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Hurricane Andrew
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For the 1986 storm, see Tropical Storm Andrew (1986).
Hurricane Andrew
Category 5 major hurricane (SSHWS/NWS)
Andrew 23 aug 1992 1231Z.jpg
Hurricane Andrew at peak intensity over the Bahamas on August 23
Formed August 16, 1992
Dissipated August 28, 1992
Highest winds 1-minute sustained: 175 mph (280 km/h)
Lowest pressure 922 mbar (hPa); 27.23 inHg
Fatalities 65 total
Damage $26.5 billion (1992 USD)
(Fifth costliest tropical cyclone in Atlantic basin; fourth costliest in U.S.
Areas affected The Bahamas; South Florida, Louisiana, and other areas of the
Southern United States
Part of the 1992 Atlantic hurricane season

Meteorological history

The Bahamas
Other wikis

commons:Category:Hurricane Andrew
Hurricane Andrew was a Category 5 Atlantic hurricane that struck Florida in August
1992, the most destructive ever to hit that state. It was the costliest hurricane
to make landfall anywhere in the United States until surpassed by Katrina in 2005.
Andrew caused major damage in the Bahamas and Louisiana, but the greatest impact
was in South Florida, with sustained wind speeds as high as 165 mph (270 km/h).
Passing directly through the city of Homestead in Miami-Dade County, it stripped
many homes of all but their concrete foundations. In total, it destroyed more than
63,500 houses, damaged more than 101,000 others, caused $26.5 billion in damage,[nb
1] and left 65 people dead.

Andrew began as a tropical depression over the eastern Atlantic Ocean on August 16.
After spending a week without significant strengthening in the central Atlantic, it
rapidly intensified into a powerful Category 5 hurricane while moving westward
toward the Bahamas on August 23. Though it briefly weakened to Category 4 while
traversing the island nation, it regained its Category 5 status before making
landfall on Elliott Key and Homestead. With a barometric pressure of 922 mbar
(27.23 inHg) at the time of landfall in Florida, Andrew is the fourth most intense
hurricane to strike the United States. Several hours later, the hurricane emerged
over the Gulf of Mexico at Category 4 strength, with the Gulf Coast of the United
States in its path. After turning northwestward and weakening further, Andrew moved
ashore near Morgan City, Louisiana, as a low-end Category 3 storm. After moving
inland, the small hurricane curved northeastward and rapidly lost its intensity,
merging with a frontal system over the southern Appalachian Mountains on August 28.

Hurricane Andrew first inflicted structural damage as it moved through the Bahamas,
especially in Cat Cays, lashing the islands with storm surge, hurricane-force
winds, and tornadoes. About 800 houses were destroyed in the archipelago, and there
was substantial damage to the transport, water, sanitation, agriculture, and
fishing sectors. Andrew left four dead and $250 million in damage throughout the

Bahamas. In parts of southern Florida, Andrew produced severe winds; a wind gust of
177 mph (282 km/h) was observed at a house in Perrine. The cities of Florida City,
Homestead, and Cutler Ridge received the brunt of the storm. As many as 1.4 million
people lost power at the height of the storm. In the Everglades, 70,000 acres (280
km2) of trees were downed, while invasive Burmese pythons began inhabiting the
region after a nearby facility housing them was destroyed. Rainfall in Florida was
substantial, peaking at 13.98 inches (355 mm) in western Miami-Dade County. In
Florida, Andrew killed 44 and left a record $25 billion in damage.

Prior to making landfall in Louisiana on August 26, Andrew caused extensive damage
to oil platforms in the Gulf of Mexico, leading to $500 million in losses for oil
companies. It produced hurricane-force winds along its path through Louisiana,
damaging large stretches of power lines that left about 230,000 people without
electricity. Over 80% of trees in the Atchafalaya River Basin were downed, and the
agriculture there was devastated. Throughout the basin and Bayou Lafourche, 187
million freshwater fish were killed in the hurricane. With 23,000 houses damaged,
985 others destroyed, and 1,951 mobile homes demolished, property losses in
Louisiana exceeded $1.5 billion. The hurricane caused the deaths of 17 people in
the state, 6 of whom drowned offshore. Andrew spawned at least 28 tornadoes along
the Gulf Coast, especially in Alabama, Georgia, and Mississippi. In total, Andrew
left 65 dead and caused $26.5 billion in damage. It is currently the fourth
costliest Atlantic hurricane to hit the United States, behind only Katrina, Sandy,
and Ike, and the fifth costliest Atlantic hurricane, behind those and Wilma.

Contents [hide]
1 Meteorological history
2 Preparations
2.1 Bahamas
2.2 Florida
2.3 Gulf Coast of the United States
3 Impact
3.1 Bahamas
3.2 Florida
3.3 Louisiana
3.4 Remainder of United States
4 Aftermath
4.1 Bahamas
4.2 United States
4.2.1 Florida
4.2.2 Louisiana
5 See also
6 Notes
7 References
8 External links
Meteorological history[edit]
Main article: Meteorological history of Hurricane Andrew
The path of Hurricane Andrew, which starts in the open Atlantic Ocean and tracks
northwestward. It curves westward while between Puerto Rico and Bermuda, eventually
crossing the Bahamas and Florida. In the Gulf of Mexico, the track re-curves into
Louisiana and stops over eastern Tennessee.
Map plotting the track and intensity of the storm according to the Saffir�Simpson
A tropical wave moved off the west coast of Africa on August 14. A ridge of high
pressure to its north caused the wave to move quickly westward. An area of
convection developed along the wave axis to the south of the Cape Verde islands,
and on August 15, meteorologists began classifying the system with the Dvorak
technique. The thunderstorm activity became more concentrated, and narrow spiral
rainbands began to develop around a center of circulation. It is estimated that
Tropical Depression Three developed late on August 16, about 1,630 mi (2,620 km)

which built eastward and caused Andrew to turn to the west.23 inHg). a Hurricane Hunters flight into the storm failed to locate a well-defined center[4] and on the following day. and Andrew attained hurricane status early on August 22.[8] After reaching that intensity. and at 01:00 UTC on August 24. and began to rapidly intensify late on August 22.97 inHg). about 650 mi (1. Andrew made landfall on Eleuthera with winds of 160 mph (260 km/h). A strong high pressure cell then developed over the southeastern United States. the storm began weakening because of increased southwesterly wind shear from an upper-level low.050 km) east- southeast of Nassau. [1] A combination of three satellite views of Hurricane Andrew: approaching Florida. the storm maintained convection near the center with spiral bands to its west as the winds increased to 50 mph (80 km/h).[1] In the forecast issued six hours after becoming a hurricane. Andrew struck Elliott Key with winds of 165 mph (266 km/h) and a pressure of 926 mbar (27.[1] On August 19. The hurricane accelerated westward into an area of highly favorable conditions. and approaching Louisiana A sequence of satellite images depicting Hurricane Andrew (from right to left) on August 23�25. the storm attained Category 5 status on the Saffir�Simpson hurricane scale. About 25 minutes after its first Florida landfall. moderate wind shear prevented strengthening. the wind shear decreased over the storm. After the upper-level low weakened and split into a trough. the depression tracked west-northwestward at 20 mph (32 km/h).S.[7] The cyclone weakened further while crossing the Bahama Banks.[1] By early August 18.[1] On August 23. with winds of 35 mph (56 km/h) extending out only about 90 mi (150 km) from the center.[nb 2][7] Despite its intensity.[2] Initially.[3] Shortly thereafter.015 mbar (29.[1] At 08:40 UTC on August 24. the cyclone was predicted to make landfall near Jupiter. Andrew hit just northeast of Homestead with a slightly lower pressure of 922 mbar (27. reaching peak winds of 175 mph (280 km/h) a short distance off Eleuthera island in the Bahamas at 18:00 UTC. Andrew hit the southern Berry Islands of the Bahamas with winds of 150 mph (240 km/h). the hurricane underwent an eyewall replacement cycle.[7] This barometric pressure made Andrew the most intense hurricane to strike the United States since Hurricane Camille in 1969 and the strongest tropical cyclone to make landfall in Florida since the Labor Day hurricane of 1935. Bahamas.east-southeast of Barbados.[1] Convection became more organized as upper-level outflow became better established.[7] As it crossed over the warm waters of the Gulf Stream.[6] This underestimated both the strength and the speed of the storm.23 inHg). Andrew was a small tropical cyclone. until a decrease in shear allowed the depression to intensify into Tropical Storm Andrew at 12:00 UTC on August 17. Florida.[1] Most intense landfalling U. a flight found that the cyclone had degenerated to the extent that only a diffuse low-level circulation center remained. emerging into the Gulf of Mexico.[1] Embedded within the deep easterlies. which would eventually make landfall in South Florida.[5] An eye formed. The flight indicated that Andrew maintained a vigorous circulation aloft.388 inHg) to a minimum of 922 mbar (27. observations indicated the barometric pressure rose to an unusually high 1. with winds of 105 mph (170 km/h) on August 25. hurricanes Intensity is measured solely by central pressure Rank Hurricane Season Landfall pressure 1 "Labor Day" 1935 892 mbar (hPa) 2 Camille 1969 900 mbar (hPa) 3 Katrina 2005 920 mbar (hPa) 4 Andrew 1992 922 mbar (hPa) 5 "Indianola" 1886 925 mbar (hPa) . the hurricane rapidly re- intensified as the eye decreased in size and its eyewall convection deepened.34 inHg).[9] At 21:00 UTC on August 23. in a 24-hour period the atmospheric pressure dropped by 47 mbar (1.

