An American National Standard

Designation: D2661 – 08

Standard Specification for
Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Schedule 40 Plastic
Drain, Waste, and Vent Pipe and Fittings1
This standard is issued under the fixed designation D2661; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of
original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A
superscript epsilon (´) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.
This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the Department of Defense.

1. Scope* D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
1.1 This specification covers fittings and single and coex- D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to
truded acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) plastic drain, Plastics
waste, and vent pipe (DWV) made to Schedule 40 iron pipe D1898 Practice for Sampling of Plastics3
sizes (IPS). Plastic which does not meet the material require- D2122 Test Method for Determining Dimensions of Ther-
ments specified in Section 5 is excluded from single layer and moplastic Pipe and Fittings
all coextruded layers. D2235 Specification for Solvent Cement for Acrylonitrile-
1.2 Specification for fittings for use with pipe meeting the Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Plastic Pipe and Fittings
requirements of this specification are given in Annex A1. D2321 Practice for Underground Installation of Thermo-
1.3 Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene plastic, which does not plastic Pipe for Sewers and Other Gravity-Flow Applica-
meet the definition of virgin ABS plastic as given in 3.2.2, is tions
excluded, as performance of plastic other than those defined as D2412 Test Method for Determination of External Loading
virgin was not determined. ABS rework plastic, which meets Characteristics of Plastic Pipe by Parallel-Plate Loading
the requirements of rework plastic as given in 5.3, is accept- D2444 Test Method for Determination of the Impact Resis-
able. tance of Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings by Means of a
1.4 Reprocessed plastic or recycled plastic as defined in Tup (Falling Weight)
Terminology D883 is excluded. D3311 Specification for Drain, Waste, and Vent (DWV)
1.5 Recommendations for storage, joining, and installation Plastic Fittings Patterns
are provided in Appendix X1, Appendix X2, and Appendix X3, D3965 Specification for Rigid Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-
respectively. Styrene (ABS) Materials for Pipe and Fittings
1.6 The text of this specification references notes, footnotes, E105 Practice for Probability Sampling Of Materials
and appendixes which provide explanatory material. These E122 Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate,
notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic
not be considered as requirements of the specification. of a Lot or Process
1.7 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded F402 Practice for Safe Handling of Solvent Cements, Prim-
as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical ers, and Cleaners Used for Joining Thermoplastic Pipe and
conversions to SI units that are provided for information only Fittings
and are not considered standard. F412 Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems
F1498 Specification for Taper Pipe Threads 60° for Ther-
2. Referenced Documents moplastic Pipe and Fittings
2.1 ASTM Standards:2 F2135 Specification for Molded Drain, Waste, and Vent
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing (DWV) Short-Pattern Plastic Fittings
2.2 Federal Standard:
Fed. Std. No. 123 Marking for Shipment (Civil Agencies)4
This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee F17 on Plastic 2.3 Military Standard:
Piping Systems and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee F17.63 on DWV.
Current edition approved May 1, 2008. Published May 2008. Originally MIL-STD-129 Marking for Shipment and Storage4
approved in 1967. Last previous edition approved in 2006 as D2661 – 06. DOI:
2 3
For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website,, or Withdrawn.
contact ASTM Customer Service at For Annual Book of ASTM Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, DODSSP, Bldg. 4,
Standards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page on Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5098, http://
the ASTM website.

*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standard.
Copyright © ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States.


