You are on page 1of 17

# MEE1002: Engineering Mechanics (2:1:0:0:3)

DEVAPRAKASAM DEIVASAGAYAM
Professor of Mechanical Engineering
Room:11, LW, 2nd Floor
School of Mechanical and Building Sciences

## Devaprakasam D, Email: devaprakasam.d@vit.ac.in, Ph: +91 9786553933

Wedges are simple machines used
to raise large stone blocks and
be raised by applying to the wedge
a force usually considerably
smaller than the weight of the load.
In addition, because of the friction
between the surfaces in contact, a
properly shaped wedge will remain
in place after being forced under
the load. Wedges can thus be used
heavy pieces of machinery.

## Devaprakasam D, Email: devaprakasam.d@vit.ac.in, Ph: +91 9786553933

Devaprakasam D, Email: devaprakasam.d@vit.ac.in, Ph: +91 9786553933
It is convenient to replace the normal force N and the
friction force F by their resultant R.
Applied force P has a horizontal component Px which tends to move
the block, the force R will have a horizontal component F and, thus, will
form an angle with the normal to the surface

If Px is increased until
motion becomes
impending, the angle
between R and the vertical
grows and reaches a
maximum value.This value
is called the angle of static
friction and is denoted by
s .

## Devaprakasam D, Email: devaprakasam.d@vit.ac.in, Ph: +91 9786553933

If motion actually takes place, the magnitude of the friction
force drops to Fk; similarly, the angle f between R and N
drops to a lower value k, called the angle of kinetic friction

## Devaprakasam D, Email: devaprakasam.d@vit.ac.in, Ph: +91 9786553933

Devaprakasam D, Email: devaprakasam.d@vit.ac.in, Ph: +91 9786553933
Devaprakasam D, Email: devaprakasam.d@vit.ac.in, Ph: +91 9786553933
Devaprakasam D, Email: devaprakasam.d@vit.ac.in, Ph: +91 9786553933
Devaprakasam D, Email: devaprakasam.d@vit.ac.in, Ph: +91 9786553933
Devaprakasam D, Email: devaprakasam.d@vit.ac.in, Ph: +91 9786553933
Two 8 wedges of negligible weight are used to move and position the 800-kg
block. Knowing that the coefficient of static friction is 0.30 at all surfaces of
contact, determine the smallest force P that should be applied as shown to one of
the wedges.

WEDGES

WEDGES

24.7

R1 W R1
16.7 16.7
8
8
R2 7848N

16.7
16.7
R2

WEDGES
P
90-24.7
R1

P
16.7 24.7

R3
R1 90-16.7 R3

WEDGES

WEDGES

16.7

R1 W R1
16.7 ` 16.7

R2 7848N

16.7
16.7
R2

## Devaprakasam D, Email: devaprakasam.d@vit.ac.in, Ph: +91 9786553933

WEDGES
P
90-16.7
R1

24.7 P

8 16.7
R3
16.7 R1 90-24.7 R3