# NCCI: Elastic critical moment for lateral torsional buckling

SN003b-EN-EU

NCCI: Elastic critical moment for lateral torsional buckling
This NCCI gives the expression of the elastic critical moment for doubly symmetric cross-
sections. Values of the factors involved in the calculation are given for common cases. For
a beam under a uniformly distributed load with end moments or a concentrated load at
mid-span with end moments, the values for the factors are given in graphs.

Contents
1. General 2

2. Method for doubly symmetric sections 2

3. C1 and C2 factors 4

4. References 12

Page 1

General For doubly symmetric cross-sections. Method for doubly symmetric sections The method given hereafter only applies to uniform straight members for which the cross- section is symmetric about the bending plane.cticm.com 2. For cases not covered by the method given in paragraph 2. It may be downloaded free of charge from the following web site: http://www. The conditions of restraint at each end are at least :  restrained against lateral movement  restrained against rotation about the longitudinal axis The elastic critical moment may be calculated from the following formula derived from the buckling theory :    2 EI z   k  I w kL  GI t 2  C2 zg   C2 zg  2  M cr  C1 2      2 2 (1) kL    k w  I z  EI z    where E is the Young modulus (E = 210000 N/mm2) G is the shear modulus (G = 80770 N/mm2) Iz is the second moment of area about the weak axis It is the torsion constant Iw is the warping constant Page 2 . the elastic critical moment Mcr may be calculated by the method given in paragraph 2. NCCI: Elastic critical moment for lateral torsional buckling SN003b-EN-EU 1. the elastic critical moment may be determined by a buckling analysis of the beam provided that the calculation accounts for all the parameters liable to affect the value of Mcr :  geometry of the cross-section  warping rigidity  position of the transverse loading with regard to the shear centre  restraint conditions The LTBeam software is specific software for the calculation of the critical moment Mcr.

1). The factor k refers to end rotation on plan. F S S F zg > 0 zg < 0 Figure 2. the shear centre coincides with the centroid. C1 and C2 are coefficients depending on the loading and end restraint conditions (see §3). k should be taken as not less than 1.0 unless less than 1. NCCI: Elastic critical moment for lateral torsional buckling SN003b-EN-EU L is the beam length between points which have lateral restraint k and kw are effective length factors zg is the distance between the point of load application and the shear centre.1 Point of application of the transverse load Page 3 .0 can be justified.0. Unless special provision for warping fixity is made. In the general case zg is positive for loads acting towards the shear centre from their point of application (Figure 2. Note : for doubly symmetric sections. kw should be taken as 1. The factor kw refers to end warping. It is analogous to the ratio of the buckling length to the system length for a compression member.

NCCI: Elastic critical moment for lateral torsional buckling SN003b-EN-EU In the common case of normal support conditions at the ends (fork supports). or when the transverse load is applied in the shear centre. k and kw are taken equal to 1. C2 zg = 0. the warping constant Iw may be calculated as follows : I h  t f  2 Iw  z (4) 4 where h is the total depth of the cross-section tf is the flange thickness 3.  2 EI z  I w   C2 zg   C2 zg  L2GI t M cr  C1  2  (2) L2  I z  EI z 2  When the bending moment diagram is linear along a segment of a member delimited by lateral restraints.1 General The C1 and C2 factors depend on various parameters :  section properties.  support conditions.  moment diagram It can be demonstrated that the C1 and C2 factors depend on the ratio : EI w  (5) GI t L2 The values given in this document have been calculated with the assumption that  = 0. The latter expression should be simplified as follows :  2 EI z I w L2GI t M cr  C1  (3) L2 I z  2 EI z For doubly symmetric I-profiles. C1 and C2 factors 3. Page 4 . This assumption leads to conservative values of C1.

M M -1    +1 Figure 3.05 -0.75 1.50 1.33 -0.1 Member with end moments Table 3.75 2.25 2.00 2.1 for a member with end moment loading.77 -0.31 +0. NCCI: Elastic critical moment for lateral torsional buckling SN003b-EN-EU 3.00 1.2 Member with end moments only The factor C1 may be determined from Table 3.00 +0.14 +0.50 2.00 1.1 Values of C1 for end moment loading (for k = 1)  C1 +1.25 1.57 -1.52 0.55 Page 5 .

bend the beam in the same direction (e. NCCI: Elastic critical moment for lateral torsional buckling SN003b-EN-EU FL Case b)   4M Sign convention for  : >0 if M and the transverse load (q or F). q M M M F M L L (a) (b) Figure 3.2 End moments with a transverse load Page 7 . as shown in the figure below) <0 otherwise The values of C1 and C2 have been determined for k = 1 and kw = 1. each supposed acting alone.g.

0 -1.4 -0.1 C1 -1 4.2 1.5 -1.2 0.3 End moments and uniformly distributed load – Factor C1 Page 8 .2 0 0.5 -0.3 0.8 1 1.9 4.1 0  1.4 0.0 -1 -0.5 2.4 2.3 -0.4 0.5 -0.0 C1 2.8 1 M  M M M   >0 5.1 -1.1 2 1.5 0.6 -0.3 -1.2 0.2 -1.3 0.4 0.6 -0.4 2.8 1 M  M M M <0 Figure 3.0 -1 -0.2 0.2 0 0.5 0.0 1.6 1.8 -0.7 0.5 -0.7 1.6 0.4 0.6 0.5 2 1.6 -1.8 -0.6 3.0 -0.5  0 -1. NCCI: Elastic critical moment for lateral torsional buckling SN003b-EN-EU 3.8 -2 1.0 -0.8 -0.2 -1.0 -0.5 -0.4 -0.7 3.2 1.