[16] On August 22.[7] Preparations[edit] A comparison of two hurricanes. San Salvador Island.[1] At 08:30 UTC on August 26. who took office while the storm was active. but the landfall winds were decreased from 120 mph (195 km/h) to 115 mph (185 km/h). urged residents to "take this hurricane seriously.[12] Andrew steadily re-intensified over the Gulf of Mexico. a strong mid-latitude trough approached the area from the northwest. and after crossing southern Florida in four hours. the eye remained well-defined as the hurricane turned to the west-northwest. and Long Island. forecasters predicted a storm surge of up to 18 ft (5. Accelerating northeastward. falling to tropical storm intensity within 10 hours. The storm was found to have been slightly stronger while approaching Louisiana.[1] In the Gulf of Mexico. as well as up to 8 in (200 mm) of rain. Exuma. the one of the left.6 "Florida Keys" 1919 927 mbar (hPa) 7 "Okeechobee" 1928 929 mbar (hPa) 8 "Great Miami" 1926 930 mbar (hPa) Donna 1960 930 mbar (hPa) 10 Carla 1961 931 mbar (hPa) Source: HURDAT. The paper also indicated that Andrew briefly re-intensified into a Category 5 hurricane around the time of landfall in South Florida early on August 24. After entering Mississippi. the cyclone made landfall about 20 mi (30 km) west- southwest of Morgan City.[1] However. including Cat Island. the depression began merging with the approaching frontal system. Floyd. Andrew weakened as it continued further inland. a change due to the weakening of the ridge to its north. is noticeably larger than the other. hurricane watches were issued from Andros and Eleuthera islands northward through Grand Bahama and Great Abaco.[7] As the high pressure system to its north weakened.[1] The remnants continued moving towards the northeast. a 2004 paper by Christopher Landsea and others concluded that Andrew became a Category 5 hurricane near the Bahamas on August 23 and reached maximum sustained winds of 175 mph (280 km/h)."[15] Before the hurricane passed through the Bahamas.5 m).[1] Advance warning was credited for the low death toll . All watches and warnings were discontinued on August 24. Louisiana.[7] Andrew weakened rapidly as it turned to the north and northeast. However. Andrew merged with a frontal system while located over the southern Appalachian Mountains. and winds decreased as Andrew approached the Gulf Coast of the United States. and Hurricane Hunters reported a warmer eyewall temperature than two hours prior.[13] Post-analysis on Andrew revealed that the storm was often stronger than operationally reported between early on August 22 and early on August 26. merging with the remnants of Hurricane Lester and a frontal zone over the Mid-Atlantic. and by midday on August 28. the cyclone deteriorated to tropical depression status early on August 27.[14] which was upgraded to 155 mph (250 km/h) in a post-storm analysis after the season ended. and on August 23. the convection in the eyewall strengthened due to increased convergence. and it lost its identity later that day.[10] Hurricane Research Division[11] As the eye moved onshore in Florida. with winds of 115 mph (185 km/h). In real time. This caused the hurricane to decelerate to the northwest. the storm emerged into the Gulf of Mexico with winds of 130 mph (210 km/h). Andrew Visual comparison of Hurricane Floyd and Hurricane Andrew while at similar positions and nearly identical intensities Bahamas[edit] Main article: Effects of Hurricane Andrew in The Bahamas Bahamas Prime Minister Hubert Ingraham. the National Hurricane Center assessed its peak intensity as 150 mph (240 km/h). They were upgraded to hurricane warnings later that day. reaching winds of 145 mph (235 km/h) late on August 25. additional warnings were issued for the central Bahamas.

[27] About 1.[25] Gulf Coast of the United States[edit] A satellite imagery showing a hurricane approaching Louisiana Satellite image of Hurricane Andrew approaching Louisiana Shortly after the storm emerged into the Gulf of Mexico from southern Florida.2 million people evacuated. After the initial hurricane watch from Mobile. A total of 142 shelters opened in these counties and collectively housed at least 84.[15] Florida[edit] Main article: Effects of Hurricane Andrew in Florida Infrared satellite image of Andrew. the watches and warnings were expanded to eventually include areas from Mobile. By 18:00 UTC on August 24.[28] In Louisiana. most voluntarily. Texas.[26] Miami. mostly along Interstate 95. Lucie County. Broward Community College. near the potential location of landfall. and the University of Miami. [23] Government offices and public and private schools were closed from Monroe County northward to St.[25] Key West. government buildings.670 people were ordered to evacuate. Monroe. United States Coast Guard vessels on or near the Florida coastline were either secured onshore or sent to ride out the storm at sea. from Titusville on the east coast to Venice on the west coast.[19] Several tropical storm and hurricane warnings were issued for much of Central and South Florida. with rooms completely booked as far north as Ocala.[29] Gambling ships were moved into harbors and inland canals. to Freeport. the National Hurricane Center issued hurricane watches and warnings for the Gulf Coast of the United States beginning at 13:00 UTC on August 24.[1] Due to the hurricane's threat. workers fled oil platforms in the Gulf of Mexico.000 people evacuate the coastal counties. to Sabine Pass. Florida Atlantic University.[28] Shelters were opened in Hancock and Harrison counties.[15] and Palm Beach international airports closed. an estimated 20. Ultimately. and schools. and Sarasota counties.000 tourists were in the Florida Keys (Monroe County). the sheer number of evacuees led to likely the largest traffic jam in the history of Florida. Collier. forecasters predicted tides up to 14 ft (4. Included in the warnings were Lake Okeechobee and all of the Florida Keys. almost 1. Lee. Alabama. Texas. Palm Beach. from Broward.25 . Governor Edwin Edwards declared a state of emergency. while the Coast Guard moved their boats the country. 515.[1] Governor Lawton Chiles declared a state of emergency and activated about one-third of the Florida National Guard.000�30. despite the intensity of the storm. In addition.[18] Rainfall was projected to be between 5 and 8 in (130 and 200 mm) along the path of the storm.[20] In Miami-Dade County alone. Many residents evacuated. Charlotte. Nova Southeastern University. though only 68 people went to a shelter in the former.[27] Officials in Mississippi suggested that about 100.3 m) above normal along the east coast of Florida. all watches and warnings issued were discontinued after Andrew progressed into the Gulf of Mexico. Two run-offs for special legislative elections scheduled for August 25 were postponed.[17] A total of 58 shelters were opened at churches.[1] Many evacuees also checked into hotels. Alabama. Miami-Dade.[24] Many colleges and universities in southeast Florida also closed.340 people.[22] Overall. the National Hurricane Center noted the likelihood of isolated tornadoes in Central and South Florida during the passage of Andrew on August 23 and August 24. including Barry University. Martin. Florida International University.[21] As Andrew was approaching.[25] Major airports such as the Fort Lauderdale�Hollywood. with its eye clearly visible Hurricane Andrew shortly after landfall near Homestead Initially. which contributed to the low number of fatalities. All watches and warnings on the Gulf Coast were discontinued late on August 26 after the hurricane moved inland over Louisiana.

Outside of the Bahamas. and Texas City on August 26.000 people.8 billion 7 Irene 2011 $15.5 billion 4 Andrew 1992 $26. Galveston College.[30] A mandatory evacuation from Grand Isle was ordered by Mayor Andy Valence and the city council. and Ike (2008). Andrew produced hurricane-force winds in North Eleuthera. Overall. about 250. history at the time. and Texas A&M University at Galveston were also closed. Throughout the areas affected.[35] Emergency management crews in Corpus Christi began testing emergency generators and severe weather gear. North Andros.[17] At a small village in the northwestern portion of the island.000 people were left homeless. High Island. The vast majority of the damage was as a result of extremely high winds.4 billion 3 Ike 2008 $29.[28] In Texas. with jumbo jets being flown to other airports.[1] while approximately 60. although a few tornadoes spawned by Andrew caused considerable damage in Louisiana. almost 177. Sandy (2012). One person . A total of 250 members of the Louisiana National Guard patrolled the streets during the storm. Hitchcock.000 residents in the low-lying areas of the city. Mayor Sidney Barthelemy ordered the evacuation of about 200.[40] Andrew was the costliest hurricane in U. Atlantic hurricanes Cost refers to total estimated property damage Rank Hurricane Season Damage 1 Katrina 2005 $108 billion 2 Sandy 2012 $71. effects were widespread. and the Berry Islands.[33] The city later decided against ordering an evacuation.[33] The Comal County chapter of the Red Cross placed their disaster alert teams on standby and ready to respond if the hurricane threatened the Corpus Christi area.[41] Bahamas[edit] Main article: Effects of Hurricane Andrew in The Bahamas In the Bahamas.[33] while schools were closed in Dickinson. workers closed 111 floodgates.5 billion in losses and 65 fatalities were attributed to Andrew.[34] School was canceled on August 25 for Beaumont.[32] The Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport closed.5 billion 5 Wilma 2005 $21 billion 6 Ivan 2004 $18. but is now fourth following hurricanes Katrina (2005). and Louisiana. especially in the Bahamas. Florida. it caused extreme damage. equipped to handle about 2.million people evacuated from the central and southeast Louisiana. College of the Mainland. $26. which were occupied by thousands of people.000 people evacuated Orange and Jefferson counties. and other areas of central Jefferson County.S. Santa Fe. The Red Cross assisted with opening a shelter at the University of Southwest Louisiana's Cajundome in Lafayette. [31] In New Orleans.[43] where it produced a high storm surge.[1] Galveston City Manager Doug Matthews advised residents to develop an evacuation plan in the event that the city chose to call for evacuations. La Marque. Port Arthur.[28] In response to computer simulations showing that storm surge from a tropical cyclone like Hurricane Andrew could over-top the levees. Bimini. Florida. although damage was minimal.[36] Impact[edit] Costliest U.6 billion 8 Charley 2004 $15.000 others fled parishes in southwest Louisiana.[42] The storm first struck North Eleuthera. New Providence. and Louisiana.S.[32] Nine shelters were opened in the city. more than half of the houses were destroyed and the rest of the buildings sustained minor to major damage.1 billion 9 Rita 2005 $12 billion 10 Matthew 2016 $10 billion Source: National Hurricane Center[37][38][39][nb 3] Though Andrew was a small tropical cyclone for most of its lifespan.[1] with some estimates ranging as high as $34 billion.

