Courtney Leipertz

Sir Isaac Newton

Isaac Newton was born on December 25, 1642 at Woolsthorpe Manor in

Lincolnshire (England). Newton’s father died 3 months before Newton’s birth and

Newton’s mother remarried when he was 3 years old. Newton’s mother tried to make

Isaac into a farmer, but Newton hated farming. Instead, he attended Trinity College with

a scholarship that would pay for his way to a Master of Arts degree. The college taught

theories of Aristotle, which sparked Newton’s interest. He began to write about

mechanical philosophy and in 1665, he discovered the binomial theorem. With this

theorem, he developed a mathematical theory that later became known as calculus.

Not long after Newton received his Bachelor of Arts degree, the college

temporarily closed due to The Great Plague. Newton continued his studies at home

and over the span of two years, had developed his calculus, optics, and law of

gravitation theories. In April 1667, Newton returned to Trinity College and only 1 year

after receiving his Masters, he succeeded his own professor.

Isaac Newton got into a disagreement with Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz over the

development of calculus. Apparently, both Leibniz and Newton developed calculus

independently, but with very different notations. People who knew Isaac well, claimed

that Leibniz was a fraud and accused him of plagiarism. Eventually in 1711, the Royal

Society proclaimed that Newton was the true discoverer.

In 1666, Newton discovered the spectrum of colors that exists in a prism and how

to position it. Newton also claims that colored light does not change its properties by

Even the great Albert Einstein kept a picture of Newton on his study wall. He worked with Kepler’s law of planetary motion as a reference for the gravitation of the planets’ orbits. which expressed his corpuscular theory of light. Newton published “The Principia” that stated his three universal laws of motion. but also to mankind’s better understanding of how theories and motions fit into our everyday lives. his theories lived on and inspired other mathematicians and scientists.” Newton’s third (and last) law of motion states. “For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Sir Isaac Newton gave many great tributes not only to Math. . “The relationship between an object’s mass (m). 1726/27. its acceleration (a). Newton returned to his work on mechanics. and is often considered to be the greatest genius who ever lived. Newton published Opticks. Even after Newton’s fate.” Isaac Newton died March 20. Newton’s first law of motion states. with his law of universal gravitation. and the applied force (F) is F=ma.separating out a colored beam and shining it on various objects. In 1704. In 1679. Newton’s second law is. “Every object in a state of uniform motion tends to remain in that state of motion unless an external force is applied to it. http://www.utk.References: http://csep10.html .