1 to 6.050 (1. 5.76) 6 6.20 to 0.015. If all three fail. 6. and other period.900 (48.500 (88.500 (114. Waste.6°F (20 to 30 6 2°C). and Vent Pipe Outside Diameter Nominal Pipe Size.00) 0. −0.3 room temperature—a temperature in the range from 6.1 The requirements in this section are intended only for articles that have been cleaned and reground. The abbreviation for Plastic containing polymers or blends of polymers shall contain acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene is ABS.3 fittings intended to be used to vent combustion gases.28) 0. The tolerance for out- granules. −0. with a cell classification of 4-2-2-2-2.1 fail to accordance with Specification D3965. the average pipe stiffness of TABLE 1 Outside Diameters and Tolerances for ABS Schedule 40 Plastic Drain. The allowable provide pipe suitable for the drainage and venting of sewage tolerance on length shall be +1⁄2 .60) 1 1 ⁄2 1.25. opacity.60) 2 2.3 reprocessed plastic—a thermoplastic usually prepared 6. foreign inclusions.2. or liquid that has not been subjected to of-roundness shall apply to pipe prior to shipment.660 (42.1 Material Specification—Virgin black ABS plastic shall 6.25 in. and certain other liquid wastes. Terminology 5. −0. Requirements 68 to 85 6 3. −0. crosslink. accordance with Test Method D2122.625 (168.2 The ABS plastic shall conform to the following require- 3.2.25. D2661 – 08 3.1 coextruded pipe—pipe consisting of two or more styrene or substituted styrene. and 15 % 3.00) 0. The form of the material 6. Classification accordance with Test Method D2122.1. shall equal or exceed the values in Table 3.1 The requirements of this specification are intended to or 6.2. use as quality control tests. 6. or from nonstandard or nonuniform virgin material. Three specimens shall be tested.30) +0. the sample does not meet the conform to the requirements prescribed in Specification D3965 requirement. and abbreviations are in accordance with Termi.2 recycled plastic—a plastic prepared from discarded 6. density. additional testing shall be conducted in accordance with 5. Materials fail. The pipe or fittings produced more shaping orifice(s) become one continuously formed shall meet all the requirements of this specification.1 lot—a lot shall consist of all pipe of the same size or other injurious defects. ing. 3.1. holes. 3. 6 % butadiene.00) (+0. floc. ances shall meet the requirements of Table 1 when measured in 3. use or processing other than that required for its initial 6.38.024 (0. powder. (mm) Diameter Minus Minimum Diameter.1 Definitions—Definitions are in accordance with Termi.2.00) 0.000 (+0.1 Outside Diameter—The outside diameter and toler- processor.3 Length—The pipe shall be in either 10 or 20-ft (3. −0 in. −0.1 Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Plastic— nology D1600.4 virgin ABS plastic—plastic in the form of pellets. D2412./min (5. −0.010.2 coextrusion—a process whereby two or more heated own clean pipe or fitting rework material conforming with or unheated plastic material streams forced through one or these cell class requirements.024 (0. in. If one or two 5.1.1. in.2 Definitions of Terms Specific to This Standard: throughout and free of visible cracks.26) +0.2 Wall Thickness—The wall thickness and tolerances manufacture.2. in. 5. Out-of-Roundness Maximum Average. (mm)A 1 1 ⁄4 1.024 (0. meet the minimum requirement. The pipe shall be as uniform as produced from one extrusion line during one designated 24-h commercially practicable in color. physical properties.2.030 (0. −0.25. components plus other necessary compounding ingredients.2 Dimensions and Tolerances: from melt processed scrap or reject parts by a plastics 6. −0. in. pressure.32) +0. unless otherwise specified.90) +0.3. −0.010.28) +0. the sample meets this requirement. unless otherwise specified. 2 .011. −0. The rate of NOTE 2—This specification does not include requirements for pipe and crosshead motion shall be 0.3. If all three meet this requirement.1. −0 mm). piece.1.1 General—The pipe and fittings shall be homogeneous 3. −0. mm/min).1-m) lengths. shall meet the requirements of Table 2 when measured in 4.1 Pipe Stiffness and Lower Confidence Limit—In the shall be as agreed upon between the seller and the purchaser in event that one or two of the specimens tested in 6. ABS plastic shall concentric layers of material bonded together in processing by contain no more than 10 % of other monomeric or polymeric any combination of temperature. (mm) Tolerance on Average. or adhesion.38.3 Performance Requirements: NOTE 1—Industrial waste disposal lines should be installed only with 6.60) 3 3.375 ( (+0.00) 0.05 4. (+12. 3. 3. 6.3.030 (0.000 (+0.011 (+0. −0. or both. a minimum of 15 % acrylonitrile.000 (+0.16) +0.27) A Measured at time of manufacturing. ments: nology F412. not as simulated service tests.1.3 Rework Material—The manufacturer shall use only his 3.1 Pipe Stiffness— The minimum pipe stiffness values at the specific approval of the cognizant building code authority since 5 % deflection when measured in accordance with Test Method chemicals not commonly found in drains and sewers and temperatures in excess of 180°F (82°C) may be encountered.2.76) 4 4.2. grafting.

