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What is Computer Networks? How is it diff from distributed system? Routing protocol is necessary in LAN. Justify? Discuss the design issues for the layers? Explain service primitives with reference to Client Server model? Define the terms : X.25 Bluetooth Home networks Arpanet Network Architecture Protocol 6. Explain Wireless nerworks in detail? 7. Explain ATM Reference Model and the functions of each layer? 8. Explain the architecture of Internet? 9. Compare the connection and connectionless services 10. Explain how information flows in a network? 11. Distinguish broadcast links and point to point links? 12. Expain how computerNetworks are useful in business application? 13. Explain netwirk Interface cardand its functions 14. Explain the LLC protocol data unit with neat sketch? 15. Explain IEEE 802.3 MAC frame with neat diagram? 16. Compare 10 Base 5,10 Base 2, 10Base T, and 10Base F mediums used in IEEE 802.3 17. Explain the token ring protocol with an ex? 18. Explain the data frame format of IEEE 802.5 Standard? 19. Suppose a Network comprises 5 layers at each end of the users A and B , suppose A sends a msg of length 128K bytes to B , at each of the layers other than the top layer, the system attaches a header of uniform size of k bytes. If the raio of the header bandwidth to the msg sizefor the transmission is 25% . what is the value of K ? 20. Explain FDDI token ring network? 21. Give the FDDI frame structure ? 22. An end system sends 50 packets per sec using use datagram protocol(UDP) over a full duplex 100Mbps Ethernet LAN connections. Each packet consists 1600 bytes of Ethernet frames payload data . what is the thoughtput when measured at UDP layer. 23. A section using the UDP. Its sends the series of packets over a Ethernet LAN. The payload of each UDP packet as a size of 630 bytes. Determint the size of Ethernet frame using the information provided in the PDU header chart. 24. What is routing?Explain 2 major classes of routing algorithms with Ex? 25. Explain the Bellmann Ford routing algorithm with an Ex ? State its drawbacks 26. Explain the design issues of the network layer? 27. Diff b/w virtual circuits and datagram subnets? 28. Explain the link state routing algorithms in detail? 29. List and explain in brief four matrix that can be used to measure congestion in the n/w? 30. Explain heirachical routing algorithm in detail? 31. Explain Broadcasting in detail? 32. What is congestion? Explain how congestion control is achieved in the following a. Load shedding b. jitter control 33. Explain shortest path routing in detail?

For heirachical routing with 4800 routers. Write a short note on a) resource reservation. Explain AAL-1 layer with neat diagram 61. Explain IPV4 Header with neat diagram? 43. 51. Explain the ATM addressing with suitable Ex 62. Explain tunneling and fragmentation 41. Explain the multicasting in detail? 35. Explain Internet control protocol in detail? 46. Explain IP address format in detail? 44. Explain TCP header format with neat diagram? 55. Explain congestion control in virtual circuit subnets. Explain the concept of Internet working in detail? 42. 45.34. Explain OSPF routing protocol in detail. Explain three hand shake protocol used for establishing a connection. Explain flow control in detail? 54. Explain the PNNI signaling with Ex? 58. 52. Explain the different traffic discruptors used in ATM? 59. Explain congestion control in datagram subnets? 39. Compare IPV4 and IPV6 Header formats? 49. Explain the following: a) Mobile IP b) Internet multicasting c) Network address translation 50. 38. Compare UDP with TCP 63. Explain the Berkley sockets primitives for TCP. what region cluster sizes should be chosen to minimize the size ot the routing table for the 3 layer heirachy? A good starting place in the hypothesis that a solution with K clusters of K regions of K routers is closed to optimail which means that K is about the cube root of 4800 (around 16) Use trail and error to check out combinations where all 3 parametrs are in the general vicinity of 16. Explain multiplexing in detail? 53. Explain the 4 protocol scenarios for releasing a connection? 56. Explain the leaky bucket and Token bucket algorithms? 37. Explain QOS parameters of ATM n/w? 60. Explain the RTP header format with neat diagram? 57. 47. b) Admission control c) RSV d) Packet scheduling 40. Explain classless inter domain routing in detail. 36. Explain Border gateway routing protocol in detail? 48. What is the difference b/w PCR and MCR? .

What are the line coding scheme available? 29. Define Guided Media 23. Define Distributed Systems 8. Why are standards needed? 16. What is the difference between a passive and an active hub? 34. What are the components of data communication? 4. What are the seven layers of OSI Model? 19. Why are protocols needed? 14. Define Data communication 2. Define OSI model 18. What are the various types of data flow? 6. Discuss the mode for propagating light along optical channels 33. Define Transmission medium 22. Define data rate and signal rate 27. What are the standards available in modem? 32. Define Protocol. Define Network architecture 20. Define Line coding 25. Define Bandwidth 28. What are the three criteria necessary for effective and efficient networks . List out the characteristics of data communication 3. Define Topology 11. 13. Define Unguided media 24. Define Protocol stack 21. Define Modem 31. What is the relationship between data element and signal element? 26. Define Transit time and Response time 10. Who are the standard committee? 17. What are the key elements of a protocol? 15. What are the various forms of data? 5.1. Define networks 7. What are the types of topology available and the number of links required to connect n machines? 12. Define Distributed Processing 9. How does NRZ ± L differ from NRZ ± I ? 30.

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