Basic Derivatives

V(T,P)

∂V ∂V
dV = ( ∂T )P dT + ( ∂P )T dP

1 ∂V
α = V ( )P isobaric thermal expansivity, coefficient of thermal expansion
∂T
1 ∂V
β = κ = – V ( )T isothermal compressibility
∂P
dV = V α dT - V κ dP
do α and κ give everything we need to know about mechanical behavior?
(∂P ) =?
∂T V
∂V ∂V
0 = dV = ( ) dT + ( )T dP
∂T P ∂P

(∂V)
∂P T
dP = –(
∂V
) dT
∂T P
∂V
–( ) dT
∂T P
dP =
(∂V )
∂P T
∂V
–( )
(∂P ) =
∂T V
∂T P
(∂V)
∂P T
for small changes V doesn't change much: V ≅ Vo
cst. P dV = V α dT
V2 T2
∫ dV = ∫ V α dT ∆V = Vo α ∆T
V1 T1

cst. T dV = -V κ dP
∆V = -Vo κ ∆P