000 (−0.030 (+0. with N-1 de- 6. Waste. in.3. (mm) in.51) −0. 6.020 (+0. The rate −0. where: ~avg PS! 5 [(~PSi!# /~11! TABLE 4 Impact Resistance of ABS Schedule 40 Plastic Drain.154 (3. The term “crush strength” is not 1 1 ⁄2 0. and Vent Pipe NOTE 4—The 5 % deflection criteria is arbitrarily selected for testing convenience.50 mm) thick and shall contain pigments or screening agents in Table 3. if the LCL exceeds the minimum PS requirement (0. loading. pipe containing two or more concentric layers.! 5 F (PS 2 2 ~ (PS! 2 /N N—1 G1/2 Nominal Pipe Size. in. It shall not be D2412. meets the requirements of the Pipe Stiffness testing. which is determined in accor- −0.1. Drain.4. but is not within 15 % of the average.42) +0. 1 1 ⁄2 630 (4. that is.00) 6.3. Deflection B and Holder B.2 The LCL based on testing eleven specimens is knife blade so that the layers separate cleanly so the probe or calculated as follows: knife blade moves freely between the layers.024 (+0. in.237 (6.2 Failure of the test specimen shall be shattering or eleven specimens shall meet or exceed the minimum require- any crack or break extending entirely through the pipe wall and ment given in Table 3.38) used.00) of head approach shall be 0. shall comply with Minimum Pipe Nominal Pipe Stiffness at 5 % Table 4. The engineer is responsible for establishing the accept- Nominal Pipe Size.2 Bond—For pipe produced by the coextrusion process. the outer layer shall be at least 0.38) applicable to plastic piping because the values obtained can be signifi- −0.140 (3. Alternatively.65) additional specimens. When 17 of 20 specimens tested pass. dev. The eleven 6. When 2 or more specimens fail. The LCL shall be 6.1 Thickness of Outer Layer—For pipe produced by the grees of freedom.2 Pipe Flattening—There shall be no evidence of rup- 4 0.3.31) accept the lot. shall be within 15 % of the average value. the bond tional eight with rotation by 35°.91) +0. When 32 of 40 specimens pass.00) dance with Test Method D2412.56) +0. as specified in Test Method between the layers shall be strong and uniform.25 in.02) +0. Waste. 1⁄14 870 (6.38) measured and reported as pipe stiffness. D2661 – 08 TABLE 2 Wall Thickness and Tolerance for ABS Schedule 40 with the thinnest wall at the top. the lot does not meet the requirements of this specification.20) additional specimens. continuing throughout the remaining specimens. (mm) NOTE 5—The strength and load-carrying capabilities of plastic pipe are 1 1 ⁄4 0.1. 3 0. The 99 % lower confidence limit (LCL) visible to the unaided eye.015 (+0. accept the lot.76) when tested in accordance with Test Method D2412. and Vent Pipe ~std.11) +0. possible to separate any two layers with a probe or point of a 6.015 (+0.3 The 15 % requirement is calculated as follows: 1 1⁄ 2 30 (41) 2 40 (54) ~Avg 2 LCL!/~Avg!3 100 # 15 % (2) 3 60 (81) 4 60 (81) 6 100 (136) NOTE 3—For quality control testing. and Vent Pipe 6.000 (−0. and because the term derives from rigid pipe and refers to its −0.3.68) +0.76~std.3.216 (5. where N is the number of specimens. mm/min).000 (−0. Waste. All shall meet the requirements.1. test 10 2 370 (2.145 (3.55) 3 320 (2. a single specimen may be used 3 . Minimum Impact Resistance. When 9 or 10 specimens pass. Three specimens shall be tested. It should not be considered as a limitation with respect to Wall ThicknessA in-use deflection.000 (−0. Tolerance. entirely through the pipe wall visible to the unaided eye. when tested at the time of manufacture.!/=~N!% (1) ration of bond occur between layers during testing performed under the requirements of this specification. pipe containing two or more critical t value shall be used to at least three significant digits.020 in.000 (−0. the sample to provide protection against UV radiation.000 (−0. Failure shall be a crack or break extending TABLE 3 Pipe Stiffness of ABS Schedule 40 Plastic Drain. or testing technique 2 0.00) ultimate strength at rupture. Test in accordance with Test Method D2444 using Tup Size. dev. Use a 30-lb (13.4.00) 6. able deflection limit. and an addi- that is. When 4 or more of 20 specimens fail. depending on the bedding. test 20 6 95 (0.61) −0.34) accept the lot. Nor shall sepa- LCL 5 ~avg PS!2 $2. in.3. concentric layers.015 (+0. Minimum Wall.00) cantly different. 4 190 (1.6 kg) tup for testing all pipe psi (MPa) sizes.3 Impact Resistance—The minimum impact resistance. When 9 or more of 40 specimens fail. ft·lbf (J) At 73°F (23°C) N = 11.3. The coextrusion process.280 (7. specimens include the three tested under 6.3.00) ture when pipe is deflected 40% of the initial inside diameter 6 0.20 to 0. 1 1⁄ 4 20 (27) 6.1 to 6.3 A The minimum is the lowest wall thickness of the pipe at any cross section.3.1 Test 10 specimens./min (5.4 Coextruded Pipe: calculated using the Student’s “t” distribution.