300 ha) of farmland. Strong winds from the storm were confined to a relatively small area.[45] but on the private island of Cat Cay.[1] making it the costliest hurricane to hit the state. the hurricane destroyed 24 of the 30 houses. In Key .[1][52] At the height of the storm. sanitation.[51] Storm surge from Andrew caused more than $500 million in losses to boats and buildings.[1][54] In addition to homes. of which three were direct.9 ft (5. 32. wind damage from Andrew was mostly north of the geometric center and occurred primarily on the eastern edge of the storm. sustained winds of 115 mph (185 km/h) and gusts to 164 mph (264 km/h) were measured before the anemometer failed.241 homes and destroyed approximately 63.[45] Andrew produced several tornadoes in the area. Storm surge on the west coast was widespread but generally light.[1] Of the 44 deaths attributed to the storm. 31 public schools.2 m) above normal.[47] Much of the northwestern Bahamas received damage. 3. leaving 1.[50] Some officials in Florida considered Andrew the worst storm in the state since the Labor Day hurricane in 1935.000 watermains. more than 1.[1] Only minor damage occurred in Nassau.5% error.[53] It is estimated that throughout Florida. though near the Burger King International Headquarters. according to the Bahamas Red Cross. communications. while gusts up to 115 mph (185 km/h) were reported. many expensive homes sustained heavy damage. stretching from Key Largo to the Miami Beach area.[55] Tides were generally between 4 to 6 ft (1. At the National Hurricane Center building in Coral Gables. 9. 15 were direct fatalities. while 29 were indirectly caused by the storm.[49] Almost all of the damage in Florida was caused by strong winds.500 traffic signals. A house near Perrine initially reported a wind gust of 212 mph (341 km/h) before the structure and instrument were destroyed. and 3. Several other anemometers measuring the highest wind speeds on land were destroyed or failed.300 km) of power lines.[1] An analysis by the American Meteorological Society indicated that unlike most hurricanes.[45] Four deaths in the country were attributed to the hurricane. near Eleuthera. reported wind gusts of 138 mph (222 km/h) � the strongest gust speed observed in the Bahamas during Andrew's passage.700 people homeless.2 to 1.000 people rendered homeless.[1] the indirect fatality was due to heart failure during the passage of the storm. this measurement was reduced to 177 mph (285 km/h). with a peak height of 6 ft (1. recorded at the Turkey Point Nuclear Generating Station. Additionally. On Current Island. the storm caused severe damage to the sectors of transport. Andrew caused about $25.000 were without telephone service.000 others � the vast majority in Miami-Dade County � with about 175.[44] Harbour Island. after wind-tunnel testing at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University of the same type of anemometer revealed a 16. The highest sustained wind speed for the storm was 146 mph (235 km/h).drowned from the surge in Lower Bogue.300 mi (5.000 businesses.8 m) above normal in the Biscayne Bay area. tides reached as high as 16.[46] At the capital city of Nassau. 59 health facilities/hospitals. It was later noted that if Andrew had been slightly larger or had made landfall a few miles further north.4 million people lost electricity and another 150.[1] A total of 800 houses were destroyed.[46] with estimated monetary losses reaching $250 million.[1] News reports indicated severe damage to 36 houses on Harbor Island. which would have resulted in an even higher damage and death toll.3 billion in damage in Florida. sustained winds reached 92 mph (148 km/h). and two others died in The Bluff. agriculture. the storm damaged or destroyed 82.900 acres (13. it would have significantly affected Miami and Fort Lauderdale.[44][nb 4] Florida[edit] Main article: Effects of Hurricane Andrew in Florida A community with nearly every trailer flattened Damage from Hurricane Andrew in a large mobile home community Overall. and fishing. water. before instruments also failed there.[53] Approximately 20 million cubic yards (15 million m3) of debris left by the storm were disposed of. Eleuthera. the storm damaged 101.8 m) in Everglades City and Goodland.

000 buildings on the base were severely damaged or rendered unusable. sustained winds up to 98 mph (158 km/h) were observed in Chokoloskee. possibly as a result of the storm's relatively fast movement.[59] Four of the five condominiums at Naranja Lakes were destroyed. Andrew left at least 40 deaths in the county. 15 direct and 25 indirect. several boats. commercial signs. Heavy rainfall in other areas was sporadic. In Broward County. Everglades City.[1] Louisiana[edit] Significant tornado damage inflicted upon a home. with its exterior walls missing and some of its interior walls and roof destroyed Damage from an F3 tornado spawned by Andrew in LaPlace . sustained winds remained just below tropical storm force on Marco Island. especially in the Upper Florida Keys. while a number of other buildings were damaged beyond repair. on the north side of the storm's path. several of which fell onto roads and power lines.[26] and 1.[1] In Collier County. The hurricane destroyed 90% of mobile homes in the county. damage to poorly constructed homes in communities such as Country Walk and Saga Bay resembled that of an F3 tornado.[22] Damage in that county was about $131 million. Strong winds damaged billboards.[13] A close-up view of houses with evident wind damage Damage in Lakes by the Bay Although effects from Andrew were catastrophic. with precipitation reported as far north as Central Florida. effects in Monroe County were significant. except in Broward. trees.[56] Damage to the base was extensive enough that it was recommended for closure. In Pembroke Park. more than 25% of trees were damaged or destroyed. in the small town of Florida City. particularly in Goodland. precipitation from Andrew peaked at nearly 14 in (360 mm) in western Miami-Dade County.Largo. totaling approximately $25 billion.[1] In Everglades National Park and Biscayne National Park. and Collier counties.[65] In addition to the damage at Everglades National Park. planes. Crop damage in Miami-Dade County totaled about $509 million. to the north of the storm's path. including City Hall. the extent of damage was limited mainly from Kendall to Key Largo due to the small wind field of the storm. significant looting was reported at that location. with 300 of those becoming uninhabitable. limes.[67] The storm destroyed 80 mobile homes and severely damaged 400 others. as winds in the area were estimated to have ranged from 130 to 150 mph (210 to 240 km/h).[63] The county suffered the vast majority of the damage from the hurricane. effects were relatively minimal.[58] Further north.[1] At the Homestead Air Force Base. approximately 260 mobile homes were damaged.[57] Nearby. Storm surge left coastal flooding in some areas.[64] Property damage reached about $100 million and three fatalities were reported in Broward County. with an 85% loss to fruit crops such as avocados. Tropical storm force winds reached as far north as West Palm Beach. after the storm. and Marco Island. Many boats were damaged or destroyed by the rough seas and strong winds. including 99% of mobile homes in Homestead. awnings. a 13-minute wind speed of 114 mph (183 km/h) was reported.[66] Storm surge flooded low-lying areas. impact in several municipalities was primarily limited to downed trees. and mangoes. Monroe. below the threshold for an F3 tornado.[61] More than 50 streets were blocked by fallen trees and power lines. most of the 2. one of the worst impacted cities in the county. especially along state roads A1A and 858. Rainfall was generally light. On the west coast of Florida.[60] The Cutler Ridge Mall suffered severe wind and water damage. though a wind gust of 100 mph (160 km/h) was reported in Collier County. including one-fourth of the royal palms and one- third of the pine trees in the former. over 120 homes were demolished and 700 others were damaged.[68] Property damage in the county reached about $30 million.[1] An aerial view of destroyed mobile homes with copious amounts of debris The Dadeland Mobile Home Park after Andrew Elsewhere.[62] Agriculture suffered extensively as well.[1] Overall.500 homes.

