FOMS

FLOOD OBSERVATORY AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
Detecting a possible food and preventing damages that a flood can do to human both in terms of lives lost and assets being damaged is a challenging
task. It can be seen trough all the researches that have been conducted that many attempt to come up with solution have been made but every year
millions of Ringgit is lost and lives are forfeit during the floods that occur in Malaysia. In this age of technology, where almost everyone has a mobile
phone that have the ability to at least communicate using 2G networks, using GSM to send SMS to inform the right people at the right time, for them to
take the right decision during an event of flood has been made. FOMS uses the robustness of GSM networks and the simplicity of it’s deployment to
inform different types of entities before, during and after an event of a flood in an effort to prevent life loss and decrease the lost of properties via
human error.

Server : RM1,500
Arduino: RM250
Rain sensor: RM50
Water level sensor : RM150
Relative Humidity
sensor: RM150
GSM system :RM1,000
Notification and
preventive
system:RM500

COST
Block diagram
RM3,600

Scenario
FOMS is deployed in the city center area of Kuching depicted by the map. FOMS observes the water levels in the drain of the roads that usually gets
flooded as well as monitors the water level in the Sarawak river also the dew point is measure and rain detectors are placed around Kuching.
The following roads,identified in the literature review, are taken to be at high risk to be flooded:

Jalan Main Bazaar
Jalan tnku Abdul Rahman
Jalan Gambir
Lebhu Java

Alerts are given to people who park their cars on those roads when the river water level or the drain water level reach certain levels which indicate
there might be a flood. These roads are closed when a certain condition is reached to prevent casualties or further property losses.
Three types of people are described for simplicity
Principle of operation:
Person type 1 Person type 2 Person type 3 1. Two systems are implements. A SMS alert system and notification system using
Has a job on higher grounds Has a job on Has a job on LabVIEW and MATLAB.
for example lower grounds on lower 2. Different sensors, such as rain sensors, humidity sensors and water level
in the Plaza Merdeka in the those roads grounds and sensors are spread around the part of the city .
city center and does parks 3. These sensors are wired to Arduino boards for data collection.
parks his/her vehicle on one not park his/her his/her car on 4. Arduino are graphically programmed via LabVIEW and MATLAB for analysis of data
of those roads that were car on those roads. those roads. collected by the boards in real -time.
identified as 5. Conditions as described and are programmed on LabVIEW and MATLAB.
dangerous for the day. 6. When conditions are met, SMS alerts are sent out to the entity described
accordingly

Authorities such as the Police and the Emergency response team are given alerts when the dew point is reached, that is rain might start falling or rain has started
falling and when the drain and river water level has started rising above a certain level to give them time to prepare for any eventual evacuation. The EEV
(Emergency Evacuation Vehicle) is a vehicle that will be sent out to a certain location in to prepare for an eventual flood and people who have been registered as
working on lower grounds and having no vehicles should make their way to that location once they receive the alert to evacuate.

AKHIL RICHIE DAUHOO (027186)
AIMAN ABDURAZZAQ OMAR AL-MAQBOLI (027574)
AKSHAY NUTISH RAMREKHA (028956)