7. inspected. the test(s) shall be conducted again only followed using solvent cement meeting the requirements of by agreement between the purchaser and the seller. Product Marking selected at random from each lot in accordance with the random sampling plan of Practice D1898. extrusion line.4 Test Conditions: 7. sion process shall be marked “COEXTRUDED ABS DWV”.7 Bond—One specimen for each extrusion line.4. 7.4 6 3. 8. pipe. thermoplastic 4 . the lot shall sented by the test(s) does not meet the requirements of this consist of all pipe produced of one size. Retest and Rejection 6. nor shall specification limits be changed.3.1 If the results of any test(s) do not meet the requirements joints. Sampling and Conditioning changed.2.6°F (23 6 2°C) and 50 6 5 % relative humidity in accordance with Practice D618. from one extrusion specification.3 Nominal pipe size (for example. maximum of 40. DWV. 7. 9.2.2 Wall Thickness—One specimen per extrusion line. and date of manufacture. lot 7.2.1 Quality of Marking—The markings shall be applied to the pipe in such a manner that they remain legible (easily read) NOTE 6—Refer to Practices E105 and E122.) 9. and vent ods. following information: 7. Quality Assurance test at 73. D2661. the quantity of product repre- 7. (See Note 3. (DWV) are joined using molded fittings meeting the require- ments of Annex A1 of this specification. extrusion line.5 Pipe Flattening—A minimum of three specimens per number.2 Number of Tests for Quality Control—When evaluating 9.1 Outside Diameter—One specimen per extrusion line.6 m) in letters not less number of specimens shall be tested for each lot.5. the manufacturer affirms that the product was manu- mens at the temperature and humidity of the manufacturers factured. 7. line. conduct tests in the standard 11.3.2. 9. 9.1 For referee purposes. (5 mm) high. and tested in accordance with this testing facility for not less than 1 h or until the specimens are specification and has been found to meet the requirements of at room temperature. failure occurs.2.2. The number of specimens designated for each test shall be taken from pipe 9.2. or modified. (51 mm)).5 Single Extrusion Pipe—The pipe produced by single 7.1 For referee purposes. condition the specimens prior to 10. Pipe which does not meet the requirements of this area. 2 in. this specification.3 Conditioning: 7.1 Sampling—For the purpose of testing. 10.6 Coextruded Pipe—The pipe produced by the coextru- 7. 5 % relative humidity. plastic.2 Joining—ABS schedule 40 drain. Keywords laboratory atmosphere of 73.6°F (23 6 2°C) and 50 6 11. 9. D2661 – 08 6. Schedule 40. Procedure A. minimum requirements shall not be lowered.6 Impact Strength—A minimum of ten specimens and a extrusion process shall be marked “ABS DWV”. sampled. the safety requirements of Practice F402 shall be of this specification. than 3⁄16 in. Under such Specification D2235.1 Inspection—Before installation the pipe shall be in. condition the speci.2 Content of Marking—The pipe shall be marked on two the product against this specification. 7.2.4 6 3.2.3 Length—One specimen per extrusion line.5 Test Methods—Use only the specified ASTM test meth- 6. in a contrasting color with the 7. waste.5 Other Requirements: 7.2.3 Solvent Cement—In the assembly of solvent cement 8. room temperature and humidity of the manufacturers testing spected.2.1 ABS. If.2 The designation “ASTM D2661”.4 The manufacturer’s code for resin manufacturer. agreement.2. upon retest.5. specification shall be returned to the seller. 7.2 For routine quality control testing.2. 9. the following minimum sides 180° apart at least every 2 ft (0.5.1 When the product is marked with this designation. during one designated 24-h period.1 The manufacturer’s name (or trademark). 7. after installation and inspection.4 Pipe Stiffness—A minimum of three specimens per 9.2 For routine quality control testing. conduct tests at the 6.4. fittings. 7.

