# Table 5-20

Pressure Buildup Data

Shut-in time, At (min) Shut-in pressure, pws (psi) -~^t
0 90 -
3 103 0.0005
5 105 0.0009
10 111 0.0018
15 116 0.0027
20 122 0.0036
25 128 0.0045
30 133 0.0054
35 139 0.0063
40 145 0.0072
45 151 0.0080
50 156 0.0089
55 162 0.0098
60 168 0.0107
70 180 0.0125
80 192 0.0142
90 202 0.0160
100 212 0.0177
110 222 0.0194
120 231 0.0212
173 272 0.0303
236 315 0.0408
308 356 0.0528
390 395 0.0657
583 472 0.0951
694 505 0.1112
814 536 0.1280
945 564 0.0923
1034 591 0.0963
1234 621 0.1007
1393 648 0.1046
1562 674 0.1084
1741 700 0.1121
1929 726 0.1158
2127 752 0.1194
2334 777 0.1229
2552 830 0.1302
2778 828 0.1313
3015 853 0.1333
3180 867 0.1352
3240 873 0.1360
3300 878 0.1367

1431 3900 930 0. pws (psi) j ^ t 3360 883 0.1373 3420 888 0. Af (min) Shut-in pressure. and/?!/^ = 340 psi. k is (isd) SM d 'ajnsssjd ui-jnqg Figure 5-29. which shows no clear straight-line sections. Conventional Horner buildup plot. Table 5-20 (continued) Shut-in time.1425 3840 926 0. From Eq.1407 3660 913 0.1402 3600 908 0.1448 Solution Conventional Horner Buildup Analysis Figure 5-29 is the conventional Horner plot.1436 3960 935 0.1414 3720 917 0. A straight line drawn through the last group of points gives reasonable calculated results. The plot has the following characteris- tics: tp = 5546 hours. .1443 4020 939 0. m = 700 psi/cycle.1419 3780 922 0.1395 3540 904 0. 5-2.1380 3480 899 0.

515 0.944 7045 49.916 7176 45.358 0.083 90 9.202 0.380 0.1 162 98 64 162 63 0.197 10 3.120 55 7.367 7074 48.120 0.541 0.324 7160 45.746 7103 47.115 40 6.416 7118 47.1 151 112 64 176 52 0.000 6994 51.100 0.000 7205 43.137 25 5. Pressure.448 0. Liquid level Pressure.156 15 3.342 0.9 128 154 62 226 29 0.259 0.487 7019 50.4 122 168 61 229 23 0.873 7234 42.732 7269 41.6 180 82 65 147 81 0.071 7132 46. Table 5-21 Pressure Buildup Test and Afterflow Rates Time.146 35 5.161 5 2. Gas rate Liquid rate Total rate Ap Wellbore storage At (min) (min)05 (ft) Pwh (psi) Pwf (psi) (rb/day) (rb/day) (rb/day) (psi) (psi/rb/day) coefficient (bbl/psi) 0 7277 40.162 7248 42.5 133 142 62 204 34 0.110 45 6.176 20 4.299 0.182 0.1 111 202 60 262 12 0.3 103 229 59 288 4 0.708 7147 46.477 7190 44.105 50 7.086 .489 0.5 192 72 66 138 93 0.6 156 105 64 169 57 0.129 30 5.472 7219 43. Time.088 80 8.3 212 62 57 119 113 0.092 100 10.322 0.9 90 257 71 328 0 0 0 3 1.094 60 7.232 0.6 145 122 63 185 46 0.401 0.8 116 183 61 244 17 0.5 105 219 59 278 6 0.236 7263 41.6 168 91 65 156 69 0.274 0.0 139 131 63 194 40 0.092 70 8.4 202 67 61 128 103 0.

061 814 28.890 0.031 0.7 700 2 8 10 601 1.271 0.4 752 1 8 9 653 2.362 6756 60.049 2552 50.7 674 2 9 11 575 1.5 315 27 36 63 216 0.5 621 3 10 13 522 1.200 0.522 5983 92.084 173 13.572 0.8 828 0 6 7 729 2.075 308 17.312 5754 100.119 5811 98.517 5696 102.725 5926 94. Gas rate Liquid rate Total rate Ap Wellbore storage At (min) (min)05 (ft) Pwh (psi) Pw/ (psi) (rb/day) (rb/day) (rb/day) (psi) (psi/rb/day) coefficient (bbl/psi) 110 10. level Pressure.081 120 10.037 1234 35.657 0.920 5868 96. Table 5-21 (continued) Time.050 1929 43.550 6665 64.046 3015 54.331 0.707 5639 103.1 591 4 11 15 492 1.955 6948 42.048 2334 48.247 0.748 6579 67.5 395 15 26 41 296 1.592 0.058 945 30.966 0.1 222 58 55 113 123 0.814 0.119 0.741 6213 83.153 6851 56.065 1393 37.128 6098 8.9 231 55 50 105 132 0.061 694 26.060 1034 32.349 0.323 6040 90.085 236 15. Pressure.909 5582 105.069 390 19.0 111 0 8 8 678 2.732 0.145 6413 74.156 6155 86.3 472 9 20 29 323 1.048 2127 46.572 0.531 6274 80.047 2778 52.6 726 1 8 9 627 1.488 6970 52.924 0.344 6341 77.047 0.0 356 19 31 50 257 0.815 0.6 853 1 6 7 754 2.8 272 41 43 84 173 0.050 1741 41.049 1562 39.4 536 6 14 20 437 1.0 648 2 9 11 549 1.053 .066 583 24.1 830 0 7 8 704 2.419 0.3 564 5 12 17 465 1.709 0. Liquid Time.4 505 7 16 23 406 1.495 0.

