# http://www.laformation.

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     .

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   ­ u0 = 2  ° ®u = 2un − 3    (u n ) n∈IN   .

 n +1 °¯ 4 − un   (∀n ∈ IN ) : − 1 ≤ u n ≤ 3   (u n )   ' lim u n !"#\$%& (u n )   u −3  ' vn = n   (v n ) n∈IN   .

...-#\$...( un + 1  '*\$+.v1 ..  -# -...v n !"#5   ­ u0 = 0  °    (u n ) n∈IN   . + v n !"#4  Pn = v 0 ....... (v n ) )  ' lim v n \$ lim u n  \$32- (u n ) 01 (v n ) !"#/  ' lim Sn \$ S n = v0 + v1 + .............

 ®u = 3 ° n +1 6 − u n2 ¯   (∀n ∈ IN ) : 0 ≤ u n < 3   (u n )   'v n = u n   (v n ) n∈IN   .

 2 3 − u n2  '*\$+.-#\$.  -#"# (v n ) )  ' lim u n  \$ n 2- (u n ) 01 (v n ) !"#/    ­u 0 = 2  vn = un3 − 3   .

\$ °® 1 3    (u n ) n∈IN   .

.............. + v n !"#4  Pn = v 0 ..v n !"#5   ­ 3  °u 0 = ° 2    (u n ) n∈IN   . °¯u n +1 = 3 u n + 2 3  (u n )  (∀n ∈ IN ) : u n ≥ 3 3   ' lim u n !"#\$%& (u n )    32- (u n ) 01 (v n ) !"#/ -.v1 ........ (v n ) )(  ' lim Sn \$ S n = v0 + v1 + .....

 ® °u = 1 − u n °̄ n +1 2   (∀n ∈ IN ) : 0 < u n < 1  π  v n = − arccos(u n )    (v n ) n∈IN   .

 (v n ) /  ' n 2- (u n ) 01 (v n ) !"#4 .1]) :arccos 1− x = π 1 arccos(x ) ) − 2 2 2  '*\$+. 3   (∀x ∈ [ 0.-#\$.  -#\$ -.

http://www.laformation.ma    un ­u = u1 = 1   v n = n 67.

\$ ® 0    (u n ) n∈IN   .

 2 ¯ u n + 2 = 4(u n +1 − u n )  '*\$+.-#\$.  -#\$"# (v n )   ' lim un  \$32- un 01 vn !"#  .

π [ 8 α n   Pn = sin( ) ∏ cos ( αk )    (Pn )n∈IN   .  α ∈ ]0.

 2 k =1 2 n  '*\$+.-#\$.  -# -. (Pn )  n α  9 n 2- ∏ cos ( )   k =1 2k     u n +1 = u n2 + 2 \$ u 0 = 1    (un ) n∈IN   .

..0 <u n < 2   ' lim u n !"#\$%& (u n )    ' (∀n ∈ IN ): 2 − u n +1 ≤ 4 (2 − u n ) )( 5   lim u n !"#\$%& (u n ) : . + u n 67.% < /  lim S n !"#\$ (∀n ∈ IN ): S n ≥ 2n − 3 + 5( 4 ) n 1 ' S n = u 0 + u1 + ..... 3 un + 1   ' (u n ) ' (∀n ∈ IN ).......

= + 5   1   u n +1 = 1 − 3 5 − 3u n \$ u 0 = −    (un ) n∈IN   .

 3  ' (∀n ∈ IN ) : − 1 < u n < 0   ' (u n )  3 ) n . 2   ' (∀n ∈ IN ) : 0 < u n + 1 < ( ) 4 3  ' lim u n !"#\$%& (u n )  /    f ( x) = 6x   >-  .

 x +43  '>-? @AB&-# [ ]  'D--E!B*B&AE.

 0. 3 2 &C%> ­u = 1 ® 0  F  (u n ) n∈IN   .

 ¯u n +1 = f (u n )  ' (∀n ∈ IN ) : 1 ≤ u n < 3 2 )  ' lim un !"#\$%&.