Std.4 Rework Material—The manufacturer shall use only A1. threads shall shall meet the requirements of Specification D3311 and Table conform to and be gaged in accordance with Specification A1. The producer may use his own or any tion in satisfactory condition and which will be acceptable to other suitable facilities for the performance of the inspection the carrier at lowest rates. and laying length of Short.2 Marking—Marking for shipment shall be in accor- such inspections are deemed necessary to ensure that material dance with Fed. unless the purchaser with Uniform Freight Classification rules or National Motor disapproves. The form of the material shall be as Method D2444 at 73°F (23°C) using a 12-lb (5-kg) Tup C and agreed upon between the seller and the purchaser in accordance Holder B.1—The inclusion of U. Containers and packing shall comply and test requirements specified herein. pipe and allow to dry for at least 24 h. 129 for military agencies. Federal Government procurement inspection.S. NOTE S1. Federal contracts.8 Individual fittings unassembled shall meet a minimum requirements prescribed in Specification D3965 with a cell impact of 20 ft·lbf (27 J) when tested in accordance with Test classification of 3-2-2-2-2.10 Fittings shall be marked on the body or hub with the requirements of Table 1 and Table 2. A1. dimension.S. requirements should not be construed as an indication that the U. F1498.7 Individual fittings unassembled shall withstand a Pattern fittings shall meet the requirements of Specification minimum load of 750 lbf/ft (11 kN/m) of centerline length F2135. dimension.S. manufacturer’s name or trademark. ABS FITTINGS A1. Packaging and Marking for U.2 The pattern. and laying length of fittings A1. S2. the material shall be packaged in accordance with the suppli- sible for the performance of all inspection and test require. not domestic sales or transfers.3 Fittings produced by any molding process shall be made of virgin black ABS plastic which shall conform to the A1.9 Solvent cement meeting the requirements of Specifi- his own clean rework fitting material and the fittings produced cation D2235 shall be used to join pipe and fittings.6 For all fittings having taper pipe threads. 5 . S2. 123 for civil agencies and MIL-STD- conforms to prescribed requirements. er’s standard practice in a manner ensuring arrival at destina- ments specified herein. of the inspections and tests set forth in this specification where S2. Government Procure. the contractor is responsible for NOTE S1. D2661 – 08 SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS GOVERNMENT/MILITARY PROCUREMENT These requirements apply only to federal/military procurement. ANNEX (Mandatory Information) A1. No. shall meet all the requirements of this specification.S. A1.1 when determined in accordance with Test Method D2122.1 The pattern. without visible evidence of failure when tested in accordance with Test Method D2412. and the symbol “ABS”. A1. S1. A1. A1. Test inline couplings cemented to short pieces of with Specification D3965.1 Packaging—Unless otherwise specified in the contract. Responsibility for Inspection—Unless otherwise speci.1—In U. fied in the contract or purchase order. the producer is respon.5 The spigot dimensions of the fittings shall meet the A1. Federal Government uses or endorses the products described in this ment: specification. The purchaser shall have the right to perform any Freight Classification rules.

