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IB 20 th Century World History (Y2

Unit 2 Paper 2 Topic 10  Authoritarian States China/Asia

Mao Zedong’s People’s Republic of China: 1949-1976

EQs & Understandings:

Emergence of Authoritarian States- Assess the methods used by Mao to gain or rise to power
 Conditions in which authoritarian states emerged; economic factors; social division; impact of war;
weakness of political system
 Methods used to establish authoritarian states; persuasion and coercion; the role of leaders;
ideology; the use of force; propaganda

Consolidation and Maintenance of Power - Assess methods used by Mao to maintain power;
 Use of legal methods; use of force; charismatic leadership; dissemination of propaganda
 Nature, extents, and treatment of opposition
 The impact of the success and for failure of foreign policy on the maintenance of power

Aims and Results of Policies
 Aims and impact of domestic economic, political, cultural, and social policies
 The impact of policies on women and minorities
 Authoritarian control and the extent to which it was achieved

Regional and Global impact - Korean; Vietnam; Cold War Alliances
o foreign policy as a means of maintaining the regime

o impact of regime outside the state –

o as a factor in the Cold War


Great Leap Forward c. Taiwan 3. Peoples’ Republic of China b. KMT 2. Cultural Revolution a. Mao’s Communist Party a. May 4th Movement b. Five Year Plans d. Regional Influence a. The end of WW 2 & the Korean War Cold War sets the stage for the establishment of Mao’s SPS in the Peoples’ Republic of China – an authoritarian regime that is still in power today. Mao’s legacy is also relevant in assessing China’s power – economic and otherwise in the 21 st century. TERMS & PEOPLE TO KNOW: THESE ARE IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER! Collapse of Manchu (1912) Warlord Period Dr. Détente (1970s – Nixon) KEY FACTS. Anti Rightest Campaigns c. STRUCTURE AND CONTENT  MAO’S PRC 1. Mao was one of the most interesting left-wing leaders in his commitment to Unit 2 Outline: revolution and the breaking down of all elements of traditional Chinese IB World History Y2 society (this is a disaster for millions of Chinese). Korea b. Little Red Book & Red Guards d. Sun Yat Sen GMD/KMT Guomindong & Chang Kai Shek (Kiang Jieshi) CCP – Chinese Communist Party  Mao Zedong 2nd Sino Japanese War (WW 2 1937-1945) Shanghai Massacre/ Decade (1927) Comintern . Sino-Japanese War c. Vietnam c. Civil War CCP vs. Civil War. WW 2 and Collapse of Manchu Dynasty a.after Stalin . Mao’s rise and establish of the PRC in 1949 . Sino-Soviet Split 4. Propaganda e.makes for Paper 2 Topic 10 relevant comparison of methods. successes and failures in implementation of SPS  Mao’s China Communism in largely agrarian societies Unit 2 also deals with the impacts of the 1 st Cold War outside of Europe in Paper 2 Topic 12 Asia. The outbreak of war on the Korean Peninsula in 1950 was the 1 st Super Power Rivalries major military conflict of the Cold War. 100 Flowers b.

Deng Xiaoping 2x . Kissinger and US Foreign Policies AFTER THE DEATH OF MAO  RECOVERY IN SPS & COMMUNISM IN CRISIS Lost 10 Years Jiang Qing & The Gang of 4 Deng Xiaoping 4 Modernizations Tianamen Square.Little Red Book Reactionaries & Capitalist Roaders Anti-Rightest Campaigns Revisionist Counterrevolutionary Deviationist – when leveled against Liu Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping PLA – People’s Liberation Army Collectivizations “Women Hold Half the Sky” Communist Youth League Mao Zedong Thought 1950s Sino-Soviet Treaty of Alliance Khrushchev’s secret speech Khrushchev’s “peaceful coexistence” 1966 Sino-Soviet Split 1972 Nixon.Long March (1934) Six Principles of the Red Army Zhou Enlai Deng Xiaoping “On New Democracy” (1940) United Front (1937-1945) 3 Anti’s Campaign (1951) 5 Anti-s Campaign (1952) 100 Flowers (1956) Great Leap Forward (1958) -Collectivization -5 Year Plans Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) .Gang of Four .Red Guards . 1989 pragmatism The 10 Year Plan (don’t forget Stakhanovism & NEP) Household Responsibility System Industrial Responsibility System Special Economic Zones (SEZ) Democracy Wall Wei Jingsheng’s 5th Modernization Hu Yaobang .

Nyerere.” How far do you agree with this judgment? (1999) In what ways. and with what results. (May 2004) . TOPIC 3 QS: “Single party states use education as propaganda to obtain support rather than to instill (increase) knowledge. Lenin. was propaganda used by one ruler of a single party state? (2006) In what ways and for what reasons did China develop its own brand of Marxism/Communism under Mao Zedong? (1999) Compare domestic policies of 2 leaders of single-party states from 2 different regions (2008) Compare and contrast the economic and social policies of Mao and Stalin.POTENTIAL PAPER 2. Hitler. (2003) Evaluate the importance of ideology in the policies of two of the following rulers of single-party states: Castro.