5 0.8 -2 -0.0 -1 -0.2 2.5 -0.6 0.5 C2 -1.6 -1.0 -1.3 1. NCCI: Elastic critical moment for lateral torsional buckling SN003b-EN-EU 0.5 -1.5 C2 0.4 -0.1 0.6 -0.2 0.2 0 0.4 End moments and uniformly distributed load – Factor C2 Page 9 .4 0.4 0.2 1 0.1 0.4 -0.3 0.8 -0.0 -1.6 -0.6 0.2 0 0.2 0.7 0.2 0.5 0.3 -0.4 -1.4 0.9 -1.1  -1 1.0 -1 -0.8 -0.8 1 M  M M M <0 Figure 3.2 0.2 -0.4 -0.4  2 1.3 -0.7 -0.6 0.8 0.8 -1.8 1 M  M M M   >0 2.1 0.5 -0.7 1.9 0.6 0.5 -0.

5 -0.7 -0.4 -1.2 2 1.1 -1.5 End moments and point load at mid-span – Factor C1 Page 10 .8 -0.2 -1.5 2.5 0.8 -0.4 0.5 1.4 0.0 -1 -0.4 0.6 0 -1.4 0.2 0 0.6 -0.0 -1 -0.8 -2 1. NCCI: Elastic critical moment for lateral torsional buckling SN003b-EN-EU 3.6 -0.5 2.2  -1.3 2 1.2 0.8 3.0 -0.0 1.2 0.8 1 M  M M M <0 Figure 3.0 -0.2 1 1 1.7 -1.6 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.3 0.1 0  1.5 -1.2 0.4 -0.3 -0.5 0.5 0.3 -1.9 -0.1 -1 -0.4 -0.1 C 0.8 1.4 -0.1 1.5 2.6 0.2 0.8 1 M  M M M   >0 4.0 C1 2.0 C1 3.2 0 0.6 -0.

0 -1 -0.6 -0.2 -1.1 0.2 0.6 0.4 -1.6 -0.8 -0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.5 C2  2 0.4 1.5 -1.7 1.8 0.5 C2 2.2 0.4 0.9 0.5 -0.4 0.6 -1.6 -0.2 0.5 -2 -1.4 -0.6 0.4 -0.8 -0.8 -0. NCCI: Elastic critical moment for lateral torsional buckling SN003b-EN-EU 0.4 -0.2 -0.3 -1.8 1 M  M M M   >0 2.1 0.9 -0.0  -1.5 -0.7 0.7 0.8 1 M  M M M <0 Figure 3.5 1.0 -1 -0.5 0.2 0 0.2 1 0.6 End moments and point load at mid-span – Factor C2 Page 11 .4 0.1 -1 1.8 -1.3 0.3 -0.6 0.2 0 0.3 0.

European Committee for Standardisation. S. Calcul de la résistance ultime au déversement dans le cas de la flexion déviée. 4 Galéa. Theory of elastic stability. Mc Graw-Hill. 1961. 2 Timoshenko. and Gere. NCCI: Elastic critical moment for lateral torsional buckling SN003b-EN-EU 4. Y. J. Revue Construction Métallique n°2-2002. Déversement élastique d’une poutre à section bi-symétrique soumise à des moments d’extrémité et une charge repartee ou concentrée.P.1 : General rules and rules for buildings. CTICM. 2nd Edition. M. H. 3 Djalaly. Page 12 . References 1 ENV 1993-1-1 Eurocode 3 : Design of steel structures – Part 1. CTICM. Revue Construction Métallique n°3-1974.

Sweden A Olsson SBI 1/3/05 4. Germany C Mueller RWTH 1/3/05 5.4 Labels corrected (for curves −1.1 to −1. Spain J Chica Labein 1/3/05 Resource approved by Technical G W Owens SCI 21/4/06 Coordinator TRANSLATED DOCUMENT This Translation made and checked by: Translated resource approved by: Corrigendum 2010-10-12: Figure 3.9) Page 13 . France A Bureau CTICM 1/3/05 3. UK G W Owens SCI 1/3/05 2. NCCI: Elastic critical moment for lateral torsional buckling SN003b-EN-EU Quality Record RESOURCE TITLE NCCI: Elastic critical moment for lateral torsional buckling Reference(s) ORIGINAL DOCUMENT Name Company Date Created by Alain Bureau CTICM Technical content checked by Yvan Galéa CTICM Editorial content checked by D C Iles SCI 2/3/05 Technical content endorsed by the following STEEL Partners: 1.

Dates Created Date 12/10/2010 Last Modified Date 03/02/2005 Checked Date Valid From Valid To Language(s)* Contacts Author Alain Bureau. CTICM Approved by Editor Last Modified By Keywords* Lateral Torsional Buckling See Also Eurocode Reference Worked Example(s) Commentary Discussion Other Coverage National Applicability Special Instructions Page 14 . Values of the factors involved in the calculation are given for common cases.doc Format Microsoft Office Word. Category* Resource Type Non Contradictory Complementary Information Viewpoint Subject* Application Area(s) Multi-storey buildings. For a beam under a uniformly distributed load with end moments or a concentrat Access Level* Expertise Identifiers* Filename P:\CMP\CMP554\Finalization\SN files###BOT_TEXT###03\SN003b-EN-EU. NCCI: Elastic critical moment for lateral torsional buckling SN003b-EN-EU Wrapper Information Title* NCCI: Elastic critical moment for lateral torsional buckling Series Description* This NCCI gives the expression of the elastic critical moment for doubly symmetric cross- sections. 14 Pages. CTICM Checked By Yvan Galéa. 1400kb.