687 0.060 6.024 1.024 0.010 0. min minimum) minimum) 1 1 ⁄4 1.024 2.369 60. B Measure from socket entrance to intersection of pipe stop cone with socket cylinder.000 0.218 0.B Average.140 1.011 0.687 0.005 1 1 ⁄2 1.005 3 3.750 −0. Outside Size Average on Diam.1 Dimensions and Tolerances for ABS Schedule 40 Drain.385 +0.005 0.687 −0.196 3.515 +0.500 0.225 4.010 0.009 0.156 0.871 0.250 0. Out-of.841 1.010 0. (maximum After Length.006 0.156 0.005 6 6. The minimum wall thickness is determined by allowing a 10 % variation due to core shift. shall equal or exceed the value shown in the table.1.253 7.010 0.060 3.140 2. due to core shift.140 2.655 60. and Vent Fittings A B E Internal Threads Socket Entrance Diameter Socket Bottom DiameterA Wall ThicknessC C Nominal Out-of.500 A Measure at the intersection of pipe stop cone with socket cylinder.687 −0.281 −0.614 60.492 60.750 0.005 2 2.030 3.187 −0. (maximum Average on Diam.030 1.156 0. Waste. C The average wall thickness is the minimum wall thickness plus the opposite wall thickness divided by 2.010 0.647 60.127 0.203 1.008 0.030 4. Socket M Pipe Tolerance Roundness Tolerance Roundness Minimum Thread Depth.515 +0.910 +0. The average shall equal or exceed that shown in Table A1.024 1.634 0. The minimum wall thickness. min min Diameter of eter minus eter minus Core Shift min Hub.281 0.491 60.005 4 4.907 1.030 1.670 +0.024 0. D2661 – 08 TABLE A1.006 0. 6 .750 0.894 60.024 0.011 0.

and moisture from surfaces joint. deep scratches. Remove file. high relative humidity. a fine-tooth for diameters above 6 in. Standard clean. dirt. Defective pipe should be width of about one half the pipe diameter for pipe sizes above rejected or the damaged sections should be cut out. damaged plied with the can of solvent cement. At no violation and should be avoided.4 Cleaning—Remove burrs from inside and outside misaligned installation will cause excessive stresses in the pipe edges. humidity.6 Solvent Cement—Use only solvent cement designed temperatures. joints. flat surface or supported in a manner that will prevent sagging first-out basis. (152 mm) to avoid push-out. and using loose fits. cement dries. Fine-tooth blades with little or no is inserted to the full depth of the fitting socket. Heavy or X2. A excessive solvent cement from the exterior of the joint with a miter box is recommended to ensure square cut ends. thus assuring proper adhe. Hold the joint set should be used for best results.9 Cure Time—Joint strength development is very rapid X2. Allow 15 cutting plastic pipe. Wipe off all dust. The recommendation of the time should pipe or fittings be assembled that are wet or damp. pipe. The pipe should be cut together firmly for about 30 s for small diameter pipe and 60 s square and all burrs removed with a sharp knife. or a brush or roll with a ends. solvent cement manufacturer should be followed for best Pipe and fittings must be dry before assembly to obtain good results. and fittings and constitutes a plumbing code to be cemented with a clean dry rag or a paper towel. reapply solvent cement before assembling. 7 . even coating of cement in the fitting socket to cover only the surfaces to be joined. Use only combinations of pipe Quickly apply a heavy coat of solvent cement to the outside of and fittings that give interference fits. Pipe that is a loose fit in the pipe. Reasonable handling of thin cutting wheels that have been especially designed for assembly is permissible within 2 min after joining. X2. X2. apply a moderate. or other suitable tool such as chamfering tool or reamer. making sure that the pipe hacksaw or carpenter’s saw.2 Pipe Fit—Pipe is manufactured to close tolerances to excessive application of solvent cement may become an ensure satisfactory “interference” fit between the pipe and the obstruction in the pipe and prevent satisfactory joining. A badly X2.7 Assembly—Make the joint as quickly as possible after sion.6. the recommendations of the solvent cement manu- Specification D2235. dry cloth. the pipe and fitting will readily mate. D2661 – 08 APPENDIXES (Nonmandatory Information) X1. The pipe should enter the dry fitting socket to between application of the solvent cement and before the solvent one half and two thirds of the fitting socket depth.5 Safety Requirements for Solvent Cement and Primers during periods of high ambient temperatures. X2.1 Application of Cement—Using the applicator sup- carefully inspected for cuts. or damage to special plastic pipe cutters available with extra wide rollers and the joint and loss of fit may result. all pipe should be X2. and their use is recommended. There are fitting joint until after the solvent cement has set.1 Outside Storage—Plastic pipe should be stored on a X1. X2. for ABS. The allowable tolerance to the depth of the fitting socket. JOINING X2.3 Cutting—Pipe can be easily cut with an ordinary Insert the pipe into the fitting socket. Should the solvent cement dry partially before the joint is made up. Joint strength development is not as rapid during periods of low ambient X2. Use a solvent cement meeting the requirements of Therefore. facturer should be followed for best results prior to leak testing. (51 mm). 2 in. Do not store pipe in direct sunlight forlong periods. or other major imperfections.2 Inventories of plastic pipe should be used on a first-in. assures a forced fit and when solvent cement is applied. X2. fittings socket during assembly.8 Set Time—Do not attempt to disturb the pipe and that can result in cracked or irregular pipe ends. and using interference-type fittings. steel pipe or tubing cutters are not recommended for cutting ABS pipe since they may cause excessive heat and pressure. or bending. STORAGE X1.1 Field Inspection—Prior to use. low relative —Follow Practice F402. gouges. Make sure that the coated distance on the pipe is equal the socket may not properly bond. min for the joint to develop good handling strength and the joint will withstand the stresses of normal installation.

