LP3A

LANDASAN PROGRAM PERENCANAAN DAN PERANCANGAN ARSITEKTUR

Desain Rumah Sakit Muhammadiyah
Taman Puring Jakarta
Dengan Penekanan Desain Green Architecture

Diajukan untuk memenuhi sebagian
persyaratan guna memperoleh gelar
Sarjana Teknik

Diajukan Oleh :

Syahril Syidiq

21020111140165

Dosen Pembimbing I

Prof. DR. Ing. Ir. Gagoek Hardiman

Dosen Pembimbing II

DR. Ir. R. Siti Rukayah, M. T.

TUGAS AKHIR JAFT
Periode 132/54 September – Desember 2015

Jurusan Arsitektur Fakultas Teknik
Universitas Diponegoro
Semarang
2015

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Selain itu nilai estetis pada rumah sakit juga diperlukan untuk menentukan wajah dari sebuah rumah sakit. tentunya RS Muhammadiyah Taman Puring haruslah memperhatikan beberapa aspek seperti aspek fungsi dan bahkan investasi. Untuk sebuah rumah sakit penampilan fisik sangat menentukan tingkat kenyamanan dan kepercayaan terhadap layanan yang diberikan oleh rumah sakit tersebut. the buildings layout disorder caused by the transformation and changes over the years. For a hospital. tata massa bangunan yang tidak terolah dengan baik akibat seringnya mengalami perubahan. Green Architecture concept v . of course Taman Puring Muhammadiyah Hospital has to consider some aspects such as the fuction aspect and even the investment aspect. Dengan semakin meningkatnya layanan yang harus diberikan kepada masyarakat di kemudian harinya. keperawatan. this is proven by the number of the inpatient and the outpatient that have been increasing for every passing year. Kata kunci : rumah sakit. such as the lack of natural lighting in some rooms. RS Muhammadiyah Taman Puring memiliki beberapa masalah yang terdapat pada desain bangunannya antara lain kurangnya pencahayaan alami di beberapa ruang. muhammadiyah. nursing. Penerapan konsep Green Architecture pada RSMTP diharapkan mampu menjangkau hal tersebut. and paramedic profesionally. This has to be done so the hospital could keep doing the appropriate service relating to the medical service standards. physical appearance is important as it determines the the comfort and trust of the people to the services that the hospital provides. With the increasing service that has to be given to the people in the future. serta tata ruang yang kurang efisien. The application of the Green Architecture to the hospital is hoped to reach those aspects. But. Hal ini harus dilakukan agar RSMTP tetap mampu memberikan pelayanan yang sesuai dengan standar pelayanan medis. ABSTRACT Taman Puring Muhammadiyah Hospital has a fairly good and adequate service quality. ABSTRAK RS Muhammadiyah Taman Puring memiliki kualitas pelayanan yang cukup baik dan memadai. and the inefficiency of the space/room layout. Namun. Other than that. konsep Green architecture. hal ini terbukti dari jumlah pasien rawat inap maupun rawat jalan yang tiap tahunnya terus meningkat. Keywords : hospital. dan paramedis secara profesional. muhammadiyah. Taman Puring Muhammadiyah Hospital has some troubles in its building design. the aesthetic value of a hospital is needed too in order to determine the image of a hospital.

Ir. Laurene Mayberry. T. Edward Endrianto Pandelaki. 19 Oktober 2015 Penyusun vi .. Moe Carlson. T. 2013 7. Luke Hoskin. Ir. Semarang. Eng. penyusun ingin penyampaikan rasa terima kasih kepada : 1. Adji Murtomo. T. DR. Rissa Fahriyan.. Siti Rukayah. M. Ing. dan Ricky Suawa Penyusun menyadari sepenuhnya bahwa masih banyak kekurangan-kekurangan dalam penyusunan makalah ini. selaku Ketua Jurusan Arsitektur Fakultas Teknik Universitas Diponegoro 6. 2011.D. Ageng Piandel. Indriastjario. Gagoek Hardiman.. Arif Mirabdolbaghi. Tim Millar. M. Eng.. Orang tua tercinta. Fajri Utama. selaku Dosen Penguji 4. Rody Walker. KATA PENGANTAR Puji syukur kehadirat Tuhan Yang Maha Esa. selaku Dosen Pembimbing Pertama 2. Oleh karena itu kritik dan saran yang membangun sangat penyusun harapkan. Hikmah Kalmira. selaku Dosen Pembimbing Kedua 3. Ph. Ir. Ahmad Dzulqarnain. T. Dalam kesempatan ini. DR.. dan Ir. Dhanoe Iswanto M. 2009. Ir. Akhir kata semoga laporan ini bermanfaat bagi semua pihak yang berkepentingan. selaku Koordinator TA periode 132/54 5. M. Hisyam Basyeban. yang telah memberikan berkat dan rahmat-Nya sehingga Landasan Program Perencanaan dan Perancangan Arsitektur (LP3A) dengan judul Desain Rumah Sakit Muhammadiyah Taman Puring Jakarta ini dapat terselesaikan. 2010. Ir. Wijayanti. Prof. M.. R. terutama Bagus Kharisma. S. Adapun tujuan dari perencanaan Desain Rumah Sakit Muhammadiyah Taman Puring Jakarta ini adalah guna meningkatkan kualitas dan efektifitas operasional sebuah Rumah Sakit dengan dasar standar yang telah ditetapkan oleh Dinas Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. M. Tujuan penyusunan Landasan Program Perencanaan dan Perancangan Arsitektur (LP3A) ini adalah untuk mendapatkan landasan konseptual perencanaan dan perancangan Rumah Sakit Muhammadiyah. T. keluarga besar dan teman-teman Arsitektur angkatan 2008. B. Semua pihak yang telah membantu dan memberi dukungan selama penyusunan LP3A ini. 2012.