 \$-G (un ) /     u n +1 = 2(n 2 + n + 1) + nu n \$ u 1 = α ∈ IR    (u n ) n∈IN   .

 (n + 1)2  ' l ..

!"#\$H\$-E&\$  (u n )   ' α \$ n 2- u n  \$ u n − l 2- u n +1 − l !"#  .

ma   n n   u n = ¦    (u n ) n ≥1   .http://www.laformation.

. k =1 n2 + k  '.

!"#\$%& (u n )   vn =¦ n 1 LE (v n ) n∈IN F "*I"JK.

 k =1 n 2 + k +1    u n = ¦ n 1    (u n ) n ≥1   .

 k =1 k   lim u n = +∞   ' E (u106 )  \$ (∀k ≥ 1):2 k +1 − 2 k ≤ 1 ≤2 k − 2 k − 1  k     lim u n = +∞ RHA 8& S\$-G& (u n ) M.

NOPQ.

  un = ¦ n 1    (u )   .

 n n ≥1 k =1 k  (∀n ≥ 1) : u 2 n − u n ≥ 1 ) 2   lim u n = +∞  \$/   u n ≥ 1000 LE n  T-@ \$ u 1024 ≥ 6 4    n 1  un = ¦ k    (un )   .

 k k =1  '..

 l 8%& (un )    IN * &UC8 0 ≤ l − u N ≤ 1  N ( N + 1) N   10−4 V- l -  %&V      1+u   (∀n ∈ IN ) : u n +1 = n n \$ u o = 0    (u n )   .

 2  (∀n ∈ IN ) : u n ≤ n1− 2  \$ (∀n ∈ IN ) : 0 ≤ u n ≤ 1  2  lim u n !"#\$%& (u n )   ' <VWV (u )  (∀n ≥ 2) : u n > 1  2  n n≥ 2 −1n  .

 a0 + 2a1 + 4a2 + " + 2 n an  bn = 67.

-@& (a ) 0 8 2 n+ 1 n n≥   &  '-G (b ) R XA&\$-G (a ) M.

NOP n n  M YHA 8& (b ) R M ≥ 0 YHA 8& (a ) M.

NOP n n  '[ZP*\$I (b ) R[ZP*\$I (a ) M.

NOP n n  ' l ZP*\$I (b ) R l ZP*\$I (a ) M.

NOP( n n   .

ma       (∀n ∈ IN ):u =u2 − 2n\$ u ≥ 2    (u )   .laformation.http://www.

   n +1 \$ IR +  -#\$]#C % x + x n n− 1 +" + x 2 + x − = 0   n ≥ 1 C8 n  ' u ∈ ]0. 1 +1 n+ n o n n  '%& S (u )  \$ (∀n ≥ 1) : u ≥ 4  n n   (∀n ≥ 0): u +1 − u ≥ (u + 1)(u − 2) )n n n n  '-G (u )  / n  \HA 8& (u n ) C.1[ n  '^ (u )  n  ' lim u !"#\$%& (u )  n n     f ( x) = 2 x + x − 1 -  .

 3  ' 0 < α < 1 LE α -#\$]#C % f ( x) = 0   \$'>_ `     (un ) . (vn )   .

 ­ ° u 0 = 0 et v 0 = 1 ° ° u +v +v  ®u +1 = u et v +1 = n n si f (u n n ) > 0  ° n n n 2 2 ° u +v +v °¯u +1 = 2 n et v +1 = v n si f (u n n )<0 n n n 2  ' u2 . u1 .. v2 . v1 !"#)  'aU&3C8 0 ≤ vn ≤ 1 \$ 0 ≤ un ≤ 1 /   α - HA`W& (vn ) \$ α - HA 8& (un ) 4  '.

-#\$E& (un ) . (vn ) 5    ' f x ( )= 1   >-  .

 4x 2 +4 ­ 1   °®u 0 =    (u )∈   .