404 5383 110.050 3420 58.477 0.5 917 0 5 5 818 2.385 0.4 888 1 5 6 789 2.435 0.966 5511 108.560 0.6 878 1 5 6 779 2.5 939 0 2 4 840 2.929 5493 110. Pressure.921 5535 107.052 3900 62.8 867 0 5 6 768 2.050 3360 57.000 5466 109.042 .042 3540 59.042 3840 61.042 3240 56.520 0.1 930 0 4 5 831 2.052 3960 62.3 913 0 5 5 814 2. Liquid Time.992 5455 109. level Pressure.4 935 0 4 4 836 2.593 0.968 5423 109.992 5488 108. Gas rate Liquid rate Total rate Ap Wellbore storage At (min) (min)05 (ft) Pwh (psi) Pwf (psi) (rb/day) (rb/day) (rb/day) (psi) (psi/rb/day) coefficient (bbl/psi) 3180 56.446 5523 107.482 5444 109.050 3300 57.9 904 0 5 5 805 2.6 899 0 5 5 800 2.505 0.052 3780 61.573 0.0 883 1 5 6 784 2.2 873 1 5 6 774 2.404 0. Table 5-21 (continued) Time.498 5466 109.052 3660 60.042 3720 60.038 4020 63.419 0.533 0.580 0.450 0.392 5547 106.1 908 0 5 5 809 2.042 3600 60.021 3480 58.9 926 0 5 5 827 2.498 5477 108.548 0.450 5413 110.7 922 0 5 5 823 2.481 5499 108.492 0.

From Eq. The plot has the following characteristics: Unit slope Figure 5-30. s is From Eq. Conventional pressure-time log-log graph. . 5-120. 5-3. Normalized Pressure-Modified MDH Analysis Figure 5-30 is a rate-normalized pressure-modified MDH plot and a straight line drawn through the last group of points of the continuously sweeping data curve.

5-120. Figure 5-30 is a pressure versus shut-in time log-log graph.19 So this technique proved unsuccessful. 8-39: Estimate the fracture half-length Xf from Eq. The curve does not match to any of the published wellbore storage type curves. The plot has the following characteristics: However. 5-105. From Eq. From Eq. From Eq. 8-40: . Match points are Calculate the permeability k from Eq. 5-107. the total fluid afterflow rate-normalized pressure versus shut- in time log-log graph was matched to the uniform-flux vertical fracture solution.

a Ap versus y/At does not result in a straight line but a total fluid afterflow rate-normalized pressure plot. does. The plot has the following characteristics: Approximate end of linear flow Figure 5-31. . Calculate the skin factor s as follows: Therefore. in looking for a linearflowperiod a pressure versus y/At graph is made. This can be seen in Figure 5-32. The plot has the following characteristics: Figure 5-32 is an Odeh-Jones logarithm of time superposition plot. Straight line is drawn through the last group of points on this plot. which will give reasonable calculated results. In this case. Ap/AqT versus y/At. s = Odeh-Jones Logarithm of Time Superposition Plot (Straight Line Through Last Points) Figure 5-31 is an Odeh-Jones logarithm of time superposition plot.square root of time plot. Nor- mally. Afterflow rate-normalized pressure .

7 m' = 0.83 Figure 5-32. (A/?/A4)(psi/rbpd) Start of the semilog straight line Slope Intercept = 0. find the following: From Eq. 5-89. 5-111: Determine the skin factor s from Eq. Superposition based on uniform-flux vertical fracture Po-h (straight line through last points). . Estimate the permeability k from Eq. 5-112: Superposition Based on po — to Model (Uniform-Flux Vertical Fracture Constant-Rate Solution) From Figure 5-33.

wellbore damage. using Eq. 5-121: Table 5-22 summarizes the results from all methods of analysis.12 Summary This chapter treats pressure buildup test analysis and presents methods for estimating formation characteristics such as the reservoir permeability. In addition. and improvement evaluation including average pressure for well drainage areas and the entire reservoir. analysis methods for afterflow-dominated pressure buildup data are presented to identify linear flow. skin factor. near-wellbore permeability changes or boundaries using both accurate pressure and total afterflow fluid rate. Superposition based on uniform-flux vertical fracture Po-fo model.Figure 5-33. 5. Average Reservoir Pressure Find pR. .