...............................................................................................2.................. 5 2.......................................................4 Ruang Lingkup ..............................................................................................................................2...........................3 Konsep Bentuk Green Hospital ....................................................................................................2...................... vi Daftar Isi .................................................................................................................................................... 7 2.........................................................2 Rumah Sakit Islam Jakarta Pondok Kopi ........................................... 26 3....................5 Metode Pembahasan ................................................................ 24 3.....................................................3 Manfaat .....6 Sistematika Penulisan ...................1 Visi dan Misi ...............5 Data Pasien ................................................ 18 Bab III Data ...............................................2 Profil Rumah Sakit ......................... 12 2........................................................ 12 2............... DAFTAR ISI Halaman Judul ....... 14 2........ 5 2...........................................4 Jenis Pelayanan ....................... 21 3....7 Alur Pikir ................................... i Halaman Pernyataan Orisinalitas .....................................3........................................................................................... 5 2...................... 6 2........................................2.........1......................................2 Jenis dan Klasifikasi Rumah Sakit ................................................................ iii Halaman Pernyataan Persetujuan Publikasi Tugas Akhir Untuk Kepentingan Akademis .............................................................1..3 Standarisasi Ketenagaan Rumah Sakit ......................................2. 21 3......... 1 1......................................................1................................................... ix Bab I Pendahuluan .......................... 3 1............................................................................................. vii Dafar Gambar ..............................................................................................2 Tinjauan Khusus Rumah Sakit Umum Kelas C .........................1................................................................................................................................................................................1 Tinjauan Rumah Sakit.................. 1 1.............................................1 Latar Belakang ....................................1................................... 4 Bab II Tinjauan Pustaka .............................................................................................3.................................................3..............................................2............................................................................. 1 1............................................v Kata Pengantar ...............................................................................................................................1 Rumah Sakit Islam Jakarta Sukapura ...............................................2 Struktur Organisasi .................................................................................................................................... iv Abstrak .................................................................. 27 vii .......... 25 3...............................................................................................................................4 Tingkat Pemanfaatan Rumah Sakit ......................... 2 1................................. 2 1...................2 Lokasi Tapak ....................1 Tinjauan Kota Jakarta Selatan .................................................2 Tujuan dan Sasaran .............................. 24 3...............................................................................2 Perencanaan Rumah Sakit Kelas C ............................ 6 2.........................ii Halaman Pengesahan .............................................................. 14 2......................................................................1 Pengertian Rumah Sakit ............................................. 2 1......... 21 3.........1 Prinsip-Prinsip Green Architecture................................... 26 3...................... 14 2..............................................................................................................3 Data Karyawan .......................................................................................................................................................4....................... 5 2....... 13 2.........2 Green Hospital.....................................1 Pengertian ...................... 6 2.................................................................3 Penekanan Desain Green Architecture .......................................... 6 2...................................................................................4. viii Daftar Tabel ..........................................1 Tinjauan Umum ........................................................................2.....................................4 Studi Banding ............ 12 2.... 23 3........2......1.....3 Perancangan Rumah Sakit Kelas C .......................................