600 people in Jeanerette and New Iberia lost their roofs.[76] Overall.951 mobile homes. Damage was heaviest in St.[74] The storm damaged 241 oil and gas facilities and toppled 33 platforms off the coast of Louisiana. which killed two people and injuring 32.000 barrels per day occurred � approximately one- third of production throughout the Gulf of Mexico. though others suffered severe damage after large trees fell on them. One death occurred in the parish due to electrocution. Mary Parish. with the Tangipahoa River in Robert cresting at 3. while a wind gust as strong as 120 mph (190 km/h) was recorded. Pointe Coupee.8 ft (1. peaking at 11.[70] Across the state. The high winds destroyed large areas of sugar and soybean crops.[70] Strong winds also left at least 230. during which it damaged or destroyed 163 structures.000 people without electricity. Generally. Iberville.4 m) above normal.770 others were impacted to a minor degree.526 others were inflicted with minor damage.56 billion.02 in (280 mm) in Robert. [72] During the storm's passage. [1][69] The tornado was on the ground for about 10 minutes. losses in the state of Louisiana reached approximately $1. several mobile homes were destroyed. while an additional $200 million in damage was inflicted on sugar crops.[1] Off Louisiana. at landfall. Two schools collectively sheltering about 3. 83 pipeline segments suffered damage to some degree. Andrew spawned an F3 tornado in LaPlace.528 others were extensively damaged. oil companies evacuated hundreds of employees from offshore drilling platforms.[71] Houses in Berwick. Additionally. Andrew moved across the Gulf of Mexico and made landfall about 23 mi (37 km) west-southwest of Morgan City in south-central Louisiana.[70] A total of 17 deaths occurred in Louisiana. 2. a group of six fishermen from Alabama drowned. as well as in Baton Rouge. Morgan City. In Cypremort Point State Park. Property damage alone in St. both measurements were taken at the fire station in Berwick. Berwick High School. Mary Parish reached approximately $150 million. leaving 60 families homeless. impact largely resembled that of a Category 2 hurricane. a production loss of 240. Hurricane Andrew caused about $500 million in damage to oil facilities. 14 tornadoes were reported in the parishes of Ascension.[1] . the maximum sustained winds were 115 mph (185 km/h). the hurricane produced storm tides of at least 8 ft (2. with damage totaling $2.[75] Initially.[1] River flooding was also reported. Twenty-six schools were impacted. estimated at $289 million in damage.[69] Collectively. and Patterson suffered major damage. The oil industry lost about $12 million per day in the days following Andrew and $4 million daily by three weeks later. Overall.2 m) above flood stage. single-family homes fared well. and 3.028 were severely damaged. the hurricane damaged 23.6 million. Iberia Parish was also among the most severely impacted parishes. 8 directly and 9 from indirect causes.[1] At least 75 injuries were reported. sheltering about 2. was deroofed during the storm. Throughout the parish.[75] causing significant disruptions in production. private property damage was estimated at $1 billion.[73] Remainder of United States[edit] A map of the United States showing various rainfall totals by color code Rainfall summary of Hurricane Andrew in the United States While Andrew was entering the Gulf of Mexico.After hitting Florida.000 people. killing 187 million freshwater fish. 2. upwelling occurred in the Atchafalaya Basin and Bayou Lafourche. causing flooding along the coast from Vermilion Bay to Lake Borgne.[69] Before making landfall. about 32 mi (51 km) east of where Andrew made landfall. As it moved ashore. Damage to the fishing industry was estimated at $266 million. 1.000 homes and destroyed 985 homes and 1. A total of 407 residences were demolished. and Avoyelles. Overall.[29] Heavy rains accompanied the storm's passage through the state. with most losing only roofing shingles. The highest sustained wind speed observed was 96 mph (154 km/h).[1][70] Along the Louisiana coastline.000 to 270.367 dwellings were destroyed. and 4. the parish suffered $125 million in property damage.

causing scattered power outages. One tornado in Kemper County destroyed a mobile home. downed trees. Rainfall from Andrew spread across the southeastern United States along the Appalachian Mountains corridor.80 km) track. a tornado in Floyd County near Rome snapped and uprooted several trees.[29] Three damaging tornadoes occurred in the state. high tides left severe beach erosion. impact across the state was generally minor. its outer fringes produced a storm tide of about 1. tossing it on top of four cars.30 in (236 mm) at Sumrall.[80] In Alabama.40 m) in Sabine Pass. The most damaging tornado was spawned in Elmore County and moved from an area northeast of Montgomery to the south of Wetumpka and briefly lifted during its 0. billboards. the World Meteorological Organization's RA IV Hurricane . At the Columbus Metropolitan Airport. reaching 30 mph (48 km/h) in Port Arthur.5 in (38 to 64 mm) of rain over portions of the state. especially in Avery County.[1] In Tennessee.5 to 2. some extensively. damaged several fences and homes. In Carroll County.[80] Along the coast. causing flooding in areas of Morgantown with poor drainage.[77] Much of Mississippi received 3 to 5 in (76 to 127 mm) of rain.[1] As Andrew crossed into Mississippi. Winds were generally light in the state. One person was injured by the twister. totals of over 5 in (125 mm) were reported where Georgia and South Carolina meet North Carolina.3 ft (0. The tornado destroyed 2 homes and damaged 18 homes. precipitation amounts in the state peaked at 4.[70] Monetary losses in the state reached about $100.[29] Along Dauphin Island. and signs were damaged.71 in (120 mm) in Aliceville.[13] Aftermath[edit] See also: List of retired Atlantic hurricane names and Tropical cyclone naming � Retirement After the season had ended. A tornado in Howard County damaged several homes. several dwellings and barns were damaged. 3 severe thunderstorm warnings. and injured four people.1 m) of sand.[80] with a peak of 9. buildings. Funnel clouds were observed near the path of the storm. occurring from the tornadoes and severe thunderstorms.[81] The rainfall caused flooding in low-lying areas and creeks.[78] Structural damage was generally minimal. 2 barns. and flattened cornfields. and flipped over a trailer. Additionally.[79] Additionally. the remnants of Andrew combined with a cold front to produce 1. with portions of the island losing up to 30 ft (9.[70] Precipitation continued along the path of Andrew's remnants through the Mid-Atlantic and Ohio Valley. Texas.[1] Although 48 counties in Alabama reported wind damage. a possible tornado damaged a home and two trailers in Lawrence County. damaged five other dwellings. but caused little overall impact to homes and buildings. The remnants of Andrew also spawned several tornadoes in Maryland. Similarly. The twister also tossed and wrecked a recreational vehicle and its trailer.[13] In West Virginia. Several counties in the northwest and west-central portions of the state reported downed trees and tree limbs and fallen power lines.[29] Tropical storm force wind gusts and damaging tornadoes extended eastward into Georgia. though a wind gust of 41 mph (67 km/h) was observed in Huntsville. 1 mobile home. and 16 flood warnings were issued. 21 tornado warnings. while another twister in Lauderdale County demolished a mobile home.5 mi (0.000.[77] Strong winds knocked down trees in the southwestern portion of the state. while areas near the southwest corner of the state observed over 7 in (180 mm) of precipitation. with precipitation measured as far north as Upstate New York. in North Carolina. thunderstorm winds toppled trees and power lines at a number of locations in the mountainous areas of the state.[70] Sustained winds in the state were below tropical storm force. thunderstorm winds and tornadoes associated with Andrew downed trees and power lines. with one mobile home destroyed. but structural damage was generally minor.[77] along with 26 tornadoes. and 1 vehicle. the storm produced flooding and high tides.[81] Flooding was mostly limited to the inundation of minor roads and low-lying areas in several counties.As Andrew moved ashore in Louisiana. covering a few county roads but not entering many houses or businesses.

the state will face a substantial cleanup bill". Some FEMA officials responded that it was impossible to respond as they had been requested while also continuing to provide aid for the Los Angeles riots.[88] The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) was criticized for its slow response in both Florida and Louisiana.[85] Instead of raising taxes. small-business loans.[84] United States[edit] A sign indicating a relief camp providing water for cleaning and drinking Sign pointing in the direction of a relief camp in South Florida After assessing the devastation in Florida and Louisiana.[87] The state of Florida alone received $9 billion through the disaster relief bill. a member of the Appropriations Committee.Committee retired the name Andrew from the list of future names for Atlantic tropical cyclones and replaced it with Alex. Even a month prior to Andrew. However.1 billion aid package to provide disaster benefits.[90] Then-Lieutenant Governor of Florida Buddy MacKay flew over the impact area and described the scene as looking "like a war zone". stated that he believed the agency learned little from its botched response to Hurricane Hugo in 1989.000 cots. William Green of New York. stating that "No matter how much Congress appropriates to repair damage from Hurricane Andrew. trees and vegetation were expected to take years to recover. which was the most costly disaster aid package at the time. Collier.[92] . Miami-Dade.[91] Governor Chiles considered asking the Florida State Legislature to raise taxes. food. as well as the United Nations. the Bahamas National Disaster Coordinator believed that foreign aid was not required. Green also criticized local officials for expecting "them [FEMA] to come and run the whole show". and Monroe Counties. inexperienced leaders". food stamps. the cost was later increased to $11. HMS Cardiff. which provided public assistance to victims of the storm in Broward. as well as government and school buildings and functions. was passed by Congress as House Resolution 5620 on September 18. President Bush assessed damage in areas south of Miami with then- Governor of Florida Lawton Chiles. The bill. The American Red Cross delivered 100 tents. and the United States. officials expected a 10%�20% decline in tourism.1 billion. Chiles signed a bill into law on December 17 that created a three-year reserve fund for losses to uninsured businesses and homes. and 1. was the operational guard ship at the time and assisted in relief operations in and around the Gregorytown area. Bush initially proposed a $7."[89] Florida[edit] In Florida.[86] and signed into law by President Bush on September 23. observing that their response mechanisms were not sufficient. the House Committee on Appropriations � which oversees the budget for FEMA � released a report calling the agency a "political dumping ground" and a "turkey farm" due to its "weak.[82][83] Bahamas[edit] Initially. ice. the Government of the United Kingdom began distributing blankets. a Royal Navy Type 42 destroyer. Congressman S. FEMA spokesman Grant Peterson stated. and water. agricultural recovery. and public housing for victims of Hurricane Andrew.[51] The president quickly declared the region a disaster area. However. reformed the National Emergency and Management Agency. the bill allowed South Floridians to keep an estimated $500 million in sales tax generated by rebuilding efforts. W. assistance came from Canada.[45] Rebuilding began quickly on the hardest hit islands.[47] The Bahamian Government. Despite reconstruction efforts and the small number of resort lodgings affected (around 2%). then-President of the United States George H. but shortly after the storm. "24 hours is not reasonable to expect to have all the resources of the federal government landing in the middle of a disaster. Additionally.[17][45] In addition.[85] After the United States House of Representatives appropriated aid to victims of Hurricane Iniki in Hawaii and Typhoon Omar in Guam. 100 rolls of plastic sheeting. Japan.

