Question: Of the periods up 100 AD that you have studied, which of the

societies of the prehistoric and ancient world would you rather have
lived in?
Refer to a range of areas of ordinary life which may include the following: Structure of society, living
conditions, entertainment, food, medicine, technology, dangers & suffering.
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This assessment is testing your knowledge and understanding of the Ancient World. It is also testing your
ability to explain things clearly, using the evidence you have prepared. You will have a lesson to gather your
thoughts and make a plan and then another lesson to write your ideas up.

The assessment is testing 4 important Historical Concepts and Skills

1. Historical knowledge
TIP: Make sure you know key aspects of life in both •Identify a reason why one society is
Ancient Egypt and Rome & can give specific Idea better than another.
•Tip - Better for who???
examples.
2. Change and continuity
TIP: Remember that Past societies are not fixed,
there are changes which have occurred spanning •Describe your reason using factual
information and evidence.
centuries. Changes in the past can be identified by Describe •Tip - use specific examples to prove
looking at DEVELOPMENTS between periods. your point.
3. Diversity of experience
TIP: A variety of HISTORICAL ACTORS have very
different (DIVERSE) experiences of the events in •Explain why this makes one society
which they are involved. Understanding DIVERSITY
is key to understanding history.
Explain better than another.

4. Writing in a clear way
TIP: Remember to write in paragraphs, have an
introduction which gives the background to the
•Analyse how significant this is for
period of study, and a conclusion which explains
your overall opinion. Use the IDEA structure to
Analyse ordinary people. How much wll it
affect their lives?

help you structure your paragraphs.

Things to consider for this assessment

 Different groups of people (Historical Actors) within societies had different experiences that would affect their
perspectives. Compare the structure and hierarchy of each society. For example, a woman might have a
different experience to a man, a rich person to a poor person, a free person to a slave etc. When making a
judgement about where is the best place to live you must be specific - better for who?

 Different aspects of life may improve, stay the same or regress at different rates. For example

 Consider the complexity of society – life may have been fairly peaceful and relatively simple compared to life in
Ancient Rome.
Writing history – literacy tips
When you want to give examples:  One way in which Ancient Rome was a better place to live
For example… than Ancient Egypt was in ……………
For instance… (Transport/medicine/entertainment)
This can be seen in…  A significant difference between the two societies was in ………
This is shown by…  However this was not enjoyed by all levels of society…….
This can be proven by…  Slaves/Rich/Women/children would have preferred to
This is revealed by… live in ……. because …….
When you want to contrast: 
However…
On the other hand… When you need to list things:
Although… Firstly…
Despite this… Secondly…
On the contrary… Thirdly…
Instead… Finally…
Whereas… When you need to explain both sides of the argument:
In contrast… On the other hand…
When you want to prove impact: Whereas…
This led to… However…
This resulted in… Alternatively…
As a result of… When you need to highlight similarities
This meant that… In the same way…
When you want to stress something: Likewise…
Above all… Similarly…
In particular… As with…
Especially… Compared with…
Significantly… When you want to add something to what you have
Mainly… written:
Mostly… Also…
Usually As well as…
More importantly… Moreover…
Fundamentally… In addition…
Crucially… Furthermore…
When you need to sum up: When you need to explain why something happened:
In conclusion… Therefore…
Finally… Consequently…
On balance… One consequence of this was…
In summary… This meant that…
Having considered the evidence… Due to…
Overall… This caused…
To conclude… When you want to use evidence:
The evidence suggests…
According to…
The evidence demonstrates…
The evidence contrasts with…
The evidence is useful because…
The evidence illustrates…
Success Criteria: Of the periods up 100 AD that you have studied, which of the societies of the prehistoric and ancient world would you rather have
lived in? Refer to a range of areas of ordinary life which may include the following: Structure of society, living conditions, entertainment, food, medicine,
technology, dangers & suffering.
Historical knowledge Change and continuity Diversity Structure

Detailed substantive historical There is clear understanding of The answer shows an explicit The argument is conveyed
knowledge is used highly developments that have taken place awareness of the differences within through coherent and
effectively through measured across the Ancient world in a range and between societies in the Ancient meaningful paragraphs
selection and precise of areas and may offer reasons for World. leading to an effective and
deployment to support these changes. The answer shows an understanding well-substantiated
judgements made about the The answer will explicitly that a variety of HISTORICAL ACTORS judgement. The structure has
quality of life within and demonstrate an understanding that (groups within society) have very been purposefully and
between Ancient Societies. Change and continuity are not a different (DIVERSE) experiences of the deliberately planned to
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single process. There are many events in which they are involved and support the analysis and
FLOWS of change and continuity that this affects how people thought argument. The student has
operating at the same time. Not all and felt in the past. sought advice and has
FLOWS go in the same direction. redrafted the answer based
For example – life in Ancient Rome on feedback given.
may progress in one aspect but
regress in another.

A high level of factual historical The answer will explicitly The answer shows an awareness of The argument is conveyed
knowledge is used to support demonstrate an understanding that the differences within and between through well-organized
judgements made about the Change and continuity are not a societies in the Ancient World. paragraphs leading to a
quality of life within and single process. There are many The answer shows an understanding judgement that is explained
between Ancient societies FLOWS of change and continuity that a variety of HISTORICAL ACTORS with relevant justification.
discussed. operating at the same time. Not all (groups within society) have very There is an effective and
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FLOWS go in the same direction. different (DIVERSE) experiences of the logical structure that
For example – life in Ancient Rome events in which they are involved and demonstrates effective
may progress in one aspect but that this affects how people thought planning and redrafting skills.
regress in another. and felt in the past.

Historical knowledge is used The answer highlights differences The answer shows an awareness of There is a clear argument is
effectively through selection between Ancient societies. There is the variety of HISTORICAL ACTORS conveyed through organized
and deployment to support an understanding of developments (groups within society). It may give paragraphs leading to a
explanations of the similarities that have taken place across the some examples of how different judgement that is explained
and differences between Ancient world in a range of areas groups experienced different with relevant justification.
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Ancient Societies There will also be understanding of (DIVERSE) conditions in a selection of There is an effective and
similarities and a clear understanding aspects of their lives. logical structure. There is
that sometimes things stay the same evidence of planning and has
or regress. been checked for common
errors.
Historical knowledge of the Comparisons are made between The answer demonstrates an implicit The response is organized to
ancient World is evident Ancient societies. Differences are awareness of the different produce a structured account,
through the selection of a range described across a range of areas. experiences and perspectives within although arguments may be
of facts describing the quality of There will also be understanding of or between societies in the Ancient implicit and lack
life in Ancient Societies. There similarities and will highlight areas World. development. There may be a
where things have stayed the same.
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may be too much description in judgement but it may offer no
places or similarities and real justification or
differences may be listed rather explanation. Planning and
than explained. redrafting could be used to
greater effect.
Knowledge is used to support The answer either; The answer suggests that all citizens The organization shows some
descriptions, although there are briefly describes aspects of the shared the same experience and evidence of planning,
some inaccuracies and/or it is Ancient World with little comparison. shows no awareness of different although the answer is mostly
too generic rather than specific. or perspectives. The answer compares narrative with only implicit
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There are some claims but they offers some simple evidence of societies on a simplistic level. links to the question.
are undeveloped. similarities and differences.
Overall comment: