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SCULPTURE

Etymology

The term of " sculpture" comes from Latin word " sculpere"
which means to cut or remove pieces with a stone.

Definition

• It is three-dimensional artwork created by shaping or combining
hard and/or plastic material, sound, and/or text and or light,
commonly stone (either rock or marble), metal, glass, or wood.
• Aesthetic art of modeling shaping single block or mash materials
into a 3 dimensional form out of rock, wood, and metal.

Example: Statue of David and U.P Oblation

P Oblation .Statue of David U.

” People began to do something on clays. Sculpture has been central in religious devotion in many cultures. from the utilitarian and religious to Modernist abstraction. It is known to be the oldest art form. too expensive for private individuals to create. were usually an expression of religion or politics. The sculpture started when people begun to worship statues “anino. From pre-historic and ancient civilizations to the contemporary. a continuous stream of creativity & an extremely modest show of compassion. It is often use to form religious item like catholic saints. and conceptual manifestations of both form and content. loams then it evolves through technology. . It varied and is illustrative of how sculpture has changed extensively over the ages. and until recent centuries large sculptures.History The sculpture prowess of the Philippines occurred during Spanish regime. The art of sculpture continues as a vital art form worldwide.

as well as many in South America and Africa. Many forms of Protestantism also do not approve of religious sculpture. and sculpture became very significant. In both Christianity and Buddhism these early views were later reversed. Nonetheless. . Aniconism remained restricted to the Jewish. from the Early Christians. India and China. Christian Eastern Orthodoxy has never accepted monumental sculpture. There has been much iconoclasm of sculpture from religious motives. neither of which initially accepted at least large sculptures. before expanding to Early Buddhism and Early Christianity. and Islam has consistently rejected all figurative sculpture. and sculptors all over the world celebrate the Buddha in their work. Moses's rejection of the Golden Calf was perhaps a decisive event in the history of sculpture. the Buddha remains a popular subject for sculptural art. the Beeldenstorm of the Protestant Reformation to the recent destruction of the Buddhas of Bamyan by the Taliban. Those cultures whose sculptures have survived in quantities include the cultures of the Ancient Mediterranean. especially in Buddhism. Zoroastrian and some other religions.

Line 4. Bronze 4. Cluster 1. Aluminum 3. Color 3. Plastic 2. Style . Perspective 6.Materials in Sculpture Elements of Sculpture 1. Rock 5. Form 2. Volume 5. Wood 6. Texture 7. Metal 7.

3. Free-standing sculpture.is an intermedia and time based art form in which sculpture or any kind of art object produces light. except the base. and is meant to be viewed from any angle. or the reverse (in the sense that sound is manipulated in such a way as to create a sculptural as opposed to temporal form or mass). or the reverse (in the sense that light is manipulated in such a way as to create a sculptural as opposed to temporal form or mass). by space.Sound sculpture (related to sound art and sound installation) is an intermedia and time based art form in which sculpture or any kind of art object produces sound. It is also known as sculpture "in the round". Types of Sculpture Some common forms of sculpture are: 1. 2. sculpture that is surrounded on all sides. Light sculpture . Sound sculpture . .

Fountain .the sculpture is designed with moving water b. gems. and sunken-relief 6. alto-relievo. or imitation materials. Mobile .the sculpture is still attached to a background. types are bas- relief. Site-specific art .involves aspects of physical motion a. 5.is artwork created to exist in a certain place 7.4. Jewelry – objects of personal adornment made of precious metals. Kinetic sculpture . Relief .

representation of a person from the chest up b. Bust .typically showing a significant person on horseback 9. Equestrian statue . Stacked art . Statue . bridge. . animal or object a.representation list sculpture depicting a specific entity.Architectural sculpture is the term for the use of sculpture by an architect and/or sculptor in the design of a building. mausoleum or other such project.8. Architectural sculpture .a form of sculpture formed by assembling objects and 'stacking' them 10. usually a person. event.

and always depend on the materials used. where material is added again and again to build up the form. as in marble or stone carving. where a material. there is also carved sculpture. where the artist removes or subtracts materials to create the form. There is cast sculpture. Function Sculpture functions as an integral part of many ceremonies and events. such as wood or stone. Tombstones. begins as a clay form that is cast in a mould to produce a given shape. . Often unnoticed. a universal event. and the subtractive process. Two distinct methods have emerged. for example with clay. an additive process. for example. such as bronze. are a form of sculpture commemorating death. Processes and Techniques Processes in sculpting vary. it gives us a visual reference for our emotional experiences throughout the passages of life.

where the figure emerges at a level closer to the surface. plaster or resin. Types of representation and composition in relief are defined by their need for the ground plane on which the forms are superimposed or from which they emerge. or relief. often on a pedestal or base where you can walk around it. Relief can be carved in wood or stone. . There is low relief. and high relief. Sculpture may be free standing (sometimes referred to as sculpture in the round even if it is a square shape). where the figure may almost be completely detached from the surface or ground. molded in clay or wax. where raised forms project from a background or surface. cast in metal.