vehicle maintenance. [100] The hurricane also impacted Governor Chiles politically. and wing headquarters buildings began. but by a margin of only 1. food. The cases of PTSD primarily impacted children.[57] the United States Department of Defense eventually expended over $100 million to begin repairs. Reports indicate that merchandise was stolen at damaged or destroyed shopping centers in southern Miami-Dade County. rose sharply in the areas south of Miami immediately after Andrew.[101] In the aftermath of the storm. Additionally.000 units from the Florida Army National Guard (124th Infantry Regiment from Florida).[105] A heavily damaged home with much of its brick exterior and roof destroyed A home destroyed by the storm Although proposals to rebuild Homestead Air Force Base were initially rejected. The state's response to the storm was perceived as poor. he benefited little politically and trailed 48%�42% against Bill Clinton in another poll taken in September. the circumstances related to the aftermath of Andrew led to at least five suicides and four homicides. 1994. 75% of voters in Miami-Dade County and 82% of Floridians overall stated that the president's actions in response to Andrew would not impact their vote in November.[98] The storm struck Florida in the midst of 1992 presidential election campaign. while his disapproval rating rose to 76%. On March 5. the slow response of federal aid prompted Dade County Emergency Management Director Kate Hale to famously exclaim at a nationally televised news conference. especially looting and theft. extensive psychological effects were documented. A poll conducted by CBS News in September showed that 65% of Miami-Dade County residents approved of Bush's handling of the disaster. Next. Unsalvageable buildings were demolished. air traffic control tower." and mobile kitchens. "Help is on the way.[97] The Government of Canada dispatched a team 90 military engineers to repair community centers.[102] Dozens of children in the area attempted suicide. Despite the support of Bush's response and his proposal to rebuild Homestead Air Force Base. Chiles was able to recover prior to the 1994 gubernatorial election.[104] Within six months. Additionally. and the 10th Mountain Division from Fort Drum. the 24th Infantry Division from Fort Wainwright. For God's sake.[106] Prior to Andrew.[60][93] Initially. where are they?" Almost immediately. even in homes where few possessions remained. Additionally. military personnel initially set up a total of five tent cities in Florida City and Homestead. Reconstruction then began on a Florida Air National Guard tower.[96] while a sixth tent city was opened at the Miccosukee Indian Reservation shortly after Labor Day weekend. a crew of 300 military personnel were sent to Miami via the HMCS Protecteur to assist American relief teams. medical. along with over 20. the rebuilding of communications. However. the 82nd Airborne Division in Fort Bragg. "Where in the hell is the cavalry on this one? They keep saying we're going to get supplies.[94][95] In order to provide temporary housing for the homeless. and tents. and maintenance hangars. Difficulty during clean-up and recovery lead to increased divorce rates and a spike in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). sinking Chiles' approval rating to 22%. the base .People working to clear debris off of a damaged home Clean-up after Hurricane Andrew in Dade County Crime. while 61% of residents approved statewide.89%.[103] A panel of psychiatrists and psychologists at the University of Miami agreed that as many as 90% of residents in the worst impacted areas would experience at least a few symptoms of PTSD. security facility. looting occurred in neighborhoods severely affected by the storm. and schools. [99] Bush went on to carry the state of Florida. hospitals. the base reopened as Homestead Air Reserve Base. President Bush promised. A sampling of 378 adolescents by the University of South Carolina's Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics indicated that 3% of males and 9% of females met the criteria for PTSD. while counselors reported that between 50 and 60 children discussed killing themselves between December 1992 and January 1993.

caused by more than 600. but accelerated after Andrew. Additionally.[116] It phased out local laws and regulations and replaced them with universal statewide building codes. fearing the relocation of their more affluent fans. [113] Stricter building codes were created in Florida in the aftermath of Hurricane Andrew. Although there are areas of Miami-Dade County that still have significant Jewish populations. On the roof of some homes. the Cleveland Indians. The commission study indicated that building codes and regulations were developed.710 .[120] The county had a net loss of about 36.500 military personnel and 1."[117] The hurricane also transformed the demographics of Miami-Dade County.000 had been restored by July 1994. of the homes destroyed or severely damaged throughout Miami-Dade County. and Wilma in 2005 came to a similar conclusion.[108] The city of Homestead spent about $6 million on rebuilding the Homestead Sports Complex.[109] By 2001. and repairing homes. Major Bobby D'Angelo expected the base to annually contribute less than half of that � between $180 million and $200 million.[109][110] As homes were being rebuilt.[118] Similar migration occurred within the Jewish community. After the tiles or shingles were peeled off. paying rent. and administered by over 400 local jurisdictions and state agencies. 36. Texas. and the Florida Hurricane Catastrophe Fund. indicating that "they added further evidence that the Florida Building Code is working. This led the Florida Legislature to create new entities.000 insurance claims filed. it was found that some of the shingles were stapled perpendicular to the long axis.[115] The Florida Building Code was established in 1998 and put into effect by 2002. the plywood and the trusses suffered structural failure. Hallandale Beach. with the purpose of assessing the building codes at the time. A migration of mostly White families northward to Broward and Palm Beach County was ongoing. Governor Chiles established the Florida Building Codes Study Commission. which could easily be ripped by straight line winds. FEMA provided free temporary mobile homes for 3. also allowing them to be torn away.000 civilians and annually added about $450 million to the local economy. Eventually. Katrina. 230. Despite this. west Fort Lauderdale. in an effort to restore adequate insurance capacity. while Broward and Palm Beach counties gained about 17. a study conducted by the University of Florida in the following year noted that "Homes built under the new Florida Building Code that became effective in 2002 sustained less damage on average than those built between 1994 and 2001. such as the Joint Underwriting Association.[119] The population growth was especially noticeable in southwestern Broward County.501 families and financial assistance to more than 40.000 other families for staying in hotel rooms. Ivan.[118] Many of these families had used the money they received from insurance claims to relocate. amended. where land development was pushed "years ahead of schedule". A survey by Tim Marshall and Richard Herzog of the Haag Engineer Company in Carrollton.employed approximately 6.000 and 2. many Jews resettled to Coral Springs. Plantation.[114] Aerial view of a large number of temporary housing tents positioned throughout several baseball fields Tent cities were constructed to house displaced residents In July 1996.000 policyholders in South Florida lost coverage after 11 insurance companies went bankrupt. the Florida Windstorm Underwriting Association.[111] Nearly two years after Andrew.000 people in 1992. as well as enacting improvements and reform to the system. At houses with shingled roofs. about 70% of homes in Homestead that were damaged or destroyed were repaired or rebuilt. After hurricanes Charley. leading to roof collapses. highlighted several construction issues. the concrete tiles were glued to felt paper. Frances.[107][108] After its reopening. and Tamarac in Broward County and Boca Raton and West Palm Beach in Palm Beach County.[112] More than 930." A report by the Florida Legislature in 2006 after hurricanes Dennis.300 Miami-Dade County residents. and Jeanne in 2004. moved their spring training location to Chain of Lakes Park in Winter Haven. respectively. the plywood and prefabricated trusses were exposed to the weather.

Bush toured devastated areas of Louisiana with Governor Edwin Edwards. unless otherwise noted.[86][87] In early December.[129] After Franklin mayor Sam Jones and Congressman Billy Tauzin criticized FEMA for failing to open a field office in Franklin. a facility housing Burmese pythons was destroyed.[130] About 1." but noted that damage was less severe than in Florida. as Broward County became more crowded. [121] Consequently. with possibly as many as 300. FEMA had received about 43. These centers allowed residents to submit applications for aid.871 people relocated from Broward County to Palm Beach County.9 million in grants to over 18.6 million on disaster housing. By then. unless otherwise noted Jump up ^ All wind speeds in the article are maximum sustained winds sustained for one minute. but not caused by its direct effects.[48] References[edit] . and apartments would become available to residents whose dwellings became uninhabitable.[131] In early September.[131] House Resolution 5620 also included disaster aid to the state of Louisiana. Louisiana National Guard members and local residents worked to remove debris such as downed trees. the destruction of this facility contributed significantly to the establishment of breeding populations in Florida. Due to rapid reproduction and ability to prey on many species.300 National Guardsmen were deployed to southern Louisiana. homes. while 29.400 mobile homes.[132] See also[edit] tropical cyclones portal List of Florida hurricanes (1975�99) 1926 Miami hurricane 1947 Fort Lauderdale hurricane Notes[edit] Jump up ^ All damage figures are in 1992 USD. FEMA spent $22. for example.[119] In Homestead.600 applications for aid.people had moved from Miami-Dade County to Broward County.[128] FEMA initially opened five field offices throughout Louisiana. 100. The state National Guard also dispatched water purification units and tanks with filled potable water. roofing shingles. several of the victims died of a heart attack induced by the storm. the Small Business Administration (SBA) approved $33. Although Burmese pythons � native to Southeast Asia � had been sighted in Everglades National Park since the 1980s.125 Miami-Dade County residents had moved to Palm Beach County.[124] Efforts have been made to curb the thriving population of these invasive snakes. FEMA promised to do so. Jump up ^ All damage figures in this table are in the USD amounts of their respective year. After his visit to Louisiana.000 in the Everglades alone. allowing many of them to escape into the Everglades. In the first few days following the storm.[127] President Bush remarked. President Bush declared only Terrebonne Parish as a disaster area. W. In addition to the mobile homes already provided.[125][126] Louisiana[edit] On August 26. the Hispanic population in south Miami-Dade County climbed rapidly.000 households that were ineligible for loans from the SBA or were uninsured. For example.[72] but later included 34 other parishes under this declaration. the Latino population increased from 30% to 45% between 1990 and 2000. Jump up ^ An indirect death is defined as a fatality that can be linked to the hurricane. officials announced that 1. However. George H.[123] the population of Burmese pythons exploded.[122] During the storm. "The destruction from this storm goes beyond anything we have known in recent years. including a ban on importation of the species to the United States since January 2012 and increased regulations on ownership of a boa constrictor or python. and torn aluminum siding. while approving $35.2 million worth of low-interest loans for repairs to homes and businesses.

