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BRAT DIET is a bland-food diet that is often recommended for adults and children.

commended for adults and children. The _diet can help you recover from an upset
stomach or diarrhea.
Bananas, Rice, Applesauce and Toast BRAT stands for _.
PURPOSE
BRAT DIET It includes binding foods. These are low-fiber foods that can help make stools firmer such as rice, or rice cereal, and
toast.
BRAT DIET It includes bananas, which are high in potassium and help replace nutrients the body has lost because of vomiting or
diarrhea
INDICATION
Diarrhea or vomiting _, follow the BRAT diet to helps the body ease back into normal eating. This diet may also help ease the nausea and
vomiting some women experience during pregnancy.
CONTRAINDICATION
adults or children who are actively Solid foods, like those in the BRAT diet, are not recommended for_. Instead, stick to clear liquids at first and wait until
vomiting you can eat solid foods without vomiting. If you have been vomiting or have diarrhea, drinking an electrolyte beverage
can help protect against dehydration.

FOOD NOT ALLOWED


Cabbage, berries, leafy greens, celery, Foods high in fiber cause gas formation and possibly worsen gastrointestinal upset
squash, beans, mushrooms, and oranges
EXAMPLES
Bananas, Rice, Applesauce and Toast
LOW RESIDUE DIET This diet limits high-fiber foods, such as whole-grain breads and cereals, nuts, seeds, raw or dried fruits, and
vegetables.
Similar to low fiber diet but typically includes restriction on food that increases bowel activity.
INDICATION
People who need to rest their Indicated for:
intestinal tract
Chemotherapy treatments, radiation
treatments, and surgery which can
cause trouble with digestion,
especially for foods that are high in
fiber
Control diarrhea, decrease gas and
bloating, and abdominal cramping
Diverticulitis
Crohns disease
Ulcerative colitis
Bowel inflammation
Make eating more enjoyable
Diverticulosis CONTRAINDICATION
PURPOSE >Low-residue diet limits the amount of food waste that has to move through the large intestine.
>The goal of the diet is to have fewer, smaller bowel movements each day, in order to ease symptoms such as
diarrhea, bloating, gas, and stomach cramping.
Avoid any food made with seeds, FOOD NOT ALLOWED
nuts, or raw or dried fruit.
Avoid whole-grain breads and cereals.
Purchase products made from refined
flour.
Do not eat raw fruits or vegetables.
Remove skins before cooking.
Limit milk and milk products to 2 cups
a day. Use lactose-reduced milk or
lactase enzymes if you are lactose
intolerant.
Limit fats since these can increase
stool bulk.
Avoid tough, fibrous meats with
gristle.