Music .

It is ultimately derived from “mousa. Definition – Consist of sounds and silences in such a manner as to convey emotions and feelings of the composer. – Combination of melodious tones. and sounds of varying pitch to produce harmony.” the Greek word for muse. .Etymology The word music comes from the Greek “mousikê” (tekhnê) by way of the Latin musica.

For entertainment 6. Experience reflect music 7. Religious and ceremonial purpose 2. Release the tensions and emotion 3. Learning is made easy to music .Function of Music 1. Therapeutic value 5. To listen to music intelligently 4.

the over all movement or swing of music. Timber/tone color . Melody . Pitch . .loudness and softness of voice. Elements of Music 1.the length of time over which vibration is maintained. Duration .distinctive or individual quality of the sound. It is what the listener remembers. 2. 2. sometimes called the memory element of music. Volume . 3. 4.emotional motions. slow or fast movements. Properties of Music 1.highness and lowness of tone. Rhythm .

Dynamics . Singers’ way of doing his music. 4. Vocal medium – refers to human voice.it is the combination of different tones and blending of voice. Vocal classes a. (coloratura soprano) Charlotte Church . It is the force of music. 5. Different Mediums of Music I.the result of restraining. temperament. Style .3.highest register of voice for female Example: Sylvia dela Torre and Armida Siguion-Reyna.the softness and loudness of voice. Harmony . Soprano .

b. Baritone .medium register of voice for male Example: Nonoy Zuñiga f. Tenor .lowest register of voice for female Example: Claire dela Fuente and Isay Alvarez d. Alto .highest register of voice for male Example: Luciano Pavarotti was (this century's most famous tenor) Carreras. and Eric Caruso e. Pavorotti. Placido Domingo.medium register of voice for female Example: Betty Allen (america) and Lea Salonga c. Bass .lowest register of voice for male Example: Tim Riley (performed in Gold City Quartet) . Mezzo soprano .

songwriter and producer throughout the group's history.a method of instrumentation (or a medium).a musical ensemble of singers. and consisting of four parts.is an all-male Contemporary Christian vocal group founded in 1982 by Keith Lancaster.Solo . Chorus or choir . who has variously played the role of singer. Quartet .a body of singers who perform together. used to perform a musical composition.singing without accompaniment Duet . Choir/chorus . . Often applied to groups affiliated with a church.a group of two singers or a composition of two voices Acappella.

Instrumental medium . 1. cello.II.with the use of musical instruments. They all have the same basic shape. viola. and double bass. are made of wood. They each have four strings. Strings . but are very different in size. .They consist of the violin. and are played by drawing a bow across the strings or plucking the strings with the fingers.

and tuba. trumpet. . Brass instruments are long tubes of metal which the player blows into through a mouth-piece at one end.instruments are the loudest members of the orchestra. trombone.2. They include French horn. The player makes a buzzing sound with his or her lips. like a bell. Brass . and the sound comes out the other end which is wider.

clarinet and bass clarinet. Woodwinds . oboe and English horn. and pads. keys. . The members of this family are flute and piccolo. and by covering and uncovering holes along the instrument with fingers or levers. and bassoon and contra-bassoon.3.instruments are most commonly made of wood or metal. and are played by blowing air across an opening at one end or through a "reed".

timpani. vibraphone. snare drum. while bass drum. Percussion . a quality called pitch.4. Some percussion instruments have a definite highness or lowness. chimes. and Celesta are examples of pitched percussion instruments. cymbals. and tambourine are non-pitched percussion instruments.instruments are the rhythm section of the orchestra. They make sounds when they are struck. and some do not have a definite pitch. scraped. or rattled with hands or special sticks. triangle. Xylophone. .

Example: An Alpine Symphony by Richard Strauss 2. Example: Serenade by Franz Schubert .any music which is connected on poem or story more on literature. generation which is past from one generation to another generation. Program music . Itik-Itik 3. Folk music . Singkil.Kinds of Music 1.normally accompanied by piano. Art music . The most sophisticated of all. Example: Tinikling.tradition music of people. race.

more on trumphets. acting. Jazz music . trombone. dance. nasan ka irog 6. violin. Opera . les miserables. Broadway Example: Miss Saigon. Example: Careless Whisper and Somewhere Over the Rainbow 5. drums. clarinet.4. New York .combination of song.depicts love Example: Oh ilaw. ballet. and saxophone. Classical music . Chicago. hating gabe.

a person who create musical or literary work Best Composers Vennie Saturno = Be my Lady Ogie Alcasid = Kung mawawala ka Danny Tan = Close to where you are Lito Camo = Para Sa’yo Ryan Cayabyab = Kailangan Kita Jose Marie Chan = Christmas in our hearts Louie Ocampo = Say that you love me George Canseco = Kastilyong Buhangin .Composer .