greater) will be calculated by using GPS and distance formula.

Timeline Activity Apr May June July Aug Sept 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 Research Proposal Literature Review Field Trip Numerical modeling Lab Testing Field Testing Fragmentation Study Economic Analysis Thesis writing Final presentation and thesis submission 15 .

Explanation to missing links 16 .