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Description: Silicon is present in the sun and stars and
is a principal component of a class of meteorites
known as aerolites. Silicon makes up 25.7% of the
earth's crust by weight, and is the second most
abundant element, exceeded only by oxygen. It is
found largely as silicon oxides such as sand (silica),
quartz, rock crystal, amethyst, agate, flint, jasper and
opal. Silicon is found also in minerals such as asbestos,
feldspar, clay and mica.

Silicon is important in plant and animal life. Diatoms in
both fresh and salt water extract silica from the water to use as a component of their cell walls.
Silicon is an important ingredient in steel. Silicon carbide is one of the most important abrasives.
Workers in environments where silicaceous dust is breathed may develop a serious lung disease
known as silicosis.

Description:Titanium is as strong as steel but much
less dense. It is therefore important as an alloying
agent with many metals including aluminium,
molybdenum and iron. These alloys are mainly used
in aircraft, spacecraft and missiles because of their
low density and ability to withstand extremes of
temperature. They are also used in golf clubs,
laptops, bicycles and crutches.

Power plant condensers use titanium pipes because
of their resistance to corrosion. Because titanium has excellent resistance to corrosion in seawater,
it is used in desalination plants and to protect the hulls of ships, submarines and other structures
exposed to seawater.

The composition of the mixture is the same throughout. where you can identify a region with properties that are distinct from those of another region. . even if they are the same state of matter. Different samples from the mixture are not identical to each other. Mixtures A homogeneous mixture is a mixture where the components that make up the mixture are uniformly distributed throughout the mixture. There are always two or more phases in a heterogeneous mixture. A heterogeneous mixture is a mixture where the components of the mixture are not uniform or have localized regions with different properties.

It has a slightly salty. Compounds Sodium chloride (NaCl) forms colorless. known as ionic bonds. It is a component of the mineral natron and is found dissolved in many mineral springs. The strong electrostatic attractions between the positive and negative ions. alkaline taste resembling that of washing soda (sodium carbonate). hold the solid sodium chloride together. cubic crystals that are made up of large numbers of NaCl formula units. to give a three-dimensional crystalline lattice in which each sodium ion is surrounded by six chloride ions and each chloride ion is surrounded by six sodium ions. . Sodium bicarbonate is a white solid that is crystalline but often appears as a fine powder. Sodium bicarbonate is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3. It is a salt composed of sodium ions and bicarbonate ions. The natural mineral form is nahcolite.

Sulfuric acid is a colorless oily liquid. but is unlikely to cause a fire. but in fact it is a mixture of polygalloyl glucoses or polygalloyl quinic acid esters with the number of galloyl moieties per molecule ranging from 2 up to 12 depending on the plant source used to extract the tannic acid.079 g/mol. which corresponds with decagalloyl glucose. a type of polyphenol. It will char wood and most other organic matter on contact. Its weak acidity is due to the numerous phenol groups in the structure. . It is a pungent-ethereal. Tannic acid is a specific form of tannin. The chemical formula for commercial tannic acid is often given as C76H52O46. ACID Sulfuric acid is a highly corrosive strong mineral acid with the molecular formula H₂SO₄ and molecular weight 98. It is soluble in water with release of heat. It is corrosive to metals and tissue. colorless to slightly yellow viscous liquid that is soluble in water at all concentrations.

BASE Magnesium Hydroxide is a solution of magnesium hydroxide with antacid and laxative properties. Calcium hydroxide (traditionally called slaked lime) is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Ca(OH)2. and is unrelated to the acidic fruit. It is a colorless crystal or white powder and is obtained when calcium oxide (called lime or quicklime) is mixed. The term lime refers to the alkaline mineral. . thereby increasing intestinal movement (peristalsis) and inducing the urge to defecate. or slaked with water. with a slight earthy smell and an alkaline bitter taste of calcium hydroxide. Pure limewater is clear and colorless. Milk of magnesium exerts its antacid activity in low doses such that all hydroxide ions that enter the stomach are used to neutralize stomach acid. This agent exerts its laxative effect in higher doses so that hydroxide ions are able to move from the stomach to the intestines where they attract and retain water.