EXAMPLES: (LOW RESIDUE DIET) Smooth sauces and salad dressing


Grains Soy sauce
Refined or enriched white breads and plain crackers, such as Clear jelly, honey, and syrup
saltines or Melba toast (no seeds) Sweets and Snacks (Eat in moderation)
Cooked cereals, such as farina, cream of wheat, and grits Plain cakes and cookies
Cold cereals, such as puffed rice and corn flakes Gelatin, plain puddings, custard, and sherbet
White rice, noodles, and refined pasta Ice cream and ice pops
Fruits and Vegetables Hard candy
Well-cooked fresh vegetables or canned vegetables without Pretzels
seeds, Vanilla wafers
such as asparagus tips, beets, green beans, carrots, Drinks
mushrooms, spinach, squash (no seeds), and pumpkin Decaffeinated coffee, tea, and carbonated beverages
Cooked potatoes without skin (caffeine can irritate the stomach)
Tomato sauce (no seeds) Milk
Fruits Juices made without seeds or pulp, such as apple juice, no-
Ripe bananas pulp orange juice, and cranberry juice
Soft cantaloupe Strained vegetable juices
Honeydew
Canned or cooked fruits without seeds or skin, such as
applesauce or canned pears
Avocado CLEAR LIQUID DIET A_d
Fats, Sauces, and Condiments Acute GI disturbances INDI
Margarine, butter, and oils Diarrhea
Mayonnaise and ketchup Provide oral fluids
Sour cream Before/after surgery
Prepare bowel for diagnostic tests (colonoscopic examination, barium Poorly fitting dentures INDI
enema, & other procedures) Edentulous patients
Minimize stimulation of GI tract Limited chewing or swallowing ability
Inadequate GI function Dysphagia
CONTRAINDICATION
Nutrient needs requiring parenteral nutrition Strictures of intestinal tract
The purpose is to help prevent dehydration & keep colon contents to a PURPOSE Radiation treatment to oral cavity
minimum. Progression from enteral tube feedings or parenteral nutrition to solid foods
Water (plain, carbonated or flavored) EXAMPLESSituations in which regular foods are appropriate CON
Fruit juices without pulp, such as apple or white grape. The mechanical soft diet serves as a transition from liquids to a regular diet PUR
Fruit-flavored beverages, such as fruit punch or lemonade. for individuals who are recovering from surgery or a long illness. It can help
Carbonated drinks, including dark sodas (cola and root beer) to ease difficulty in chewing or in swallowing.
The mechanical soft diet is appropriate for patients who recovering from
Gelatin.
head, neck or mouth surgery, who have dysphagia, narrowing of the
Tea or coffee without milk or cream.
esophagus, or who are too ill or weak to chew. The diet also benefits those
COLD LIQUID DIET An individual experiences fever, difficulty swallowing, sore throat and pain when he has tonsi
who have poorly fitting dentures, no teeth or other dental problems.
Although the condition is commonly experienced by people of all ages, its frequency is slightly
Mashed potato EXAM
among children. Some people have to undergo an operation to remove their tonsils, called
Ice cream
tonsillectomy. However , surgery is only the last option.
Well-moistened ready to eat cereals
COLD LIQUID DIET also termed as TONSIL DIET, is a food preparation includes serving cold or iced liquids.
Well-moistened pancakes with syrup
This dietNoodles
varies depending
and dumplings on the severity of the patients condition, age and overall health
Usually, patients are instructed
Soft canned or cooked fruits to refrain from eating solid foods for a day or two only sinc
doesnot provide
Well cookedadequate nutrtion.
vegetables with 1/2 inch piece except corn, peas, and other
The aim of prescribing a cold liquid diet is to promote relief to fresh mouth PURPOSE fibrous vegetables
sores or following tonsillectomy. Tofu
GUIDELINES IN PREPARING A COLD LIQUID DIET Soups with easy to chew meat and vegetables
C Consult a nutritionist or doctor before initiating this diet. The cold liquid diet is not nutritionally adequate.
Bread except Hence,
for those you should not risk the health of your patient without prop
crusty
medical advice. Pureed and molded foods
O Only soothing fluids are allowed on this diet. ACID-ASH DIET A sp
L let the client shift mechanical soft diet before launching this diet. Th
D- Duration of the diet should only be two to three days to avoid risking the health condition of the patient. A high protein beverage can be served between meals to provide nu ur
needed by the body. M
Fresh fruit juice iced or cold FOODS ALLOWED An
Commercial fruit juices iced or cold po
Blended fresh fruits fresh or cold On
Fruit shake iced or cold us
All chilled milk ur
Dairy or non-dairy chilled yogurt E
Cold thin cereal as a rice substitute is
Any cold thin soup. The diet may be given in the treatment of some types of INDI
Plain ice cream urinary tract infection, and to inhibit the formation of alkaline urinary calculi.
All solid, hard and hot foods FOODS NOT
The acid ash diet is a medically prescribed diet for those who suffer from
ALLOWED