........................................1................2.................................................1 Aspek Kinerja .....................................................................1 Program Dasar Perencanaan 5.... 62 4. 61 4.............................................................. 40 4.........................................................1 Program Ruang ... 3........................................................... 65 5........ 65 5............4 Aspek Teknis...........2.........1.....................2 Pendekatan Kapasitas .....................................1.............................................................. 40 4.............................................................................. 31 3......................................3 Fasilitas Pelayanan Non-Medis .........................................2.............2 Aspek Kontekstual......................................2 Program Dasar Perancangan................1 Fasilitas Pelayanan Medis ...........2 Aspek Teknis ..1................ 40 4.....1 Aspek Fungsional ....................................3 Aspek Kinerja................................................................................................ 33 3.......................................................2 Tapak ..........................................1 Pendekatan Pelaku dan Aktivitas .......3 Aspek Visual Arsitektural......5 Pendekatan Hubungan Ruang ...................4 Pendekatan Persyaratan Ruang ...................................................................................................... 37 Bab IV Pendekatan Program Perencanaan dan Perancangan..................................................................................................................................2 Fasilitas Penunjang Medis .............4 Fasilitas Penunjang Non-Medis ........... 69 5...... 69 Daftar Pustaka viii .......3 Pendekatan Kebutuhan Ruang .....1.............................................................................................7 Pendekatan Sirkulasi ................................................................................ 63 4............................... 49 4.....3 Data Fisik Sarana Rumah Sakit ................... 64 Bab V Program Perencanaan dan Perancangan Arsitektur ................... 31 3........1................................................................................3.............6 Program Ruang .........1...................................................................................................................................... 67 5......................................................5 Aspek Visual .. 49 4........................................... 36 3..... 61 4.......1..3............................. 68 5...... 45 4.1................................. 68 5.......................................................................................3......................................................................3.................. 49 4..................................... 41 4....................

............................................................... 17 Gambar 2........................................................................3 Rawat Inap Al-Farisi......2 Lokasi RSMTP.............. 19 Gambar 3......... 62 Gambar 5............................................................3 Kebutuhan Tapak RSMTP ........................................................ 21 Gambar 3......... 18 Gambar 2..2 Lokasi RSMTP.................. 15 Gambar 2................................ 17 Gambar 2.............................. DAFTAR GAMBAR Halaman Gambar 2................................................ 18 Gambar 2..............................................2 Rawat Inap VIP ................. 61 Gambar 4........................................................1 Grafik Pertumbuhan Jumlah Pasien Rawat Inap .......................6 ICU dan HCU ............................................................1 RSIJ Sukapura ...................................... 23 Gambar 4. 15 Gambar 2...............................9 RSIJ Pondok Kopi .........................................................................1 Kebutuhan Tapak RSMTP .............................................................................................4 Rawat Inap Abu dzar 1 ............................................................................................................................................................. 41 Gambar 4........................................................................................................... 16 Gambar 2.......... 68 ix .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................8 IBS...5 Rawat Inap Abu dzar 2 ....................................................................................7 IGD..........1 Peta Jakarta Selatan .............................. 16 Gambar 2...................................

.......1 Jumlah Penduduk dan Kepadatan per Kecamatan .........4 Pasien Rawat Jalan ..................9 Kondisi Fisik Fasilitas Penunjang Medis ...................................................................................... 26 Tabel 3.................. 22 Tabel 3........................ 36 Tabel 3......................................... 33 Tabel 3....................10 Fasilitas Pelayanan Non-Medis ...................................6 Kelompok Ruang RSMTP ..................................................................................................8 Kebutuhan Luas Lantai Dasar.................. 37 Tabel 4....................................................................... 41 Tabel 4.............................................. 43 Tabel 4..............................................5 Perhitungan Ketenagakerjaan Rumah Sakit .....................................................................................................2 Data Ketenagakerjaan RSMTP 2014 . 65 x .1 Jumlah pasien rawat inap RSMTP 2010-2014............4 Perhitungan Distribusi Tempat Tidur ...................................................................................... 30 Tabel 3.............. 28 Tabel 3..........3 Perbandingan Pembagian Jumlah Tempat Tidur ..... DAFTAR TABEL Halaman Tabel 3........................... 31 Tabel 3...........................................................................................................................2 Proyeksi Jumlah Pasien Rawat Inap ..... 44 Tabel 4..3 Jumlah Kapasitas Tempat Tidur RSMTP ........................................................................... 50 Tabel 4.......................................................... 28 Tabel 3............5 Pasien Rawat Inap .......................................................................................................11 Fasilitas Penunjang Non-Medis .............................................8 Kondisi Fisik Fasilitas Pelayanan Medis .........................................................................7 BOR .......................................................6 Jumlah Hari Rawat .......................................................................... 44 Tabel 4..................................................7 Program Ruang RSMTP ........ 27 Tabel 3.1 Rekapitulasi Program Ruang ....................... 45 Tabel 4....................... 29 Tabel 3................................................................................................................... 42 Tabel 4............................... 60 Tabel 5..............