closet flanges in the drainage system by means of a threaded formance with governing building codes. except fittings and adapters designed for the specific transition. maximum aggregate size shall be limited to 1⁄2 in.4 4.1 1. X3.1 2. mm linseed oil base products. pipe should be installed in accordance with accepted engineering practices.8 Connection to Nonplastic Pipe—When connecting provide for a linear expansion of 2 in. (13 mm) for angular and 3⁄4 in.3 1.7 5.0 2.7 Molded threads on adapter fittings for transition to threaded 60 1.2 m) at end of branches and X3. m Length of Change.1-m) intervals. In areas not governed connection. and backfilling. °C lubricant specifically intended for use with ABS plastic pipe Length.2 1.4 2.9 Connections to Traps—Connect traps by means of conditions Design Engineers may wish to consult Practice approved threaded trap adapters.2 3. Waste.0 4. methods. Supports should allow free diameter of the pipe. by codes.6 1.0 1.3 Installation Under Freezing Conditions—Plastic pipe fittings. Only approved thread tape or thread Temperature Change. A Example of Temperature Change: obtain tightness by a maximum hand tightening plus additional Highest temperature expected 100°F Lowest temperature expected 50°F tightening with a strap wrench.9 1. cut. Thermal expansion for installations allow free movement of pipe. whichever is less. °FA movement.1 Thermal Expansion Table of ABS Schedule 40 Drain. and Vent Pipe top surface 1⁄4 in.0 6.3 40 1. Support trap arms in excess of 3 ft (0.7 3.B X3. manner. Bottom of pipe must rest on X3.5 0. use only approved types of of pipe shall be in accordance with the Plumbing Code. 20 40 60 80 100 30 60 90 120 150 X3.5 Supports and Spacing—Hangers and straps should Holes through framing members should be adequately sized to not compress.6 Threaded Connections—Do not cut threads on pipe.13 Thermal Expansion—Allow for thermal expansion drainage and vent piping shall be as specified in the applicable and movement in all piping installations by the use of approved code. materials with approved mechanical compression joints de- Increased care should be exercised if installation is likely to signed for this use.0 construction are necessary except in the case of cleanout plugs.9 m) in length as close as possible to the trap. Do not bend or pull pipe into position after being solvent cemented.8 4.8 3. installation. Protect pipe exposed to damage by sharp surfaces Length. Support but do not rigidly restrain piping at branches or changes of direction.1. in. installation should be avoided during freezing conditions. or caulk joints made in an approved occur under these conditions. X3. X3. Do not anchor pipe rigidly in walls. this material throughout the entire length.7 the solvent cement type. Support horizontal piping at subject to temperature changes may be determined from Table intervals of not more than 4 ft (1.4 mm) above the finish floor level. the ambient temperature changes. Stabilize closet bends or stubs against all horizontal or vertical Temperature Change. D2661 – 08 X3. particularly during handling.8 0.4 6. For special X3. Where possible. putty. Buried piping or piping installed in the movement.1 Underground Installation—Underground installations plastic pipe to other types of piping.2 DWV Installation—Pipe should be installed in con. INSTALLATION X3. not to exceed one full turn. Maintain vertical piping in straight alignment with crawl space under a building is normally subject to less than supports at each floor level or at 10-ft (3.4 2.4 Alignment and Grade—Align all piping system com. 20 30 40 50 should be used.7 0. ft Length of Change. D2321.0 2.7 3. or abrade the piping and should allow for free movement.6 2. 80 2. X3.8 5. (19 mm) for rounded particles.3 4.9 2. 8 . The grade of horizontal X3. transportation.11 Transition to Bell-and-Spigot Pipe—Make connec- tions or transition to bell-and-spigot cast iron soil pipe and X3.7 Thread Tightness—Where a threaded joint is made. soil or a layer of selected and compacted-backfill so that no settlement will be encountered. (51 mm). Conventional pipe thread compound. distort.4 The joint between the pipe and transition fittings should be of 100 2. 