\$ 2 n n IN °̄ u 1 n+ = ( ) f un  ' IR + Z@>_ `)   α ∈ º»0. 1 ª« -#\$]#C % f ( x) = x  / ¼ 2¬  ' (∀( x. y ) ∈ [0.1]2 ) : f ( x) − f ( y ) ≤ 1 x − y 4 2  ' (∀n ∈ IN ) : 0 < u ≤ 1  n 2 1   (∀n ∈ IN ) : u +1 − α ≤ u − α ) 2 n n  '..

!"#\$%& (u ) ∈  / n n IN   wn = u2 n +1 \$ vn = u2 n 67.

(   (∀n ∈ IN )  w < α < v ) n n  ( wn ) \$ (vn ) / .

.ma 1 (v − w ) )  ' (∀n ∈ IN ):v −w ≤ 1 1 4 n+ n+ n n  'N b.laformation. http://www.

un   .-#\$E& ( wn ) \$ (vn ) /       vn .

 ­ u1 =1 et v1 =6 °  ® 5u +v un + (α − 1)v (α > 6 )  °¯u 1 = n n et v n +1 = n 5 n+ 6 α  'WV (vn ) \$-G (un ) \$ ( ∀n ∈ IN * ) un < vn  5  'E (vn ) \$ (un )  \$ ( ∀n ∈ IN * ) : 0 < vn +1 − un +1 < (vn − un )  6  ' n \$ α 2- vn 01 un  \$ 6α un + 2 − (11α − 6)un +1 + (5α − 6)un = 0    ­° u0 = a v0 = b ® °̄un +1 = un vn vn +1 = un + vn    (u n ) . (vn )   .

 2    'E& (un ) . 0 ≤ vn +1 − un +1 ≤ 1 (v − u ) 2  8a n n  ' l = lim un = lim vn L# l − vn \$ l − un - &CN Tc        f n (x ) = 3x − x − 1   \ Z@  f -  . (vn )   ( ∀n ∈ IN ).

eP \$ f n _ `*\$-X6d/  ' [ 0.1[) : f +1 (x ) < f (x ) )( n n ( )  '-G u n  /  '%& (u ) 4 n  ' lim u n = l 67. IN n + n * & n C8  ' ª«0. +∞[ *B  u n -#\$]#C % f n (x ) = 0    (∀n ∈ ` ) : 0 < u < 1  \$ f (1) !"# * n n   (∀x ∈ ]0. +∞ ª Z@-G f 1 n− » Z@WV\$ « n −1 « n ) ¬ 3n ¼ ¬ 3n ¬  '. 1 º ª 1 .

=  ' 0 ≤ l ≤ 1 )  ' (∀n ∈ ` ) : u n ≤ l / *   l = 1 4    f (x ) = x + cos(x )  C «0. ª πº Z@  f -  .

π º») ⊂ ª«0. π º»  \$ f -_ ` ¬ 2¼ ¬ 2¼ . ¬ 2 »¼  f ( ª«0.

http://www.laformation.ma ­ ª πº °u 0 = α ∈ «0. »   ® ¬ 2 ¼    (u n )   .

 ° u = f (u ) ¯ +1 n n π   (∀n ∈ ` ) : 0 ≤ u ≤ )n 2 ( )  '-G u n /  '..

!"#\$%& (u )  n 4 π  v n = 2 −u n ( )    v n   .

 π  (∀n ∈ `) : 0 ≤v ≤ ) n 2  (∀n ∈ `) : v n +1 = v − sin(v n n ) / 3 ª πº x   (∀x «0. » ) : 0 ≤ x − sin(x ) ≤ C%.

57 f K.( ¬ 2¼ 6 1v 3  (∀n ∈ ` ) : 0 ≤v 1 ≤ ) n+ 6 n 1 3 −1 n  (∀n ∈ `) : 0 ≤v ≤ ( ) 2 v 0(3 )  n / n 6   α = 1.

10 V- π - g K %&V 3.4 g K %&V u 2 h 2.14 @OP −3 π  ' 10 −30 V- -  2    .