85 (11): 1707�1708. Jump up ^ National Hurricane Center. Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. Hurricane Andrew. Harold Gerrish. Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. 2007). Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. Miami. Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. Miami. Retrieved 2012-06-21. Hurricane Andrew discussion thirty. Miami. Retrieved August 17. Miami. 1993). Tropical Cyclone Point Maxima Rainfall Data. Maryland: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. Max Mayfield (August 24. Tropical Depression Three discussion one. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. Bibcode:2004BAMS. Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. Miami. Hurricane Andrew.. Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National . Hurricane Andrew. Miami. Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. College Park.1699L.1175/BAMS-85-11-1699. "Hurricane Andrew � August 23�28. Retrieved 2012-06-21. Jump up ^ Miles Lawrence (August 20. Jump up ^ National Hurricane Center. 1992). Brain Jarvinen. 1992). Florida: American Meteorological Society. Hurricane Andrew. Edward Rappaport. Richard Pasch (August 24. Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory (Report). Hurricane Andrew. Hurricane Andrew. 1992". National Hurricane Center (Report). Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. National Hurricane Center (Report). National Hurricane Center (Report). 2009). Weather Prediction Center (Report). Hurricane Andrew discussion twenty-three.noaa. Tropical Storm Andrew discussion five. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 1992). James Franklin. Jump up ^ Max Mayfield (August 21. 1992).gov. James Gross. Miami. Jump up ^ Max Mayfield (August 17. Peter Dodge (November 2004). Hurricane Andrew discussion thirty-one. doi:10. Miami. Richard Pasch. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g Christopher Landsea. Jump up ^ Edward Rappaport. Jump up ^ Max Mayfield (August 23. Jump up ^ Max Mayfield (August 22.85. Retrieved 2012-06- 21. aoml. Aren't big tropical cyclones also intense tropical cyclones?. Retrieved 2012-06-21. Colin McAdie. Miami. ^ Jump up to: a b c d David Roth (May 2. Retrieved 2012-06-21. John Beven II. Hurricane Andrew. Miami.^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar Edward Rappaport (December 10. Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. Hurricane Research Division. National Hurricane Center (Report). 2017). Hurricane Andrew discussion thirty-five.. Florida: United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Office of Oceanic & Atmospheric Research. Retrieved August 17. National Hurricane Center (Report). National Hurricane Center (Report). 2017. Retrieved 2012-06-22. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 1992). "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)". Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory (February 2015). Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. National Hurricane Center (Preliminary Report). 1992). "A re-analysis of Hurricane Andrew's intensity" (PDF). Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. Miami. Tropical Storm Andrew discussion thirteen. Hurricane Research Division (April 11. Retrieved 2012-06-21. Retrieved 2012-06-21. Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. National Hurricane Center (Report). 1992). Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. 2017. Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. Miami. Retrieved 2012-06- 21. Jason Dunion. "Continental United States Hurricanes (Detailed Description)". United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Jump up ^ Christopher Landsea (August 20. Hurricane Andrew. Jump up ^ Edward Rappaport (August 18. Tropical Storm Andrew discussion twenty. Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. National Hurricane Center (Report). 1992). Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. Hurricane Andrew. Jump up ^ Lixion Avila.

September 4. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. 43. Retrieved 2017-06-03 � via Newspapers. p. ^ Jump up to: a b Dennis Henize (August 30. ^ Jump up to: a b c d Douglas Frantz and Glenn Bunting (August 26. Post Storm Report . The Washington Post. Post storm hurricane report updated (GIF). Retrieved 2012-06-21. Hurricane Andrew. Retrieved 2017-05-31 � via Newspapers. United Press International. pp. Retrieved 2017-05-31. Retrieved 2017-05-30. and 44. p. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 1992). 1. Retrieved 2011-03-29. Hurricane Andrew. p. Retrieved 2017-05-30. Galveston. August 27. Texas. ^ Jump up to: a b c Jane Sutton (August 23. Key West. Buckley. Retrieved 2017-06-03. p. Washington. Schuh & Jernigan. Jump up ^ Max Mayfield (August 23. 2. Hurricane Andrew . Jump up ^ Gary Kane (August 24. "Hurricane rips into Louisiana". D. Harold Gerrish (August 24. Retrieved National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. p. Hurricane Andrew assessment � Florida (PDF) (Report). Associated Press. Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. Hurricane Andrew Post Storm Report (GIF). Jump up ^ "Mayors of N. Inc. Sun-Sentinel. Miami.. 1. 31. Hebert (September 3. p. 1992). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.Weather Service. Hazleton. National Hurricane Center (Report).O. Florida (Report). 1992. "Islanders advised to remain". Retrieved 2012-05-08. 1992).. Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. Associated Press. Retrieved 2017-05-31 � via Newspapers. 9A. Jump up ^ Edward Rappaport. 1992). Retrieved 2012-05-08. "Hurricane rips into Louisiana". Hurricane Andrew special advisory number twenty-seven. Jump up ^ Paul J. Hurricane Andrew (GIF). ^ Jump up to: a b Douglas Frantz and Glenn Bunting (August 26. National Weather Service Mobile. Hurricane Andrew advisory number thirty-one. 1992). Florida. Miami. The Tech. National Weather Service Lake head for U. 2. Hurricane Andrew. p. ^ Jump up to: a b c Jonathan Freedland (September 2. Alabama (Report).com. National Weather Service Miami. Jump up ^ Post. 1992. National Hurricane Center (Report). p. Los Angeles Times. Standard- Speaker.. p. Pennsylvania. Hurricane Andrew public advisory thirty. "Andrew heads through Bahamas toward Miami". The Daily News. Retrieved 2012-05- 08. Retrieved 2017-05-31 � via Newspapers. correction for date (GIF). Louisiana (Report). 1992). "Storm ravaged island in Bahamas". Associated Press. Jump up ^ "Storm: Andrew could be strongest". Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. "'A Mike Tyson storm' unpredictable Hurricane Andrew caught South Florida off guard". Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. Free to . (January 1993).S. New Braunfels Herald- Zeitung. ^ Jump up to: a b Dan Keating. Retrieved 2012-05-08. Hurricane Andrew. Richard Pasch. August 26. Grand Isle call for preparedness" (GIF). 1992).. 1992). Hurricane Andrew. Detroit Free Press. Jump up ^ Harold Gerrish (August 23. 1992). p. "Winds rip Bahamas. Retrieved 2017-05-30. Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. Los Angeles Times. 3. Deerfield Beach.. 1992). 1992). ^ Jump up to: a b c d e Faulkner (August 28. ^ Jump up to: a b Alan Sayre (August 25. Free to read ^ Jump up to: a b c Seth Borenstein (August 24. Florida (Report).. The Palm Beach Post. Free to read ^ Jump up to: a b c "Hurricane Andrew threatens Texas coast". 3A. 32. Retrieved 2017-05-31. 2.C. The Miami Herald. Nancy Klingener (August 27. "Gulf coast gets ready". Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. 1992). August 25. 1. Miami Herald.". Miami. Jump up ^ Final Storm Report . Retrieved 2017-05-31. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. 1992. "Keys are islands in every sense after Andrew" (GIF). 1992). National Hurricane Center (Report). Retrieved 2017-06-02. Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. 1992. Free to read Jump up ^ Lora Bernard (August 26.. 1992). Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. Retrieved 2017-05-31. 1992). National Weather Service Key West.