Wine and alcoholic beverages kidney stones
All hot beverages WHEN IS ACID-ASH DIET PRESCRIBED?
Tea and coffee Kidney stone formation can be affected by the pH of urine in people who have a histo
Strong flavored fruit juices been recommended, as well as a diet that produces "acid ash."
FULL LIQUID DIET A full Foods
liquidthat
dietproduce
is one that"acid ash" include
consists of foodscheese as liquid
that are well asatwhole
roomgrains,
or bodymeat, eggs, cra
temperature.
Acid-forming animal proteins
It is used to provide oral nourishment for patient who have difficulty chewing or swallowi
roast beef, chicken, ham, lamb, pork, veal and bacon qualify.
food.
Unlike While most liquid
the clear fruits must be avoided
diet, the full liquiddue
diettooffer
theirmore
alkaline-ash
variety,product, cranberries,
and commercial plu
nutritio
While many other animal proteins are essential on the acid-ash
supplement can be used to supply adequate amount of energy and nutrients to make it diet, milk FOO
creates an
nutritionally alkaline ash and should not be consumed.
complete.
Almonds, Chestnuts
The full liquid diet included andthe
Coconut are off-limits
foods allowed on theasclear
well.liquid diet with the addition of
Like
small most fruits,
amounts many vegetables should be avoided on this plan, especially
of fiber.
The full beets, many
liquid dietother leafy green
is adequate vegetables
in energy, protein and fat but may be inadequate in vitami
DIFFERENCE
minerals BETWEEN
and bioactive ACID ASHincluding
substances AND ALKALINE
fiber. ASH.
Provide oral fluid An
INDICATION alkaline ash diet has plenty of fruits, milk and vegetables, but minimal fish, meat and
After surgery cereals, meat, fish and eggs but minimal vegetables and fruits. The excreted end produc
Transition between clear liquids and aolid food. ALKALINE DIET Ha
Oral or plastic surgery to the face and neck De
Mandibular fracture an
Patients chewing and swallowing dificulty di
Esopheagel or GI stricture Al
Diarrhea Low energy levels INDI
Right before medical test or procedire Prevent recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) and kidney
Before ceratin kinds of surgery stones (nephrolithiasis)
After surgery on your stomach or intestine Eating alkaline foods will improve your energy levels, strengthen your PUR
Dsyphagia muscles, allow your cells to function the way they are supposed to function.
CONTRAINDICATION
Lactose intolerance Raise your alkaline levels and you will have more restful sleep, pain relief,
Patient that cannot tolerate thin liquid. and more youthful skin.
Contraindicated for long term use. EXAMPLES
You may need to be on a full liquid diet right before a medical test or PURPOSE Vegetables such as: cabbage, carrots, eggplant, cucumber, onions, ginger, squash, okra
procedure, or before certain kinds of surgery. Fruits such as: banana, lemon, tomatoes, watermelon, avocado, oranges, mangoes, pa
You also may need to be on a full liquid diet for a little while after you have Juices such as: veggies juice, fresh fruit juice, lemon water
had surgery on your stomach or intestine. You may also need to be on this Other: coconut oil, ginger tea
diet if you are having trouble swallowing or chewing. Sometimes the full avoiding meats and other proteins, avoiding processed foods, white sugar, FOO
liquid diet is a step between a clear liquid diet back to your regular diet. white flour, alcohol and caffeine, vinegar, lean beef, butter
Beverages EXAMPLESDIABETIC DIET >me
Coffee, tea, cream, carbonated beverages varie
Fruit and vegetable juices >Rat
Milk nutr
Milkshakes Pre-diabetes INDI
Type I and Type II Diabetes Mellitus
MECHANICAL SOFT DIET A meal Hyperglycemia
plan that consists of foods that have been chopped, blended, ground, or prepared w
fuild to
Healthy Individuals
make chewing and swallowing easier.
It is helpful to individuals who are lacking teeth. For such a diet, all foods are soft cooked, a
are ground and mixed with sauces or gravies so that less chewing is necessary.
These diets control calories, carbohydrates, protein, and fat intake in balanced PURPOSES
amounts to meet nutritional needs, control blood sugar levels, and control
weight.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DIET
ENERGY Overweight diabetes are initially placed on low-calorie diet, because weight loss results in better tolerance to CHO. Individuals of normal weight are given sufficient ca
maintain weight.
IN BED 11-12 calories/lb
SEDENTARY 13-14 calories/lb
MODERATELY ACTIVE 15-16 calories/lb
PROTEIN about 1 gm per kg body weight (1/2 2/3 gm/lb) is usually allowed.
CHO & FATS the number of fats is ordinarily about the same as the number of grams of protein; the amount of CHO is roughly twice the number of grams of protein.
Healthy carbohydrates RECOMMENDED FOODS
Fiber-rich foods
Heart-healthy fish. Eat heart-healthy fish at least twice a week
'Good' fats
Saturated fats FOODS TO AVOID
Trans fats
Cholesterol
Sodium