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 with grommets or sleeves of rubber or plastic.12 Building Drains Under Floor Slabs—Make trench Allowance shall be made for expansion that will occur when bottoms smooth and of uniform grade with either undis-turbed the temperature of the pipe is raised. Securely fasten closed flanges with corrosion-resistant fasteners to the floor with the TABLE X3.6 4. (6. Total variation 50°F B For a length of run of 60 ft (20 m) the chart indicates that the installation should X3.2 3. ponents properly without strain. and unknown mixtures should be 10 20 30 40 50 avoided. The linear expansion shown is independent of the at changes of direction or elevation. 20 0. and to bell-and-spigot pipe and fittings of other has decreased resistance to impact under freezing conditions.10 Connection to Closet Flanges—Install screw-type X3.

SUMMARY OF CHANGES Committee F17 has identified the location of selected changes to this standard since the last issue (F2661–06) that may impact the use of this standard. Use only approved plastic pipe antifreeze penetration openings or intumescent materials that expand with heat to form a char that make a flame and water-resistant seal. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standards and should be addressed to ASTM International Headquarters. by mass. either reapproved or withdrawn.15. it joining and Appendix X3 on installation. com- 165°F (74°C). Individual reprints (single or multiple copies) of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the above address or at 610-832-9585 (phone). ride in water.15 Antifreeze Protection—When necessary to protect traps and fixtures from freezing. for example UL. 610-832-9555 (fax). West Conshohocken. the (e-mail).1 Sixty percent.14 Exposed Piping—Provide adequate support where X3. PO Box C700. This standard is copyrighted by ASTM International. or service@astm. for example. (1) Note 2 was added.1 When prefabricated plumbing trees are assembled. are entirely their own responsibility. where applicable. 9 . X4.2—Use fire barrier products meeting this requirement. of magnesium chlo- qualified to perform such evaluations. NOTE X3. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the responsible technical committee. and classification of the approving laboratory recognized as X3.17. Where surface temperatures exceed applications to run to higher temperatures. United States. PA 19428-2959. Strong solutions of common table salt (sodium chloride) may also be used. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you should make your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights. but the nature of some synthetic latex paints.17 Fire-Rated Construction—When the piping is to be practice to store pipe and fittings under suitable cover prior to installed within or penetrating fire-rated constructions. be is important that the recommendation of Appendix X2 on followed for satisfactory results. or some type of lightweight insulation. do not use alcohol or NOTE X3. piping shall be protected by means of shielding mercial dishwashers. This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years and if not revised.1 All fire barriers should bear the seal of approval X3. D2661 – 08 X3. at the address shown below. of glycerin in water. ASTM International takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentioned in this standard.2 Twenty-two percent. 100 Barr Harbor Drive. packaged for this purpose or one of the following solutions: X3. require special consideration. or through the ASTM website (www.1—Fire barriers are either mechanical devices that close off petroleum products. Plumbing DWV pipe will accommodate temperature of 180°F (82°C) vents exposed to sunlight should be protected by water-base encountered in household applications. X3. by mass. It is good X3. and the risk of infringement of such rights. which you may attend. and ice loading.15.16 Commercial and Industrial Applications—The piping is exposed to PREFABRICATED PLUMBING TREES X4. snow. cognizant building code authorities should be consulted for approved methods of construction or fire barriers. Exposure to sunlight during normal construction periods is not harmful.