Georgia. Bahamas Meteorological Service (Report).A. Hurricane Andrew. Retrieved Robert J. "Changes in wind for hurricane insurance discounts calculators". 47. National Hurricane Center (August 10. 1992).1175/1520- 0477(1994)075<0189:DSOHAA>2. Bahamas". National Hurricane Center (February 12. Bahamas: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. Kimberlain. ^ Jump up to: a b Arthur Rolle (October 30. Melbourne. 2010). Retrieved August 10. Nassau. p. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e Bahamas and U. The deadliest. Ethan Gibney (August 10. Retrieved 2011-08-10. Retrieved 2012-05-08. p. 1992). The Daily News. Hurricane Andrew. 10.189W. Gibney. costliest and most intense United States tropical cyclones from 1851 to 2010 (and other frequently requested hurricane facts) (PDF) (NOAA Technical Memorandum NWS NHC-6). Todd B. May 2013. 1992. Texas. Hurricane Andrew Report Addendum. 1992). 1992). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 1. Bahamas Meteorological Service (Report).S. National Hurricane Center (NOAA Technical Memorandum NWS NHC-6). Miami. 4. Eric S. Jump up ^ Edward Rappaport (February 7. Jump up ^ Roger Wakimoto. Miami. Ethan J. . John L. Hurricane Andrew in the Bahamas (GIF). Bahamas: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. 2013. Bibcode:1994BAMS. costliest and most intense United States tropical cyclones from 1851 to 2010 (and other frequently requested hurricane facts) (PDF). Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. 2013. National Hurricane Center (Report). Archived from the original on 2015-10-01. "Damage survey of Hurricane Andrew and its relationship to the eyewall". 2013. 2011).read Jump up ^ "At a glance". "Local agency preparing for evacuations". Jump up ^ "List of Hurricane Andrew's victims. "After the storms: three reports. The New York Times. Nassau. Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. 1992. New York: United Nations Department of Humanitarian Affairs. 2012 (PDF) (Tropical Cyclone Report). Boston. Hurricane Sandy: October 22 � 29. Peter Black (February 1994). September 4. Bahamas: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. 10. New York City. Florida. Jump up ^ "Tropical weather information". p. Retrieved February 17. Associated Press. 2011. p. Christopher Landsea. 1992). Jump up ^ Eric Blake.CO.75. Massachusetts: American Meteorological Society. Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. October 22� WALB. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society.. John P. Retrieved 2017-06-29. August 26. Hurricane Andrew. Free to read Jump up ^ Blake. p. Retrieved June 2. National Climatic Data Center. 2013). Jump up ^ Blake. 2013. Nassau. 3. Florida Today (Column). p. p. Galveston. Beven II.2. Albany. 2. United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. doi:10. Archived from the original on February 17. 47. Free to read Jump up ^ Stephanie Ferguson (August 25. p.0. 2005). August 26. Hurricane Andrew. The deadliest. ^ Jump up to: a b Arthur Rolle (October 30. Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. Retrieved 2017-05-31 � via Newspapers. Retrieved 2008-10-12. Hurricane Andrew in the Bahamas (GIF). Christopher W. Jump up ^ Hurricane/Post-Tropical Cyclone Sandy. Retrieved 2008-10-11. United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. ^ Jump up to: a b Edwin McDowell (September 27. Retrieved 2012-06-20 � via ReliefWeb. Jump up ^ Matt Reed (February 10. Retrieved 2017-06- 01. 75 (2): 189 and 193. � Hurricane Andrew Aug 1992 UN DHA Information Reports 1-3 (Report). 2012 (PDF) (Service Assessment). Landsea. Berg. Archived from the original on June 2. Cangialosi. 2011). Hurricane Andrew in the Bahamas (GIF). 1992.. Bahamas Meteorological Service (Report). Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. ISSN 1520-0477. Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. Eric S. Retrieved 2015-09-30. Retrieved 2017-05-31 � via Newspapers.. Jump up ^ Arthur Rolle (October 30. New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung. how they died with PM hurricane".

Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. 47. Louisiana (Report). City under curfew" (GIF). Retrieved 2017-06-08. ISBN 1-55963-602-5. Florida. Effects of Hurricane Andrew (1992) on wetlands in Southern Florida and Louisiana (Report). Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. 2010. Retrieved 2017-05-24 � via Google News. ^ Jump up to: a b Peter Applebome (August 27. Mesa Tribune. August 25. Jump up ^ "Hurricane Andrew 1992: The "Greatest Storms on Earth" � Part VI". p. Retrieved 2011-05-10. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. ^ Jump up to: a b c Final Storm Report . Miami Herald. Coastal Breeze News. 1992). Retrieved 2017-05-31. Mary Jordan (August 25. 123. 1992. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g Grant Goodge (August 1992). August 31. 2. Associated Press. David Brower. Retrieved 2012-05-10. July 30. Retrieved 2012-05-09. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. Jump up ^ David Godschalk. Petersburg Times. 2002). p. The Palm Beach Post. National Weather Service New Orleans. Jump up ^ "Debartolo rebuilding damaged Fla. Hurricane Andrew. Reston. Ohio. Hurricane Andrew. p. Collier County. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. A4. and 161. corrected (GIF). p. Retrieved 2012-05-09 � via Google News. The New York Times. ^ Jump up to: a b Craig Pittman (August 18. Boca Raton News. p. St. Hurricane Andrew Damage Assessment (GIF). National Weather Service New Orleans. 1. 2BR � via NewsBank. "At least 10 killed. 147. 2001. September 24. The Washington Post. 42. Associated Press. Knight Ridder.^ Jump up to: a b "Andrew aims for Gulf Coast" (GIF).. 146. 2. Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. Natural hazard mitigation: recasting disaster policy and planning. The Miami Herald. Retrieved 2012-05-09 � via Google News. Hurricane Andrew . 1998). Hurricane Andrew. Retrieved 4A. Jump up ^ William Booth. Retrieved 2012-05- 09. ^ Jump up to: a b "Hurricane facts". August 24. Jump up ^ Michael Koziara (September 10. 1. Hurricane Andrew. 1. p. 2016. Washington. March 7. Jump up ^ John Lovelace. Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. Gulf Coast is next" (GIF). Hurricane Andrew Damage Assessment (GIF). gets to work". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Philip Berke. United Press International. Benjamin McPherson (June 24. 1992.C. Timothy Beatley. ISSN 0039-1972. 1992. 1993. Asheville. September 15. p. 1994. 1992). "Hurricane Andrew. Jump up ^ Mark Silva. Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives.. 69�72. 1. The News-Sentinel. 1. Broward takes inventory. p. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-06-01. May 29. hurricane . Louisiana (Report). Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. 1992. Collier County. p. Virginia: United States Geological Survey. Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. 1992. 89. "Floridians mop up.. Retrieved 2012-06-22. Arizona. 93. Louisiana (Report). Archived from the original on December 4.. Washington D. "Storm's howl fills the ears of survivors". 1992). ^ Jump up to: a b "Homestead high on list for closing". 1992. Jump up ^ Hurricane Andrew fact sheet (GIF) (Report). Fort Wayne. 114. p. National Weather Service New Orleans. "Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena with late reports and corrections" (PDF). 1992). 2. Retrieved 2012-06-01. 1992. Hurricane Andrew. Storm Data. The Vindicator. North Carolina: National Climatic Data Center. Retrieved 2017-05-24. Retrieved 2012-06-01. Jump up ^ Michael Koziara (September 10.C. p. Youngstown. "The hurricane that changed everything" (GIF). p. p. Free to read Jump up ^ "A city reborn". 3. John Donnelly (August 25. Jump up ^ "Andrew hits with horrific vengeance" (GIF). D. Jump up ^ John Dorschner (August 30. 88. August 26. 1992). Tempe. Retrieved 2017-06-02 � via Newspapers. Retrieved 2011-11-18. Jump up ^ "City by city. Jump up ^ Hurricane Andrew fact sheet (GIF) (Report). p. Retrieved 2017-05-31. 1992). mall". 1992. 34 (8): 31�35. Retrieved 2017-05-31. Indiana. Marco Island. Retrieved 2012-05-09. Retrieved 2017-06-01. September 8. Charles Strouse.: Island Press. Edward Kaiser (1999). Jump up ^ "Dade agriculture hit hard by hurricane".

Bahamas: Government of the Bahamas. Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 2013-01-17. 12A. Jump up ^ Tropical cyclone naming history and retired names. Retrieved 2011-03-27. p. Natural Gas Intelligence. Mississippi (Report). Jump up ^ Alan Sayre (August 25. Retrieved 2011-03-27. 3. National Hurricane Center (Report). National Weather Service Jackson. The Gainesville Sun. 1992). Hurricane Andrew. 2010. Retrieved 2012-06-22. Miami. 2004).5620". ^ Jump up to: a b "Bill Summary & Status 102nd Congress (1991�1992) H. Tallahassee Democrat. Jump up ^ "FEMA lambasted once again for another relief effort failure". Associated Press. D. The New York Times. Jump up ^ "Hurricane awareness" (PDF). Camp Springs. Jump up ^ "Louisiana hit hard by Hurricane Andrew". Jump up ^ "Andrew picks up speed as it races across gulf" (GIF). 1992. Retrieved 2017-06-02. The Palm Beach Post. ^ Jump up to: a b Hurricane Andrew in '92 toppled platforms. Free to read Jump up ^ Federal Emergency Management Agency (October 18. 1992. 2010. damaged 241 offshore installations. Retrieved 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2017-06-10 � via Newspapers. Jump up ^ Harihar Krishnan (September 3. p. Retrieved 2013-01-17. Kuala Lumpur. Tropical Storm Andrew (GIF). 2. 1992). April 13. Retrieved 2017-06-11. Retrieved 2012-05-08 � via Google News. Hurricane Andrew. Retrieved 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2012-03-18 � via Google News. Associated Press. Jump up ^ "Bush will stop in Homestead on Florida campaign swing". Orlando Sentinel. Maryland: Weather Prediction Center. October 2. 1992. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Jump up ^ A look back at Hurricane Rita. Washington. p. Associated Press. 1992. The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-06-22. Florida Hurricane Andrew (DR-955) (Report). Malaysia. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. 2002. Retrieved 2017-05-23. "Disaster aid bill goes to Bush". The Town Talk. "Andrew inflicts severe damage on oil and gas platforms". 2011). ^ Jump up to: a b Alan Judd (September 12. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. p.C. Free to read . 1992). Jump up ^ "Chiles signs bill for Andrew relief". p. August 27. Mississippi. Jump up ^ Steve Rich (September 3. p. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. 1992). August 27. National Weather Service Jackson. ^ Jump up to: a b David Roth (September 21. 3A. Retrieved 2012-05-08. National Hurricane Center (Report). Retrieved 2017-05-26 � via Newspapers.rips Louisiana coast before dying out". Retrieved 2017-06-11. Associated Press. Retrieved 2011-03-27. 2. NGI The Weekly Gas Market Report (Report). 2012. August 29. Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. p.C. 1992). 1992). ^ Jump up to: a b c Steve Rich (September 3. Louisiana. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. Federal Emergency Management Agency's Archive of Declared Disasters & Emergencies. ^ Jump up to: a b Sean Holton (September 19. Mississippi (Report). Mississippi (Report). National Hurricane Center (Report). Jump up ^ John (Jack) Beven II (March 17. "State" (GIF). Tropical Storm Andrew (GIF). Tropical Cyclone Rainfall Data.R. Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. Hurricane Wallet Digital Archives. 1997). ^ Jump up to: a b c Steve Rich (September 3. p. p. Hurricane Andrew. September 28. "Chiles hints at future tax hike". 1992).com. 6. 9 � via NewsBank. National Weather Service Jackson. Alexandria. Nassau. Worldwide tropical cyclone names 1996�2001. Archived from the original on 1997-04-27. United Press International. Archived from the original on 2012-06-22. Miami. Tropical Storm Andrew (GIF). 1992. Hurricane Wallet Digital New Straits Times. Washington D. Santa Cruz Sentinel. "Tropical cyclone rainfall for the Gulf Coast". A2. National Weather Service Jackson.C. Retrieved 2013-04-02. Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. 1. Associated Press.: Library of Congress. September 22. December 18. Washington D. October 7.

