5th Grade Multiplying Multi-Digit Number Lesson

Grade Level: 5 Title: Multiplying Multi-Digit Numbers

Author: Kara Weinstein

Objectives: • Students will be able to define product,
multiplier, and multiplicand
• Students will be able to solve 2-digit by 2-digit
multiplication problems using the standard

Math Content Standard(s): Math Practice Standard(s):

.NBT.B.5: Fluently multiply problems and persevere in solving them.
multi-digit whole numbers
using the standard

Materials: Vocabulary:
• Poster Paper • Product
• White Boards • Multiplier
• Dry Erase Markers • Multiplicand
• Erasers
• Decks of Cards

Assessment Strategies
Student understanding will be monitored with informal assessment throughout the lesson. The
launch activity assesses prior knowledge and numerous other strategies monitor understanding
throughout the lesson.

Instructional Activities & Strategies
• Launch – Create a bubble map with students around ‘multi-digit multiplication’. This
will allow students to begin thinking about the topic and will allow me to access their
understanding and the language that they’ve been taught about multiplication. If the
students struggle to come up with information to add to the map use the following
questions to help students: 4 minutes
o What does ‘multi-digit multiplication’ mean?
o Are there multiple ways to solve these problems?
o How is it related to addition?
o Is there a specific way we line up digits?
o What is the name of the answer to a multiplication problem?
o What are the names of the numbers in the problem?
• Instruction- During the instruction component of this lesson each student will need a
white board and a marker. This portion of the lesson allows the students to receive
direct instruction on multi-digit multiplication. Begin by writing 27*3 on the board ask
the students if they can help you complete the problem. Ask questions such as: What
do you need to do first? How do I carry? What do I do next? This will help lead the
discussion and allow you to access student understanding. After you feel that most
students can complete a 2-digit by 1-digit problem, repeat the same process with a 2-
digit by 2-digit multiplication problem. Start by explaining the steps to the students for
the first example, have students walk you through the 2nd example, and then have
students try the problems on their white boards. This will allow you to monitor each
student’s understanding while they work. Complete about 4 example problems
depending on student understanding. 6 minutes
• Activity- To practice solving multi-digit multiplication problems, students will play
multiplication war. Break students into pairs based on their level of understanding.
This allows students to play the game at the correct level. Each pair of students will get
one deck of cards that only has aces through 9s (remove 10s, jacks, queens, and kings).
To play, each student will flip over 4 cards to create a 2-digit by 2-digit multiplication
problem. Each player will then solve their problem. The student with the higher
product wins the battle and takes all the cards. The game continues until one of the
players runs out of cards. Monitor each pair of students, when they seem to have a
strong understanding of the concept increase the difficulty by having them flip 5 cards
and complete 3-digit by 2-digit problems. If students are struggling, have them flip 3
cards and complete 2-digit by 1-digit problems. Each student will receive a
‘multiplication war battleground’ worksheet to complete their multiplication problems
during each battle. Allow students to play for 8 minutes.
• Summarize – Return to the ‘multi-digit multiplication’ bubble map. Ask the students
if there is anything that students would like to add to the map. Also use this time to
give students the opportunity to ask if students have any remaining questions. 2

Extension: Send home the ‘Multi-digit Multiplication’ parent letter. This letter will contain
information about the concept being taught as well as the rules for this game. Encourage
students to play this game at home with grandparents, parents, siblings, friends, or other
adults. This will give students the opportunity to continue practicing multiplying multi-digit

• Sample problems are from commoncoresheets.org
Name: _________________________________