The American Presidency Project. August 25. Archived from the original on 2012-10-14. water and shelter". "Ten years after Hurricane Andrew. Deerfield Beach. Retrieved 2017-06-02 � via Newspapers. Jump up ^ Marc Caputo (May 25. Associated Press. Elizabeth S. Deerfield Beach. Kilpatrick (September 1995). Wetli (May 1996). 1994. Jump up ^ "History of Homestead Air Reserve Base". Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. Cheryl L. ISBN 1-4384-1652-0. p. Woolley. 1992. Lew. John R. Retrieved 2017-05-22. Retrieved 2017-05-22. "Mortality from Hurricane Andrew". Jump up ^ Luisa Yanez (April 17. 41 (3): 449�52. Associated Press. Columbia. Retrieved 2017-06-11. "Post-Andrew housing aid from FEMA ready to end". 2002). Jump up ^ John T. 1. p. Retrieved 2017-06-02. Retrieved 2017-05-22. Addy. Florida. The New York Times. St. Jump up ^ "New Orleans 'counting on' Lord. New York: State University of New York Press. University of California. 1992). Spurrier. Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 2015-08-24. Jump up ^ Michael Fleeman (September 8. Retrieved 2017-05-22. 1992). and the rebuilding of community. Hazleton. PMID 8656186. "The 1992 campaign: Florida poll. "82nd Airborne savors 'helping our own'". "Hurricane Andrew. Jump up ^ Bill Adair (August 20. September 25. Retrieved 2015-08-24. Seth Borenstein. Jr. Pennsylvania. John Maines (August 21. 1995). 1994).1097/00004583- 199509000-00017. Hurricane Andrew. Retrieved 2017- 06-02. 1992). Charles V. "Another strike For Homestead city officials blast Indians as Spring training deal ends". Deerfield Beach. Associated Press. Louisiana. Florida emerges as crucial state in the campaign". "10 years ago. Florida. "Poll: Rick Scott one of the nation's least popular governors". Jump up ^ Larry Rohter (September 17. Jump up ^ "Canada to send hurricane relief team". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 2017-06-02. Jump up ^ "History of the Florida Building Association". Florida. 1992. Eugene Register-Guard. Jump up ^ Emma O. 3. Jump up ^ Hurricane Andrew Damage Assessment (Report). Tampa Bay Times. 1995). her angry plea got hurricane aid moving". The Palm Beach Post. 1992). 56. 1992. "Election of 1992". Sun- Sentinel. 2004. Jump up ^ "Psychologists observe mixed signs in hurricane survivors". Gerhard Peters. 34 (9): 1193�201. 2011). Deerfield Beach. September 8. Orlando Sentinel. 2002). Bryant. Virginia. levees". Deerfield Beach. Retrieved 2017-06-03. (1995). effects are still felt".com. Petersburg Times. Jump up ^ Jeffrey Ulbrich (September 8. July 15. Standard-Speaker. OCLC 669243194. the public schools. Associated Press. 2015. United Press International. South Carolina: United States National Library of Medicine. PMID 7559314. Jump up ^ Maya Bell (February 16. Los Angeles Times. September 4. 6A. 1992. Retrieved 2012-05-08. Albany. 2. "Posttraumatic stress disorder in adolescents after Hurricane Andrew". Santa Barbara. Jump up ^ Eugene Provenzo. Tallahassee. National Weather Service New Orleans/Baton Rouge. Florida. Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 2017-05-22. "After Andrew hurricane victims fill tent cities". Retrieved 2012-05-08. The New York Times.Jump up ^ Larry Rohter (August 26. Florida: Florida Department of Business and Professional Regulation. p. down to the basics: hunting For food. Retrieved 2013-04-03. 1992. Jump up ^ Marjorie Lambert. Retrieved 2017-06-02 � via Newspapers. p. Retrieved 2012-05-10 � via Google News. Pamela G. "Andrew sent many to Broward". Garrison. United States Air Force. Associated Press. Homestead Air Reserve Base. March 26. Retrieved 2012-05-10 � via Google News. Jump up ^ Carol Z. Free to read ^ Jump up to: a b John Maines (June 5. Florida. doi:10. Retrieved 2017- . September 10. Dean G. 1993). Free to read ^ Jump up to: a b "Reserve unit breathes new life into Homestead air base". Freedy. Associated Press. Gainesville Sun. The Free Lance�Star. Reuters. Sun-Sentinel. Jump up ^ "Only 300 people go to tent cities". Jump up ^ Adrian Sainz (August 24. p. Retrieved 2017-05-26. Journal of Forensic Sciences. "Homes And lives rebuilt".

New Haven Register. South Florida Water Management District. Free to read External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hurricane Andrew. 13. Washington. pp. Jump up ^ "Nonnatives � Burmese Python". "Chapter 9: The status of nonindigenous species in the South Florida environment". Lessons learned between hurricanes: from Hugo to Charley. December 27. p. Florida: Florida Department of Business and Professional Regulation. 2009 South Florida Environmental Report (PDF) (Report). p. Monthly Weather Review � Atlantic hurricane season of 1992 National Hurricane Center's archive on Hurricane Andrew [show] v t e Category 5 Atlantic hurricanes [show] v t e . August 29. Frances. Federal Emergency Management Agency's Archive of Declared Disasters & Emergencies. "Strong building codes work only if they are enforced". Associated Press. 1992). Robert T. Iowa. 1. Free to read ^ Jump up to: a b "Rain plagues storm victims". Tigay (1994). Eagle Mountain. p. Harvey. Retrieved 2017-05-22. Mike Bodle. Jump up ^ Joel Englehardt (August 24. Jump up ^ Federal Emergency Management Agency (October 18. The Palm Beach Post. Jump up ^ "Salazar announces ban on importation and interstate transportation of four giant snakes that threaten Everglades" (Press release). Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Retrieved 2017-05-23 � via Newspapers. Retrieved 2017-05-22. Jump up ^ "Photos: on this day � August 24. 2000).C.06-04. 9. Cherkiss. Jump up ^ Mary Foster (August 30. 2004). vi. Retrieved 2017-05-22. Jump up ^ Robert Cox. Introduced populations of Boa constrictor (Boidae) and Python molurus bivittatus (Pythonidae) in southern Florida. Walker (2016). 3. Washington. D. January 17. 2012. Jump up ^ Alan M. Growing populations. Retrieved 2017-05-22. "Transformation of the South Florida Landscape". p. Jump up ^ Rebecca G. 5 � via Newspapers. "Disaster Recovery". Sun-Sentinel. "Immigrants rebuild a city that others fled". 1992. ISBN 978-0-309-65667-2. changing landscapes: studies from India. Retrieved 2017-05-22. August 24. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 261. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 1992. 303. Retrieved 2012-01-17. Galveston. "Louisiana storm survivors give thanks during cleanup". ISBN 978-1-56821-078-0.: National Academies Press. Dan Thayer. Kilborn (February 21. The New York Times. and Jeanne. Telegraph Herald. p. p. p. Free to read Jump up ^ Peter Free to read Jump up ^ "Water and food flow into Louisiana". Utah: Eagle Mountain Press. United States Department of the Interior. "Miami to Palm Beach". The Daily News. Brien. Associated Press. 416�438. Retrieved 2017-05-22. Associated Press. Deerfield Beach. Jump up ^ Amy Ferriter. Retrieved 2017-05-22. ^ Jump up to: a b William D. Jump up ^ "Louisiana rebuilding is hit and miss after Andrew". Jump up ^ Dominic Sims (August 21. Washington D. Ray W. Bob Doren (2009). The Jewish Traveler: Hadassah Magazine's guide to the world's Jewish communities and sights.: National Academies Press. "Biology of the Boas and Pythons". ^ Jump up to: a b Patricia Jones Kershaw. Mike Rochford. 13. 2012. The Salina Mazzotti (2007). 12. Michael Dorcas.C. 2012). p. September 4. 1992 � Hurricane Andrew demolishes South Florida". D. University of Florida (Report). 6. Dubuque. Gainesville.C. Byron Mason (2005). Frank J. Retrieved 2013-02-03. Associated Press. Jessica Ligator (June 2006). 2002). p. Retrieved 2013-02-03 � via Google News. p. Top ten Florida residential building code violations (PDF). Michael S. 1992. Florida. Rowman & Littlefield. Ivan. The Gettysburg Times. Matthew L. R. Texas. and the United States (Report). Retrieved 2017-05-26 � via Snow. Raymond Issa. Retrieved 2017-05-26 � via Newspapers. "Tragedy brought opportunity for some". China. Louisiana Hurricane Andrew (DR-956) (Report).

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